Media Keperawatan: Politeknik Kesehatan Makassar

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2087-0035 / 2622-0148
Published by: Jurusan Keperawatan Makassar (10.32382)
Total articles ≅ 49
Filter:

Latest articles in this journal

Subriah Subriah, Vilastri Vilastri, Khairun Nisa Lukman, Suciaty Lust, Fitrianti Fitrianti
Media Keperawatan: Politeknik Kesehatan Makassar, Volume 12, pp 60-63; https://doi.org/10.32382/jmk.v12i1.2111

Abstract:
ABSTRAK Gambaran Pengetahuan Ibu Tentang Makanan Pendamping ASI Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Mamajang Kota Makassar (Subriah, Vilastri, Khairun Nisa Lukman, Suciati Lust, Fitrianti). Masalah gizi terjadi di setiap siklus kehidupan, dimulai sejak dalam kandungan, bayi anak, dewasa dan usia lanjut. Periode dua tahun pertama kehidupan merupakan masa kritis, terjadi pertumbuhan dan perkembangan yang pesat. Gangguan gizi yang terjadi pada periode ini bersifat permanen, tidak dapat dipulihkan walaupun kebutuhan gizi pada masa selanjutnya terpenuhi.WHO/UNICEF merekomendasikan pemberian makanan pendamping air susu ibu (MP-ASI) sejak bayi berusia 6 bulan sampai 24 bulan, dan meneruskan pemberian ASI sampai anak berusia 24 bulan atau lebih. Pemberian MP-ASI suatu proses dimana ASI saja tidak cukup untuk memenuhi kebutuhan nutrisi sehingga diperlukan makanan dan minuman lain yang diberikan bersamaan dengan ASI.Rumusan masalah dalam penelitian adalah Bagaimana gambaran pengetahuan ibu tentang pemberian makanan pendamping ASI (MP-ASI) di Posyandu wilayah kerja Puskesmas Mamajang Kota Makassar.Jenis penelitian survey bersifat deskriptif bertujuan mengetahui gambaran pengetahuan ibu dalam pemberian makanan pendamping ASI pada bayi usia 6-24 bulan di Posyandu wilayah kerja Puskesmas Mamajang Makassar. Populasi penelitian adalah seluruh ibu yang mempunyai bayi usia 6-24 bulan yang diambil dengan teknik purposive sampling, sebanyak 50 sampel. Hasil penelitian diperoleh responden yang memiliki pengetahuan yang baik yakni 33 Responden (66%) dibandingkan dengan tingkat pengetahuan yang kurang yakni 17 Responden (34%). Kata Kunci : Bayi usia 6-24 bulan, Makanan Pendamping Air Susu Ibu (MP-ASI) ABSTRACTOverview of Mother's Knowledge About ASI Complementary Food in the Working Area of the Mamajang Health Center in Makassar City (Subriah, Vilastri, Khairun Nisa Lukman, Suciati Lust, Fitrianti).Nutritional problems occur in every life cycle, starting in the womb, infant children, adults and the elderly. The first two years of life are critical periods, rapid growth and development occur. Nutritional disorders that occur during this period are permanent, cannot be recovered even though future nutritional needs are met.WHO / UNICEF recommends providing complementary food for breast milk (MP-ASI) from infants aged 6 months to 24 months, and continuing breastfeeding until the child is 24 months or older. Giving MP-ASI is a process in which breast milk is not enough to meet nutritional needs so that other foods and drinks are needed along with breast milk.The formulation of the problem in the study was how the description of mother's knowledge about complementary feeding of ASI (MP-ASI) at the Posyandu working area of the Mamajang Health Center in Makassar City.The type of descriptive survey research aims to describe the knowledge of mothers in providing complementary breastfeeding to infants aged 6-24 months at the Posyandu working area of the Mamajang Makassar Health Center. The study population was all mothers who had babies aged 6-24 months taken by purposive sampling technique, as many as 50 samples. The results of the study were obtained by respondents who had good knowledge, namely 33 respondents (66%) compared to the lack of knowledge level, namely 17 respondents (34%). Keywords: Infants aged 6-24 months, complementary feeding (MP-ASI)
Kholisotin Kholisotin, Helin Lin, S Taurina
Media Keperawatan: Politeknik Kesehatan Makassar, Volume 12, pp 39-43; https://doi.org/10.32382/jmk.v12i1.2076

