Population Medicine

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2654-1459 / 2654-1459
Published by: E.U. European Publishing (10.18332)
Total articles ≅ 71
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DOAJ
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Jack A. Pfeiffer, , Lindsey A. Wood, Aruni Bhatnagar, Rachel J. Keith, Ray A. Yeager, Ted Smith, Madeline Tomlinson, Delana Gilkey, Savanna Kerstiens, et al.
Published: 15 July 2021
Population Medicine, Volume 3, pp 1-11; https://doi.org/10.18332/popmed/139173

Abstract:
Exposure to green spaces is beneficial to mental health in a variety of ways, ranging from stress reduction to increased attentiveness and elevated self-esteem. The impact of views of greenness, as opposed to direct exposure, has been examined, but the association between self-reported views and depressive symptoms is not known. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between views of greenness and Patient Health Questionnaire–9 (PHQ-9) score. Questionnaire responses from 191 participants in the Health, Environment, and Action in Louisville (HEAL) study were examined. Univariate statistical analyses included Mann-Whitney U, Kruskal-Wallis, and Spearman rank tests. Inferential statistical analysis was linear regression. Participant satisfaction with residential greenness was significantly associated with reduced PHQ-9 score (partially adjusted: linear coefficient = −0.42; 95% CI: −0.70 – −0.14; fully adjusted: linear coefficient = −0.21; 95% CI: −0.44 – 0.02). Additionally, being satisfied with local greenness was significantly associated with having views of greenness from home (linear coefficient = 1.97; 95% CI: 1.23–2.68). Though views of greenness were not directly associated with depression, satisfaction with local greenness was associated with reduced PHQ-9 score, and having views of greenness from home was crudely associated with increased greenness satisfaction. The findings suggest urban greening interventions that focus on greenness satisfaction may be a strategy to reduce depression. Further research is necessary to better understand these relationships.
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