Al Abhath

Journal Information
EISSN : 2589-997X
Published by: Brill Academic Publishers (10.1163)
Total articles ≅ 45
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رمضان هاني مصطفى
Published: 30 December 2020
Al Abhath, Volume 68, pp 47-66; https://doi.org/10.1163/2589997x-06801003

Abstract:
Badīʿ al-Zamān al-Hamadhānī’s maqāmāt are very well known and of great interest to researchers, most of whom consider – according to the apparent meaning of the maqāmāt – that al-Hamadhānī’s attitude towards destiny is one of constant war and underestimation. This paper focuses on the maqāma known as “the maqāma of the lion” to interrogate al-Hamadhānī’s position on destiny. We suggest that this maqāma shows a different attitude towards destiny, and describe how in this case al-Hamadhānī asserts destiny’s control over everything in our lives. Our paper is based on an internal analysis of this maqāma, focusing on its events and their characteristics in terms of time, place, and characters. Moreover, we analyze the language of the maqāma through its vocabulary, lexical field meanings, and contextual symbols in the context of our main thesis. We also explain our personal understanding of this maqāma as a part of al-Hamadhānī’s collection, and through observations on the two main characters. Finally, as many researchers have noticed a link between al-Hamadhānī’s maqāmāt and the Qur’ān, we compare “the maqāma of the lion” with the story of Prophet Joseph in the Qur’ān, as the two present a number of similarities.
Published: 30 December 2020
Al Abhath, Volume 68, pp 182-219; https://doi.org/10.1163/2589997x-06801007

Abstract:
The “weak” triliteral stems of Standard Arabic have been studied in considerable detail by Arab as well as Western grammarians. In most cases, however, the treatment has been largely limited to listing and classifying the primary data, which satisfies observational adequacy but fails to meet the essential requirements of descriptive adequacy, simplicity and generality. In a few cases rules have been proposed, but these rules fall short of expectations: on the whole, they strike the user as complex, arbitrary and unmotivated. Drawing on the theory of Generative-Transformational Grammar, I have formulated a small set of rules which seek to satisfy all of the three essential requirements, and thus render the subject more palatable to scholars as well as learners of Standard Arabic.
جعفورة محمّد المعزّ
Published: 30 December 2020
Al Abhath, Volume 68, pp 67-88; https://doi.org/10.1163/2589997x-06801004

Abstract:
This paper presents a theoretical investigation building on the many achievements realized over the years in structural linguistics. It takes as its point of departure the transformation brought about by Benveniste’s pioneering theoretical work on subjectivity and discourse. Benveniste’s work laid the groundwork for making a distinction between language and enunciation. Discussion of the subject became justified and legitimate, given the observation that structures are imbued with subjects. In this paper, we argue for the need to delve into the field of “intersubjectivity,” a dialogue between two subjects who leave behind, in their discourse, traces of their respective particularities observable to a third participant, who in turn paints an image of each.
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