Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 26850249 / 26861321
Current Publisher: e-Journal Persatuan Dokter Gigi Indonesia (10.32793)
Total articles ≅ 30
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Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia; doi:10.32793/jrdi

Abstract:
Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia (JRDI) - Published by Ikatan Radiologi Kedokteran Gigi Indonesia
Fitri Angraini Nasution, Azhari Azhari, Fahmi Oscandar
Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia, Volume 4, pp 7-10; doi:10.32793/jrdi.v4i1.474

Abstract:
Objectives: The purpose of this case report was to report the finding of styloid process morphology in patients with TMD. Case Report: A 22-years-old female patient came to the radiology installation of Rumah Sakit Gigi dan Mulut Unpad Bandung for a Cone Beam Computed Tomography – 3 Dimension (CBCT-3D) examination with a clinical diagnosis of temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD). CBCT-3D examination results showed a change in the shape and position of the right and left condyle head. The length of the styloid process from the sagittal view on the right side was 34,0 mm and the left side 35,0 mm with the elongation type styloid process according to Langlais et al on the right and the left sides were elongated (type I). The styloid process undergoes bilateral elongation with the same type of elongation between the right and the left sides. Angulation of the styloid process from the coronal view on the right side was 68,6° and the left side 55,9°. There was a change in the shape of the right and left styloid processes from the axial view at the temporal base, middle and the tip of styloid process. Conclusion: TMD provides an abnormality in elongation of styloid process, CBCT is an effective diagnostic imaging modalities in evaluation of styloid process length.
Barunawaty Yunus, Kahfi Iczanul Iman
Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia, Volume 4, pp 17-22; doi:10.32793/jrdi.v4i1.475

Abstract:
Objectives: Abnormalities in the number of teeth is a change of dental structure that arises from abnormalities during tooth formation, can be due to congenital or growth. For anomalies, the number of teeth consists of anadontia and supernumerary teeth. This research is aimed to obtain a general picture of the prevalence of abnormalities in the number of teeth in terms of panoramic radiographs at RSGM UNHAS. Material and Methods: This type of research is observational descriptive and the design of this study is Cross Sectional Study. The research subjects were all panoramic radiographic photo data in the Teaching and Mouth Hospital of Hasanuddin University in the last 1 year. Data is processed in tables and diagrams. Results: The results showed that the majority of anadontia prevalence by sex occurred in women, as a breakdown of hypodontia with a presentation of 68.04%, oligodontia with a presentation of 26.93%, and anadontia with a presentation of 5.21%. The prevalence of anadontia based on the majority age group occurs in the adult age group, as a breakdown of hypodontia with a presentation of 77.73%, oligodontia with a presentation of 21.40%, and anadontia with a presentation of 0.87%. The prevalence of anadontia by month occurred at most in August 2018 with 70 people, while the lowest number was in July 2018 with 1 person. The prevalence of supernumerary teeth based on the majority sex occurs in male patients with a total of 4 people, as detailed mesiodens with 25% presentation, laterodens with 75% presentation, and no distomolar. Conclusion: The prevalence of anomaly deficiency in the number of teeth by sex is most experienced by women, the prevalence of supernumerary teeth is more experienced by men. When viewed from the age group, abnormalities in the number of teeth are most experienced by the adult age group and supernumerary teeth are most experienced by the adolescent age group.
Yurika Ambar Lita, Indra Hadikrishna
Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia, Volume 4, pp 1-5; doi:10.32793/jrdi.v4i1.467

Abstract:
Objectives: Odontectomy is a common procedure in the extraction of third molars. Assessment of the difficulty level of extraction of third molars can be evaluated based on the classification of impaction. This article aims to discuss how the classification of impaction in third molars evaluates the difficulty of odontectomy treatment through radiographic examination. Literature Review: Literature search was carried out from various electronic databases with article inclusion criteria that discussed the validity of third molar impaction classification through radiography. Conclusion: Based on the findings of this review, it can be concluded that various stratified classifications are suggested as index that can be considered and recommended in the assessment of the difficulty level of third molar odontectomy.
Gunawan Gunawan, Ria Noerianingsih Firman, Farina Pramanik, Aga Satria Nurrachman
Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia, Volume 4, pp 41-44; doi:10.32793/jrdi.v4i1.479

Abstract:
Objectives: This study is aimed to report a case of mandibular left posterior squamous cell carcinoma on panoramic radiographs. Case Report: A 61 years male patient came to the RSGM UNPAD Radiology Installation carrying a referral letter to have panoramic examination. The patient had his molars extracted one year ago, but then six months later he complained of swelling. Since one week ago he has been feeling pain and difficulty opening my mouth, premedication of amoxicillin and paracetamol has been given. Extra oral examination showed facial asymmetry, swelling, intra-oral examination of swelling, redness accompanied by ulceration. A panoramic radiograph showed loss of left molar teeth, radiointermediate area in the left posterior region of the mandible ± 5 cm, radiolucent ill-defined non-corticated, irregular in the posterior mandibular body. Conclusion: Panoramic radiographs can be used as a supportive examination of SCC cases which show the presence of an ill-defined non-corticated radiointermediate area, irregular bone invasion
Anak Agung Istri Agung Feranasari, Ria Noerianingsih Firman, Farina Pramanik
Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia, Volume 4, pp 37-40; doi:10.32793/jrdi.v4i1.478

