Western Balkan Journal of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development

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ISSN / EISSN : 2683-4693 / 2683-572X
Total articles ≅ 26
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Western Balkan Journal of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Volume 3, pp 67-83; https://doi.org/10.5937/wbjae2101067d

Abstract:
This paper takes into consideration the physical dimension impact of the quantitative description at the farm level over its economic performance. It is obvious that the dimension, if centred on different statistical intervals, generates different results, initiating the different types of potentiality that characterize the certain economic entity. The impact's capture was made through the registered data analysis, relevant for the enhancement of their quantitative characteristics. Dimensional phenomenon was studied considering the data from the National Institute of Statistics (INSSE) of Romania, as well as statistical and economic analysis methods, proving that the dimension, in its actual structure, on different types of farms, can influence in a positive way the production and financial results. It is a generally accepted fact that, the physical dimension could be seen as the production capacity of the farm. Economic dimension or farm size is also an expression of farms' profit or turnover. In this condition the size is linked to economic performance. Economic dimension is usually characterized by inverse relation. Factors that determine a peculiar level of performance are usually specific in line to internal farm environment, respecting the used crops intensity or management under the factors of production. Besides, level of digitalization represents another factor that have an important contribution to increase of farms' economic performances. Its influence represents the value generator at the farm level. So certain results derived from previously conducted survey related to farmers' awareness towards the digitalization or, its presence at farm level was also done.
Western Balkan Journal of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Volume 3, pp 1-10; https://doi.org/10.5937/wbjae2101001b

Abstract:
The article describes the level of innovative activities of Russian agricultural businesses based on currently accepted indicators and justifies the limitations for their application in agriculture, taking into account its peculiar features. As an example the article considers a large agro-holding, which conducts active innovative activities aimed at the development of precision agriculture. The article shows the potential of correlation-regression analysis for the detection of the influence of particular technological innovations on the obtained result, as well as the potential of timeseries analysis for the assessment of major agriculturally-significant climatic risks.
Western Balkan Journal of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Volume 3, pp 51-66; https://doi.org/10.5937/wbjae2101051s

Abstract:
With the globalisation and diversification of supply on agri-food market, recent decades have been brought issues and risks to human health due to increasing content of chemical residues from agriculture. Identifying of contamination risks at each agri-food chain stage or high level of traceability is extremely important, having in mind that is not only the production stage determining the occurrence of chemical residues within the food. Initial step in eliminating risks related to the contamination of agri-food products with harmful substances is awareness towards their limitation and tolerated daily doses in human consumption. The paper aims to analyse the main groups of contaminating compounds, thus creating a classification according to their level of toxicity and effects on humans.
Western Balkan Journal of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Volume 3, pp 23-33; https://doi.org/10.5937/wbjae2101023k

Abstract:
The aim of this paper is to analyse the current situation and potential for the development of organic agriculture in Serbia. Despite the favourable agri-ecological conditions for the development of organic agriculture, this branch of agriculture in Serbia significantly lags behind the world and European average in terms of the percentage of agricultural land under organic production. The motive for the conducted analysis within this paper stems from the fact that the demand for organic products in the EU has been increasing at a rate of about 10% annually in recent years, which represents a chance for Serbian agriculture. Data sources used are from the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Water Management of the Republic of Serbia (MAFWM), Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia (SORS) and Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FIBL) while the basic research method is interview with experts and participants in organic agriculture. The results of the analysis show that the main limiting factors for the development of Serbian organic agriculture are dominance of small and economically weak producers and insufficient consumer confidence in organic products. The path to the development of organic agriculture is in the increased cooperatives activity and the improvement of consumer confidence in organic products.
Western Balkan Journal of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Volume 3, pp 35-49; https://doi.org/10.5937/wbjae2101035z

Abstract:
As a production system, organic agriculture is linked to less intensive practices. Therefore, its main mission is to produce much more ecological products and services than conventional agriculture. It does not use potentially harmful technologies technological approaches and inputs of intensive agriculture, as are pesticides, synthetic nitrogen fertilizers, GMO crops or veterinary and anthelmintic antibiotics, thus reducing environmental and health risks. Consumption of organic products has been increased in last couple decades in Romania. The main paper goal is to analyse the consumers' attitudes toward the organic products, primarily agri-food products, as well as their buying motives and satisfaction with the existing offer in the national market. Used methodological framework contains an online survey conducted in the first half of 2020. Among achieved results next has been underlined that majority of respondents consume organic products so often. Their first choice is organic vegetable products, followed by organic animal products and in some cases organic cosmetics.
Western Balkan Journal of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Volume 3, pp 11-21; https://doi.org/10.5937/wbjae2101011s

