Photon: Jurnal Sain dan Kesehatan

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2087-393X / 2579-5953
Published by: LPPM Universitas Muhammadiyah Riau (10.37859)
Total articles ≅ 335
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Sahira, Sri Hilma Siregar, Rahmadini Syafri, Hasmalina
Photon: Jurnal Sain dan Kesehatan, Volume 11, pp 149-162; https://doi.org/10.37859/jp.v11i2.2513

Abstract:
Jeruk maman merupakan asinan sayur yang menghasilkan asam laktat, sehingga mempunyai cita rasa yang khas. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui kualitas makanan Jeruk maman dari tiga variasi jeruk maman. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode eksperimen, yaitu melakukan penambahan cabai dan garam dalam jumlah yang berbeda pada jeruk maman. Jeruk maman yang dibuat sebanyak tiga variasi yaitu: DKA 01 = daun maman 500 g, ditambah nasi 2% DKA 02= daun maman 500 gr penambahan, nasi 2% garam 2,25% dan cabai 1%, DKA 03= daun maman 500 gr penambahan nasi 2% garam 2,5% dan cabai 1%. Diamkan selama 3 hari, selanjutnya di analisa pH, kadar air,total asam laktat, bakteri asam laktat dan protein untuk semua perlakuan. Penelitian ini menggunakan bentuk Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) non-faktorial dengan 1 faktor yang diuji terdiri dari 3 taraf perlakuan dan 2 kali ulangangan. Hasil penelitan Kualitas yang terbaik dari ketiga variasi jeruk maman yaitu pada analisa kadar protein kualitas yang terbaik adalah sampel DKA 01 dengan jumlah protein tertinggi yaitu 2,47% dan nilai total asam tertitrasi tertinggi juga pada sampel DKA 01 yaitu 0,37%. Sementara pada analisa pH terbaik adalah sampel DKA 02 yaitu 3,9 %dan DKA 03 yaitu 3,8 %. Hasil analisa BAL terbaik adalah sampel DKA 02 1,7 x 108 dan DKA 03 yaitu 1,5 x 108.
Mukhlis Mukhlis Umar, Ayu Chandra Kartika, Fika Filia Cani
Photon: Jurnal Sain dan Kesehatan, Volume 11, pp 111-120; https://doi.org/10.37859/jp.v11i2.2521

Abstract:
Bubuk kulit batang sagu (Metroxylon sagu) berpotensi sebagai adsorben karena mengandung selulosa, hemiselulosa dan lignin. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah menentukan kemampuan aktivator kimia berupa asam asam klorida dan asam sulfat untuk memperbaiki kualitas adsorben dari bubuk kulit batang sagu sesuai standar SNI 06-3730-1995. Metode yang digunakan adalah dengan sistim bath, dimana bubuk kulit batang sagu diaktivasi melalui perendaman dengan HCl dan H2SO4 selama 24 jam menggunakan variasi perbandingan berat adsorben dan aktovator 1:1, 1:2 dan 1:3. Analisis di uji melalui karakterisasi meliputi kadar air, kadar abu, daya jerap terhadap iodium dan daya jerap terhadap metilen biru, serta gugus fungsi. Dari hasil penelitian, diperoleh kedua aktivator menunjukan rasio 1: 2 memmberikan kondisi yang optimal kadar air, kadar abu, daya jerap terhadap iodium dan metilen biru, luas permukaan masing-masing sebesar 1,64%; 3,14%; 261,41 mg/g; 4,80 mg/g; 17,76 m2/g untuk aktivator HCl dan 2,67%; 3,20%; 261,10 mg/g; 4,79 mg/g; 17,67 m2/g untuk aktivator H2SO4. Dari penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa penggunaan larutan HCl dan H2SO4 tidak memperlihatkan perbedaan yang signifikan sebagai aktivator untuk miningkatkan kualitas adsorben bubuk kulit batang sagu, nilai daya jerap iodium dan metilen biru kedua aktivator tersebut belum mampu menjadikan bubuk kulit batang sagu sebagai adsorben sesuai standar SNI 06-3730-1995.
Alfin Surya, Zaiyar Nazir, Anggun Syazulfa
Photon: Jurnal Sain dan Kesehatan, Volume 11, pp 104-110; https://doi.org/10.37859/jp.v11i2.2225

Abstract:
Free radicals are molecules that lose electrons in their outer orbitals so that the number of electrons becomes odd and unstable. Free radicals can damage various macromolecule cells including proteins, carbohydrates, fats. Antioxidants are compounds that can donate one or more electrons to free radicals. Avocado leaves contain high bioactive components that can be used as a source of natural antioxidants. Avocado leaves that have been dried, mashed and then shifted with methanol. The extracts were tested by phytochemical screening, including flavonpoid, phenolic, tannin and antioxidant activity using the DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhidrazyl) method. This method is based on the reduction of 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) against free radicals which causes a change from purple to yellow 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) (DPPH). From the research, the IC50 values ​​in avocado leaves were 118.8056 µg / mL and 7,276 µg / mL on ascorbic acid as a positive control. From the IC50 value obtained, it is known that the methanol extract of avocado leaves has strong antioxidant activity to fight free radicals.
Hasmalina Nasution, Siti Fatimah, Fitra Perdana, Sri Hilma Siregar
Photon: Jurnal Sain dan Kesehatan, Volume 11, pp 163-176; https://doi.org/10.37859/jp.v11i2.2770

