International Research Journal of Tamil
Latest articles in this journal
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 2, pp 173-193; doi:10.34256/irjt20318
The state that Valluvam insists depends on the rights of the people. To abolish slavery, demand good government otherwise to exclude. Valluvam adores good government and good king at the same time abhor the bad king, and throw such a tyrannical king away. Valluvam, which claims to be a superpower, says it will protect it from enemies. The Government and Government rule that Valluvam insists are not in the category of Monarchy, Force and republic Government. Whatever the type, the scepter government is the government that Valluvam insists. The essay for this study is in the context of Valluvam politics.
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 2, pp 163-172; doi:10.34256/irjt20317
Among the Eighteen Lesser Texts that arose during the time of the Sangam and its implications, many of the Akathinai traditions that we have found and widespread in the Tholkapiyam. This article examines some of the Akathinai traditions that have been followed by the Lesser Texts of Tholkapiyam, which have passed through time and religious interferences.
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 2, pp 149-162; doi:10.34256/irjt20316
As per Human Development Index of 2019 report, India is in the 129th rank. Nearly 28% of the Indian population lives below the poverty line. As per another report from The Lancet journal on healthcare index, India is in 154th position among the 195 countries. According to India’s Annual Status of Education Report 2017, 14% of children in the age group of 14-18 are not enrolled in any school system. Education, health and living standards are the primary factors to measure the quality of life in any social settings. Giving this grim view of social conditions in India, the role of public institutions as well as individual members’ are crucial in lending adequate support to the society to enhance the standings of living conditions. According to a study published in 2011, only 2% of news space were being given to the issues pertinent to development by the leading Indian national newspapers. Many news stories in these 2%, might have appeared due to 'Coups and earthquakes syndrome’ type of events that contained news values of death, disease and disaster. From the perspective of Sustainable Development Goals, the participatory approach of individuals is more meaningful in order to achieve the stated 17 goals as well as 169 targets. Apart from the government’s initiative for the SDGs and substantial fundings from the donor agencies, awareness about the SDGs is essential and ideal for the bottom-up approach towards achieving the development goals and its targets by 2030. In this respect, with the help of twitteR package of and text mining tools of R programming, citizen’s voice was measured for those keywords and its equivalent hashtags which were appeared in June 2018. English is being the elite language in India, one regional language Tamil would be included to compare the non-English private sphere with regard to SDGs in Indian context.
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 2, pp 142-148; doi:10.34256/irjt20315
This article looks at the various street game of the lord through the thirumandra Thiruvarut scenario. The essence of this article is to know the greatness of Siva, Siddhu, Siddhu games through Thirumanthiram. Through this article, the Principles of the life Style, Yoga, Ethical, and Piety which Thirumoolar illustrates through three thousand songs are researched. Thirumoolar’s Thirumandhiram (Patham Thirumurai) is a part of Panniru Thirumurai. This book includes many divine play of Lord Shiva and divine appearance of god to his devotees. A review of this book reveals the spiritual faith of Thirumoolar in Lord Shiva. The aim of this paper is to tell about spiritualism of Thirumoolar and his extreme belief in the mantra “OM NAMA SHIVAYA” to blend his soul with the supreme power. In Thirumanthiram, Thirumoolar has mentioned about Shivam, Bhathi, Yoga, Meditation, Shakthi in human physiology, Maya, Prayers, Belief in god, method of worshipping god. He categorized all these characteristics into science, psychology, spiritualism and exchange of soul from one body to another. he explained the presence of Lord Shiva in living and non-living things, blending of spiritualism with psychology, attitude of human beings towards spiritualism. Thirumanthiram insisted that the great five letters mantra “OM NAMA SHIVAYA” covers the entire universe with love and affection of Lord Shiva.
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 2, pp 123-141; doi:10.34256/irjt20314
The article is a survey of the land and the messages that the Nellai district grammar books have realized. This article also clarifies the division of the land into five Ilakani's whereas the Nellai Texts divided them into ten. These grammar books differ from tradition in the way of grammar but with the acceptance of Conventional. The article also describes variations in the meaning of grammar.
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 2, pp 100-105; doi:10.34256/irjt20311
From the Sangam Literature, it is evident that the prevailing practice of the Sanctum- maid (Devadasi) system of the Sangam Age was not regarded as condemnable or condemned discipline by the people of that time. The article justifies on a psychological basis via evidence about the practice of Sanctum- maid system in the society but the Jainist and the Buddhist priests realized the evils of Harlotry is a crime but Chastity is divine and the priests had spread this message in the society through the great Tamil epics like Silappathikaram and Manimekalai.
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 2, pp 94-99; doi:10.34256/irjt20310
From the earliest times to this period, Tamil literature has been the primary source of literature. Archival literature is unique in the History of Tamil literature. The purpose of this article is to illustrate the ethics of women in these archival literatures. Through this article, we are aware of the fact that women have become the best in the world of morality and the need to promote feminism.
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 2, pp 88-93; doi:10.34256/irjt2039
The birth of Jesus Christ in the Epic of Jesus. Many feminist ideas are expressed not only in speeches but also in his miracles and teachings. For example, feminist ideas such as the pride of motherhood, the privilege of chastity, the high attitudes of egoism, and the difficulties women face with inequality, have been explored in this article based on Jesus' epic.
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 2, pp 106-116; doi:10.34256/irjt20312
Tamil literature is the epitome of the great ideas of our ancient Tamils. Literature is a country's time glass. In which people can connect with them in order to progress. The societal changes in a country's artistic environment are reflected in the local literature. The Epic literature is to highlight the importance of women in their clothing and ornaments. The women’s in the Perungathai are the beautiful women who come before our eyes. The prosperity of a country is determined by the women living in the country. Women’s who lived happily with dresses, ornaments and Savor flowers. Therefore, the dress and costume of the female protagonists in Perungathai are very special and imitated by the present generation.
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 2, pp 117-122; doi:10.34256/irjt20313
Manimekalai is one of the five biggest epics. Its religious principle denotes that love and charity are the two eyes of the human life. Love all the human beings in the earth is the major principle of Buddhism. Live without any desire is the noble principle of Manimekalai. The highest altitude and goal of this poetry is Love. Restoration and realization of mankind is the highest doctrine of humanity. We realize the social outlook and voice of humanity by the author Saathanar in this manimekalai epic. The author registered the cruelty of hunger by the character "Theeva Thilakai".