Agricultural Research & Technology: Open Access Journal

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2471-6774 / 2471-6774
Published by: Juniper Publishers (10.19080)
Total articles ≅ 517
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Latest articles in this journal

Elshafia Ali Hamid, Siddig Mohamed Elhassan, Azza Siddig Hussien Abbo
Agricultural Research & Technology: Open Access Journal, Volume 25, pp 1-07; https://doi.org/10.19080/artoaj.2021.25.556313

Agricultural Research & Technology: Open Access Journal, Volume 24, pp 126-135; https://doi.org/10.19080/artoaj.2020.22.556262

Abstract:
Safety vegetables are nutritionally essential for our good health, but we are daily fighting against to take “Safe and Fresh Vegetables” for “sake of “Good Health” due to contamination, adulterations and pesticides residues effects. The aim of the study was to examine the consumers’ preference for food quality and safety attributes of fresh vegetables by using quality and safety attributes of fresh vegetables using the best-worst scaling technique. The balanced incomplete block design procedure was employed to obtain a total 180 sample from Dhaka and Mymensingh city of Bangladesh. The data were collected through survey monkey software by using the pre-determined structured questionnaire and analyzed by the MaxDiff scaling and multinomial mixed logit regression model. The results revealed that fresh vegetable attributes were a combination of size, appearance, texture, freshness, and flavor as well as nutritional ingredients and safety aspects that determine their value to the consumer. The fresh vegetables contained vitamins, minerals and dietary fiber that satisfied consumer demand and helped to keep healthy and protect from diseases. The researchers found that nutritional value, purity, freshness, shelf life and safety are the most important attributes of fresh vegetables and variety, size, content, colour are the least important for the consumers. The study concludes that demand for can be significantly stimulated in the study area when these most important attributes have been considered by producers, processors, and marketers.
Amadou Abdoulaye Fall
Agricultural Research & Technology: Open Access Journal, Volume 19, pp 1-10; https://doi.org/10.19080/artoaj.2019.19.556110

Abstract:
In Senegal River Valley (VFS) and the Anambé basin, rice is mostly marketed requiring a high consumption of fertilizers applied on the fly in the form of regular urea from 250 to 300 kg/ha. However, the rate of nitrogen recovery does not exceed 30% due to several losses. This justifies the introduction of the deep placement of super-granulated urea (PPU) in order to reduce significant nitrogen losses. This technology tested and validated in a farmers’ environment aims to improve yields and reduce rice production costs and raises the impact assessment issue on real income. On a stratified sample of 600 farmers from VFS and the Anambé basin, the Average Treatment Effect method was used with the determinant factors measured by the PROBIT model. The study showed a current technology adoption rate of 29% overall among producers exposed to technology at a potential rate of 69%. At the zone level, the adoption rate in the Anambé Basin is currently 10% on a potential rate of 54%, while the valley is registering a higher current rate of 23.3% on a potential of 70%. These results are justified by the low level of diffusion through the demonstration tests and field visit. It is clear that having formal education, rice-growing experience and being in contact with a development project are key factors in accessing technology. The impact on yield was 917kg/ha statistically significant at 1% throughout the study. It is 1085kg in the valley and 750 kg in the Anambé. The average effect of the adoption on income is 142 923 FCFA per ha with a higher gain of VFS farmers (154 190 FCFA) compared to 130 655 FCFA for those of Anambé. The income and yield differential in the valley is justified by experience, training and closer supervision. The large-scale expansion of PPU technology in Senegal can help accelerate the walk towards rice self-sufficiency while offering business opportunities to input suppliers. However, it is recommended that granular and applicators be put in place to accompany the more efficient use of the technology.
Sebastain Ofumba Uremadu
Agricultural Research & Technology: Open Access Journal, Volume 19, pp 1-10; https://doi.org/10.19080/artoaj.2018.19.556106

Abstract:
This study examined the impact of capital structure on corporate performance in Nigeria with special focus on consumer goods firm sector of the economy. Multiple regression of Ordinary Least Square (OLS) analytical technique was used to analyse the data. The results from the study showed a negative and insignificant impact of capital structure on corporate performance of the consumer goods firm sector of Nigeria. That long-term debt ratio to total asset had a negative and insignificant impact on returns on assets, while total debt ratio to equity also had a negative and insignificant impact on returns on assets. The study, therefore, concluded that capital structure is not a major determinant of firm performance. Hence, the study recommends that managers should be careful while using debt as a source of finance since a negative impact exist between the capital structure and corporate firm’s performance. Also, that corporate firms should try to finance their activities with retained earnings and use debt as a last option as this is consistent with the pecking order theory. This implies that, the study strongly recommends that corporate firms should use more of equity than debt in financing their business activities, this is because in spite of the fact that the value of a business can be enhanced with debt capital, it gets to a point that it becomes detrimental (negative) or unfavourable to the business.
Koigoora Srikanth, Kalva Sukesh, Ambati Ranga Rao, Gollapalli Pavan, Gokare A Ravishankar
Agricultural Research & Technology: Open Access Journal, Volume 19, pp 1-6; https://doi.org/10.19080/artoaj.2019.19.556104

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