Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports
EISSN : 2582-3248
Published by: Sciencedomain International (10.9734)
Total articles ≅ 338
Latest articles in this journal
Published: 9 October 2021
Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports pp 26-42; https://doi.org/10.9734/ajarr/2021/v15i730411
Aims: The study aimed to identify and compare the prevalence of stress among postgraduate students in Imo State University (IMSU)and Federal University of Technology, Owerri(FUTO)using General Health Questionnaire-12 (GHQ-12), to identify and compare their sources of academic stress using Postgraduate Stressor Questionnaire(PSQ); and to identify and compare the measures the students were using to cope with stress using Cope inventory. Sample: All the postgraduate students admitted in 2015/2016 session in FUTO and IMSU were sampled for this study, with 10% and 8% attrition rates in IMSU and FUTO respectively. Study Design: This is a comparative cross sectional study between the postgraduate students in IMSU and FUTO. Place and Duration of Study: Imo State University (IMSU) and Federal University of Technology, Owerri (FUTO), between August 2017 to November 2017. Methodology: All the postgraduate students admitted in 2015/2016 session in FUTO and IMSU were used for this study (121 were from IMSU while 832 were from FUTO). PSQ, GHQ-12 and COPE Inventory were for data collection used to collect data. Chi square was used to test the hypotheses and the significance level was p≤0.05. Results: It was observed that 79% of FUTO students were under eustress while 36% of those at IMSU were under eustress. Majority (80%) of FUTO respondents were using positive coping strategies compared to 36% of IMSU students using positive coping strategies. There was significant difference in the prevalence of stress and coping strategies among the students in the two universities (<0.001*). Conclusion: Academic stress leads to many physiological and mental illnesses. It results from the stressful situations that persist over time and produces negative health outcomes. Postgraduate students in Nigeria face a number of pressures that are distinct from the stresses that undergraduates face. If it is not managed with positive coping strategies it will leads to wearing effects on people.
Published: 7 October 2021
Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports pp 1-25; https://doi.org/10.9734/ajarr/2021/v15i730410
In this paper, we introduce the generalized p-Oresme sequences and we deal with, in detail, three special cases which we call them modified p-Oresme, p-Oresme-Lucas and p-Oresme sequences. We present Binet’s formulas, generating functions, Simson formulas, and the summation formulas for these sequences. Moreover, we give some identities and matrices related with these sequences.
Published: 4 October 2021
Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports pp 49-55; https://doi.org/10.9734/ajarr/2021/v15i630407
The outbreak of the coronavirus has had severe implications on the availability and management of family resources. The aim of this study was to establish the impact of Covid-19 pandemic on the management of family resources in Nigeria and also provide new approaches and alternatives that can be used to cope with the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic. The descriptive survey design was used for the research. The population consisted of all households in Nigeria. Simple random sampling technique was used to draw a sample size of 150 households from the study. Data were obtained using questionnaire that was developed using Google docs as the research instrument. The instrument was validated by three experts with a reliability coefficient of 0.61. The data were statistically analyzed using mean and standard deviation and findings presented on tables. One sample t-test was used to analyze the data. The participants from the study agreed that the Covid-19 outbreak has had an impact on family resource management causing reductions in the availability of family resources, quality of family life and size of family income. The result also showed that the impact of Covid-19 on family resource management is significantly (p<0.05) high. Therefore, to cope with the current changing times and the challenges posed by Covid-19, families should focus on acquiring skills such as digital and entrepreneurial skills, arranging their order of activities in order to meet family needs and reducing wastage of resources through proper management and recycling.
