International Journal of Forensic Medicine

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2707-4447 / 2707-4455
Published by: Comprehensive Publications (10.33545)
Total articles ≅ 37
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Nikitha Sowmya, Sanjeev Chetty
International Journal of Forensic Medicine, Volume 3, pp 01-03; https://doi.org/10.33545/27074447.2021.v3.i2a.36

Abstract:
Background: According to World Health Organization (WHO), Pneumonia is a form of acute respiratory infection that affects the lungs. Pneumonia is considered as the most important infection-induced cause of child mortality. Aim: To investigate the effect of prescribing zinc sulfate on improving the clinical symptoms of pneumonia in 2-59 months old children. Materials and Methods: This case control study was performed on 120 children with age of 2-59 months and complaining of fever, coughs, and tachypnea. The patients were randomly assigned into control (n=60), and intervention (n=60) using double blinding method. In the control group placebo was prescribed, while the intervention group received oral zinc sulfate 10 mg (1 ml/ kg in children younger than 12 months, and 20 mg/kg every 12 hours for children of 13-59 months. During hospitalization, every 12 hours the clinical symptoms of both groups including tachypnea, duration of fever, coughs, intercostal retraction, hypoxia, crackles-wheezing, and duration of hospitalization were recorded. At the beginning and end of the treatment, two blood samples were taken for determining the serum level of zinc. Results: The findings indicated that the serum level of zinc sulfate after the intervention increased significantly in the intervention group. There was a significant difference in the duration of fever and tachypnea between the intervention and control groups 36 hours post-hospitalization. Conclusion: Supplemental administration of zinc can expedite the healing process and results in faster resolution of clinical symptoms in children with pneumonia.
Lucky Yadav, Akanksha Jaswal, Renuka Bamal, Ashish Kalawat, Noopur Jha, Monika Khairwa
International Journal of Forensic Medicine, Volume 3, pp 11-13; https://doi.org/10.33545/27074447.2021.v3.i1a.33

Abstract:
Aim: To Study on Gender Determination Using Mesiodistal Dimensions of Anterior Teeth. Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted in the Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Rajasthan Dental College and Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India for the period of one year. This study includes a total of 70 randomly selected study volunteers. The patients ranged in age from 20 to 30 years old, with no history or clinical signs of crown repair, orthodontic therapy, or trauma. Following informed permission, the mesiodistal dimensions of maxillary front teeth were measured between anatomical contact sites using a vernier calliper held parallel to the occlusal plane. Results: The study's findings revealed that teeth 13 and 23 had sexual dimorphism, but teeth 11-22 had no statistically significant sexual dimorphism. When the degree of accuracy for sex determination was evaluated using 13 distinct males and females, it was discovered that 45 percent of females were accurately categorised and 55 percent of males were correctly classified. When the degree of accuracy for sex determination was evaluated using 23 distinct males and females, it was discovered that 62 percent of females and 62 percent of males were properly categorised. Conclusion: The study found that maxillary canines had considerable sexual dimorphism and can be utilised for sex determination in conjunction with other techniques.
Wera M Schmerer
International Journal of Forensic Medicine, Volume 3, pp 18-22; https://doi.org/10.33545/27074447.2021.v3.i1a.35

Abstract:
PCR-based analysis of skeletonized human remains is a common aspect in both forensic human identification as well as Ancient DNA research. In this, both areas not merely utilize very similar methodology, but also share the same problems regarding quantity and quality of recovered DNA and presence of inhibitory substances in samples from excavated remains. To enable amplification based analysis of the remains, development of optimized DNA extraction procedures is thus a critical factor in both areas.The study here presents an optimized protocol for DNA extraction from ancient skeletonized remains using Chelex-100, which proved to be effective in yielding amplifiable extracts from sample material excavated after centuries in a soil environment, which consequently have high inhibitor content and overall limited DNA preservation. Success of the optimization strategies utilized is shown in significantly improved amplification outcomes compared to the predecessor method
Samir Nya, Hind Abouzahir, Ahmed Belhouss, Hicham Benyaich
International Journal of Forensic Medicine, Volume 3, pp 04-06; https://doi.org/10.33545/27074447.2021.v3.i1a.31

Abstract:
Background: Filicide is the murder of a child by one of the parents. We report a case of filicide covered up as an accidental fall. Case Report: First year male child was beaten to death by his father. This latter reported the incident as an accidental fall. Postmortem examinations revealed skin bruises with bites marks, brain subdural hematoma and subarachnoid hemorrhage. The cause of death was head trauma, and the manner of death was criminal act. Conclusion: Forensic pathologist should verify any information reported by the parents and compare it with the postmortem examinations to determine the circumstances of death.
Hind Abouzahir, Samir Nya, Ahmed Belhouss, Hicham Benyaich
International Journal of Forensic Medicine, Volume 3, pp 01-03; https://doi.org/10.33545/27074447.2021.v3.i1a.30