Abstract:
Hasil uji statistic diperoleh nilai p value 0.000 (0.05) Ho ditolak artinya tidak terdapat pengaruh muscle energi technique terhadap intensitas nyeri disminore. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa abdominal stretching lebih efektif menurunkan intensitas nyeri disminore dibandingkan muscle energi technique. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kuantitatif eksperimental dengan menggunakan desain pre eksperimental dengan Two Group Pre Test And Post Test Non Equivalent Control Group Desain. Sampel dalam penelitian ini yang memenuhi kriteria adalah semua total populasi yaitu sebanyak 70 responden. Dalam penelitian ini sampling yang di gunakan adalah Purposive sampling.
Sitti Mukarramah
Media Keperawatan: Politeknik Kesehatan Makassar, Volume 12, pp 11-16; https://doi.org/10.32382/jmk.v12i1.2143

Abstract:
Breast Milk is an essential intake containing complete nutrition required for infant growth and health. Its protein is much higher than formula milk. One of the methods to improve breast milk production is Breast care. Breast care is helpful for the reflex of the release and increasing the volume of breast milk. This study aimed to determine the effect of breast care on milk production on postpartum mothers at Kassi-Kassi Health Center Makassar. The study applied "Experimental Quasy" with "Nonrandomized Control Group, Pretest-Posttest Design." The study involved 30 participants taken purposively from February to April 2018. The data were analyzed statistically with an independent sample t-test. The study found a significant difference in breast milk production between the experimental group and the control group with t count of 10,512 with df 58 is 2,000 (10,512 > 2,000) and ρ < 0,05 (0,000 < 0,05). Therefore, health workers, particularly midwives, educate and promote breast care to the community and postpartum mothers to support the first 1000 days of life. Air Susu Ibu (ASI) merupakan asupan penting terhadap tumbuh kembang dan kesehatan bayi. Salah satu cara untuk meningkatkan produksi ASI yaitu dengan melakukan perawatan payudara. Perawatan payudara bermanfaat untuk melancarkan refleks pengeluaran dan meningkatkan volume ASI. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menilai pengaruh perawatan payudara terhadap produksi ASI pada ibu postpartum di Puskesmas Kassi-Kassi Kota Makassar. Jenis penelitian ini adalah “Quasy Eksperimental” dengan rancangan “Nonrandomized Control Group, pretest-posttest Design”. Teknik pengambilan sampel adalah Purposive Sampling. Besar sampel untuk penelitian ini adalah 30 orang. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada bulan Februari – April 2018. Analisis statistik yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah uji independent sample t-test. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan produksi ASI yang signifikan antara kelompok perlakuan dengan kelompok kontrol dengan nilai t hitung sebesar 10,512 lebih besar dari t tabel sebesar 2,000 dan nilai ρ = 0,000 < 0,05. Produksi ASI lebih tinggi pada ibu yang melakukan perawatan payudara jika dibandingkan dengan ibu yang tidak melakukan perawatan payudara. Hal tersebut menunjukkan bahwa terdapat pengaruh perawatan payudara terhadap kelancaran produksi ASI pada ibu postpartum di Puskesmas Kassi-Kassi Kota Makassar. Edukasi ibu hamil tentang pentingnya perawatan payudara mesti tetap ditingkatkan untuk mendukung 1000 hari pertama kehidupan anak.
Sri Angriani, Nuraeni Jalil, Baharuddin Baharuddin
Media Keperawatan: Politeknik Kesehatan Makassar, Volume 12, pp 87-92; https://doi.org/10.32382/jmk.v12i1.1964