Abstract:
Objectives: The aim of this study is to increase knowledge about Dense Bone Island diagnosis and differential diagnosis as well as emphasize on radiographic characteristics of this lesion. Case Report: A male 24 years came to the Dentomaxillofacial Radiology Installation, Faculty of Dentistry Dental Hospital Universitas Padjajaran referred for radiographic examination from the Periodontics Department. The patient will be paired dental implants in the second premolar in the right mandible. Patients had no inflammation and pain. The patient then were take radiography examinations as indicated dental implant, that were periapical, panoramic and CBCT, then one of the radiographic examination was done, the panoramic which shows radiopaque, well-defined, rounded irregularly shaped lesion with a diameter of approximately 6 mm, which is located around apical first premolar teeth in the right mandible. Mandible first premolar is still vital. Conclusion: Dense bone Island is an increased bone density that occurs in the maxilla or mandible especially around the root of a tooth, and is often asymptomatic. Cases that occur in these patients have no clinical complaints either before or after the installation of dental implant.
Farihah Septina, Robbyn Reyvaldo
Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia, Volume 4, pp 45-49; doi:10.32793/jrdi.v4i1.447

Abstract:
Objectives: This study is aimed to look at the distribution of the quality of periapical radiographs produced by students using conventional films and instant films at the Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Brawijaya radiology installation. Material and Methods: The method used in this research is analytic descriptive with cross sectional sampling method. The research datas were primary data with a total of 20 periapical radiographs from each method. Data was analyzed by Spearman test in SPSS software. Results: Data were analysed using the Spearman rho correlation test which showed the results of ρ = 0,5. The results of periapical radiographs using conventional films as much as 65% were very good, 25% were good, and 10% were not acceptable. The results of periapical radiographs using instant film were 70% good, 15% very good, and 15% were not acceptable. Conclusion: There is no difference in the quality of the results of conventional periapical radiographs and instant films in the radiology installation of the Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Brawijaya Malang.
Annisa Putri, Aga Satria Nurrachman, Lusi Epsilawati, Azhari Azhari
Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia, Volume 4, pp 23-26; doi:10.32793/jrdi.v4i1.463

Abstract:
Objectives: This research aims to evaluate radiological finding on bone of patients with T2DM (type 2 Diabetes Mellitus) by evaluating mandibular cortical quality using radiomorphometric assessment specifically MCI (Mandibular Cortical Index) and AI (Antegonial Index). Material and Methods: This research is a descriptive analytic cross-sectional study, populations and samples using secondary data radiographs of T2DM patients that have been proven by medical statement from a doctor and normal sample were selected according to specified criterias. Results: It showed between group consisting of patients with T2DM and another one with normal patients, both have dominant result of MCI assessment type C2. While the result of Antegonial Index assessment there were a difference of cortical thickness between two groups. The average AI value from normal patients were 4,179 with standard deviation of 0.420, while another group with T2DM were 3,641 with standard deviation of 0.477. Conclusion: Based on the results of the study, it was found that there has been a significance difference of cortical bone qualities between two groups of samples which can be seen from the result of Antegonial Index, a T2DM patients has average values lower than normal patients, while for the results of MCI assessment between two groups have similar types.
Inne Suherna Sasmita, Lusi Epsilawati, Fadhlil Ulum Abdul Rahman
Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia, Volume 4, pp 27-30; doi:10.32793/jrdi.v4i1.476

Abstract:
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to find out the description of chronological age and dental age suitability through estimation of root growth of maxillary and mandibular premolar teeth. Material and Methods: This study was a descriptive study with cross-sectional approach performed on the maxillary and mandibular first and second premolars. Data was taken from 50 panoramic radiographs contained in the 2015-2016 RSGM Unpad archives. Analyzes were performed based on age predictions from the Demirjian table compared to chronological ages in several age groups. The data is then presented in tabular form. Results: This study shows that there is a high degree of concordance between chronological age and dental age through premolars 1 and 2, both upper and lower jaws of the Demirjian table in the initial phase of tooth root formation at 8 years chronological age and at the final phase of root apex closure at 12-13 years chronological age through the assessment of panoramic radiograph. Conclusion: Chronological age and dental age depend on the precise assessment of root growth of premolar 1 and 2 teeth in the maxillary and mandibular regions having a high degree of suitability in the early and final phases of tooth root formation which are seen more radiographically.
Mufida Dzuriyatin Syarifah, Rini Widyaningrum, Rurie Ratna Shantiningsih
Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia, Volume 4, pp 11-15; doi:10.32793/jrdi.v4i1.424

Abstract:
Objectives: Panoramic radiography exposure causes DNA damage and micronucleus formation. The gingival mucosa and buccal mucosa were used to identify the number of micronucleus due to radiation exposure because they have a high prevalence of oral cancer in Southeast Asia. This research is aimed to determine the difference between micronucleus formation at the buccal mucosa and the gingival mucosa after exposed by conventional panoramic radiography in the Dentomaxillofacial Radiology Installation of Prof. Soedomo dental hospital, Universitas Gadjah Mada. Material and Methods: Samples were obtained by rolling the cervical brush against the buccal and gingival mucosa at 10 days after radiation exposure. Samples were stained using the Feulgen-Rossenbeck method and analyzed under binuclear light microscope with a 400x magnification. Results: Analysis of independent T tests showed that there was a significant difference (p
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