Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2706-8285 / 2706-6525
Total articles ≅ 319
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Afsheen Hassan, Namra Ashraf, Husnat Ahmed
Published: 30 September 2022
Journal: sjesr
Abstract:
The aim of this paper was to find out the relationship between semantics and syntax through pragmatic analysis of indexicals used by Ex-Prime Minister Imran Khan in two of his purposively selected speeches; one in Urdu delivered on 23rd December, 2020 on the passing out ceremony of police officers and the other in English delivered on 27th September, 2019 in UNGA. The English speech has been analyzed using antconc software while the analysis of Urdu speech has been done manually. A quantitative analysis of the five kinds of deixes in both the speeches strengthened the research results of  Samosir and Zainuddin (2013) by providing the proof of the fact that person deixis is the most dominant category of English deixes (45.5%) while spatial is the least dominant (5.1%). The analysis of Urdu speech revealed a similar pattern as the person deixis (51.9%) is the most frequent, spatial being the least (3.9%).  The presence of all five kinds of deixes with a similar pattern of relative frequencies in both the languages have provided a useful data for the purpose of Parallel Grammar (ParGram) project (Butt et al., 1999) to find out parallel structures in the grammar of six languages out of which two have been analyzed in this paper.
Sajid Ali Yousuf Zai, Fouzia Ajmal, Saira Nudrat
Published: 27 December 2021
Journal: sjesr
Abstract:
An experimental study was conducted to find the impact of interactive teaching methods on science learning. 70 students from seventh grade were selected to participate in this study. A control group with 35 randomly assigned students was taught by the traditional lecture method and an experimental group with another 35 students was taught by an interactive teaching method. A pre-test was conducted before implementing the intervention to measure the baseline score while a post-test was administered to measure the impact of the intervention. An ANCOVA (Analysis of Covariance) was used to find the significant difference in science achievement scores of students between the traditional teaching method and interactive teaching method after controlling the effect of pre-test scores. There was a significant difference in students' science achievement scores between students in the traditional teaching group and students in the interactive teaching group, F (2, 67) = 153.47, p <.001 h2 = .82. It was concluded that the interactive teaching method significantly improves student science learning.
Shahida Tanveer, Zafar Iqbal (Rtd.), Muhammad Arsalan
Published: 27 December 2021
Journal: sjesr
Abstract:
Professional Development is an integral part of a teacher's professional career and it is a topic most discussed in the teaching profession since the last decade. Lastly, it was called in-service training but now it is known as "Professional Development". The main aim of the present study was to analyze the impact of teachers' professional development on the students' achievement in Elementary teachers' training institutes of Punjab, Pakistan. Government Colleges for Elementary Teachers (GCET) of Punjab was the target population. From 30 colleges of Punjab, data was collected using a self-developed tool from the sample of 70 teachers, and 100 students of the same colleges were used in the study. This study was cross-sectional. The data regarding the professional development of teachers was primary data collected from both teachers and students. The data about achievement scores of students was secondary. The statistical methodology correlation and regression analysis were used to analyze the impact. Further to test the significance of correlation and regression results the t-test and ANOVA were applied respectively. Data were analyzed with the help of Statistical software SPSS. Study findings showed that the correlation between 'Professional Development' and 'Students achievement' is high i.e. 0.314 for students and 0.343 for teachers along with significance values 0.004 and 0.001 respectively. The regression results are also significant having an F-statistic of 10.699 for students and 9.070 for teachers along with significant values 0.001 and 0.004 respectively.  Analysis of the results showed that 'Professional Development of teachers have a great positive impact on 'Students achievement'.
Vimbi Petrus Mahlangu
Published: 27 December 2021
Journal: sjesr
Abstract:
The focus of the article is about issues that secondary schools face in terms of the responsibilities of principals and school governing bodies (SGBs) in terms of dispersed leadership rather than one-man role-based leadership. Methods: The study investigates issues of schools surrounding distributed leadership practices using data from research on the connection between the principal and school governing bodies. This research used qualitative and quantitative data collected from secondary school administrators, SGB members, and teachers as part of a design research project. Implications: According to the findings, concentrating on distributed leadership methods may assist overcome some of the drawbacks of providing feedback to a single leader. Findings: In Gauteng secondary schools, opposing ideas and expectations predominate. Where SGBs and principals struggle against one another, ambiguous rules are found. Some principals impose terms on SGBs, while SGBs impose terms on principals. Dysfunctional schools are caused by weak governance and management. In terms of financial problems, there is a lack of transparency in schools. Principals contribute to school problems by refusing or failing to accept their ineptness. They continue to run schools inefficiently; they do not fully engage teachers in school management; they mistreat parents; they impose terms on SGBs; they contribute to dysfunctional schools; school resources are embezzled for purposes not related to the running of schools, and they mix up their work with that of the SGBs. Principals and SGBs should be made aware that cooperation, rather than competition, may be more effective in reducing power struggles in schools.
Muhammad Yawar Alam Ansari, Muhammad Asim
Published: 27 December 2021
Journal: sjesr
Abstract:
The automotive business today is the most profitable. The critical factors in the high-volume vehicle segments are the rise in disposable income in rural and urban markets and the availability of fast financing. The following research discusses the factors affecting consumer-purchasing behavior in the Karachi Pakistan automotive industry. Close-ended questionnaires having 5 points Likert scale were used to gather data from the targeted population using convenient sampling. A multiple backward regression test was run using SPSS to test the hypothesized statements. The findings of the study suggest that the Delivery, Installation, and Warranty have a strong effect on customers' buying behavior. The study also gives guidelines and opens the door for further studies. The study recommends that similar variables that affect customer loyalty for post-sales services in other related sectors should be recognized in the potential study, such as automobile, construction, and other industries and services.
