LEKSEMA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra
ISSN / EISSN : 2527-8088 / 2527-807X
Published by: IAIN Surakarta (10.22515)
Total articles ≅ 64
Latest articles in this journal
LEKSEMA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 6, pp 13-22; https://doi.org/10.22515/ljbs.v6i1.2441
Proper name is a linguistic symbol that reflects people’s perspectives and thoughts over something. This study aims to reveal current naming convention in Banyumas from linguistic perspective and to describe naming classification which covers list of proper names, their sociocultural background, the meanings, and the functions. This study used descriptive-qualitative method with snowball technique for the sampling. Banyumas proper names are dominated by the use of monomorphemic form. The languages used to give proper names come from local language, Bahasa Indonesia, as well as foreign languages.The naming structure covers first name, functioning as gender and birth order markers; middle name, containing ethnical or foreign element; and last name, containing family name. Naming reference mostly uses adjectives, famous figures’ names, nature elements, flower names, puppet characters’ names, and/or numbers and symbols. Prefix su- also characterizes some proper names in Banyumas. Cultural reflection from Banyumas proper names is that the proper names chosen by the name givers, mostly parents, resemble their hope and prayer for their children. Proper name as a part of culture and folklore becomes ethnical identity for the people themselves.
LEKSEMA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 6, pp 23-31; https://doi.org/10.22515/ljbs.v6i1.2736
Tamu (Guest) is a short story written by one of the most influential writers in Indonesia, Budi Darma. It depicts wedang kopi (hot coffee) serving tradition to guests in Java. Gastro criticism is used to reveal the significance of hot coffee serving in the short story. Close reading method is used to read and analyze the text. From the analysis, the short story reveals not just a tradition in the 1940-1950s of Indonesia on coffee and hospitality but also the effect on a man of the absence of hot coffee in his house when there is a woman in the house. Manggolo, one of the main characters in the story, feels insecure in his own house because he does not get served hot coffee he expects from his daughter-in-law living under the same roof. Furthermore, this research suggests the possibility of combining gastro criticism and gender studies.
LEKSEMA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 6, pp 1-12; https://doi.org/10.22515/ljbs.v6i1.2939
Since literacy deals with the ability to read and write therefore information using technologies is really vast developed. In this digital era, students of English need to get accustomed to various disciplines, such as computer, ICT, and media literacy. Digital literacy deals with social practices and conceptions through digital texts. This reveals four main elements, i.e.: understanding cultural, social, and historical contexts of technology use; critical thinking and analysis; reflective practice; and facility with the functional skills and tools of digital technology production. This is a qualitative study which examined students’ critical digital literacy when they did online reading activity outside the class. The data were collected by using questionnaire. The subject of this research were the fourth semester students of English Department of Universitas Tidar Magelang. The findings navigate students with their critical digital literacy and understanding of the text with their background knowledge and interpret text effectively. This research implies to the concept of online class implementation, especially in reading class.
LEKSEMA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 5, pp 201-211; https://doi.org/10.22515/ljbs.v5i2.2200
Tip of the tongue (ToT) is experienced by BIPA students when speaking Indonesian due to delayed lexical access. This study aims to describe two focuses, namely: (1) the characteristics of the target vocabulary and the ToT vocabulary and (2) the mental processes when the ToT occurs. The theory used in this research is lexical retrieval in morphosemantics. This research method is descriptive qualitative. Data collection was carried out by observation and interview techniques during the learning process of BIPA Muhammadiyah Malang University. The results showed that ToT occurred in nouns (42%), verbs (24%), adjectives (21%), conjunctions (8%), and numeralia (5%). Tip of the tongue is accompanied by a lot of silence as a fallacy effect that appears in the speech. Gestur becomes a description of the meaning features of the target vocabulary. The mental process of ToT occurs in several events, namely (1) the speaker has a picture of the object in his mind, (2) the activation of the semantic set when the active vocabulary has a relation with the meaning of the target vocabulary, (3) activation of the meaning field when the speaker describes it, (4) activation of the phonological set when the similar sound vocabulary appears in the mind, and (5) the appearance of the first language and / or intermediate language.
LEKSEMA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 5, pp 123-134; https://doi.org/10.22515/ljbs.v5i2.2656
This research aimed at describing the forms and functions of euphemism in the Presidential and Vice-Presidential Debate of the Republic of Indonesia in 2019. This research also explained the form and function of euphemism that was most dominantlyused and whose speech containing most elements of euphemism. The method used in the research was descriptive qualitative method and content analysis approach. The data sources in this research were videos and transcripts of the Presidential and Vice-Presidential Debate in the first and fifth rounds in 2019. The results of this study revealednine forms of euphemism, namely figurative expression, metaphor, flippancy, circumlocutions, clipping, acronym, abbreviation, one for one substitution, borrowing, and hyperbole. The most dominant euphemism form used was one for One Substitution with the total of 164 or 61.4%. Furthermore, the speech that had the most euphemism was Joko Widodo with the total of 113 euphemisms or 42.3%. Finally, this research also showedfour functions of euphemismas a form of positive imaging, criticizing or insinuating opponents, refining speech, and as a tool for diplomacy.