Abstract:
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui penurunan kadar logam berat (Cd, Cu dan Pb) dalam air yang terkontaminasi logam berat dan mengetahui pengaruh perlakuan terhadap penurunan konsentrasi logam berat dalam air. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap (RAL) dengan 4 Perlakuan yaitu P1 (0 gr apu-apu + 150 gr zeolit), P2 (50 gr apu-apu + 100 gr zeolit), P3 (100 gr apu-apu + 50 gr zeolit) dan P4 (150 gr apu-apu + 0 gr zeolit). Parameter utama dalam penelitian ini yaitu penurunan konsentrasi dalam air. Analisa data yang digunakan adalah analisa ANOVA untuk melihat pengaruh perlakuan terhadap penurunan logam. Analisa kadar logam (Cd,Cu dan Pb) dengan menggunakan spektrofotometer serapan atom (SSA). Persentase Penurunan kadar Cd tertinggi yaitu 73.80 % sedangkan yang terendah 69.90 %, Persentase Penurunan kadar Cu tertinggi yaitu 89.46 % sedangkan yang terendah 42.81 %, dan Persentase Penurunan kadar Pb tertinggi yaitu 99.07 % sedangkan yang terendah 81.24 %, Nilai Penurunan kadar (Cd, Cu dan Pb) tertinggi diperoleh oleh P3. Hasil uji ANOVA menunjukkan bahwa terdapat pengaruh yang nyata perlakuan terhadap penurunan konsentrasi dalam air pada taraf nyata (p<0,05). Hasil penentuan uji presisi dan linearitas menunjukkan bahwa metode yang digunakan memiliki linearitas serta presisi yang baik.
Wahyu Margi Sidoretno, Mirna Gustari
Photon: Jurnal Sain dan Kesehatan, Volume 11, pp 137-148; https://doi.org/10.37859/jp.v11i2.2705

Abstract:
The matoa plant is widely used to treat infectious diseases caused by bacteria and fungi. The purpose of this study was to determine the antifungal activity of the ethanolic extract of matoa (Pometia pinnata) leaves on the growth of Trichophyton mentagrophytes at various concentrations 10%, 20%, and 30%. Trichophyton mentagrophytes are a type of fungus that belongs to the dermatophyte group that causes dermatophytoses (ringworm). The experimental laboratory methods were used in this study. The antifungal activity was determined by using the agar diffusion method. Ketoconazole was used as the positive control, and DMSO was used as the negative control. This study showed the inhibition zone of the extract with concentrations 10%, 20%, 30% were 23.05 mm, 24.86 mm, 25.05 mm, respectively. Ketoconazole as positive control showed the inhibition zone 28.56 mm. From the results, it can be concluded that the ethanolic extract of the leaves of matoa (Pometia pinnata) has potential antifungal activity against Trichophyton mentagrophytes.
Lita Febriani, Yusni Ikhwan Siregar, Ridwan Manda Putra
Photon: Jurnal Sain dan Kesehatan, Volume 11, pp 16-26; https://doi.org/10.37859/jp.v11i1.2089

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to analyze the factors in community-based waste management and analyze the environmental, economic and social impacts of waste management in Marpoyan Damai District, Pekanbaru City. The approach of this research is quantitative analytic with cross sectional research design. The population in this study were all family heads in the Tangkerang Barat sub-district Marpoyan Damai Pekanbaru City as many as 4,345 households with a sample of 98 people. The results of this study are there is an influence between education (p value = 0.006), infrastructure (p value = 0.003), knowledge (p value = 0,000) with community participation in household waste management in Marpoyan Damai District, Pekanbaru City. The logistic regression analysis results found that the education variable has a value of p = 0.048 and an OR 2.888 which means that education has 2 times the risk of waste management. Infrastructure variable has a value of p = 0.001 and OR 6.838 which means that infrastructure has 6 times the risk of waste management. Knowledge variable has a value of p = 0,000 and OR 9,617 which means knowledge has 9 times the risk of waste management. The environmental impact of proper waste management is decreasing the volume of waste generation and environmental damage. Economically, there is currently no economic value to waste management, other than the public does not understand waste management that has economic value with 3R. Inadequate waste management causes low levels of public health, so people need to pay more for treatment. Socially, most people do not care about waste management and even though there is waste management it is still individual and not organized in an integrated way.
Rahma Diyan Martha, Fatimah
Photon: Jurnal Sain dan Kesehatan, Volume 11, pp 7-15; https://doi.org/10.37859/jp.v11i1.2146

