ISSN / EISSN : 2252-5491 / 2656-4599
Published by: Journal of Consumer Sciences (10.29244)
Total articles ≅ 100
Latest articles in this journal
Forum Agribisnis, Volume 11, pp 182-194; https://doi.org/10.29244/fagb.11.2.182-194
As a major producing country, Indonesia is one of the world's largest pepper exporters where America and some European Union countries have become the destinations of its exports. The purposes of this study are to analyze the performance of Indonesian pepper and the development of its exports and to analyze the competitiveness of Indonesian pepper exports in American and European markets, especially in the period 2004-2018. This research used descriptive analysis from the trade data period 2004-2018, to analyze the performance of Indonesian pepper. From the same data set, this study used competitiveness analysis with the Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA) method, Export Product Dynamics (EPD), and Trade Specialization Index (ISP). The results showed that the area of cropland and production of Indonesian pepper had decreased, the development of Indonesian pepper exports was also quite volatile. Based on the calculation of RCA, Indonesia has competitiveness or comparative advantage for exports to Germany, the Netherlands, France, Italy and Belgium. The EPD value showed Indonesia was in a Retreat position in the Netherlands, Germany and Belgium. While Indonesia is in the position of Rising Star in Italy, Falling Star in France, and Lost Opportunity in America. Finally, The ISP value showed that Indonesia has strong competitiveness as an exporter of whole pepper.
Forum Agribisnis, Volume 11, pp 153-166; https://doi.org/10.29244/fagb.11.2.153-166
In the agricultural sector, the cost production structure determines the income level of the farmers as well as the industry competitiveness in the world market. Considering the position of rice as the main food commodity for Indonesian people, the government has set up a program namely UPSUS PAJALE which delivers subsidies for inputs such as seeds, fertilizer, and agricultural tools. This study aims to describe the paddy farming activities in Demak Regency and to analyze the cost structure of paddy production in the UPSUS PAJALE program in Demak Regency. A survey was conducted in five production centre areas involving 100 farmers. The results showed that modern technology is used in rice farming. Land costs and labour costs dominate the cost structure of rice production. Meanwhile, the total production cost has reached 22.518.314,86 IDR per hectare with the cash cost percentage is 72,17 % and the non-cash cost percentage is 27,83 %.
Forum Agribisnis, Volume 11, pp 167-181; https://doi.org/10.29244/fagb.11.2.167-181
Edamame is a product which has a big advantage to be developed, specifically by the product's market, as it is good in terms of taste and nutrition. Hypermarkets nowadays sell edamame but they have not known what marketing mix affects consumer's purchasing decision towards edamame. This research aimed to find: 1) Consumer’s perception of edamame's marketing mix at hypermarkets in East Jakarta, 2) To Evaluate consumer’s purchasing decision of edamame at hypermarkets in East Jakarta, 3) The influence of edamame's marketing mix affecting consumer’s purchasing decision, 4) The largest influence of edamame's marketing mix which affects consumer’s purchasing decision. The method of this research used the survey method and the sampling method used was the non-probability sampling method with accidental sampling technique. A total of 100 respondents were calculated using the linear time function formula. The location of this research is chosen purposively which is 4 hypermarkets located in East Jakarta. The method of this research is descriptive analysis and path analysis. The results showed that: 1) Edamame’s marketing mix is done well according to the continuum line, 2) Consumer’s purchasing decision of edamame is done well according to the continuum line, 3) The marketing mix simultaneously significantly influenced consumer’s purchasing decision of edamame, 4) The promotion variable (X4) gives the biggest influence towards consumer’s purchasing decision of edamame. The implication of this research is to increase activities of promotions of edamame.