LEKSEMA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 5, pp 111-122; https://doi.org/10.22515/ljbs.v5i2.2467
Effective use of grammar to inform news or events through social media needs to be applied. However, in practice there are still several accounts on social media, like Instagram, that upload information or news using ineffective grammar. One example of this problem is in the Instagram Info Cegatan Solo (ICS/Solo Stopping Area Info) upload. Therefore, this study of ineffectiveness of captions uploded on Instagram at ICS intended to analyze and determine the forms of ineffectiveness of the sentences uploaded. This research is classified as a qualitative descriptive study using the method of note and note technique. The data of this study were the captions of ICS uploads on Instagram in March 2020 which were then analyzed by using qualitative approach. The results of the analysis were 15 captions indicating ineffectiveness that can be divided into: 6 data from foreign language influence, 2 pleonasm, 4 ambiguity, 1 logical reasoning, 1 unclear core element, 3 regional language influence, 1 word preposition wastefulness, 3 contamination, and 6 inaccurate word forms.
LEKSEMA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 5, pp 189-199; https://doi.org/10.22515/ljbs.v5i2.2142
In etnopedagogic-based drama learning by the students of English Study Program, the exploration of local wisdom values can be carried out among others by transforming folklores into play scripts in English. The transformed folklores can then be performed on stages. In the process of transforming a script from its hypogram, a supporting skill in the form of integration between creative writing and English as a Foreign Language Mastery (EFL) mastery is absolutely necessary. Therefore, it takes an interdisciplinary approach between those two domains of expertise to succeed the transformation process. This research employed descriptive-qualitative method with contextual grounded case study approach. It was aimed at describing the process of transformation of Banyumas folklore texts to English play scripts ranging from the intrinsic elements to the language aspects in the play. The findings showed that there were changes in the characters, settings, plots as well as the conflicts of the stories. Meanwhile, regarding the language used, there were found a number of grammatical mistakes in using possessive pronouns, verbs, word order, tenses, and diction.
LEKSEMA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 5, pp 159-176; https://doi.org/10.22515/ljbs.v5i2.2571
A woman deserves to get respect and equal position with a man in the feminist view. This study aimed to find out misogynism in the novel Kim Ji-yeong, Lahir Tahun 1982, written by Cho Nam-joo. The method was qualitative. The collected data was from words, phrases, clauses, and sentences, whether directly or indirectly stated by women characters in the novel affected by misogyny. Data analysis based on Bogdan Biklen model (2007) was categorized and coded; afterward, it was interpreted and displayed descriptively. The result revealed three situations described they were misogyny in the domestic area, society, and institution. This study implies in the feminist perspective that it is crucial to avoid or prevent misogynism in lives.
LEKSEMA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 5, pp 135-145; https://doi.org/10.22515/ljbs.v5i2.2322
This study analyzed the maxim flouting in David Letterman and Aishwarya Rai in David Letterman Show,. This study aims to find out which types of maxim flouting are performed by David Letterman as the host and Aishwarya Rai as the guest in the talkshowas well as to describe the reasons why the maxim flouting performed by the two. Qualitative research method was used in this study, and the data were presented in a descriptive analysis. This study dealt with a pragmatic approach and employed one of the Pragmatics theories, namely the Theory of Conversational Maxims or Cooperative Principle. Data in this study are analyzed pragmatically based on Grice’s Cooperative Principle and its maxims. The data of the study were the utterances of the maxim flouting performed by David and Aishwarya. They were collected by downloading the episode of the show and watching the show. The researchers used Grice’s theory called Cooperative Principles with the four types of maxims, i.e: the maxim of quality, maxim of quantity, maxim of relation, and maxim of manner to analyze the maxim flouting in the talkshow. The results showed that all four types of maxim flouting were performed by both David and Aishwarya. In conclusion, the maxim flouting happened in the talkshow were beneficial to avoid discomfort and to give more explanations.
LEKSEMA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Volume 5, pp 177-188; https://doi.org/10.22515/ljbs.v5i2.2338
This study aims to examine human-nature relationships presented in the characters from the short story A Handful of Dates by Tayeb Salih and Persimmons by Li Young Lee.In analyzing the texts, this study usesKellert’stypology of values on nature to examine the characters in revealing human-nature relationships.This study was conducted by: (1) analyzing the characters based on a typology of nine values of nature; (2) identifying the human-nature relationship reflected by characters; (3) drawing conclusions concerning with human-nature relationships found in both the text. This study finds out that the characters in both texts are utilitarian, moralistic, humanistic, ecologistical-scientific, symbolic, dominionistic, negativistic, and aesthetic. The characters who are moralistic, humanistic, and ecologistical-scientific perform positive human-nature relationship with nature and the characters who are utilitarian, dominionistic, and negativistic perform negative actions againts nature.