Abstract:
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic disease indicated by the blood glucose raising above the normal level with the occurrence of large amount of sweet urine. DM treatment normally begins with dietary habit management and physical exercise for two to four weeks. If this treatment does not satisfy the expected target metabolic rate, then it is worthy of pharmacological intervention. One of the physical exercises to do in such condition is a diabetic foot exercise.Diabetic foot exercise is an exercise where feet are moved forward and backward simultaneously or consecutively to strengthen or flex ankles and toes. This exercise can help improve blood circulation and strengthen small muscles on feet area and prevent them from disorder or deformity. This study aimed to describe the effect of diabetic foot exercise on the blood glucose level of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients at Bangkala Health Center, Makassar. It used pre-experimental design with one group pre-test post-test design. Of the total population, 17 samples were chosen using purposive sampling method. The paired t-Test found that diabetic foot exercise has an effect on the blood glucose level on type 2 diabetes mellitus patients at Bangkala Health Center, Makassar where p=0.003 (p<0.005).
Ni Ketut Puspita Sari, I Nyoman Sutresna, Alfiery Leda Kio, I Nyoman Ariyoga
Media Keperawatan: Politeknik Kesehatan Makassar, Volume 12, pp 17-25; https://doi.org/10.32382/jmk.v12i1.2058

Abstract:
Adherence is a major component of successful diabetes treatment which is influenced by knowledge and skills regarding disease management. Providing information through health education using a multimedia approach can help patients to master information more effectively, one example is using booklets. This study purposed to determine the effect of providing information through booklet media on the compliance level of type 2 DM patients. This study used a pre-experimental method with a One group pre-test-posttest design. This study included 36 samples selected by purposive sampling technique. Data collection using questionnaires, data analysis consists of univariate and bivariate analysis. This study showed the most results were 29 people or 80.6% were less obedient during the pre-test and the most were 34 people or 94.4% were obedient during the post-test. The results of the Wilcoxon sign rank test obtained Zstats = 4,949> Ztable = 1.96 and P-value = 0.001 <α 0.05, this result can be concluded that the provision of information through the media booklet has a significant effect on the level of compliance of type 2 DM patients. It is recommended that the hospital use booklet media when providing information to type 2 DM patients about diabetes mellitus and its treatment therapy, so that the information conveyed can be easier to understand.
Rahman Man Nasar
Media Keperawatan: Politeknik Kesehatan Makassar, Volume 12, pp 51-59; https://doi.org/10.32382/jmk.v12i1.1984

Abstract:
Decreased visual acuity is a disorder in the eye that affects vision causing blurred vision. Decreased visual acuity can occur in most DM patients, this is a big threat for people with Diabetes Mellitus because it can cause diabetic retinopathy and even blindness. The purpose of this literature study is structured to present the relationship of hypertension with visual acuity in patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus.This literature search is carried out to obtain articles that fit the topic through the Google Scholar database by using keywords or Hypertension search with visual acuity in diabetes "OR" hypertension with diabetic retinopathy "AND" healing. The results obtained were 17 articles, which met the criteria of 7 appropriate articles and through a review found to be associated with hypertension with visual acuity in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Risk factors that affect vision can also be caused due to factors age, sex, duration of diabetes mellitus and other complications in sufferers of diabetes mellitus.Keywords: Hypertension, visual acuity, diabetes mellitus ABSTRAK Penurunan ketajaman penglihatan merupakan gangguan pada mata yang mempengaruhi penglihatan sehingga menyebabkan penglihatan menjadi kabur. Penurunan ketajaman penglihatan dapat terjadi pada sebagian besar pasien DM, hal ini merupakan ancaman besar bagi penderita DM karena dapat menyebabkan retinopati diabetic bahkan kebutaan. Tujuan study literature ini disusun untuk menyajikan hubungan hipertensi dengan ketajaman penglihatan pada penderita DM Tipe 2. Penelusuran literature ini dilakukan untuk mendapatkan artikel yang sesuai dengan topik melalui database Google Scholar dengan menggunakan kata kunci atau Keyword pencarian Hypertension with visual acuity in diabetes “OR” hypertension with diabetic retinopathy “AND” healing.. Hasilnya didapatkan 17 artikel, yang memenuhi kriteria sebanyak 7 artikel yang sesuai dan melalui peninjauan diketahui terdapat hubungan hipertensi dengan ketajaman penglihatan pada penderita diabetes mellitus tipe 2. Faktor resiko yang mempengaruhi penglihatan dapat pula disebabkan karena faktor usia, jenis kelamin, lama menderita DM dan komplikasi lain pada penderita DM. Kata Kunci : Hipertensi, ketajaman penglihatan, diabetes mellitus
Yafi Sabila Rosyad, Yohanes Andy Rias, Tiur Romatua Sitohang, Pasionista Vianitati, Pembronia Nona Fembi, Raden Surahmat, Nia Desriva
Media Keperawatan: Politeknik Kesehatan Makassar, Volume 12, pp 75-79; https://doi.org/10.32382/jmk.v12i1.2131

