Al Maal: Journal of Islamic Economics and Banking

Journal Information
EISSN : 2580-3816
Published by: Journal of Government and Civil Society (10.31000)
Total articles ≅ 55
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Warto Warto, Sabik Khumaini
Al Maal: Journal of Islamic Economics and Banking, Volume 4, pp 68-88; https://doi.org/10.31000/almaal.v4i1.6651

Abstract:
This paper aims to analysis the management of Islamic Life Insurance funds in Indonesia. From the OJK report, it was found that the investment returns of Sharia Life Insurance funds often experience losses, even though when viewed from the assets and investment value they have the highest interest compared to Sharia General Insurance and Sharia Reinsurance. The data in this study were obtained from OJK and the financial statements of Indonesian Sharia Insurance companies. This research uses quantitative method. The results of the study indicate that the main factor causing investment losses in Sharia Life Insurance funds is the placement of funds, which is dominated by the Capital Market sector, which accounts for 80% of the total investment. Total investment losses during the period 2014-2021 amounted to Rp.-42,713 billion. Total profit is Rp. 61,656 billion. So the total return on investment during this period is Rp. 18,943 billion of the total investment of Rp. 2.485 trillion or only 1%. The solution is that Sharia Life Insurance companies need to look for alternative financing sectors other than the Capital Market.
Satria Darma
Al Maal: Journal of Islamic Economics and Banking, Volume 4, pp 89-105; https://doi.org/10.31000/almaal.v4i1.6190

Abstract:
Cryptocurrencies have been gaining attention in the financial world in recent years, with the model reportedly being able to digitally transfer, store and record information, and has the potential to transform traditional financial services. Financial digitization is very much needed in today's conditions, where all life uses digital systems to support life. Financial modification is certainly needed in realizing sustainable finance, especially in the field of Islamic finance globally. In this study to explore the potential of cryptocurrencies in the inclusion of sustainable Islamic finance. This research was conducted using a library research model, with data collection in the form of books, journals, websites and other objects that are considered relevant and then carried out an in-depth study through descriptive qualitative analysis methods. The results of the study indicate that cryptocurrency is a financial digitization that has the potential to support and ensure that the Islamic financial transaction process can be accessed by millions of consumers so that the goal of financial inclusion can be achieved and supports the development of the financial industry that has transaction efficiency values so that it can realize sustainable Islamic finance.
Muhamad Izazi Nurjaman, Dena Ayu, , Helmi Muti Sofie, Istianah Istianah
Al Maal: Journal of Islamic Economics and Banking, Volume 4, pp 50-67; https://doi.org/10.31000/almaal.v4i1.5990

Abstract:
Peneltian  ini dilatarbelakangi dengan adanya dua fatwa DSN-MUI mengenai produk pengalihan utang yang memiliki skema alternatif akad hybrid contract yang berbeda-beda. Sehingga penelitian ini mengungkap analisis perbandingan fatwa DSN-MUI tentang akad pengalihan utang di LKS. Artikel ini merupakan penelitian hukum ekonomi syariah dengan menggunakan pendekatan yuridis normatif. Sehingga dipaparkan dengan menggunakan metode deskriptif kepustakaan. Data diambil secara langsung dalam bentuk data primer berupa fatwa DSN-MUI dan data sekunder dari berbagai literatur yang berkaitan dengan objek penelitian. Data yang digunakam dalam artikel ini adalah data kualitatif. Teknik analisis data yang dilakukan dengan tiga mekanisme yaitu kondensasi data, menyajikan data dan menarik benang merah sebagai suatu kesimpulan. Hasil penelitian ini mengungkapkan fakta bahwa perlu adanya pembaharuan Fatwa Nomor 31 Tahun 2002 dalam rangka menambah keberagaman akad yang sesuai dengan kebutuhan pelaku LKS dengan memperhatikan prinsip akad yang digunakan. Pembaharuan tersebut yaitu menambahkan akad hiwalah bi al-ujrah dan akad MMQ dalam skema alternatif akad produk pengalihan utang nasabah di LKK kepada LKS. Sehingga memberikan kepastian hukum mengenai penggunaan skema akad pengalihan utang yang sesuai dengan prinsip ekonomi syariah.
Nova Destiana, Andang Sunarto, Adi Setiawan
Al Maal: Journal of Islamic Economics and Banking, Volume 4, pp 1-15; https://doi.org/10.31000/almaal.v4i1.5931