Aggrey Kayabu Makendano, Vimbi Petrus Mahlangu
Published: 27 December 2021
Journal: sjesr
Abstract:
The researchers propose that student discipline in schools should be aimed at correcting student behavior rather than punishing them. The freedom of students must not lead to lawlessness in the classroom. Teachers must recognize that teaching and learning, as well as creativity, take place in a structured context. Teachers may contribute to disciplinary issues at school by demonstrating poor classroom management skills, a hostile attitude toward students, a lack of respect for instructional time, and improper behavior both within and outside the school. On the other side, due to their lack of respect for school authority, students may contribute to disciplinary issues.The sample for this study was chosen from three senior secondary schools in Namibia's Zambezi area, with a total of 60 teachers. The sample included four teacher participants from each school.
Shahid Abbas, Ijaz Asghar, Qamar Hussain
Abstract:
The paper aims at investigating the critical opinions about Bernard Shaw’s ambivalent relation to feminism. In this regard, the researchers highlight the emerging role of postfeminism and its overlapping elements with the Islamic portrayal of womanhood. Shaw differs from his predecessors drastically – he portrays independent female characters as compared to the invisible and submissive females of the past. Thus, one of the striking features of Shaw’s drama is the depiction of liberated women. The Shavian women do not consider men folk as their rivals. There is a shift from powerless to empowered women in academia. The researchers find out that there is an ideological conflict between feminism and Islam but as far as postfeminism is concerned, there is none. Rather, postfeminism propagates and supports the Islamic concept of womanhood thoroughly. It is also worth noting that feminist ideas and ideology have greatly dented the social and political fabric of mankind and human civilization in general. Whereas, postfeminism propagates in favor of maintaining a balanced position for womanhood in life which is a balance between social and individual life, and a balance between professional and family life. The purpose of this article is to promote a better understanding of the status of women in Islam and its overlapping and common areas with postfeminism, that is, God has equated female folk at par with their male folk. The research is significant as it challenges the western notion of women in Islam and dispels the erroneous notions of suppression of women in Islam. The prime finding of this research is that postfeminism proclaims equal footing for men and women in life, as enshrined in the Holy Quran. Further, the researchers lament that just because of myopic-minded people, the world is not making any progress intellectually. The researchers recommend that there is a dire need to promote liberal intellectuals like Shaw who harbor no bias against Islam and Muslims to maintain peace and order in the world.
Muhammad Ramzan, Shah Faisalullah, Abdul Karim Khan
Abstract:
Javed Ihsas is a prominent contemporary Pashto poet, critic, and columnist. He writes poetry with the new spirit and style of the modern critical theories of literature and philosophy. In his verses, we can observe the elements of Modernism and Post-modernism as well. In this study, we explored the post-modernist elements in his poetry, especially in his Pashto poetic collection titled Ayina. The word 'Ayina' is a Pashto word that means 'The Mirror'. The very title of the collection gives a symbolic representation in the sense that it depicts a realistic picture of society. This study is an attempt to examine the Post-modernist elements in his poetry by using a post-modernist approach.The poet touches on the elements of post-modernism in his poetry such as the element of social construction; the notion that ideas, politics, and language are socially constructed, consumerism, postponement, etc. This study explores the post-modernist elements in Javed Ihsas’ poetry which are will prove a beacon light for the young poets.
Maria Saeed, Amber Ferdoos, Aysha Jawaid
Abstract:
Natural resource degradation in developing countries is more likely to generate eventual threats of exhaustion. Major changes in weather patterns, seasonal cycles, and crop failure due to heavy rainfall have affected both men and women in rural areas of Pakistan. However, since women in rural areas of Pakistan are actively engaged in natural resource management, they are more likely to bear the brunt of the burden due to their traditional roles of washing, food preparation, water collection, and family care. Under a qualitative research design, the current research paper has focused specifically on how natural resource degradation affects the health of rural women. The research was conducted using thematic analysis, through an in-depth study of the day-to-day activities of rural women and the pressure experienced by them. To do so, sixteen in-depth interviews were conducted with rural women by using interview and observation protocol. The findings revealed that rural women were dedicated to their work despite natural resource degradation they are bound to their household responsibilities, leading to mental and physical stress, as a result, overburdening and unhealthy lifestyles.
Saqib Ullah Khan, Ms. Sabira Iqbal, Atta Ullah Jan
Abstract:
Regionalism is a process of regional cooperation amongst the countries sharing a common border, common values, homogeneity of culture, and common vested interests. While the western world adopted this paradigm early after World War II in the form of the EU, South Asian Region is still deprived of such models. The establishment of SAARC in 1985 by the efforts of the late Bangladeshi President Zia-ur-Rahman although raised certain hopes of regional connectivity in South Asia still the fate of this region lingers in the sky. While using secondary sources of data collection, this paper tries to attempt the underlying challenges and the palpable prospects responsible for the better integration of this region. It further analyses the failed regional cooperation and the role of India under the assumption of the Neo-Realist Paradigm of Kenneth Waltz that emerged in late 1970.
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