Abstract:
The patient was unknown man in his twenties who was found lifeless in plane’s landing gear compartment of Moroccan Royal airline operating flight from Conakry to Casablanca. The autopsy was performed 24 hours after the body was found. External examination of the body revealed traumatic skin abrasions and scrapes more pronounced on the chest, abdomen and limbs. The body was very frozen and Rigor mortis had already set in. Internal examination revealed brain congestion with pinkish color of the white matter, moderate hemothorax in right pulmonary cavity with fracture of 6th right rib and moderate contusion of lower lobe of the right lung. No other remarkable abnormalities were noted of other organs. Therefore, the cause of death was judged to occur as a result of the combined effect of hypothermia and thoracic trauma, based on the circumstances of the case and climatic conditions where the deceased was in, and the autopsy findings.
Yadav P, Kaundal V, Kolta N, Diaz S
International Journal of Forensic Medicine, Volume 3, pp 14-17; https://doi.org/10.33545/27074447.2021.v3.i1a.34

Abstract:
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of endoscopic vs microscopic excision of pituitary noninvasive adenoma.Materials and Methods: The current prospective comparison study was carried out at the Department of Neurology, Apex Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India among 40 patients who had been diagnosed with noninvasive pituitary adenoma....................Group I (n=22) had endoscopic trans-sphenoidal surgery performed on them. Group II (n=18) had trans-sphenoidal surgery using a microscopic approach.Results: An overall total of 40 individuals with pituitary nodules had transsphenoidal surgery as a result of this study. Endonasal endoscopic trans-sphenoidal surgery (Group I) was performed on 22 patients, whereas microscopic trans-sphenoidal surgery (Group II) was performed on 18 patients (group II). Complete tumour excision was accomplished in 14 (63.6 percent) of the patients in group I, while it was achieved in 10 (55.6 percent) of the patients in group II.Conclusion: Both techniques are valid for the treatment of pituitary noninvasive adenomas. However, endoscopy proves to be superior for resection followed by less post-operative complication in comparison to microscopic technique.
Vinod Kumar, Vijay Pal, Kuldeep Kumar, Luv Sharma, Jai Prakash Soni
International Journal of Forensic Medicine, Volume 3, pp 07-10; https://doi.org/10.33545/27074447.2021.v3.i1a.32

Abstract:
Geographically, Rohtak district is located in Haryana State and is well connected with the New Delhi, national capital of India due to which mobility of vehicles is quite high in the region. On account of high vehicle movement, the chances of Road Traffic Accident (RTA) are high, which leads to high mortality and morbidity, however, this is preventable upto great extent. This study was done to know the fatality and incidence of injuries to the chest and abdomen regions of two-wheeler riders caused by RTA. The majority of fatal injuries were noted in the region of the head followed by the abdomen and chest regions the study includes the victims of all age groups who died in RTA. Heavy motor and two-wheeler vehicles were involved in the majority of the cases followed by two-wheelers only.
Mansi Chauhan
International Journal of Forensic Medicine, Volume 2, pp 21-24; https://doi.org/10.33545/27074447.2020.v2.i2a.28

Abstract:
In forensic sciences, Blood and saliva are two of the most examined biological samples used in forensic toxicology as they essentially contains all the information (in the form of DNA as well as certain other chemical compounds like salivary amylase etc.) that is needed to narrow down possible suspects and also to determine the identity of the true criminal. There is a time gap between collection of blood from the criminal site and its analysis in laboratory so it is very important to store and handle the biological specimen appropriately in order to maintain its stability. This paper presents a review on storage of biological sample mainly blood and saliva in different temperature.
Sham Kishore K, Sudarshan Reddy, Amudha Saharan
International Journal of Forensic Medicine, Volume 2, pp 01-03; https://doi.org/10.33545/27074447.2020.v2.i2a.22

Abstract:
Blood alcohol level estimation is usually done in various circumstances where the blood collected from the accused/victim is then sent to the FSL for alcohol level estimation. In India there may be delay in this process, the delay may be due to the medical examiner or police to send the sample or by the FSL to analyze the same. The present study was done to find out the differences in the blood alcohol level due to the above said delays. The blood alcohol estimation was done using gas chromatography, and the test was done on 4 known samples with a time gap of 24 hours, 7 days and 14 days.
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