Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan dan Veteriner Tropis (Journal of Tropical Animal and Veterinary Science)

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2620939X / 26209403
Current Publisher: Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Papua (10.46549)
Former Publisher: Universitas Papua (10.30862)
Total articles ≅ 36
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Latest articles in this journal

Amam Amam, Moh. Wildan Jadmiko, Pradiptya Ayu Harsita, Roni Yulianto, Nur Widodo, Soetriono Soetriono, Moh. Setyo Poerwoko
Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan dan Veteriner Tropis (Journal of Tropical Animal and Veterinary Science), Volume 10, pp 77-85; doi:10.46549/jipvet.v10i1.90

Abstract:
Resources have an important role in livestock farming business, while the aspect of vulnerability can hamper the development of livestock farming business. The purpose of this study is to identify the resources of dairy cattle farming business and examine its effects on the aspects of vulnerability. The resources of this study consisted of economic resources, environmental resources, and social resources. The research was conducted in June-September 2019 at the Joint Business Group (KUB) of Tirtasari Kresna Gemilang which is located in Malang District, East Java Province. The 174 respondents are all dairy farmers who are the members of the group. The data collection methods used are Focus on Group Discussion (FGD), observation, and survey. The survey method was carried out through interviews and questionnaires. Data were analyzed using the Partial Least Square (PLS) method. The results showed that the vulnerability aspect of dairy cattle farming business was positively and significantly affected by economic and environmental resources (0,249 and 0,317, respectively). On the other hand, social resources had a negative influence, although it was not significant to the vulnerability aspect of dairy cattle farming business. The conclusion of the research shows that the aspect of the vulnerability of dairy cattle farming business is influenced by economic, environmental, and social resources by 29.5%.
Kiki Inggriani, Angelina Novita Tethool, Sintje Lumatauw
Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan dan Veteriner Tropis (Journal of Tropical Animal and Veterinary Science), Volume 10, pp 1-7; doi:10.46549/jipvet.v10i1.67

Abstract:
Antioxidants can inhibit the oxidation process by reacting with free radicals, which in turn, maintain the quality of spermatozoa. This study aims to determine the viability and the abnormality of “ayam kampung” (Gallus gallus) spermatozoa after being diluted in ringer lactate infused with “sarang semut” (Myrmecodia Sp) extract. RAL is the research method used, utilizing 4 different Gallus gallus as test subjects. The variables observed are the abnormality and the viability of the spermatozoa sample treated with different amounts of Myrmecodia Sp extract, P0: 0 ml, P1: 0.02 ml, P2: 0.03, and P3: 0.04 ml. The abnormality rate for each sample is as follows; P0: 14 ± 4.05%, P1: 13.5 ± 3.78%, P2: 3.5 ± 1.23% and P3: 12.83 ± 5.04 %. Using the variance analysis, the result showed that the addition of Myrmecodia Sp extract in ringer lactate solution had little to no effect on causing spermatozoa abnormalities. Furthermore, the viability of spermatozoa for each sample is; P0: 14 ± 4.05%, P1: 13 ± 3.78%, P2: 13 ± 1.22% and P3: 12 ± 5.04%. Based on the variance analysis, the result showed that Myrmecodia Sp extract had a significant effect (P
Dhasia Ramandani, Risa Ummami, Nurulia Hidayah, Naela Wanda Yusria Dalimunthe, Soedarmanto Indarjulianto, Yanuartono Yanuartono, Alfarisa Nururrozi
Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan dan Veteriner Tropis (Journal of Tropical Animal and Veterinary Science), Volume 10, pp 63-69; doi:10.46549/jipvet.v10i1.94

Abstract:
Aflatoxin is a toxic compound from the fungus A. flavus which can cause a decrease in chicken productivity. This study aims to evaluate the effect of bentonite clay and activated charcoal in chicken feed as aflatoxin binders based on histopathological and immunological features in chickens. A total of 60 chickens were randomly divided into 4 groups (G0, G1, G2, and G3) each group consisted of 15 chickens. G0 as a control without the addition of aflatoxin to the feed. Groups G1, G2, and G3’s feed were added with 106 ppb of aflatoxin. G2 was treated with 5g/kg bentonite clay, G3 was treated with 5g/kg activated charcoal. Chickens were vaccinated with Newcastle Disease (ND) on day 5. On days 14 and 28 serum was collected from the specimens for titer antibody testing. At the end of the study the chickens were dissected, the liver was taken for a histopathological test. The results of the aflatoxin level in the G0, G1, G2, and G3 groups were 10.5, 106, 19.1, and 23.95 ppb, respectively. Microscopic changes show the negative effects of aflatoxin on the liver organ. Group G0 did not show any histopathological changes, Group G2 and G3 showed several mild histopathological changes, whereas group G1 was the most severe. The antibody titers against Newcastle Disease (ND) of 4-weeks old chickens in G0, G1, G2, and G3 were 64, 4, 32, 32 HI units, respectively. The G0 treatment group has a protective titer against ND disease. Group G1 has the lowest (non-protective) ND antibody titer. Whereas the G2 and G3 groups both have protective titers against ND disease. Based on this study it was concluded that the administration of bentonite clay and activated charcoal was able to produce better immunological and histopathological features than the control group.
Frandz Rumbiak Pawere, John Arnold Palulungan
Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan dan Veteriner Tropis (Journal of Tropical Animal and Veterinary Science), Volume 10, pp 8-14; doi:10.46549/jipvet.v10i1.72

