Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia (JRDI)

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ISSN / EISSN : 2685-0249 / 2686-1321
Total articles ≅ 58
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Otty Ratna Wahyuni, Deny Saputra, Nastiti Faradilla Ramadhani, Dennaya Listya Dias
Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia (JRDI), Volume 5, pp 48-51; https://doi.org/10.32793/jrdi.v5i2.710

Abstract:
Objectives: The principle of measurement using the TCI (Tooth Coronal Index) method is to compare the pulp chamber height with a person's chronological age based on the formation of secondary dentin. The purpose of this study is to estimate age based on pulp chamber height in lower canines using periapical radiographs with TCI measurement. Materials and Methods: This study is an observational analytic study using 42 samples of periapical radiographs with the parallel technique of the lower canines. Samples were measured for CH and CPCH heights to determine TCI values and then linear regression was made to determine their biological age. Finally, the difference between biological and chronological age is calculated to determine the approximate age. Results: The mean difference between chronological age and biological age was ± 5.05 years and an average biological age of 29.38 years. Conclusion: TCI method based on pulp chamber height in lower canines using periapical radiographs can be used to estimate age with the difference between chronological age and biological age of ±5.05 years.
Shintya Rizki Ayu Agitha, Icha Artyas Annariswati
Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia (JRDI), Volume 5, pp 90-99; https://doi.org/10.32793/jrdi.v5i2.711

Abstract:
Objectives: Age estimation is a key point in forensics, archeology, pediatrics and pediatric dentistry. Analysis using the development of teeth is one of the available methods that are used for physical identification, as well as age, in children. This article reviewed several journals about the methods of age identification, especially in children. The purpose of this review was to briefly inform about the recent researches regarding the application of age identification methods in children by using panoramic radiography as it is the most widely used method, in the years 2020-2021. Review: This article was a narrative review. Analyzed articles were searched from the PubMed database which were published between 2020 until 2021. There were 12 journals in accordance with the inclusion criteria of age estimation method in children using panoramic radiography. Conclusion: 7 of 12 journals that met the inclusion criteria used Willems method in the researches, 5 journals used Demirjian method, 3 journals used Cameriere method, 2 journals used Nolla method. Willems method was the most used analysis for identifying age and proved to be effective for identification in various populations, such as Belgium, Caucasian, Turkish, Saudi Arabian, Kenyan, Chinese and Taiwanese.
Phimatra Jaya Putra, Hutomo Mandala Hartoyo, Mellisa Sim
Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia (JRDI), Volume 5, pp 60-65; https://doi.org/10.32793/jrdi.v5i2.705

Abstract:
Objectives: The purpose of this case report is to analyze the incidental finding of an odontogenic keratocyst on cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) examination for the case of an impacted tooth 48. Case Report: A 48-year-old man came with a consul letter to perform a CBCT examination with complaints of loose teeth on the right posterior mandible starting from the premolars. Coincidentally found on a sagittal view showed a wide radiolucency lesion on the internal part of the jaw and not related to the impacted tooth. The treatment plan is to remove the lesion and perform a biopsy and perform postoperative panoramic radiograph. Conclusion: The characteristics of the odontogenic keratocyst lesion can be visualized clearly on CBCT. The use of CBCT in analyzing the type and size of the lesion is very helpful in planning surgical treatment. Odontogenic keratocysts can be well-diagnosed using a combination of CBCT examination with histopathological examination to determine the most effective management and prevent a recurrence.
Dwi Putri Wulansari, Lusi Epsilawati, Farina Pramanik, Suhardjo Sitam
Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia (JRDI), Volume 5, pp 44-47; https://doi.org/10.32793/jrdi.v5i2.688