Abstract:
Cancer is a disease characterized by uncontrolled cell growth and the ability of these cells to attack biological tissue. Various attempts have been made, one of them with treatment to kill cancer cells, but not a few of these efforts actually cause side effects. This fact demands the need for a safe alternative way to treat cancer using natural ingredients. One of the local natural resources that has the potential to treat cancer is Majapahit (Crescentia cujete). In this study, Majapahit (C. cujete) stem extracts were carried out which have anticancer activity. The first stage was screening by conducting a qualitative analysis of the ethanol extract of the stem of the majapahit plant (C. cujete). Furthermore, a toxicity test was carried out against Artemia salina Leach using the Brine Shrimp Lethality Test (BST) method. Phytochemical testing was carried out to check the content of secondary metabolite compounds contained in the majapahit stem extract, and the results were positive for flavonoids, tannins, saponins and phenolics. This data, supported by spectrophotometric tests, proved that the largest concentration of the ethanolic extract of the majapahit (C. cujete) stem was 24.05% tannin. Then the LC50 test from the toxicity test of the active component of majapahit plant stem extract (C. cujete) against Artemia salina Leach showed a concentration of 0.01 µg / mL and 0.04 µg / mL, namely with a percentage below 50%.
Julimar Julimar
Photon: Jurnal Sain dan Kesehatan, Volume 11, pp 27-31; https://doi.org/10.37859/jp.v11i1.2161

Abstract:
Many children do not wash their hands before eating, so that the bacteria can result in hand with food will be brought in through the mouth and throat to the digestive tract so that the occurrence of an initial survey pencernaan.Based o n the survey that has been done at SD 017 Kelurahan Buluh Kasap Kota Dumai. Most students take hand washing not matching true procedures.The purpose of the research to Description Of The Behavior Of The Primary School Students In Hand washing SDN 017 Buluh Kasap Kota Dumai Tahun 2018. This is a descriptive study conducted on students in grade III and VI SD 017 Buluh Kasap Kota Dumai. The population is all elementary students in grades III through grade VI. Sampling technique with accidental sampling, with a sample of 43 people. Data collection tool used was koesioner and observation sheets . Analysis of the data used univariate data analysis. The results obtained over half (88.3%) of respondents had a high level of knowledge about hand washing, half (88.3%) of respondents have a positive attitude about hand washing, and over half (53.4%) of respondents have either no action about hand washing. In order for the implementation of hand washing behavior expected for elementary school students in order to make policy regarding hand washing, controlling, providing motivation for elementary students 19 olo desert village about handwashing, and complete facilities and infrastructure, including the provision of hand soap and paper towels or clean towel.
Egosrivajawaty Sinaga, Hubertus Ngaderman
Photon: Jurnal Sain dan Kesehatan, Volume 11, pp 45-50; https://doi.org/10.37859/jp.v11i1.2197

Abstract:
Determination of compounds and temperature modeling during heating of limestone have been carried out to obtain pure CaO from Papua limestone. . The purpose of this research is to determine the compounds, morphology and characteristics of each element and molecule present in limestone from Papua and to simply model the optimum temperature to obtain CaO. From the results of XRF testing, there is one main element that contains the most chemical elements in the limestone sample from black soil (sample 1) and perumnas three (sample 2), namely Ca (calcium) with weight percent 99.57 and 99.69. XRD results are also supported from characterization with EDS where the dominant elements of sample 1 are O, Ca and Mg in sample 2 dominant elements Ca, O and C. Then based on SEM analysis, the morphology of CaMg (CO3) 2, Ca (Co3) and MgCa ( Co3) resembles a cube but the particle size is uneven and irregular due to impurities. The temperature obtained based on the results of this calculation is 12800C.
Muhammad Rizul Efendi, Elfindri, Jasrida Yunita
Photon: Jurnal Sain dan Kesehatan, Volume 11, pp 45-54; https://doi.org/10.37859/jp.v11i1.2166

Abstract:
Professional nurse career development in the form of career paths is a system to improve performance and professionalism, in accordance with the field of work through enhancing competencies that produce professional performance. The aim of this research was to find out the development plan for clinical nurse careers at Dumai Regional General Hospital. The research used is qualitative method. This research was conducted in August 2018. Data analysis was carried out in the form of data appearance, data verification, and matrix formation. The informants in this study amounted to 16 people who were taken based on purposive sampling.The research results obtained important themes namely; Human Resources (HR), Costs and Internship Processes are still a problem in efforts to develop clinical nurse careers. The research results obtained important themes namely; the comparison of the number of clinical assessors and nurses is not ideal, there are regulations about the number of clinical nurses who can participate in the credential process, many clinical nurses who work not according to their competence due to the impact of the length of credential process waiting time, lack of motivation of clinical nurses in following the credential process, not yet the issuance of the prescription decree, the absence of incentives for the preceptor, the lack of formulation of an increase in career level services, and the Internship process not yet implemented in the credential process. Keyword- Career, Clinical Nurse
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