HUMANISMA : Journal of Gender Studies

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2580-6688 / 2580-7765
Current Publisher: IAIN Bukittinggi (10.30983)
Total articles ≅ 31
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Latest articles in this journal

Zuwardi Zuwardi
HUMANISMA : Journal of Gender Studies, Volume 4, pp 61-73; doi:10.30983/humanisme.v4i1.3173

Abstract:
Along with the development of the times of course the needs of society increase from year to year. Unlimited human needs, with limited availability of resources. Making women also play a role in meeting the needs of families in an effort to realize a prosperous family. This research was conducted to provide an overview of the role of women in realizing a prosperous family from the perspective of Islamic economics. Research conducted at the Tigo Tigo Baleh Intersection, Pakan Labuah Village, Bukittinggi City uses a qualitative descriptive approach with data obtained from primary and secondary data. The results of this study conclude that in Islamic sharia, to make a living is the duty of the husband. The wife's only obligation is as a housewife who educates children and serves her husband. But it is not forbidden when the wife helps find a living for the family. According to an interviewee at the interview, stated that they women do their activities as traders is to help their husbands in meeting family needs, as well as channeling the hobby of trade that has been buried because only become housewives. This research also provides understanding to women in order to know their rights and obligations in the household, the urgency of how Muslim women who should carry out their daily activities become housewives as well as traders in accordance with the recommendations in their Islamic Syariah.
Titin Sumarni
HUMANISMA : Journal of Gender Studies, Volume 4, pp 74-83; doi:10.30983/humanisme.v4i1.2669

Abstract:
This article is about the understanding and the implementation of civil servants’ gender understanding in the Department of Women's Empowerment and Child Protection in Bengkalis Regency Government. In addition, it also asks the public response on the implementation of program-based gender conducted by the civil servant. The data obtained through the questionnaires toward 36 respondents and did the interviews to the informants who have been chosen based on various interests. This data was analyzed by descriptive qualitative analysis. The results found that the civil servants’ understanding based on gender in Department of Women's Empowerment and Child Protection of the Bengkalis Regency Government already understands the gender well, so that the programs carried out always consider welfare based on gender equality. In addition, it contributes to the strengthening public knowledge about welfare based on gender equality.
Afrinaldi Afrinaldi, Miswar Munir
HUMANISMA : Journal of Gender Studies, Volume 4, pp 84-94; doi:10.30983/humanisme.v4i1.3326

Abstract:
The purpose of this essay will want to see about the social homes member to keep having role to play in spiritual development to all boys and girls have been displaced. Little understanding spiritual minirities which were represented by the son of the daycare centers indirectly has a meseareble effect on the quality of the development of human resources. The problem of the most fundamental level the most striking difference for that currently the population in its rates will be they from the people of religius on understanding of, be specific about the level of knowledege of have read many times before Al-quran prescribed in the book. In order to overcome problems it was to know the team devotion is attemping to perform identification to doing mapping the real problems going on. This target is to come up with those of a solution and a replay to its problems that they natural, so that found a methode of and strategies right moment in of redutcing the incidence of on problem currently they have to deal with. Technically there are two the stage in which it is offred by researcheared, and promised to supply: pre-activities through FGD and acctivities the action of through the training reading and writing skills Al-quran. The firs phase: pre different activities FGD illustrate that it is playing one person various informants. The second phase: activities are to be implemented the action of in the forrm of skills training level playing field wrote never so much as read Al-quran illustrated that it is playing two people the source of information in accordance their skills. This activity has been iniciated designed throgh a strategy of ekspository and cooperative learning.
Zikrawahyuni Maiza
HUMANISMA : Journal of Gender Studies, Volume 4, pp 45-60; doi:10.30983/humanisme.v4i1.3201

Abstract:
Language has long been considered as a territory dominated by women. For example, in the area of interpretation/translation it can be seen that there are more women than men 3 to 1, and when talking about language teaching, there are more female instructors than men. So the question is: are women better at learning languages and acquiring languages than men? This research was conducted on students of the Arabic Language Study Program of IAIN Bukittinggi. Gender studies related to second language acquisition are linked to developments in two different subfields, namely: second language acquisition studies on one side and language and gender studies on the other. This research is a qualitative descriptive study and uses a performance analysis approach. The results of this study indicate that there are differences in the mastery of syntax and writing of Arabic words and letters between students and female students and there is a gender effect in acquiring and mastering Arabic as a second language.
Ka'Bati Ka'Bati
HUMANISMA : Journal of Gender Studies, Volume 4, pp 1-15; doi:10.30983/humanisme.v4i1.3197

Abstract:
This article discusses the neglect of matrilineal tradition by Pariaman society during the colonial era (1846-1922), based on a study of autobiography written by Me’ Saleh gala Datoe’ Oerang Kajo Basa. The book entitled Tjoerito Parasaian Me’ Saleh is a family historical note of successful trader in Pariaman. The society in Pariaman is known as heterogeneous in terms of ethnicity, cultures, and religion, in contrast to darek society that is known as homogeneous in the mentioned fields. The heterogeneity of the Pariaman society then forms a social relational pattern and it is a different form compared to the darek society. The autobiography illustrates that the cultural characteristics of Pariaman society in the beginning was formed by their interaction with foreign people from Aceh, Nias, Bugis, India, China, Madura, Arab, and European countries. Since then they became an open minded people and easy to adapt with new influences. This condition resulted some matrilineal tradition applied in darek was not implemented and obeyed in rantau.
Salma Salma, Fadly Yunandri, Yecki Bus
HUMANISMA : Journal of Gender Studies, Volume 4, pp 95-107; doi:10.30983/humanisme.v4i1.3162

