International Journal of Mental Health
ISSN / EISSN : 0020-7411 / 1557-9328
Published by: Informa UK Limited (10.1080)
Total articles ≅ 1,594
Latest articles in this journal
International Journal of Mental Health pp 1-14; https://doi.org/10.1080/00207411.2022.2108988
The purpose of the study was to examine specific learning functions among people coping with schizophrenia and the possibility of a relationship between the different aspects of learning function (e.g., reading or writing) and the severity of the mental illness. We hypothesized that (a) the basic learning functions of people with schizophrenia after the first episode of the disease would be low compared with the general population, but (b) there would be broad intra-individual variance in the degree of damage to the different functions, and (c) this intra-individual variance would be associated with the severity of the illness. The sample comprised 38 schizophrenia patients, ages 20–37, who were hospitalized in two psychiatric hospitals in northern Israel. The learning functions were examined using MATAL, a computerized set of standardized tests and questionnaires developed for the diagnosis of learning disabilities among higher education students in Israel. The results supported the first two hypotheses; the learning functions of the participants were significantly lower than the norm in the general population on all tasks and there was variance among individuals regarding the different functions. However, inconsistent with our third hypothesis, no correlation was found between this variance and the severity of the illness. The findings provide initial support for the presence of learning disabilities among patients with schizophrenia. Further research is recommended to better understand this subject and evaluate the need for diagnosis and intervention.
International Journal of Mental Health pp 1-3; https://doi.org/10.1080/00207411.2022.2105522
International Journal of Mental Health pp 1-16; https://doi.org/10.1080/00207411.2022.2098563
The objectives of this study are: (1) To describe the levels of parental stress, self-reported child verbal abuse and corporal punishment among caregivers, and; (2) To assess the extent that having moderate or higher levels of parental stress is associated with self-reported child verbal abuse and corporal punishment. We randomly sampled 12 villages and sampled 40 households per village in Thailand’s impoverished Deep South region in June 2020. Study participants included 466 caregivers residing in sampled households. Trained enumerators used the standard ST-5 questionnaire to measure stress level and asked the participants to self-report the study outcomes. We analyzed data using descriptive statistics and multivariate logistic regression analyses. Approximately 19.1% of caregivers reported moderate, high, or severe level of stress. Caregivers with moderate and higher levels of stress were more likely than caregivers with low level of stress to report child verbal abuse (48% vs. 23%, respectively; Adj. OR = 3.11, 95% CI = 1.90, 5.11) and corporal punishment (28% vs. 8%, respectively; Adj. OR = 2.62, 95% CI = 1.36, 5.04). We found associations between caregiver’s stress level and self-reported verbal abuse and corporal punishment of children in the household. However, social desirability, lack of details in the answers, and potential confounding by mental illness co-morbidities were notable limitations of the study.
International Journal of Mental Health pp 1-16; https://doi.org/10.1080/00207411.2022.2098562
Having parents working away from home is an unexpected separation that has tremendous effects on various life aspects of left-behind children (LBC) with mental health problems. Some of these aspects, including LBC's subjective well-being, emotions, behaviors, academic difficulties, nutrition, and mental health, have been addressed in previous studies. However, the role of resilience in protecting LBC from mental health issues has received inadequate attention. The present study investigates mental health issues among LBC and the role of resilience in protecting these children from these issues. The participants were 792 students, of which 439 were LBC, with a mean age of 12.65 years old and a standard deviation of 1.60. Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire and Resilience Scale were used to measure participants' mental health and resilience, respectively. 14% of LBCs had mental health issues, requiring support and intervention. There was no statistically significant difference between LBC and non-left-behind children (NLBC) in terms of mental health. 37.9% of the variance in participants' mental health was explained by resilience types, namely: goal planning, affect control, family support, and help-seeking. A small percentage of both LBC and NLBC had mental health issues. Resilience was a protective factor for LBC against mental health issues. Thus, we suggest parents, caregivers, and related people organize necessary activities to promote LBC's resilience.
International Journal of Mental Health pp 1-16; https://doi.org/10.1080/00207411.2022.2083392
As recent suicide statistics reveal, suicide can affect people of all demographics and regions. At an international level, suicide is one of the leading causes of death. Although it is unclear as to why suicide rates are increasing across the globe, proposed reasons include economic instability, the opioid crisis, and a lack of meaning. Therefore, it becomes critical to both educate and provide interventions to people contemplating suicide to help prevent an increase in suicides. The 7-Step Integrative Healing Model and telephone lifelines can serve as useful interventions as well as educational tools on emotional management and psychological care. In this paper, we present a case study of the establishment of a suicide prevention lifeline in Armenia, with emphasis on lessons learned from grassroots partnerships between MeaningfulWorld and the local communities.