Published: 27 September 2021
Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports pp 37-48; https://doi.org/10.9734/ajarr/2021/v15i630405
A study on chemical properties of different treatments prepared using dried tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum), tomato pulp & water was carried out at School of Home Science, B.B.A.U, LUCKNOW during July 2020 to May 2021 to find out most appropriate treatment/puree having high content of lycopene and Vitamin-C, which can be used during off season for consumption, as a substitute to fresh tomatoes. Apart from lycopene & Vitamin-C; total soluble solids, acidity, ascorbic acid content, ash, moisture and pH of the samples drawn from different treatments were also studied during the investigation. Five different types of treatments viz. Dried tomato powder without food additives (T1), Mixture of tomato powder and water (ratio 1:10) without heating (T2), Mixture of tomato powder and water (ratio 1:10) heating at 60-70⁰C for 5 minutes (T3), Fresh tomato pulp (T4) & Tomato pulp cooked at 60-70⁰C for 35 minutes (T5) were used in the investigation. The effect of these treatments was discernible, as reflected on content of lycopene & Vitamin-C. The highest Lycopene content of 90.34±4.18 mg per 100 g was obtained from tomato pulp cooked at 60-70⁰C for 35 minutes followed by dried tomato powder without food additives (66.47±2.02 mg per 100 g). Similarly, highest content of Vitamin-C i.e. 109.03±6.68 mg per 100 g was obtained from dried tomato powder without food additives and lowest 19.43±0.95 mg per 100 g from mixture of tomato powder and water (ratio 1:10) heating at 60-70⁰C for 5 minutes. These results appeared highly promising considering the nature of powder & pulp.
Published: 21 September 2021
Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports pp 28-36; https://doi.org/10.9734/ajarr/2021/v15i630404
Agricultural policies and schemes are some of the measures through which the Nigerian government has attempted to address some of her challenges in the agricultural sector. Despite the MDGs/SDGs programs, Nigeria is still faced with extreme poverty, hunger, and poor education. Nigeria’s budgetary allocation is still far from meeting international recommendations of 25% by FAO. Laudable and well thought out agricultural schemes such as “Operation feed the nation”, “Green Revolution”, “River Basin Development”, “Agricultural Development Project” etc were government policies and schemes geared towards the provision of agricultural solutions. If objectives of the SDGs be realized in the country, issues of corruption, insecurity, proper education, and awareness creation etc., must be addressed by all stake holders ranging from the financial sector, the government as well as the mass media. The media are faced with challenges of news policies, brown envelops, loss of job opportunities etc., while most youths lack awareness and proper education about agricultural schemes and funding in Nigeria.
Published: 7 September 2021
Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports pp 1-10; https://doi.org/10.9734/ajarr/2021/v15i630402
Background: In Nigeria, hepatitis co-infection with HIV is linked with an increase in morbidity and mortality. Objective: The goal of this study was to investigate the rate of HIV/HBV coinfection among the highly HIV-infected people in Rivers State, Nigeria. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Place and Duration of Study: University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital (UPTH), in Rivers State, Nigeria, from February 2017 to September 2019. Methods: A total of 226 HIV-positive people, 105 men and 121 women, were recruited for this study. ELISA was used to screen these participants for the presence of HIV and HBsAg, and this was done following the guidelines stipulated by the manufacturer. The demographic characteristics of the participants were obtained using a questionnaire designed for the study. Results: Seven people tested positive for HIV/HBV, resulting in a 3.1 % overall prevalence. No significant association was found to exist between HIV/HBV coinfection and the characteristics of the study population. Conclusion: A low seroprevalence was observed for HIV/HBV infection, in spite of Nigeria being endemic for HBV. Despite this low rate of HIV/HBV coinfection, routine screening for HBV markers should be carried out to reduce morbidity and mortality in this group.
Published: 7 September 2021
Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports pp 78-100; https://doi.org/10.9734/ajarr/2021/v15i530401
In this paper, we investigate properties of the generalized balancing sequence and we deal with, in detail, namely, balancing, modified Lucas-balancing and Lucas-balancing sequences. We present Binet’s formulas, generating functions and Simson formulas for these sequences. We also present sum formulas of these sequences. We provide the proofs to indicate how the sum formulas, in general, were discovered. Of course, all the listed sum formulas may be proved by induction, but that method of proof gives no clue about their discovery. Moreover, we consider generalized balancing sequence at negative indices and construct the relationship between the sequence and itself at positive indices. This illustrates the recurrence property of the sequence at the negative index. Meanwhile, this connection holds for all integers. Furthermore, we give some identities and matrices related with these sequences.
