LEKSEMA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra
ISSN / EISSN : 2527-8088 / 2527-807X
Current Publisher: IAIN Surakarta (10.22515)
Total articles ≅ 60
Latest articles in this journal
LEKSEMA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 5, pp 135-145; doi:10.22515/ljbs.v5i2.2322
This study analyzed the maxim flouting in David Letterman and Aishwarya Rai in David Letterman Show,. This study aims to find out which types of maxim flouting are performed by David Letterman as the host and Aishwarya Rai as the guest in the talkshowas well as to describe the reasons why the maxim flouting performed by the two. Qualitative research method was used in this study, and the data were presented in a descriptive analysis. This study dealt with a pragmatic approach and employed one of the Pragmatics theories, namely the Theory of Conversational Maxims or Cooperative Principle. Data in this study are analyzed pragmatically based on Grice’s Cooperative Principle and its maxims. The data of the study were the utterances of the maxim flouting performed by David and Aishwarya. They were collected by downloading the episode of the show and watching the show. The researchers used Grice’s theory called Cooperative Principles with the four types of maxims, i.e: the maxim of quality, maxim of quantity, maxim of relation, and maxim of manner to analyze the maxim flouting in the talkshow. The results showed that all four types of maxim flouting were performed by both David and Aishwarya. In conclusion, the maxim flouting happened in the talkshow were beneficial to avoid discomfort and to give more explanations.
LEKSEMA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 5, pp 177-188; doi:10.22515/ljbs.v5i2.2338
This study aims to examine human-nature relationships presented in the characters from the short story A Handful of Dates by Tayeb Salih and Persimmons by Li Young Lee.In analyzing the texts, this study usesKellert’stypology of values on nature to examine the characters in revealing human-nature relationships.This study was conducted by: (1) analyzing the characters based on a typology of nine values of nature; (2) identifying the human-nature relationship reflected by characters; (3) drawing conclusions concerning with human-nature relationships found in both the text. This study finds out that the characters in both texts are utilitarian, moralistic, humanistic, ecologistical-scientific, symbolic, dominionistic, negativistic, and aesthetic. The characters who are moralistic, humanistic, and ecologistical-scientific perform positive human-nature relationship with nature and the characters who are utilitarian, dominionistic, and negativistic perform negative actions againts nature.
LEKSEMA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 5, pp 123-134; doi:10.22515/ljbs.v5i2.2656
This research aimed at describing the forms and functions of euphemism in the Presidential and Vice-Presidential Debate of the Republic of Indonesia in 2019. This research also explained the form and function of euphemism that was most dominantlyused and whose speech containing most elements of euphemism. The method used in the research was descriptive qualitative method and content analysis approach. The data sources in this research were videos and transcripts of the Presidential and Vice-Presidential Debate in the first and fifth rounds in 2019. The results of this study revealednine forms of euphemism, namely figurative expression, metaphor, flippancy, circumlocutions, clipping, acronym, abbreviation, one for one substitution, borrowing, and hyperbole. The most dominant euphemism form used was one for One Substitution with the total of 164 or 61.4%. Furthermore, the speech that had the most euphemism was Joko Widodo with the total of 113 euphemisms or 42.3%. Finally, this research also showedfour functions of euphemismas a form of positive imaging, criticizing or insinuating opponents, refining speech, and as a tool for diplomacy.
LEKSEMA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 5, pp 111-122; doi:10.22515/ljbs.v5i2.2467
Effective use of grammar to inform news or events through social media needs to be applied. However, in practice there are still several accounts on social media, like Instagram, that upload information or news using ineffective grammar. One example of this problem is in the Instagram Info Cegatan Solo (ICS/Solo Stopping Area Info) upload. Therefore, this study of ineffectiveness of captions uploded on Instagram at ICS intended to analyze and determine the forms of ineffectiveness of the sentences uploaded. This research is classified as a qualitative descriptive study using the method of note and note technique. The data of this study were the captions of ICS uploads on Instagram in March 2020 which were then analyzed by using qualitative approach. The results of the analysis were 15 captions indicating ineffectiveness that can be divided into: 6 data from foreign language influence, 2 pleonasm, 4 ambiguity, 1 logical reasoning, 1 unclear core element, 3 regional language influence, 1 word preposition wastefulness, 3 contamination, and 6 inaccurate word forms.