Abstract:
Objective: This research was aimed to analyze the mandibular cortical width based on a mental index (MI) and gonial Index (GI) in hypertension patients correlated with serum calcium and cortisol levels. Materials and Methods: This study was an analytic-observational study with 31 hypertension patients aged 41-79. All of the patients have checked their serum calcium and cortisol level. The panoramic radiograph was taken and analyzed using Image-J Fiji software. The mandibular cortical width was then measured with Mental Index (MI) and Gonial Index (GI) and correlated with the serum calcium and cortisol level. Results: The data obtained from examining serum calcium and cortisol levels and the measurement of Mental Index (MI) and Gonial Index (GI) showed varying results but tended towards normal values. The results of the correlation test between mental index and gonial index with cortisol and serum calcium showed no correlation with p>0.05. Conclusion: There was no correlation between serum calcium and cortisol level in the value of MI and GI in hypertension patients.
Ari Rosita Irmawati, Ayulistya Paramita Sutarto
Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia (JRDI), Volume 5, pp 66-69; https://doi.org/10.32793/jrdi.v5i2.706

Abstract:
Objectives: Tetralogy of Fallot (ToF) is a congenital heart defect that is often found in children. Complication that can occur is infective endocarditis caused by bacteria that are often found in the oral cavity. Children with ToF are in a high risk of caries, especially in primary dentition. Preparation of the oral cavity must be done before the cardiac surgery. A proper examination and diagnosis of caries is required in determining the dental treatment to reduce the risk of infective endocarditis. Case Report: A boy aged 4 years, weighing 20 kg came to the pediatric dentistry clinic in Surabaya on a referral from Kediri. The patient had ToF with high caries index and will undergo cardiac corrective surgery. Through a brief anamnesis, it was found that this patient's fingernails and lips easily turn blue (cyanosis) if the patient is in an anxious condition. The panoramic photo shows teeth 51, 52, 54, 61, 62, 74, 84 showing radiolucent images from the enamel to the pulp chamber. Conclusion: Prophylactic antibiotics should be given to ToF patients before procedures involving the gingiva and pulp. Radiographs are needed to help establish the diagnosis and plan treatment. Proper oral and dental care must be taken to prevent the occurrence of infective endocarditis. Errors in determining the diagnosis can lead to errors in the treatment plan and increase the risk of infective endocarditis.
Regrina Setiawan, Ria Noerianingsih Firman, Lusi Epsilawati
Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia (JRDI), Volume 5, pp 80-89; https://doi.org/10.32793/jrdi.v5i2.698

Abstract:
Objectives: This review article is aimed to describe the radiographic features of CEOT and COC to determine the differences between the two lesions on panoramic radiographs. Review: This research is a descriptive study using scoping review method based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-analysis for Scoping Review (PRISMA-Scr). This study examines English and Indonesian articles of CEOT and COC with panoramic radiography as a diagnostic tool published in 2015 – 2021. Relevant articles were obtained from searches using keywords and inclusion criteria on PubMed, PMC NCBI, and hand searching techniques. A total of 32 articles were identified at initial study identification. Duplication, title and abstract, and full-text inspection consecutively excluded 1, 3, and 8 articles. A total of 20 eligible articles were included in this study, 10 cases of Calcifying Epithelial Odontogenic Tumor and 10 cases of Calcifying Odontogenic Cyst. Conclusion: The differences between COC and CEOT on panoramic radiographs are COC is more commonly found in the anterior region than CEOT and COC tends to occur in the periapical or lateral part of adjacent teeth and causes root resorption, whereas CEOT tends to be located at the crown of impacted teeth. There aren’t any pathognomonic radiographic findings from the CEOT and COC, so a definitive diagnosis still requires histopathological analysis.
Sri Sulastri, Ria Noerianingsih Firman, Lusi Epsilawati
Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia (JRDI), Volume 5, pp 70-79; https://doi.org/10.32793/jrdi.v5i2.699