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to determine whether the board of commissioners, board of directors and audit committee have an effect on financial performance as measured by using ROA. This type of research is quantitative descriptive. The data used in this study are Islamic commercial banks listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX) for the 2018-2020 period. The analysis technique used is panel data regression with the help of Eviews 10. The results of this study partially show that the board of commissioners and the audit committee have no effect on financial performance, while the board of directors has an influence on financial performance. Meanwhile, simultaneously the three variables, namely the board of commissioners, the board of directors and the audit committee jointly affect the financial performance of Islamic commercial banks listed on the Indonesian Stock Exchange (IDX).
Rifqah Mursidah, Sirajuddin Sirajuddin, Akramunnas Akramunnas
Al Maal: Journal of Islamic Economics and Banking, Volume 4, pp 106-118; https://doi.org/10.31000/almaal.v4i1.5918

Abstract:
The collection of zakat malls in Indonesia is growing every year. However, the collection rate is still low. One type of zakat mal is zakat from ponds. Pond cultivation until now is counted as a business that provides extraordinary income. The revenue generated by the product encourages the community to develop the business. This study aims to determine the effect of religiosity and income on compliance with paying zakat from ponds. This study uses a survey method with a quantitative research approach. The population in this study were pond farmers in Ma'rang District, Pangkep Regency. Determination of the sample using non-probability sampling method with purposive sampling type. The criteria that have been set by the author in this case the respondents are pond farmers who are Muslim, have been farming for at least 3 years and are obliged to pay zakat. The sample used in this study was 100 respondents. The data analysis used was multiple linear regression analysis using the IBM Statistics SPSS version 26 application. The results showed that religiosity had an effect on compliance with paying zakat from ponds. Income has an effect on compliance with paying zakat from ponds.
Kharis Fadlullah Hana, Muslikhatul Aini, Lorena Dara Putri Karsono
Al Maal: Journal of Islamic Economics and Banking, Volume 4, pp 16-30; https://doi.org/10.31000/almaal.v4i1.5840

Abstract:
The covid-19 pandemic has affected various sectors of life, not only offecting the healt sector, but also having an impact on the world economy and the banking sector. This study was conducted to analyze the liquidity condition of Islamic banking in the midst of the covid-19 pandemic. The research method used is qualitative research using descriptive analysis. The data collection method used is literature study, in written and digital form, such as journal articles, google books, and others. The results of the study show that the level of liquidity of islamic banking in Indonesia is in the quite adequate category, meaning that it is in a safe position even during the covid-19 pandemic.
Refki Saputra, Abdurrahman Hilabi
Al Maal: Journal of Islamic Economics and Banking, Volume 4, pp 31-49; https://doi.org/10.31000/almaal.v4i1.6025

Abstract:
Regulasi perbankan syariah mengharuskan operasional dan produk yang dijalankan oleh bank syariah selaras dengan prinsip-prinsip syariah (المباديء الشرعية). Bank syariah membutuhkan perspektif fikih dalam melakukan aktivitas perbankan, untuk mengetahui legalitasnya dalam pandangan syariah. Dalam konteks ini, dibutuhkan konstruksi perspektif fikih yang progresif berbasis pada maqashid Syariah (مقاصد الشريعة). Sehingga mampu mengakomodir dinamika perbankan yang berkembang begitu cepat, dengan tetap berpegang dengan ketentuan syariah. Tujuan penelitian ini menguraikan bagaimana mengaktualisasikan maqashid syariah dalam konstruksi pespektif fikih, agar fikih tidak hanya memberikan legalitas syar’i bagi aktivitas bank syariah, namun juga dapat memberikan kontribusi real bagi berkembangnya perbankan syariah. Dengan menggunakan pendekatan metodologi kualitatif penelitian ini berupaya menjelaskan aktualisasi konsep metodologi maqashid syariah. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan urgensi aktualisasi maqashid syariah dalam merumuskan legal standing suatu produk bank dalam perspektif fikih. Aktualisasi maqashid syariah mengharuskan konstruksi perspektif fikih dengan maqashid approach. Maqashid syariah harus hadir dan melandasi tahapan-tahapan ijtihad berikut : interpretasi teks, perumusan pespektif fikih, tarjih berbagai pendapat fikih, serta penetapan dan penerapan hukum pada suatu produk atau aktivitas perbankan .
, Ade Salamun, Zainal Arif
Al Maal: Journal of Islamic Economics and Banking, Volume 4, pp 119-132; https://doi.org/10.31000/almaal.v4i1.5937