Abstract:
The controversial issue of genetically modified organisms and environmental pollution, which often leads to global warming, brings us face to face with the need to change the way agriculture leaves its mark on the ecological balance. If common efforts were focused on designing a multidisciplinary agricultural system that produces quantitatively and nutritionally sufficient food while protecting biodiversity and non-renewable resources, the problems that the agricultural sector generates would be greatly reduced. Paper provides introductory information linked to conversion from conventional to organic system of agriculture from the aspect of sustainable development. Familiarity with new eco-friendly practices is essential for exploiting the opportunities for the agricultural sector. In this context, the paper analyses the general consequences observed by some of globally recognized institutions involved in agriculture.
Western Balkan Journal of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Volume 2, pp 45-55; https://doi.org/10.5937/wbjae2001045r

Abstract:
Agriculture forms a fundamental economic branch in the European economy, which has developed particular premises and highlighted significantly transformations in accordance with the Common Agricultural Policy and the new European agricultural model imperatives. The papers' main aim is to design a short survey on EU agriculture development from the perspective of the evolution of cropping pattern, prices and the implications on the sectoral economy. Derived results prove that EU agricultural sector has experienced important and unique transformations regarding the cropping pattern, prices and policy in term of achieving a functional agricultural model. agriculture; cropping pattern; prices; cereals; CAP
Dan Marius Voicilas
Western Balkan Journal of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Volume 2, pp 31-43; https://doi.org/10.5937/wbjae2001031v

Abstract:
The objectives of the paper are to provide a picture with the main characteristics and the dynamics of the cereals' market from Romania in the last decades, before and after Romanian EU accession. This image and the personal comments are presented in the direct connection with the actual context of high level of competitiveness at regional level, EU level and international level. Generally, the cereals' market has had a dynamic evolution at international level, also regional level. Romania is part of the Black Sea Region, also EU member, two important cereals players in the world. Romania has the major Eastern port of the EU on the Black Sea coast, Constanta, which is the main door for EU cereal trade to East. This is the reasons why we analyse the evolution of the cereals' market from Romania before and after EU accession and we want to emphasize the transformations of the Romanian market during this period. The applied methodology contains a statistical analysis based on areas, yields and production indicators, also the trade flows. It is analysed long series of data provided by the Romanian National Institute of Statistics, Romanian Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, also FAO and Eurostat where they were useful. Besides these, we use results of qualitative analysis based on interviews and opinion of experts in the field, information, declarations and comments published in press, by officials from administration or business. The results of the analysis emphasis the present state of the Romanian market, the evolution in the last decades, also the main constraints for a better evolution of the cereals' market in Romania, the improvements and the main challenges for the future. cereals; market characteristics; pre-accession period; EU membership; Romania
Western Balkan Journal of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Volume 2, pp 111-122; https://doi.org/10.5937/wbjae2002111a

Abstract:
In this paper, the authors analyse the trend of agricultural production, at the agricultural holdings and enterprises active within the mentioned sector, in the period after the economic crisis in 2008., based on the submitted financial reports. The fact is that Serbia has favourable natural resources, but the achieved results are significantly below the average of EU member states. This indicates low labour productivity, as well as low competitiveness of legal entities involved in the agricultural sector. The analysis points out to the basic factors that influenced this state of the sector, but also to the possibilities of its dynamic and sustainable development. There is believe that participants in the production and trade of agricultural products can make a significantly greater contribution to overall economic growth, employment, exports and the creation of new value, but they need an adequate business environment and support of agricultural policy.
Western Balkan Journal of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Volume 2, pp 135-146; https://doi.org/10.5937/wbjae2002135s

Abstract:
Dairy farming is the most significant part of cattle raising. During the previous several years the volume of milk production has been maintained at a stable level, while there came to fall in number of dairy cows and number of farms engaged in dairy farming. Although the farms that own just a few heads of dairy cows usually step out the milk production, there are still a small number of farms specialized in dairy farming. The main paper objective is to present the economic effects of investment in the construction and equipping of dairy farm adequate for raising of 12 dairy cows. Economic analysis was based on the use of static and dynamic methods for investment assessment. Besides, there is also conducted the analysis of investment under the risk conditions (use of the break-even analysis). According to gained results (e.g. Internal rate of return, 11.98%, positive value of the Net present value, Payback period shorter than 5 years) the investment implementation is economically justified.
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