Forum Agribisnis, Volume 11, pp 133-152; https://doi.org/10.29244/fagb.11.2.133-152
The development of Indonesia's cocoa beans before the export duty policy shows that almost 90 per cent of cocoa beans exports were exported from total production, therefore makes Indonesia as known as one of the biggest cocoa beans exporters in the world. Cocoa exports to destination countries cause the domestic stock of raw materials for cocoa beans Domestic stock has decreased. Afterwards, the Indonesian government implemented a cocoa bean export duty policy. This research aimed to analyze the effect of export duties policy for the competitiveness and exports of Indonesian cocoa products to export destination countries. Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA) method is used to measure competitiveness, while Fully Modified Ordinary Least Square (FMOLS) is used to analyze the long-term effect of export duties on cocoa beans on competitiveness and exports of cocoa products. Based on the analysis result, all cocoa products have competitiveness, Indonesian cocoa butter has the highest competitiveness in export destination countries. Export duties policy has a long-term effect on competitiveness and exports of cocoa paste and powder, but have no long-term effect on competitiveness and exports of cocoa butter. Therefore, the overall increase in competitiveness and export of cocoa products is due to the implementation of the cocoa bean export duty policy.
Forum Agribisnis, Volume 11, pp 122-132; https://doi.org/10.29244/fagb.11.2.122-132
PT Crowde Membangun Bangsa is a financial technology company that offers capital services for agricultural activities. With the concept of peer to peer lending (P2P), the company functions as a platform are to bring investors and customers together. To continue to grow and face competition in the future, PT Crowde Membangun Bangsa requires preparation and improvement of business models. This study aims to (1) map the business model applied at PT Crowde Membangun Bangsa, (2) Identify strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats of the nine elements of the Business Model Canvas based on PT Crowde Build the Nation, (3) Formulate alternative Business Model strategies The right canvas to be applied to PT Crowde Membangun Bangsa. The data collection method is carried out by direct observation and using the qualitative method. The conclusion of this study is the improvement in the new Business Model Canvas, especially in the customer segment elements by adding plantations as a new segment and beef cattle commodities as an improvement to existing segments so that the company's targets are met, improvements in these elements need to be supported by improvements in other elements. namely reactivating individual investors as additional corporate financial key resources, additional types of loan facilities to increase the value proposition, and optimizing the use of technology in customer relationship elements and key activities so that additional consumer segments are followed by maximum service and efficient key activities.
Forum Agribisnis, Volume 11, pp 101-108; https://doi.org/10.29244/fagb.11.2.101-108
Beef Cattle is one of the meat-producing resources that have great benefits for the fulfilment and improvement of community nutrition. The low population of Beef Cows is because most of the livestock are kept on a small scale with limited land and capital. In addition, the weather does not threaten animal health. To carry out preventive activities against outbreaks of disease in livestock, the government program CallNak Center. The research objective was to analyze the effect of animal health services, health status checks, and artificial insemination on the development of Beef Cattle. The research method used quantitative research with a cross-sectional study approach. The research was conducted in Parepare City from August 2020 to April 2021. The sampling technique used non-probability sampling with purposive sampling with a total sample of 73 breeders. The data analysis used in this study is the Chi-Square Test. The results showed that the majority of respondents (76,71%) felt the benefits of animal health services, and health status checks and respondents considered beneficial were 78,08%. Meanwhile, respondents who felt the benefits of Artificial Insemination (IB) services were 50,68% or only a difference of 1,36% were considered less useful. Respondents who stated that they had experienced the development of beef cattle since the CallNak Center was 82,19%, while only 17,81% had ever developed. The results of the analysis show that animal health services and health status checks and those which significantly affect Artificial Insemination do not significantly affect the development of cattle in Parepare City.
Forum Agribisnis, Volume 11, pp 109-121; https://doi.org/10.29244/fagb.11.2.109-121
Along with the Indonesian government project to develop science technopark, the Ministry of Agriculture of Indonesia has established Cigombong Agricultural Technopark (ATP). Agroeduwisata program is one of the Cigombong Agricultural Techno Park (ATP) programs as a tool for agricultural technology dissemination as well as become one of the business units for income-generating. To increase the number of visitors, the manager should explore the existing weaknesses and strengths to define the priorities of improvement to increase the visitor’s satisfaction. This study aims (1) to measure the satisfaction level of visitors on the Cigombong ATP agroeduwisata program, and (2) to identify the importance and performance level of the program. The research was conducted in September-October 2020 by a survey of 34 visitors to the Cigombong ATP agroeduwisata program. A descriptive analysis was developed by using the Customer Satisfaction Index (CSI) and Importance Performance Analysis (IPA). The results suggested that visitors were satisfied with a CSI value of 78.79 per cent. Furthermore, according to IPA, the improvement of the safety of location and accommodation facilities should be prioritized and further developed Meanwhile, the attributes including the benefits of agroeduwisata, the responsiveness of services, comfort of the location, politeness and friendliness. guides, ease of communication for carrying out activities, agroeduwisata activity packages offered, supporting facilities, consumption facilities and tidiness of guides were found to perform quite good and therefore should be consistently maintained. In addition, the attributes such as ticket prices, promotions, the response of complaints and access to the location were found to be less prioritized.
