Canrea Journal: Food Technology, Nutritions, and Culinary Journal

Journal Information
EISSN : 2621-9468
Published by: Hasanuddin University, Faculty of Law (10.20956)
Total articles ≅ 43
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Andi Padauleng Meliani Anwar, Fatma Maruddin, Farida Nur Yuliati, Jamyang Tashi Wangdi, Muhammad Ihsan Andi Dagong
Canrea Journal: Food Technology, Nutritions, and Culinary Journal pp 8-16; https://doi.org/10.20956/canrea.v4i1.376

Abstract:
Kefir has a sour taste and distinctive aroma. This condition affects the level of consumer acceptance. The level of consumer acceptance of kefir can be improved by adding a sweetener, namely honey. This study aims to determine the characteristics of kefir made from commercial liquid milk to total lactic acid, pH value, viscosity, organoleptic (taste and preference) panelists to kefir with the addition of honey. This study used a completely randomized design (CRD). The treatment of this research was 4 honey concentrations (5%, 7%, 9% and without the addition of honey (0%) as a control) and was repeated 3 times. Kefir addition of honey is made in the following way: the liquid milk is sterilized at 105oC for 5 minutes and then the sterile milk is cooled down to a temperature of about 40oC. After chilling, sterile milk was inoculated with 3% (v/v) pre-propagated kefir starter and incubated at 37oC for 24 hours. Furthermore, kefir was added with honey treatment with a concentration of 5%, 7% and 9% (v/v) respectively and homogenized. Kefir honey is carried out in a series of tests including total lactic acid, acidity (pH), viscosity, organoleptic (taste and preference). The results showed that the different use of honey kefir did not change the lactic acid content. Increasing use of honey concentration causes pH value, viscosity, sweetness, and preference to increase. The best use of honey concentration in making kefir is 9%.
Mato Hang
Canrea Journal: Food Technology, Nutritions, and Culinary Journal pp 68-74; https://doi.org/10.20956/canrea.v4i1.444

Abstract:
Naniura is a traditional Batak food that is made without going through a heating process, but is made through a fermentation process using acid and salt. The use of acid and salt acts as a preservative because it can inhibit the growth of pathogenic microbes and spoilage microbes. In addition, naniura fermentation has the potential to be a growth medium for lactic acid bacteria, most of which strains can act as probiotics. However, the potential for probiotic naniura is still rarely studied and studied, so this review article is made to examine the potential for probiotic naniura and the health effects that can be obtained. The writing of this journal uses the literature study method, namely by collecting information from various scientific sources. Several studies have shown that naniura contains lactic acid bacteria that can act as broad-spectrum antimicrobials and can specifically inhibit the growth of Salmonella typhi, Bacillus cereus, Clostridium botulinum, E. coli and S. aureus. Consuming probiotic foods can have a positive effect on health, including improving the quality of the digestive tract, increasing the immune system in the body and degrading lactose so that it can be used for lactose intolerant sufferers.
Joko Hermanianto, Dhita Sari, Nugraha Edhi Suyatma
Canrea Journal: Food Technology, Nutritions, and Culinary Journal pp 48-58; https://doi.org/10.20956/canrea.v4i1.418

Abstract:
Beef meatballs are in great demand by the public because of their non- porous texture, juicy, and chewy characteristics, as well as their ability to be stable at cooking temperatures with a long shelf life. The use of Isolated Soy Protein (ISP) shapes the character of meatballs because of its functional properties, including good water holding capacity and emulsion stability formation in a mixture of processed meat products. This research aims to technically determine the multiple emulsion properties of ISP at doses of 0%, 2%, 4%, and 8% and obtain a meatball formulation with a long shelf life that suits the target consumer. The tests include the ISP emulsification, meatball peel formation, product stability, Arrhenius shelf life method, and the sensory evaluation of the hedonic test. Subsequently, data were processed in a completely randomized 1x5 and a 4x3 factorial design using SPSS. The emulsification properties of ISP were determined by producing OE (Oil Emulsion) and PG (Purine Gel). Furthermore, ISP was discovered to change the percentage of meat consumed by approximately 2% as the characteristics of meatball products desired by consumers were achieved. The best formulation of meatballs was achieved with 2% dry ISP in the first mixing and was conducted at a boiling point of 65°C
Devi Dwi Siskawardani, Warkoyo Warkoyo, Jumpen Onthong
Canrea Journal: Food Technology, Nutritions, and Culinary Journal pp 1-7; https://doi.org/10.20956/canrea.v4i1.416