Published: 7 September 2021
Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports pp 11-27; https://doi.org/10.9734/ajarr/2021/v15i630403
A mixed methods research design is conducted in this research. For the quantitative survey, the data were collected from 120 students, 8 principals and 80 teachers from all the Gomdar Cluster Schools. After the data collection, inferential correlation analysis study was carried out. The findings of the study revealed that teachers, who exhibit nurturing characteristics, result learners to build self esteem, curb disciplinary issues, decrease dropout rates and enhance academic performance. For qualitative study, the sample consisted of 8 principals and 80 teachers participated in the interview. The data were collected through the use of semi-structured interviews and transcribed and analyzed using thematic approach. The study revealed that the positive teacher-student relationships develop students self esteem, increase class attendance and enhance academic performance. It stimulates teacher job satisfaction without teaching stress and burnout and retention in the profession. Therefore, the positive teacher-student relationship is recommended to be strengthened in our schools.
Published: 28 August 2021
Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports pp 70-77; https://doi.org/10.9734/ajarr/2021/v15i530400
Introduction: Good nutrition is highly crucial for the Children’s development-mentally and physically. According to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGAs), fruit and vegetable consumption focuses on health promotion, illness risk reduction, and chronic disease prevention. To gather all of the nutrients our bodies need, different colored fruits and vegetables must be consumed daily. Eat the Rainbow nutrition is about eating many fruits and vegetables of many different color every day, which offer different nutrients to the body. Objective: To assess the knowledge and attitude regarding rainbow nutrition among mothers and associate the knowledge and attitude score regarding rainbow nutrition among mothers with their selected demographic variables. Methods: The research design used for the proposed study was descriptive research design and the sampling technique used nonprobability convenient sampling technique. The population in this study is 14 years of child’s mothers who are living in urban area of wardha district. Results: The study result is 22% of mothers were having poor knowledge regarding rainbow nutrition, while 27 (54%) mothers had satisfactory knowledge and 20% subjects had had good and 4% excellent knowledge regarding rainbow nutrition and 74% of mothers were having unfavourable attitude (75%) towards rainbow nutrition. Conclusion: After finding all results it was concluded that there is a need to improve the knowledge and develop a favourable attitude of mothers towards rainbow nutrition. The study result is 22% of mothers were having poor knowledge regarding rainbow nutrition, while 27 (54%) mothers had satisfactory knowledge and 20% subjects had had good and 4% excellent knowledge regarding rainbow nutrition.
Published: 27 August 2021
Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports pp 45-54; https://doi.org/10.9734/ajarr/2021/v15i530398
The paper assessed street trading and condition of sidewalk space in the core area of Ado Ekiti. A total of 200 copies of questionnaire were administered altogether. The copies of questionnaire were administered to the people in the core area of the city as well as street traders. Data analysis was done with descriptive analysis method with the use of frequency table and percentage table. Findings revealed that sidewalk space in the core area of Ado Ekiti is not adequate. The study further revealed that majority of the sidewalk spaces in the core are of Ado Ekiti can be considered narrow; which is a result of the low level of concentration of the engineering designs of the road during the construction phase. Most especially in areas such as Matthew Street, old garage among others, the width of the space allocated for sidewalks are often very narrow among others. It is recommended that there should be development of the rural areas as there is high rate of inequality of in the distribution of resources and facilities that facilities development. If the rural areas are developed, there will be lesser population concentration in the core areas. It is also recommended that government at all levels should ensure the creation of neighborhood market in several towns and villages as well as different neighborhood in the urban centres as this will foster the decongestion of core areas of urban centres among others.