GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS
Latest articles in this journal
GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS pp 34-35; https://doi.org/10.36106/gjra/3201392
Femoral-facial syndrome (FFS) is an extremely rare fetal malformation. It comprises bilateral femoral hypoplasia and craniofacial dysmorphism. Maternal diabetes is associated with approximately 40% of cases of FFS. We present the case of Femoral-Facial syndrome of Newborn female child. She was delivered by vaginal route at 36th week of gestation. Mother had a history of type 2 diabetes mellitus. She was having markedly shortened bilateral lower limbs, deformed hip joint and mild talipes equino-varus deformity of left foot. There was prominent forehead, short nose with broad tip, long philthrum, thin upper lip, micrognathism and malformed low set external ears. Skeletal radiograph shows complete absence of right femur and marked hypoplasia of left femur.
GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS pp 26-27; https://doi.org/10.36106/gjra/0201098
One of the most underrated aspects of surgical procedure is the very placement of skin incisions. Several factors inuence the post-operative morbidity, outcome and satisfaction of a patient. One such being the very placement of a skin incision by the surgeon. Even though the trend nowadays is to opt for laparoscopic and mini-incision surgery, the rst and basic rule in surgery is to have an incision that will be comfortable for the surgeon and provide adequate access to the area of pathology. The purpose of this study is to compare vertical and horizontal skin incisions during umbilical and paraumbilical hernia repair that makes the surgical technique and post-operative outcome much more favorable. In this study, we compare the intraoperative difculty, post operative wound healing and morbidity between these two techniques.
GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS pp 5-7; https://doi.org/10.36106/gjra/5100382
INTRODUCTION: Cataract surgery is one of the most commonly performed surgery in the elderly patients. Regional anesthesia is safe, reliable, provide adequate akinesia and analgesia of the eye, a good postoperative pain relief and a shorter hospital stay. The various regional anesthetic techniques used in ophthalmic surgeries are peribulbar block, retrobulbar block, sub tenon's block, subconjunctival block and topical corneo-conjunctival anesthesia. Due to its safer approach, the peribulbar block is most commonly. Addition of an opioid like fentanyl to the anesthetic preparation will provide a faster onset of lid and globe akinesia, faster onset of sensory blockade, increase the duration of analgesia and reduce the need for rescue analgesia postoperatively. AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the effect of addition of fentanyl to the local anesthetic mixture in peribulbar block in cataract surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was done in the Department of Anesthesiology in collaboration with the Department of Ophthalmology in Kanyakumari Government Medical College from January 2019 to December 2019. Patient posted for cataract surgery were allocated into two groups by randomization (30 each). Group S – 4ml of 2% lignocaine with adrenaline premixed with hyaluronidase + 1ml of 0.5% Bupivacaine + 0.5ml normal saline. Group F – 4ml of 2% lignocaine with adrenaline premixed with hyaluronidase + 1ml of 0.5% Bupivacaine + 25 mcg Fentanyl (0.5 ml). The Parameters related to the study such as Onset of lid akinesia, Onset of globe akinesia, Onset of sensory blockade, Duration of analgesia by VAS score, Level of sedation by Ramsay sedation score, vital parameters – SpO , pulse rate, respiratory rate, blood pressure and any 2 Complications were recorded. RESULTS: We found that the demographic parameters were comparable and statistically insignicant. The preoperative hemodynamic parameters like the systolic and diastolic blood pressure, pulse rate, SpO2, respiratory rate were statistically insignicant and comparable. The mean onset of lid akinesia was 5.8 ± 1.76 mins and 3.13 ± 1.25 mins in Group S and Group F respectively. The mean onset of globe akinesia was found to be 7.46 ± 2.22 mins and 4.2 ± 1.60 mins in Group S and Group F respectively. The mean onset of sensory blockade was 6.8 ± 1.24 mins and 4.93 ± 1.63 mins in Group S and Groups F respectively. Thus the onset of globe and lid akinesia and the onset of sensory blockade was faster in Group F compared to Group S. The mean VAS scores were statistically signicant (P0.05) in both the groups. The mean duration of analgesia was 4.56 ± 1.65 hours in Group S and 7.63 ± 2.55 hours in Group F and was found to be statistically signicant(P<0.001). CONCLUSION: Based on this study, we can conclude that there is a faster onset in the lid akinesia, globe akinesia, in the onset of sensory blockade and a substantial increase in the duration of analgesia when fentanyl is used as an additive along with the local anesthetic mixture in peribulbar block for cataract surgery
GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS pp 36-37; https://doi.org/10.36106/gjra/5201498
Purpose: To evaluate intraoperative variables and postoperative outcomes of intertrochanteric fractures with vulnerable/broken lateral walls managed with short and long cephalomedullary nails. Materials & Methodology: Twenty prospective cases of patients treated with LCMN and twenty retrospective cases treated with SCMN were included in the study. Intraoperative variables compared were duration of surgery, blood loss during surgery, and surgeon's perception of surgery. Functional outcome was evaluated by Parker Palmer mobility score (PPMS), Harris hip score (HHS), and Short Form-12 at one year. Radiological assessment were done at six months/one year to look for progress of fracture union, change in neck-shaft angle, and any signs of implant failure. Results: Duration of surgery (p<0.001), blood loss during surgery (p=0.002), and surgeon's perception of surgery (p=0.002) were signicantly more in the LCMN group. The LCMN group had a better functional outcome. HHS for the LCMN group was 89.15±9.53, and for the SCMN group it was 81.53±13.21 (p=0.021). PPMS for LCMN group was 8.85± 0.67 and for the SCMN group was 7.53±1.807 (p=0.005). There were four implant failures in the LCMN group compared to none in the SCMN group (p=0.036). Conclusion: Both SCMN and LCMN are effective treatment modalities for unstable intertrochanteric fractures with vulnerable/broken lateral walls. In the absence of more extensive study and long-term follow-up, the superiority of one implant over the other cannot be recommended.
GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS pp 28-29; https://doi.org/10.36106/gjra/5101193
Lymphangiomas of breast are rare with only a few cases being reported so far. Among these secondary lymphangioma have been reported but cases of primary lymphangioma are even rarer. Due to its proclivity to mimic malignancy clinically, its accurate diagnosis plays a crucial role in management of these patients. This is a unique case where cytology suggested a diagnosis of vascular malformation ruling out malignancy, thus avoiding unnecessary surgical exploration along with untoward effects of chemo/radiotherapy. The histopathology revealed diagnosis of lymphangioma circumscriptum of breast
GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS pp 158-160; https://doi.org/10.36106/gjra/5013376
Aim- To study the change in demography and injury pattern of ocular trauma during the lockdown period tothat of a similar period of the previous year. Materials & Methods- This is a retrospective analysis of the data of 362 patients with ocular trauma during the lockdown period from 25 March 2020 to 3 May 2020 and during a similar period of the previous year at a tertiary eye care center in India. Results- There was a decrease of 62.87% of patients of ocular trauma during the lockdown period because of the restricted lifestyle. Although home related and violence-related trauma increased, there was a decrease in trafc and sports-related trauma. Patients with chemical injury by sodium hypochlorite also had a sharp rise. Majority of the patients presented after two days during this period. Conclusion- Guidelines for mass health education and awareness about the risk of ocular trauma, morbidity caused by delayed presentation, and need to adopt safety or preventive strategies should be formulated so that future strategy can be planned to ght with the next pandemic or epidemic.
GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS pp 38-40; https://doi.org/10.36106/gjra/9809218
Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is a rare, aggressive, malignant mesenchymal tumor of skeletal muscle cells. The pleomorphic histological variant of RMS occurs in adults beyond 45years of age and represents the most aggressive subtype with an incidence of approximately 0.44/100,000. The diagnosis of RMS is difcult with the 5year overall survival rate less than 50%. It presents varied clinical and biological behavior and requires individualized management. The common region of metastasis includes lymph nodes, lungs and bone marrow. Here we report a case of pleomorphic rhabdomyosarcoma in 58year old female. The patient reported with a swelling in the neck region and had a history of surgical treatment for ovarian tumor. Histopathology ndings revealed metastatic undifferentiated carcinoma. The case was positive for immunohistochemistry markers and their ndings are diagnosed as pleomorphic rhabdomyosarcoma. This is a rare case of RMS which had metastasized to head and neck and this article emphasizes the importance of IHC in accurate and clear diagnosis of RMS.
GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS pp 164-166; https://doi.org/10.36106/gjra/1213556
Mastalgia is one of the most common presenting symptom in female attending surgical and gynaecological OPD. In majority of patients it can be managed with reassurance and simple medication. But in 10-20 % of patient severe pain affects quality of life and causes severe anxiety. Aim was to compare the effectiveness of Centchroman and Danazol in mastalgia by using visual analogue scale (VAS), Fifty-two patients were taken in study & randomized into two groups with all women presenting with mastalgia with VAS score ≥3 between ages of 20-40 years. Centchroman (30mg OD for 3 months) in group 1 and Danazol (50 mg bid for 3 months) to group 2 was given and were monitored for VAS for pain and we found that centchroman is more effective than danazol and there was signicant difference in parameters in both the groups as Age, VAS th score, duration of menstrual cycle, No. of cases with cyclical, non-cyclical mastalgia. Relative risk (RR) of 1.256 at 12 week, 2.280 at th 24 week were noted, P value was found to be signicant. It can be concluded that Centchroman therapy is a safe, equally effective, and less costly alternative to Danazol for the treatment of mastalgia.
GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS pp 30-32; https://doi.org/10.36106/gjra/9609040
Background: COVID-19 pandemic is a novel viral illness due to which an uncertainty has developed among the general public as well as the health care workers (HCWs) regarding the future of mankind. This has resulted in burnout among the HCWs which has been reported by researchers from different parts of the world. Method: A cross sectional study was done among health care workers (faculty members, residents, nurses and interns) working in different specialties of a tertiary care health centre of Northern India. A self-designed performa containing sociodemographic details along with “Burnout Self-Test” scale was used to obtain the prevalence of burnout among HCWs. Result: Among 192 participants, the signs of burnout were found in 148 participants (77.1%) and most had mild burnout 90 (46.88). Conclusion: Burnout amongst health care workers is high particularly in unmarried and female HCWs.
GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS pp 61-63; https://doi.org/10.36106/gjra/0607831
An attempt was made in the present investigation is Aim: Emotional Intelligence among intermediate students. Objectives: To study the inuence of gender, type of management and locality among intermediate students. Sample: The sample of the present investigation was selected 1200 intermediate students in Guttur, Prakasam and Nellore districts of Andhra Pradesh State of India. The subjects were in the age group from 15 to 18 years and using systematic random sampling technique. Tool: Emotional Intelligence Scale developed by Nutankumar Thingujam, and Usha Ram (1999) was used. Research Design: As there are three independent variables i.e., gender (male & female), type of management (government & private) and locality (rural & urban), each is divided in to two categories, a 2×2×2 factorial design was employed in the present study. Statistical Analysis: Means, SDs and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) were used. Results: Results revealed signicant impact of gender, type of management and locality with regard to Emotional Intelligence. Conclusions: Females have high Emotional Intelligence than males; private college students have high Emotional Intelligence than government colleges and students of urban areas have high Emotional Intelligence than students of rural areas.