Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia (JRDI)

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2685-0249 / 2686-1321
Total articles ≅ 40
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Lusi Epsilawati, Azhari Azhari, Bremmy Laksono, Haris Nasutianto, Eha Renwi Astuti
Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia (JRDI), Volume 4, pp 117-123; doi:10.32793/jrdi.v4i3.633

Abstract:
Objectives: To inform and discuss the benefits and harms of low dose radiation. Literature Review: Low dose radiation (LDR) was often used, including for services in the field of dentistry. Several studies have studied this for a long time but the results are still not conclusively agreed. Some researchers found a variety of side effects that are not beneficial to the body, but some found no association with the body damage caused by this, and even some found that LDR has beneficial effects on the body. Conclusion: low doses of radiation cause significant changes in the body, although this condition is met with an adaptive reaction which is considered a beneficial response by the body. Therefore, no matter how small the radiation is given, it will still have an impact on the body so it is better to be wise in its use.
Indra Gunawan, Farina Pramanik
Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia (JRDI), Volume 4, pp 83-90; doi:10.32793/jrdi.v4i3.586

Abstract:
Objectives: This paper is aimed to report a case of peri-implantitis which is diagnosed using CBCT. Case Report: A 61 year old male was referred to a dental radiology unit for CBCT examination. The patient complained of pain in the area of ​​the tooth where the implant was attached. CBCT results show there is inflammation around the implant that has been inserted, characterized by a visible radiolucent area in 1/3 of the cervical implant on the mesial, distal, buccal / labial and palatal sides with varying sizes on each side. Based on the radiograph findings, the diagnosis of peri-implantitis was confirmed. Conclusion: Peri-implantitis is inflammation around the implant which results in a condition in the form of bone loss around the implant that is placed. Radiographic examination such as CBCT can be an excellent choice to help diagnose peri-implantitis by seeing a clearer 3-dimensional radiograph.
Indra Gunawan, Suhardjo Sitam, Azhari Azhari, Krisnadi Setiawan
Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia (JRDI), Volume 4, pp 73-78; doi:10.32793/jrdi.v4i3.622

Abstract:
Objectives: To analyze the cortical thickness, angular size and density of the mandibular bone trabeculae of soldiers and non-soldiers in terms of panoramic radiographs Material and Methods: This study is a comparative analytical descriptive study. The sample used was 65 panoramic radiographic data from soldiers and non-soldiers carried out at LADOKGI TNI AL R E Martadinata Jakarta. Results: Significant differences (p-value
Ilona Karista Julianton, Muhammad Novo Perwira Lubis
Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia (JRDI), Volume 4, pp 67-72; doi:10.32793/jrdi.v4i3.616

Abstract:
Objectives: This research is aimed to determine the wide frequency distribution of anteroposterior frontal sinus with lateral cephalometric radiographs based on age and sex in West Jakarta, which is centered on RSGM FKG Trisakti University. Material and Methods: This research is using descriptive observational research design and the anteroposterior width measurement of the frontal sinus uses the Erturk measurement method. This study used 125 lateral cephalometric radiographs (40 males and 85 females) as samples which taken from a server at the Dental Radiology Installation, RSGM FKG Trisakti University. Results: The result showed that the smallest mean width of the anteroposterior frontal sinuses in males is at 7 years (5.4 mm) and the largest size is at 19 years (9.76 mm). Whereas the smallest mean width of anteroposterior frontal sinuses in females is at the age of 7 years (5.4 mm) and the largest size is at the age of 20 years (9.25 mm). The average width of anteroposterior frontal sinuses is 6.6 mm in males and 5.58 mm in females. Conclusion: Males have an average width of anteroposterior frontal sinuses that is larger than females and there are some decrease in size in some age groups. Variations in size can occur due to genetic and environmental factors.
Dwi Putri Wulansari, Farina Pramanik
Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia (JRDI), Volume 4, pp 101-104; doi:10.32793/jrdi.v4i3.613

Abstract:
Objectives: This review aimed to understand the radiographic features of carotid artery atheroma on panoramic radiographs as an early diagnosis of atherosclerosis. Literature Review: Carotid artery calcification is caused by a plaque known as an atheroma. Atheroma is a plaque composed of lipids and rich in calcium. If atheroma formation in the carotid arteries increases, it would cause stenosis of the blood vessels and increase the risk of stroke. On panoramic radiographs, carotid artery atheroma appears as a heterogeneous radiopaque image with an irregular shape and well-defined borders. Radiopaque image located inferior to the angle of the mandible, close to the cervical spine (C3-C5) and above the hyoid bone. Conclusion: Incidental findings on panoramic radiograph could be an initial reference for further examination and evaluation of atherosclerosis.
Fadhlil Ulum Abdul Rahman, Azhari Azhari, Lusi Epsilawati, Ria Noerianingsih Firman, Farina Pramanik
Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia (JRDI), Volume 4, pp 111-116; doi:10.32793/jrdi.v4i3.632