Abstract:
Bread is main food in several country. Sweet bread is one popular type that has a lasting sweet taste and soft textured with or without stuffing. Baking is the most important process of bread production. The temperature and time required in the baking varies according to the type of bread, big dough, and baking pan in the oven used. This research aimed to identify the optimum level of baking temperature and duration to the chemical properties of sweet bread. Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) Factorial with 2 factors and 3 replications were applied for this research. The first factor was baking temperature consisted 4 level (T1= 180 oC, T2= 190 oC, T3= 200 oC, T4= 210 oC), and the second factor was baking duration which composed 4 level (A1= 10 minutes, A2= 15 minutes, A3= 20 minutes, A4= 25 minutes). The results showed that there wasn’t interaction between baking temperature and duration to water content, fat, protein, and carbohydrate, but it was interaction to the ash content. The baking temperature and duration separatelly had significantly effect to the all parameter. The best result according to the SNI 01-3840-1995 was S4W4 (185 oC: 14 minutes) with water content (23.572%), fat (10.906), protein (1.105%), carbohydrate (62.940 %), and ash content (1.736 %).
Andi Nur Faidah Rahman, Victor Crystaline Muhammad, Februadi Bastian
Canrea Journal: Food Technology, Nutritions, and Culinary Journal pp 17-47; https://doi.org/10.20956/canrea.v4i1.338

Abstract:
Kepok bananas are processed bananas that have ABB genotype, the letter B indicates that banana kepok has a stronger resistance to disease and chilling injury in cold temperatures storage. Storage at cold temperatures can extend the shelf life of bananas, because cold temperatures can slow down the respiration and enzymatic processes. The purpose of this study is to observe the effect of storage temperature on quality and shelf life, and to determine optimum storage temperature. The method used is storage temperature at room, 15oC and 10oC until the banana is damaged. The parameters observed were respiration patterns, weight loss, hardness, fruit skin color, total acid, vitamin C, pH, and total soluble solids. The results showed that bananas stored at cold temperatures (10oC and 15oC) can last up to 20 days while at room temperature only lasts for 10 days. Kepok bananas stored at 10oC have not shown symptoms of chilling injury.
Dimas Pinandoyo, Asriadi Masnar, Ratih Titik Haryati, Sachin Badguja
Canrea Journal: Food Technology, Nutritions, and Culinary Journal pp 59-67; https://doi.org/10.20956/canrea.v4i1.395

Abstract:
Bir Pletok is one of traditional heritage of Betawi Culinary. Till day, Bir Pletok’s popularity is decreasing especially in young generation. This research aimed to get a new option of Bir Pletok product so that the acceptability and popularity of Bir Pletok as one of Betawi traditional culinary heritage can be preserved. Ice cream was made using mixing and freezing method. The composition for formulation was 3:1 for milk: Bir Pletok. Sensory characteristic measured with 7 levels hedonic methods. Triangle test was conducted to standardized the panelist. Panelist subjected for sensory test was semi trained panelist. Research was conducted in Politeknik Negeri Media Kreatif Art Culinary Department. Research found that overall acceptability of ice cream still medium (4.96). Respondents tend to slightly like the taste of Bir Pletok ice cream (5.47); neutrally respond to the aroma (4.67) and color (4.07), and tend to like the mouthfeel (5.53) and slightly like the after taste (5.07) of the ice cream.
La Ode Abdul Haris Hijriansyah, Hermilasari Hermilasari, Hardyanty Subair, Irianto Irianto, Andi Alief Utama Armyn, Supartina Hakim
Canrea Journal: Food Technology, Nutritions, and Culinary Journal pp 57-64; https://doi.org/10.20956/canrea.v3i2.329

Abstract:
Hypertension is one of the major causes of stroke. Stroke can be prevented by controlling hypertension. Noni fruit proved to have antihypertensive effect. Noni Fruit contains scopoletin and xeronin compounds that play a role in antihypertensives. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of noni fruit extract to controlling hypertension. The research method used is pre-test and post-test matched control group. The 6 Wistar rats were divided into 3 groups consisting of 1 treatment group and 2 control groups. Group P1 was induced by using ketamine 0.05 ml + epinephrine 0.2 ml + 6 ml noni fruit extract, group K (-) induced by ketamine 0.05 ml + epinephrine 0.2 ml without extract, and group K (+) induced by using ketamine 0.05 ml + epinephrine 0.2 ml + captopril 2.5 mg. The results showed that epinephrine can be used as a hypertensive inducer. Noni fruit extract as much as 6ml can provide antihypertensive effects. In Vitro, test result showed that noni fruit extract can reduce blood pressure by an average decrease in blood pressure of 58,5 mmHg While captopril 25,5 mmHg. in addition to the in vitro test, the results of the in-silico test showed that the noni fruit extract can significantly reduce blood pressure compared to anti-hypertensive drugs (captopril). the value of scopoletin in noni fruit is -7.6. and captopril only -5.7.
Erina Septianti, Wanti Dewayani, Riswita Syamsuri
Canrea Journal: Food Technology, Nutritions, and Culinary Journal pp 104-114; https://doi.org/10.20956/canrea.v3i2.333