Abstract:
Coronavirus disease was detected for the first time since the extraordinary incident in Wuhan, China, in December 2019 and has now spread to 204 countries. COVID-19 is a highly contagious disease. This study aimed to translate the Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice toward COVID-19 Questionnaire and evaluate its validity and reliability Indonesia version. The original was Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice toward COVID-19 Questionnaire translated from English into Indonesian. The reliability scale analysis technique does validity and reliability testing. The question item validity is sawed from the magnitude of r-table value with r-count and reliability seen through Cronbach's alpha coefficiency. This study shows the Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice toward COVID-19 Questionnaire in the context of Indonesian all items of valid and reliable.
Ahmad Sadiq, Sartono Sartono
Media Keperawatan: Politeknik Kesehatan Makassar, Volume 12, pp 31-38; https://doi.org/10.32382/jmk.v12i1.2133

Abstract:
The results of the 2018 Basic Health Research (Riskesdas) show that the prevalence of anemia in women aged 15-24 years has the highest prevalence, namely 84.6% (Riskesdas, 2018). This study aims to obtain a description of the characteristics, level of knowledge and attitudes of anemia in students and to obtain information about the implementation of the distribution of the Blood Plus Tablet (TTD) program at SMU Negeri 11 Palembang and SMA Negeri 1 Gelumbang Muara Enim, Province of South Sumatra in 2020. The research design included analytic descriptive research with cross-optional design. The population in this study were all class X, XI and XII students with the status of active students who were recorded from absences in both SMA, totaling 1455 students. Samples were taken using purposive sampling technique, namely all populations who met the criteria, namely students who were registered at SMAN 11 Palembang and SMA Negeri 1 Gelumbang and participated in filling out and sending back the research questionnaire online. The data analysis used was univariate analysis and bivariate analysis. To obtain differences in data variations between the two independent groups, namely the average level of student knowledge of anemia in SMA Negeri 11 Palembang and SMA Negeri 1 Gelumbang, an independent sample test was carried out. The number of samples in this study were 508 respondents consisting of 163 students of SMA Negeri 11 Palembang Senamyal and SMA Negeri 1 Gelumbang as many as 345 students. Univariate analysis showed that the respondents' average body weight was 48.6 kg and height 156 cm. Based on BMI, most of the respondents were 87% or 442 female students in the thin category. The knowledge level of anemia with a sufficient category had the highest percentage of 64.8%. Most of the respondents 91.9% stated that they had never had their Hb checked independently. The same thing for Hb checks carried out by the school as many as 84.8% of respondents never checked Hb. As many as 79.9% of respondents in both high schools stated that they received bloodSupplemented tablets and most of the 77% respondents received information about anemia prevention in schools.Based on the statistical test table, the average level of knowledge for SMA Negeri 11 Palembang is 71.87 with a standard deviation of 8.908, while for SMA Negeri 1 Gelumbang the average level of knowledge is 72.68 with a standard deviation of 9.068. The statistical test results obtained p value = 0.347 where> 0.05, it can be concluded that there is no significant difference to the average level of knowledge of students at SMA Negeri 11 Palembang and SMA Negeri 1 Gelumbang. Based on the statistical test table, the difference in the average attitude of getting the attitude score for SMA Negeri 11 Palembang students was 18.21 with a standard deviation of 20.058, while for SMA Negeri 1 Gelumbang students the attitude score was 10.01 with a standard deviation of 2.050. The results of the statistical value obtained by the value of p = 0.306 where p> 0.05, it can be concluded that there is no significant difference in the average value of attitudes among students of SMA Negeri 1 Gelumbang and SMA Negeri 11 Palembang.
Raiman Parlindungan Situmorang
Media Keperawatan: Politeknik Kesehatan Makassar, Volume 12, pp 80-86; https://doi.org/10.32382/jmk.v12i1.2119

