Journal of Nursing Research, Education and Management

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EISSN : 2582-001X
Total articles ≅ 2
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Anoop Masih Sandhu, Pawan Kumar
Journal of Nursing Research, Education and Management, Volume 3, pp 1-3; https://doi.org/10.46610/jonrem.2021.v03i01.001

Abstract:
Introduction: Hospital Infection – also called ‘Nosocomial Infection’ affects both patient and hospital. The term ‘Nosocomial’ is derived from the Greek word “NosoKomeion”, meaning health care facility. The English word Nosocomial is derived from the Greek work meaning ‘Hospital’. Therefore a nosocomial infection is one that is acquired while in hospital or other health agency [1]. Nosocomial infections are very common in both, developed and developing countries. Hospital acquired infections are unnecessary burden to patients as well as for public health department. These are responsible for many deaths and increased morbidity rate in indoor patients. Nosocomial infections may cause functional disability, emotional, psychological and physiological stress and may reduce the quality of life of the client [2]. They not only affect the general health condition of the patients, but they also results in financial instability. The greatest contributor of the financial instability in the patients with nosocomial infections is a longer duration of stay in the hospital premises. The duration of stay varies from 3 days for gynecological procedures to about 20 days for orthopedic procedures and about 30 days for general surgery cases. Other costs include drugs, isolation, and the use of other alternative /complimentary therapies [3]. The three issues which face any patient contemplating treatment in India, namely, how safe is the blood at the hospital, what’s the state of nursing and post-operative care and what’s the rate of infection needed to be addressed and it of adherence to these infection control policies that India is not gaining worldwide acceptance as a main player field of medical Tourism [4]. An effective hospital infection control programme would benefit patients and their care and release considerable resources for alternative use. In India, results from many studies conducted by private hospital conclude the rate of Hospital Acquired Infection at 20-25% in agreement with WHO figures. The issues of hospital-acquired infections are now being given worldwide. Most of the big hospitals in India have set up elaborate protocols to check the infection rate and contain the risk of community acquired as well as hospital acquired infections. So, as to limit the spread antigen resistance [5]. Objectives: 1. To study the level of knowledge and attitude regarding Nosocomial infections amongst nurses working in Civil Hospital, Jalandhar. 2. To develop tools to assess the knowledge and attitude of working nurses regarding Nosocomial infection in Civil Hospital, Jalandhar. 3. To implement tools and collect data for assessing the knowledge and attitude regarding Nosocomial infection amongst nurses working in Civil Hospital, Jalandhar. 4. To analyse the data by using the statistical measures. Material and Methods: A exploratory research design was used assess the knowledge and attitude regarding nosocomial infection amongst nurses working in the civil hospital, Jalandhar. Convenient purposive sampling technique was used to select the 40 nurses. Informed written consent was taken from each student. Result: The maximum 42.5% of nurses were having very good knowledge regarding nosocomial infection whereas 40% were having excellent knowledge and only 17.5% were having good knowledge regarding nosocomial infections. Conclusion: The study revealed that students has some knowledge regarding nosocomial infection.
Shobha K R
Journal of Nursing Research, Education and Management, Volume 2, pp 19-35; https://doi.org/10.46610/jonrem.2020.v02i02.005

Abstract:
Background and Objectives: Nutrition is the science of food and its relationship to health. It is concerned primarily with the part played by nutrients in body growth, development and maintains. When the person was unable to take oral feeding. Nasogastric tube feeding is a common method of maintaining or improving nutritional status in patients who are unable to take sufficient nutrition orally. Nasogastric tube feeding is a basic nursing care in caring the patients. Nurses play a vital role in care of the patients with nasogastric tube feeding. Nurses are responsible to take care of nasogastric tube and she must feed the patient properly. And also they must have adequate knowledge and better practice in order to bring positive outcome of the patient.The objectives of the studyTo assess the level of knowledge and practice regarding NGTF among experimental and control group in terms of pretest score.To develop and implement VAT on NGTF to the experimental group.To assess the posttest knowledge and practice scores between experimental and control group, to evaluate the effectiveness of video assisted teaching.To find out the association between the knowledge and practice scores with their selected demographic variables. Method: A study was an evaluative approach with pretest-posttest control group design.60 staff nurses were selected for the study using purposive sampling technique and distributed equally to the experimental and control group. The data was collected by using structured questionnaire and observational checklist on NGTF. The study was conducted in two hospitals of Hassan. Results: The findings of the study indicated that over all mean pretest knowledge and practice score was 40.20% and 46.38% in experimental group and 38.50% and 46.0% in control group respectively. The mean posttest knowledge and practice in experimental group was 87.60% and 90.36%, where as in control group was 40% and 40.80% and the independent ‘t’ value was 15.7 in knowledge aspect and 15.3 in practice aspect when p<0.001. There was significantly increase in the level of knowledge and practice in experimental group after the VAT. Hence the finding signifies that the VAT was effective in enhancing the knowledge and practice of staff nurses. Interpretation and conclusion: Both descriptive and inferential statistics was employed to analyze the data. The data analysis was carried out on the basis of objectives and hypothesis of the study and has been presented on the sample characteristics with knowledge and practice level. Overall mean pretest knowledge and practice score was 40.20% and 46.38% in experimental group and 38.50% and 46% in control group. The mean posttest knowledge and practice score in experimental group was 87.60% and 90.36% and in control group 40% and 40.80% respectively. Knowledge and practice of staff nurses regarding NGTF was less than 50% before the administration of VAT in both the groups. And it was more than 50% in experimental group after the administration of VAT. There was no association between knowledge and practice level with selected demographic variables. The independent‘t’ value (15.7 in knowledge and 15.3 in practice) was greater than the table value when p<0.001 level of significance. This indicated that VAT was significantly effective in increasing the knowledge and practice level of staff nurses.
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