Abstract:
Yoghurt was produced through the fermentation of bacteria Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophillus. In making yoghurt, various kinds of milk can be used such as: fresh milk, skim milk and full cream milk. The purpose of the study is to provide yoghurt in accordance with the right application of milk and yoghurt starter. The findings of research provide scientific information that useful for the technology development in the field of cow's milk processing industry. The study began with making starter, processing milk to be yoghurt and storing them in cold temperatures for four weeks. The study used a factorial Completely Randomized Design with three replications. The first factor is the number of starter/Lactic Acid Bacteria (e1 = Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophillus; e2 = combination of Lactobacillus bulgaricus, Streptococcus thermophillus, Bifidobacterium longum and Lactobacillus casei). The another factor is types of milk (s1 = fresh milk and s2 = skim milk). The parameter was discussed are physicochemical analysis including pH, protein, fat and lactose content. The results was showed the types of milk and the amount of starter used had a significant effect on fat content, protein content and lactose of the yoghurt produced did not match the pH value of yoghurt during storage at 4 weeks. The pH value obtained from fresh milk ingredients with a combination of 4 starters, a good level of yoghurt protein is produced from fresh milk ingredients with a combination of 2 starters, good fat content obtained from skim milk ingredients with a combination of 2 starters and fresh milk with a combination of 4 starters, while good lactose content in a combination of 2 starters both in fresh milk and skim milk.
Norman Hanif, Jumriah Langkong, Adiansyah Syarifuddin
Canrea Journal: Food Technology, Nutritions, and Culinary Journal pp 94-103; https://doi.org/10.20956/canrea.v3i2.332

Abstract:
Volatile profiles of cocoa from highlands and lowlands have not been reported in scientific journals. Therefore, this study aims to determinethe volatile profiles of cocoa beans from highland and lowland regions. Cocoa beans were extracted using Maceration method and analyzed by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS). The results of this study indicate that the highest free fatty acid content (FFA) of 7.18% was obtained in sample from the highland with 3 days of fermentation (A1B1), the highest water content (4.29%) was obtained incocoa beans sample from lowland with 5 days of fermentation (A1B2), the highest ash content (4.28%) was obtained in cocoa beans sample from lowland with 3 days of fermentation (A2B1), the highest protein content (13.32%)was obtained in sample from the highland with 5 days of fermentation (A1B2), and the highest fat content(49.85%)was obtained incocoa beans sample from lowland with 3 days offermentation. Another differentiating characteristic between cocoa beans from lowland and highland was the occurrenceofn-Hexadecanoic acid and 3,7-dimethyl-3,7-dihydro-1h-purine-2,6-dione- in samples from lowland.
Dewi Sisilia Yolanda, Andi Dirpan, Andi Nur Faidah Rahman, Muspirah Djalal, Serli Hatul Hidayat
Canrea Journal: Food Technology, Nutritions, and Culinary Journal pp 74-86; https://doi.org/10.20956/canrea.v3i2.357

Abstract:
Fresh food with a long shelf life with little or no preservatives is being a hot issue. In response to the issue, various forms of packaging technology innovation were created, such as smart packaging and active packaging. The packaging innovation in this study was designed to provide quality assurance of packaged food to consumers, especially for Tuna fillets. The purpose of this study was to determine the color change profile of smart indicator labels, to determine the effectiveness of active paper (addition of garlic extract 0%, 5%, 10%, and 15%) when applied to Tuna fillets stored at room temperature (28 ± 2oC), and to find out the level of correlation between smart indicator labels and active paper against various parameters of Tuna fillet rot test like total volatile base nitrogen (TVBN), total bacteria (TPC), and pH. All these parameters were tested at room temperature every 2 hours until 12 hours with two replications. The results obtained showed that the smart label indicator changed color from dark red to yellow when the fillet was decomposed. Active paper with the addition of garlic extract concentration of 15% had the best effectiveness in minimizing the occurrence of any deterioration in the Tuna fillets during storage, which was then followed by a concentration of 10%, 5%, and 0%. The level of correlation between the value of the smart indicator color analysis and the effectiveness of the active paper on various fish rot test parameters showed a positive correlation which showed the same tendency pattern in the detection rate of the decomposition of Tuna fillet.
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