Abstract:
This study was based on the existence of wive's divorce after knowing their husband have same-sex sexual orientation. Husband's behavior as homosexual had triggered conflict in their marriage. This normative legal study was carried out by analysing of the decision of Padang Religious Court Number 0783/Pdt.G/2017/PA.Pdg and Number 0266/Pdt.G/2018/PA.Pdg as well as other secondary legal materials such as laws and regulations, Jurisprudence and other related books. The results showed that the husband's homosexual behavior was unknown to the wife since before marriage but they found it after a long time living the marriage life. Wives found their husbands having sexual relations or the husband himself confessed his actions. Based on the legislation, the wife as a disadvantaged person might file for divorce on the grounds that the husband behaves homosexually even though the regulation could only justify by mentioning a constant dispute. In addition, it was impossible for a marriage to be built and be able to achieve its goals when the husband was not only homosexual but also bisexual. Homosexuality itself in Islamic law was part of a heinous act which was severely punished by the culprit.
Zunly Nadia
HUMANISMA : Journal of Gender Studies, Volume 4, pp 16-32; doi:10.30983/humanisme.v4i1.3189

Abstract:
This paper shows how the role of women both in the public and domestic area in the era of phrophet Mohamamd. In this case, the paper focus on woman companion transmitter who are directly wrapped up in the missionary work with the prophet. In addition, the paper will show the relation between woman companion transmitter activity and their hadis transmission, under assumtion that the role of woman will influence to the hadis texts which are transmitted. This because, as a text, hadis was transmitted in the certain context and condition. Accordingly, every transmitter had different hadis transmission based on his/her context, status, profession, and even gender construction. This is why, the paper will write the woman companion transmitter who play their role and their activity influence their hadis transmission.
Zaiful Zaiful, Roslinawati Roslinawati, Hasan Muhammad, Surahman Cinu
HUMANISMA : Journal of Gender Studies, Volume 4, pp 33-45; doi:10.30983/humanisme.v4i1.3161

Abstract:
Customary land is claimed as a safekeeping of history that must be maintained, local wisdom is considered as a code of conduct, and forests and traditional land as a dependent space for communal living. Meanwhile, the pace of expansion of palm oil plantations by the private sector supported by the state through permit schemes has created resource conflicts in customary law areas that threaten the existence of Tau Taa Wana's cultural heritage. This threat to cultural heritage has pushed the indigenous women of Wana Posangke to carry out resistance movements to protect and maintain communal cultural identity. This means that expansion activities that threaten the existence of cultural heritage encourage the desire to protect and maintain cultural heritage.
Nur Farida Deliani, Nazhiratul Khairat, Kori Lilie Muslim
HUMANISMA : Journal of Gender Studies, Volume 3, pp 170-180; doi:10.30983/humanisme.v3i2.1097

Abstract:
At the beginning of the 19th century in Minangkabau, women just demanding to manage the household, they are not allowed to get the appropriate education and the high position of career. Because of this unlucky condition, some women in Minangkabau made a movement out of that oppression. One of the movement's doers is Ruhana Kuddus. In order to know the affection of Rohana Kuddus’s emancipation in her struggle for women’s education equality, these are the techniques of data collection and analysis is collecting the data, the main source is Scenting Melajoe newspaper, the second sources Are interviewing, book, journal, and all of the data about Ruhana Kuddus from the internet. Then criticizing of the sources, it can be internal and external critics. After that synthetic dan writing form (historiography). The results are incentive factors are religion value, traditional value, and social value. Obstructions factors are the illiteracies, the strict of traditional rules, the views on women, the empowerment of women and women’s skills.
Nina Nurmila
HUMANISMA : Journal of Gender Studies, Volume 3, pp 92-101; doi:10.30983/humanisme.v3i2.2557

Abstract:
Indonesia currently has only one criminal law, Kitab Undang-Undang Hukum Pidana (KUHP), which was enacted and inherited from our colonial government. There has been an effort to amend this law but up until now the amendment of this law is not enacted yet. In this law, there are only two types of sexual violence which have legal protection: rape and sexual molestation (pencabulan), while in the current reality, based on the reported cases to partners of Komnas Perempuan from 2001-2011, there are 15 types of sexual violence; and the number of sexual violence cases has been increasing. As a result, it is difficult for victims of the 15 types of sexual violence to have legal protection. This shows the existing hole in the lex generalis KUHP, which needs to be filled in by lex specialis law which specifically addresses sexual violence. Based on the need for legal protection for victims of various types of sexual violence and to protect women’s human rights, Komnas Perempuan and her partners have drafted the Elimination of Sexual Violence Bill since 2014. This Bill has become one of the priorities of the national legislation program since 2016, after the incidence of a gang rape to a school age child in Bengkulu. However, up until the end of September 2019, this Bill was not enacted yet. In addition, there has been currently opposition to this Bill from the conservative group, accusing that this Bill legalizes zina (extra marital sexual relationship) and LGBT. This paper aims at elaborating the background, aims, contents and challenges to the enactment of the Elimination of Sexual Violence Bill. I will argue that this Bill offers both procedural and substantive justice for women and the marginalized groups, the majority victims of sexual violence.
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