LEKSEMA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 5, pp 189-199; doi:10.22515/ljbs.v5i2.2142
In etnopedagogic-based drama learning by the students of English Study Program, the exploration of local wisdom values can be carried out among others by transforming folklores into play scripts in English. The transformed folklores can then be performed on stages. In the process of transforming a script from its hypogram, a supporting skill in the form of integration between creative writing and English as a Foreign Language Mastery (EFL) mastery is absolutely necessary. Therefore, it takes an interdisciplinary approach between those two domains of expertise to succeed the transformation process. This research employed descriptive-qualitative method with contextual grounded case study approach. It was aimed at describing the process of transformation of Banyumas folklore texts to English play scripts ranging from the intrinsic elements to the language aspects in the play. The findings showed that there were changes in the characters, settings, plots as well as the conflicts of the stories. Meanwhile, regarding the language used, there were found a number of grammatical mistakes in using possessive pronouns, verbs, word order, tenses, and diction.
LEKSEMA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 5, pp 159-176; doi:10.22515/ljbs.v5i2.2571
A woman deserves to get respect and equal position with a man in the feminist view. This study aimed to find out misogynism in the novel Kim Ji-yeong, Lahir Tahun 1982, written by Cho Nam-joo. The method was qualitative. The collected data was from words, phrases, clauses, and sentences, whether directly or indirectly stated by women characters in the novel affected by misogyny. Data analysis based on Bogdan Biklen model (2007) was categorized and coded; afterward, it was interpreted and displayed descriptively. The result revealed three situations described they were misogyny in the domestic area, society, and institution. This study implies in the feminist perspective that it is crucial to avoid or prevent misogynism in lives.
LEKSEMA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 5, pp 201-211; doi:10.22515/ljbs.v5i2.2200
Tip of the tongue (ToT) is experienced by BIPA students when speaking Indonesian due to delayed lexical access. This study aims to describe two focuses, namely: (1) the characteristics of the target vocabulary and the ToT vocabulary and (2) the mental processes when the ToT occurs. The theory used in this research is lexical retrieval in morphosemantics. This research method is descriptive qualitative. Data collection was carried out by observation and interview techniques during the learning process of BIPA Muhammadiyah Malang University. The results showed that ToT occurred in nouns (42%), verbs (24%), adjectives (21%), conjunctions (8%), and numeralia (5%). Tip of the tongue is accompanied by a lot of silence as a fallacy effect that appears in the speech. Gestur becomes a description of the meaning features of the target vocabulary. The mental process of ToT occurs in several events, namely (1) the speaker has a picture of the object in his mind, (2) the activation of the semantic set when the active vocabulary has a relation with the meaning of the target vocabulary, (3) activation of the meaning field when the speaker describes it, (4) activation of the phonological set when the similar sound vocabulary appears in the mind, and (5) the appearance of the first language and / or intermediate language.
LEKSEMA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 5, pp 147-157; doi:10.22515/ljbs.v5i2.2462
Writer’s Block is a psychiatric phenomenon experienced by writers in the form of a deadlock when writing because of certain obstacles. This study discusses the writer’s block that the female protagonist experienced in the metropop novel The Architecture of Love by Ika Natassa. Data was collected by the documentation study technique and reviewed with a literary psychology approach. The theoretical foundation used is the theory of Bergler, Singer Barrios. The research problems formulated are how the writer’s block phenomenon is displayed in the novel The Architecture of Love, and how the narrative elements in the work support the themes presented by the author. The results showed that the writer’s block phenomenon experienced by the main character was especially caused by unhappiness that is manifested in the form of apathy, anger, anxiety, and problems with other people (ex-husband). Because the writer’s block is a psychological symptom, in this novel, the disorder can be overcome with therapy in the form of relaxation and establishing relationships with new people. As a romance-themed novel, the metropolitan novel The Architecture of Love is built by narrative elements that support the writer’s block theme.
LEKSEMA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 5; doi:10.22515/ljbs.v5i1.2075
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LEKSEMA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 5; doi:10.22515/ljbs.v5i1.2023
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