Abstract:
Objectives: This review article is aimed to determine the imaging of odontogenic keratocyst of the jaw by panoramic radiography. Review: This research is a descriptive research using the scoping review method based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-analysis Scoping Review (PRISMA-Scr) which was conducted from February 2021 to April 2021. The search for literature related to the research topic was carried out through database of scientific articles on PMC NCBI, Pubmed NCBI, and Garuda as well as hand searching. The identified articles were screened by checking for duplicates, reading the titles and abstracts, and reading the entire articles. A total of 16 articles were included out of 161 articles in total. Conclusion: Imaging of odontogenic keratocyst of the jaw by panoramic radiography is most commonly found in the 1st and 2nd decades of life and in males, the lesions are unilocular or multilocular radiolucent and have an envelopmental shape in which the outline of the cyst surrounds the entire unerupted tooth. OKCs have well-defined with sclerotic or scalloped margins, most often occur in the posterior mandible and often associated with impacted 3rd molars, root resorption was a rare occurrence.
Icha Artyas Annariswati, Shintya Rizki Ayu Agitha
Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia (JRDI), Volume 5, pp 52-59; https://doi.org/10.32793/jrdi.v5i2.704

Abstract:
Objectives: Age estimation is an important factor in forensic science and needs to be known accurately because it can narrow the search when examining unidentified victims, determine the victim's age at death and is also useful in cases of adulteration of athletes, child guardianship, or to determine whether someone is of legal age. or not according to the law. This study aims to determine individual age estimates based on the London Atlas and Schour-Massler Atlas and compare the accuracy of the two methods. Materials and Methods: 70 panoramic radiographs consisting of 31 boys and 39 girls from Chinese ethnicity in Surabaya, aged 6-13 years (72-156 months). Samples were determined for dental age based on the London Atlas and the Schour-Massler Atlas. The data that has been obtained is then processed by statistical analysis with SPSS for Windows, with an inclusion level of p 0.05). Conclusion: The results obtained from this study indicate that dental development based on the London Atlas and Schour-Massler Atlas can be used as a method to determine the estimated age of children from the range of 6 - 13 years in ethnic Chinese.
Indri Kusuma Dewi, , Lusi Epsilawati
Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia (JRDI), Volume 5, pp 23-26; https://doi.org/10.32793/jrdi.v5i1.677

Abstract:
Objectives: This case report is aimed to present a finding of a benign tumor at the Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) area involving the condylar head of the mandible that radiographically showed the typical features of osteochondroma using and emphasizing on the application of Cone Beam CT (CBCT) imaging. Case Report: A 24-year-old female patient came to the Radiology Department of Unpad Dental Hospital as referred from her previous dental surgeon to get CBCT examination of her entire right side of mandible with a provisional diagnosis of mandibular hyperplasia. Conclusion: Osteochondroma and condylar hyperplasia are often clinically difficult to differentiate, CBCT imaging can easily distinguish the enlargement of condylar head in condylar hyperplasia with irregular condylar mass and altered trabecular pattern in osteochondroma. CBCT may be helpful in establishing the diagnosis of condylar tumors originating from bone.
Icha Artyas Annariswati, Shintya Rizki Ayu Agitha
Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia (JRDI), Volume 5, pp 31-38; https://doi.org/10.32793/jrdi.v5i1.680

Abstract:
Objectives: The identification process is very important to determine the identity of the corpse. Identification through teeth is a primary identification method that is often used because teeth have a high degree of individuality. Identification through teeth can be analyzed through dental anomalies. Dental anomalies can assist in the identification process because of their uniqueness, stability, and high incidence in different populations. This paper aims to provide information on the importance of dental anomalies as a relevant and scientific means for identification purposes. Review: Dental anomalies can be defined as morphological abnormalities of the teeth that occur at the stage of growth and development of teeth. Dental anomalies are also inherited disorders that can occur as part of a syndrome. The wide variety of dental abnormalities in the form of size, number, morphology, structure or position of teeth in the oral cavity that can be possessed by each individual can be a characteristic of that individual. Conclusion: The use of dental anomalies in identification has been scientifically recognized with proper diagnosis and writing of dental anomalies in the medical record can be used for identification purposes in the forensic field.
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