Abstract:
Objectives: The literature review will briefly review the development of micro-CT as a microscopic radiographic modality in the field of dental research for bone analysis Literature Review: Bone quality values ​​represent the mechanical and biological characteristics of bone mass; structural properties including geometry, macrostructure, and microstructure; and tissue properties including modulus elasticity, mineral density, collagen quality, and character cells and bone marrow. Assessment of bone quality is carried out clinically, both locally and systemically, for various disease or therapeutic conditions. The use of micro-CT is growing prominently and effectively as a modality for analysis and evaluation of bone quality because various morphometric parameters to the microstructural level can be obtained. It applies to the analysis of osseointegration of dental implants and the healing conditions of pathological defects. Conclusion: In conclusion, micro-CT with very high resolution is accurate in the analysis of bone quality because the imaging results can provide microstructure morphometric values ​​in osseointegration conditions after dental implant installation and post-fracture biomechanical characteristics, which can be an essential scientific basis for various experimental bone analysis research designs.
Merry Annisa Damayanti, Azhari Azhari, Lusi Epsilawati
Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia (JRDI), Volume 4, pp 79-82; doi:10.32793/jrdi.v4i3.623

Abstract:
Objectives: was to evaluate the radiographic of CBCT fractures in the neck of condyle Case Report: 11 years old boy was referred from the emergency department of RSGM UNPAD for CBCT radiographic examination with a suspected clinical diagnosis of left condyle fracture. The patient had an accident falling while playing one day ago. The patient complained of pain in the left ear, pain when opening the mouth and experiencing facial asymmetry. The CBCT radiograph shows a fragment of the condyle head and has a medial displacement Conclusion: CBCT can see the fragments' location in the fracture and changes in size and position direction that occur, whereas conventional radiographs are very difficult to see the condition.
Khamila Gayatri Anjani, Aga Satria Nurrachman, Fadhlil Ulum Abdul Rahman, Ria Noerianingsih Firman
Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia (JRDI), Volume 4, pp 91-100; doi:10.32793/jrdi.v4i3.609

Abstract:
Objectives: The purpose of writing this literature review is to describe the condyle shape and position parameters in panoramic radiographs to be used as markers in diagnosing a TMD case. Literature Review: There are several classifications of both normal and pathological condyles in terms of panoramic radiographs, however these require more detailed observation. Panoramic radiographs that are only two-dimentional and only performed when the teeth are biting edge to edge so that they only show the position of the condyle movement and the shape of the condyle from the lateral view. Panoramic radiograph also have limitations in imaging soft tissues such as articular disc which are vital anatomy in analyzing a TMD case. Conclusion: Assessment of the shape and position of the condyles on a panoramic radiograph can be used as an early diagnosis of TMD. 2-dimensional modalities such as TMJ conventional lateral and frontal or 3-dimensional modalities such as CBCT or CT can be used for further assessment of a TMD case, while MRI or ultrasound can be used for soft tissue abnormalities.
Reni Indah Yolanti, Suhardjo Sitam, Ganesha Wandawa, Farina Pramanik
Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia (JRDI), Volume 4, pp 61-66; doi:10.32793/jrdi.v4i3.591

Abstract:
Objectives: The purpose was to determine the estimated chronological age difference between Indonesian Navy soldiers (TNI-AL) and dental age based on the Tooth Coronal Index on panoramic digital radiographs, which are used as antemortem data for the purposes of identifying Indonesian Navy soldiers if they have an accident while on duty or on the battlefield where only tooth remains. Material and Methods: The method used was a cross-sectional observational survey with the sampling technique using purposive sampling. This study used 86 digital panoramic radiographs of Indonesian Navy soldiers who were assigned abroad from 2015-2017 at the Dental Radiology Installation of Ladokgi TNI AL R.E. Martadinata. The teeth measured were mandibular first molars with the Tooth Coronal Index (TCI) method, which is a method of estimating age based on secondary dentin deposition and tooth pulp size on dental radiographs. Results: The results of the chronological age difference with the dental age of Indonesian Navy soldiers using the Tooth Coronal Index (TCI) method on a panoramic digital radiograph performed on mandibular first molars were an average of 6.3 years. Conclusion: The dental age of Navy soldier is higher than chronological age.
Muhammad Yusuf Lubis, Ryna Dwi Yanuaryska, Rini Widyaningrum
Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia (JRDI), Volume 4, pp 105-110; doi:10.32793/jrdi.v4i3.615

Abstract:
Objectives: The aims of this review is to describe thyroid shield function and to look the dentists’ perceptions considering the application in dental radiographic examination, particularly in cephalometric and Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) examination. Literature Review: The utilization of thyroid shield has been signified reduction of radiation dose about 34% in cephalometric examination and 18-40.1% in CBCT. The absence of universal guidelines has led to minimal perception of dentists on the importance of using thyroid shield as indicated by the low utilization of thyroid shield among patients. This low perception can be improved through adequate education and applied training in the use of thyroid shield. Conclusion: Dentists’ perceptions regarding the application of thyroid shield need to be improved so that the application of thyroid shield can be increased in order to protect patients from the risk of dental radiation exposure.
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