Abstract:
Learning structure of the professional ners program is based on clinical practice. However, this could not be fulfilled due to the Covid-19 pandemic where online learning has taken place. This study aimed to explore the professional ners students’ experience of online learning during Covid-19 pandemic. The study design used was descriptive phenomenology to explore the experience of nine participants through in-depth interviews. The participants were selected using purposive sampling with the inclusion criteria: professional ners students who were exposed to online learning, enrolled in second semester 2019/2020 and odd semester 2020/2021 and over 20 years old. The data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. There were two categories of experiences that consisted of impeding and promoting experiences. The impeding experience category has 4 sub categories and supporting experience has 6 sub categories. Impeding and supporting experience has become a description of the experience of nurse profession students in online learning. ABSTRAK Struktur pembelajaran program studi profesi ners didasarkan pada praktik klinis. Namun, hal tersebut tidak dapat terpenuhi karena adanya pandemi Covid-19 dimana pembelajaran online telah berlangsung. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menggali pengalaman mahasiswa profesi ners dalam pembelajaran online di masa pandemi Covid-19. Desain penelitian yang digunakan adalah deskriptif fenomenologi untuk menggali pengalaman sembilan partisipan melalui wawancara mendalam. Partisipan dipilih secara purposive sampling dengan kriteria inklusi: mahasiswa profesi ners yang terpapar pembelajaran online, terdaftar pada semester II tahun akademik 2019/2020 dan semester gasal tahun akademik 2020/2021 dan berusia di atas 20 tahun. Analisis data menggunakan analisis isi kualitatif. Terdapat dua kategori pengalaman yang terdiri dari pengalaman yang menghambat dan pengalaman yang mendukung. Kategori pengalaman yang menghambat terdiri dari 4 sub kategori dan pengalaman yang mendukung terdiri dari 6 sub kategori. Pengalaman yang menghambat dan mendukung menjadi gambaran pengalaman mahasiswa profesi ners dalam pembelajaran online.
Arya Munang Ayu Priyadarsani, I Nyoman Sutresna, I Gede Wirajaya
Media Keperawatan: Politeknik Kesehatan Makassar, Volume 12, pp 101-106; https://doi.org/10.32382/jmk.v12i1.2039

Abstract:
Hypertension is an increase in blood pressure that exceeds normal limits and can result in death. Lack of knowledge affects hypertensive patients to be able to overcome hypertension recurrence. This study aims to determine the relationship between the level of knowledge about hypertension and the prevention of hypertension recurrence in the elderly.This study used quantitative methods with descriptive research design and cross sectional approach with nonprobability sampling with total sampling, where the sample size was 42 elderly respondents with hypertension at Puskesmas II Denpasar Utara.The results showed that knowledge about hypertension was in a good category (54.8%), efforts to prevent hypertension recurrence by category had been carried out (73.8%). Chi Square test results show p value = 0,000 so that p value ≤ 0.05, so Ho is rejected and Ha is accepted so that there is a relationship between the level of knowledge about hypertension and efforts to prevent hypertension recurrence in the elderly.Knowledge about hypertension has an impact on the elderly to encourage the desire to prevent hypertension recurrence. This research is expected to provide information to patients with hypertension about the importance of prevention efforts by increasing knowledge about hypertension.
Back to Top Top