Abstract:
The research purpose is to investigate the characteristics of bandicoot’s (Echymipera kalubu) carcass in the Manokwari Regency, West Papua Province. Thirty-two (32) bandicoots, with the age of ± 4-month-old, were used for this study, the subjects consisted of 16 males and 16 females. The research method used was the exploration method. The results showed that the bodyweight of males and females bandicoot was 1709.38 ± 506.31 g and 976.63 ± 296.11 g (P0.05). The weight cut forequarter of males and females bandicoot was 614.85±221.87 g and 311.67±101.83 g (P0,05). In conclusion, there are differences in body weight, carcass weight, fore carcass weight, rear carcass weight, and the percentage of fore carcass weight between male and female Echymipera kalubu. On the other hand, there is no difference in the percentage of carcass and rear carcass percentage between male and female Echymipera kalubu.
Sonria Aritonang, Sientje Daisy Rumetor, Onesimus Yoku
Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan dan Veteriner Tropis (Journal of Tropical Animal and Veterinary Science), Volume 10, pp 29-36; doi:10.46549/jipvet.v10i1.87

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the effect of inorganic fertilizer, organic fertilizer, and the combination of both on the growth of king grass (Pennisetum purpurephoides). The research method was a completely random design with 4 treatments and 5 replications. The research treatments consisted of A (without fertilizer), B (100% inorganic fertilizer), C (100% organic fertilizer), and D (50% inorganic and 50% organic fertilizer). The result of the study shows that inorganic, organic, and its fertilizer combination treatment has a non-significant effect on the height of the plant, the length and width of the leaf, and the length of its segments, while inorganic and organic fertilizer treatment has a significant effect on the stem diameter. The conclusion is that the use of 100 % organic fertilizer has better results for the vegetative growth of king grass (Pennisetum purpurephoides) compared to the use of inorganic fertilizer and its combination.
Freshinta Jellia Wibisono, Bambang Sumiarto, Tri Untari, Mustofa Helmi Effendi, Dian Ayu Permatasari, Adiana Mutamsari Witaningrum
Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan dan Veteriner Tropis (Journal of Tropical Animal and Veterinary Science), Volume 10, pp 15-22; doi:10.46549/jipvet.v10i1.74

Abstract:
Multidrug resistance is a problem that is difficult to overcome in terms of treating infectious diseases. Multidrug resistance is the term used to describe when a bacteria is resistant to three or more different classes of antibiotics. Escherichia coli as a commensal bacterium which has multidrug resistance, this causes more issues because Escherichia coli can transfer its resistant properties to other bacteria within the poultry digestive tract. The observational study is used to determine the risk factors and to estimate the quantitative effects arising from various components that contribute to the emergence of a disease. The sampling in this study was carried out randomly through cloaca swabs from commercial chicken farms in Blitar and 345 samples were collected. Complementary data collection was carried out using questionnaires, interviews, and field observations. The results showed the incidence of multidrug resistance in commercial chickens in the Blitar District was 72.5%. There is a relationship between causative factors with the incidence of multidrug resistance in Escherichia coli bacteria that is significantly associated with positive risk factors. The strength of this relationship can be seen from the value of OR and RR, among others factors of chicken breed (OR = 3.07; RR = 1.34), breeder's education (OR = 2.3; RR = 1.29), type of livestock business (OR = 7.5; RR = 1.43), type of animal feed (OR = 1.91; RR = 1.2), veterinary support for livestock raising management (OR = 3.09; RR = 1.44). The reference variables are whether the antibiotics are administered by non-veterinarians (OR = 2.35) or by the TS (OR = 7.92), and whether there is an antibiotic administration program (OR = 3.16; RR = 1.47). The overseeing function of farm maintenance, management, and implementation of antimicrobial administration in commercial chicken farms needs to be improved, to increase breeders' awareness of the careful usage of antibiotics and controlling the incidence of antibiotic resistance.
Arif Ismanto, Sitiani Subaihah
Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan dan Veteriner Tropis (Journal of Tropical Animal and Veterinary Science), Volume 10, pp 45-54; doi:10.46549/jipvet.v10i1.84