International Journal of Mental Health pp 1-28; https://doi.org/10.1080/00207411.2022.2073755
This study aimed to (a) compute the prevalence of violence exposure types, polyvictimization, and self-reported depression, anxiety, and using substances to cope among youth ages 12–18 years living on the streets or in the slums of Kampala, Uganda, (b) examine the independent associations among orphan status, violence exposure types, and self-reported mental health concerns, and (c) explore the association between polyvictimization and mental health concerns. Data are from a 2014 cross-sectional survey of service-seeking youth ages 12–18 years (N = 1134) in Kampala, Uganda. Violence exposure types explored in this study were: witnessing family physical violence, direct physical abuse by a parent, any rape history, and physical dating violence. We used descriptive statistics and multivariable logistic regression to test study objectives. Over half of the sample (60.5%) reported experiencing at least one type of violence exposure; many youth endorsed self-reported depression (57.8%), anxiety (76.8%), and substance use to cope (37.0%). Exposure to violence was associated with higher odds for self-reported depression, anxiety, and using substances to cope. These findings underscore the urgent need to implement evidence-based interventions among this young, underserved population and their families to prevent violence, improve mental health outcomes, and promote resilience.
International Journal of Mental Health pp 1-16; https://doi.org/10.1080/00207411.2022.2084671
Little is known about the anxiety of hospital social workers during the COVID-19 pandemic and their response to social work administration in mental health care for hospital social workers. This study investigated anxiety among hospital social workers in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam during the COVID-19 pandemic. A cross-sectional study was conducted in August 2021 among 577 hospital social workers. The study results show that 67.0% of hospital social workers experienced normal and mild anxiety levels, 19.5% reported a moderate level of anxiety, and 13.5% had a severe level of anxiety. In the regression models, significant factors related to anxiety levels among hospital social workers were hospital class, gender, type of housemate, and job satisfaction during the COVID-19 pandemic. Suggestions for social work administration are also discussed.
International Journal of Mental Health pp 1-18; https://doi.org/10.1080/00207411.2022.2079349
Psychiatrists' beliefs and behaviors regarding smoking cessation promotion among people with serious mental illness (PWSMI) have been cited as a barrier for PWSMI achieving successful abstinence. A mixed methods approach was employed to evaluate beliefs and practices of psychiatrists affiliated with a large HMO in Israel regarding smoking cessation among PWSMI. Fifty psychiatrists (43% response rate) completed a telephone survey and thirty psychiatrists interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire. Most of the psychiatrists (84%) saw smoking cessation promotion as part of their role, but in-depth interviews revealed that only a third were routinely pro-active, with over half believing that few PWSMI are willing or capable of quitting smoking. Most of the study population felt that an attempt to quit smoking would not adversely affect their patients' mental health status, but many raised concerns regarding the safety of smoking cessation medications (SCM) amongst PWSMI. Factors associated with pro-active practice were knowledge regarding services and SCM, characteristics of patient caseload (proportion low-functioning) and psychiatrist’s smoking behavior. Psychiatrist-targeted interventions highlighting safety of SCM and promoting referral to smoking cessation services are indicated. Offering PWSMI-specific harm reduction as a first step to abstinence may offer psychiatrists an acceptable treatment alternative for the low-functioning patient.
International Journal of Mental Health pp 1-5; https://doi.org/10.1080/00207411.2022.2072146
International Journal of Mental Health pp 1-19; https://doi.org/10.1080/00207411.2022.2069962
Researchers who are aiming to conduct high quality mental health research in resettled refugee populations are likely to experience multiple challenges in their work. To our knowledge, there is no overview of these challenges and their implications for the quality of research from a researchers’ perspective. We conducted a systematic literature search to further complete the overview of challenges. Lastly, we placed the findings of the thematic analysis and the literature search in a conceptual framework derived from the social ecological model of Bronfenbrenner. Our findings indicate that common research challenges, such as high drop-out rate or low treatment fidelity, must be understood in the light of multiple levels such as the individual, microsystem, mesosystem, exosystem and macrosystem level. This will help future researchers to increase the understanding of the complex interplay of factors that play a role when facing challenges in their work and to create possibilities for improvement.