Forum Agribisnis, Volume 11, pp 45-64; https://doi.org/10.29244/fagb.11.1.45-64
Changes in the children's learning curriculum that emphasize children's activities and experiences not just reading material, making agro-tourism an alternative learning media for interaction that is chosen by the school. As one of the agro-education objects, Sentulfresh needs always to evaluate their performance of the marketing mix (product, price, place, promotion, people, process and physical evidence) through visitor satisfaction and trust. This study aims to analyze any marketing mix variables that affect the satisfaction variable, is there effect of satisfaction on trust and where is the satisfaction level of Sentulfresh visitors. Data collection was carried out on 70 respondents who had visited Sentulfresh. The data analysis method used were the Structural Equation Model Partial Least Square (SEM PLS) and the Customer Satisfaction Index (CSI). SEM-PLS analysis results show that all marketing mix variables have no significant effect on visitor satisfaction, while satisfaction has a significant effect on visitor trust. CSI analysis results shows that Sentulfresh visitor satisfaction is at the “satisfied” level.
Forum Agribisnis, Volume 11, pp 1-12; https://doi.org/10.29244/fagb.11.1.1-12
The growth and development of MSMEs are hampered due to capital constraints, so that MSMEs need other sources of capital to meet their business needs, one of which is with credit. In Muara Angke Traditional Fisheries Processing (PHPT) there are formal and informal credit institutions. The decision-making process of which credit institution will be chosen is determined by the processor's perception of the two institutions, where each institution will incur different transaction costs incurred by salted fish processors. The purpose of this study was to analyze the perceptions of salted fish processors on credit institutions and the amount of credit transaction costs incurred. The perceptual analysis uses the importance-performance analysis method and transaction costs are calculated using the transaction cost analysis method. The total sample of 72 salted fish processing business units in PHPT Muara Angke. The results showed that based on the criteria of processing perceptions of formal institutions better. This is indicated by the measurement of the average value of formal interests 4,48, the average value of the performance of formal institutions is 4,04 while the average value of the interests of non-formal institutions is 4,16 and the average value of the performance of non-formal institutions is 3,99. However, the transaction costs per loan period that must be issued by processors with formal credit (Rp 126.750) are greater than the transaction costs incurred by processors with non-formal credit (Rp 15.434). The largest transaction cost component informal credit is implementation costs (62,60 per cent), while informal credit is information costs (36,37 per cent).
Forum Agribisnis, Volume 11, pp 13-25; https://doi.org/10.29244/fagb.11.1.13-25
A source of income for farmers would be 'Kopi Jantan Toraja' (Peaberry coffee). The growing demand due to changes in the lifestyles of people makes today's coffee more popular. 'Kopi Jantan Toraja' is one of the interesting business options to be produced to boost the farmers' economy. This study aims to define and evaluate the internal and external factors of the "Kopi Jantan Toraja" company in the hope that the internal conditions examined can enable farmers to explore the strengths and weaknesses as well as the opportunities or challenges and threats to be addressed in the company. Internal and external environmental analysis is the type of data collection and analysis used in this study. IFE and EFE in the early phases (Internal and External Factor Evaluation). In the next step, the status of the "Kopi Jantan Toraja" company was calculated by the IE Matrix analysis method. 19 (nineteen) internal factors (8 strengths and 11 weaknesses) and 14 (fourteen) external factors were seen in the IFE and EFE study (8 opportunities and 6 threats). Based on the IE matrix, UMKM Kopi 1000 Nurhidayah's "Kopi Jantan Toraja" company is in a position to keep and sustain, suggesting that a viable approach used by UMKM Kopi 1000 Nurhidayah is market penetration and product growth strategy.