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the effect of adding soursop leaf extract (SLE) at level 0 (control), 2, 4, and 6% (the weight of SLE /the weight of the dough) on the physical, organoleptic and antioxidant qualities of chicken sausages. A Completely Randomized Design (CRD) was used in this study. Data analysis was performed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and further tested using the Least Significant Difference Test (LSD). The results showed that differences in SLE levels did not significantly affect the physical quality of chicken sausages, but did change the color, aroma, texture, and taste. The color, smell, texture, and taste of chicken sausage with the addition of 6% SLE showed results that appeared to be greener, had a stronger soursop aroma, more elastic, and tasted more bitter than the other treatments (P
Rizki Arizona, Abdul Rahman Ollong
Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan dan Veteriner Tropis (Journal of Tropical Animal and Veterinary Science), Volume 10, pp 70-76; doi:10.46549/jipvet.v10i1.95

Abstract:
The objective of this study is to determine the quality of quail eggs stored at room temperature and refrigerated. The variables evaluated are weight loss, shape index, air cell size, and the height of both the albumen and the yolk. Several factors, such as storage time and temperature could affect the quality of quail eggs. Therefore, we investigated the impact of both factors. The samples used for this experiment include 360 quail eggs. This research uses a completely randomized factorial design with two treatments. The treatments consisted of storage time (0, 7, 14, and 21 days) and temperature (room temperature and refrigerator). Each treatment was replicated 9 times. Analyses of variance had been applied to analyze the data and followed with Duncan’s test to see whether there was a significant difference between treatments. The result showed that storage time and temperature have significant effects on weight loss of the eggs, air cell size, and albumen and yolk height. The interaction between treatments had a significant impact on air cell size and yolk height. Refrigerated storage for 21 days showed the best result.
Erwin Erwin, Rusli Rusli, Fidella Diva Jones
Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan dan Veteriner Tropis (Journal of Tropical Animal and Veterinary Science), Volume 10, pp 37-44; doi:10.46549/jipvet.v10i1.83

Abstract:
The skin flap is one of the techniques employed to reconstruct defects and close wounds. This study aims to observe the blood profile in cats during the healing process of rotation skin flaps that were treated with a dry and moist dressing. This study used six male cats within the age of 1-2 years old and weighed among 2-4 kg, divided into two treatment groups. All of the specimens were treated with the following procedure; the fur on the abdominal area was shaved and disinfectant was applied to the area between the os sacrum and os femur, lastly, 2 cm2 triangle wound was deliberately made on the area. The treatment of the wound was done by the rotation skin flaps method. Group 1 was treated with sterile bandage and group 2 was treated with sofratulle®. Blood samples were taken from the cephalica antebrachii vein on the 1st, 3rd, 6th, and 12th days. The erythrocytes, hemoglobin, hematocrit, platelets, leukocytes, neutrophils, basophils, eosinophils, monocytes, and lymphocytes were counted by hematology analyzer. The results showed that there is a significant difference (P
Isti Widayati, Bernadetta Wi Rahayu, Noak Degei
Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan dan Veteriner Tropis (Journal of Tropical Animal and Veterinary Science), Volume 10, pp 23-28; doi:10.46549/jipvet.v10i1.75

Abstract:
The rearing of pigs in the mountains of Papua is generally based on the free-range method during the daylight. Poor environmental sanitation and free-range management have been reported as risk factors of gastrointestinal worm infestation in pigs. In general, gastrointestinal parasite infestation can cause a loss of appetite, impede growth, decrease feed conversion rate, and increase vulnerabilities toward other pathogens. To add to that, the acute levels of infestation can cause death. Furthermore, some species can infest humans (zoonotic). As zoonotic parasites can impact the productivity and health of the people, it is crucial to identify the species of such parasites. This research was conducted in Umpakalo village at Kurulu district, Jayawijaya region, and three other villages namely Obaipugaida, Eyagitaida, and Ugituwataida at Ekadide district, Paniai region. Forty-five fecal samples from different pigs were used as the research material. The native method was used to identify the physical appearance of the eggs, and in turn, identify the species of the parasite. The data was analyzed in the tabulation form. The conclusion obtained in this research is that 95% of the fecal samples were infected by the gastrointestinal worms. Identified worms are Ascaris suum, Strongyloides ransomii, Trichuris suis, and Strongyle types. Most pigs have mixed infections.
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