Abstract:
Zakat accumulation inside Indonesia has shown significant growth, with an average of 25.71% in the previous five years (2015-2019). Zakat collection contributions came from Baznas, Baznas Province, Baznas Regency/City, including Amil Zakat Entity (LAZ), with the most significant contribution of LAZ reaching 56.79%. The LAZ Dewan Da’wah is one LAZ contributing to realising the zakat governance objectives. This study desires to measure the effectiveness of allocating Zakat, Infaq/Alms, and other religious, social funds at LAZ Dewan Da’wah. The effectiveness’ level was measured utilising the zakat core principle model in the allocation to collection ratio (ACR) directions. The research object used the LAZ Dewan Da’wah financial statements from 2015 to 2019. The results presentation, the allocation effectiveness at LAZ Dewan Da’wah for 2015-2019 reached 92% in the High-Effective type with an ACR value of ≥ 90 per cent. It displays that the LAZ Dewan Da’wah is on track. Thus, LAZ Dewan Da’wah has contributed to achieving the national zakat governance goals, namely, increasing zakat’s benefits to realise the welfare of mustahiq, including poverty alleviation
Sabik Khumaini, Fahrudin Fahrudin, Samsuri Samsuri
Al Maal: Journal of Islamic Economics and Banking, Volume 3, pp 143-153; https://doi.org/10.31000/almaal.v3i2.5403

Abstract:
This research aims to determine the effect of internet banking and mobile banking service facilities on customer satisfaction at Indonesia Islamic Bank Tangerang branch office. This type of research is field research with a quantitative, the data collection technique used in this research is the questionnaire data collection method. The population in this study were 500 customers using internet banking and mobile banking, and the sample in this study was 85 respondents using random sampling. The results showed that based on the partial t test, there is a significant effect of internet banking service facilities on customer satisfaction and has a positive relationship. And there is a significant effect of mobile banking on customer satisfaction and has a positive relationship. And based on the simultaneous F test, there is a significant effect of internet banking and mobile banking service facilities on customer satisfaction with an F count of 128.777 with a significance value of F of 0.000. And based on the R test determination of 75.9% the ability of the independent variables to explain the variance of the dependent variable.
Agust Setiawan, Saiful Anwar
Al Maal: Journal of Islamic Economics and Banking, Volume 3, pp 129-142; https://doi.org/10.31000/almaal.v3i2.5166

Abstract:
This research is motivated by the development of murabahah financing which has increased during the Covid-19 pandemic. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of CAR, NPF and DER on Murabahah Financing with TPF as a Moderating Variable. This research uses quantitative research using multiple linear regression analysis. The data used is secondary data, with the population of Islamic Commercial Banks in Indonesia in 2015-2020.The sampling technique used purposive sampling, and obtained a sample of 11 Islamic Commercial Banks that meet the criteria. The analytical tool used is Eviews 9. The results showed the results of the t test that CAR had a significant positive effect on Murabahah Financing, NPF and DER had no effect on Murabahah Financing.The results of the MRA test show that TPF is able to moderate the effect of CAR, NPF on Murabahah Financing, while TPF is not able to moderate the effect of DER on Murabahah Financing.
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