International Research Journal of Tamil
Latest articles in this journal
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 206-217; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21425
This research paper attempts to provide a details descriptive analysis on the terminological work done by Samuel Fisk Green, an American Medical Missionary as part of the Scientific Tamil initiatives in the nineteenth century in Jaffna, Sri Lanka. Green being a foreign or more accurately an alien to Tamil language started to teach western medicine in Tamil at his own Medical College at Manipay and translated medical science related books from European languages into Tamil to enhance medium of instruction and disseminate healthcare information within community. During the translation process he was in need of terminology development on specific terms and he developed terminological principles and methods such as term creation, term formation, paraphrasing, compounding, borrowing, transliteration, derivation and others to use to create accurate and appropriate equivalents that could support beginners to communicate successfully in scientific Tamil language. Thus this descriptive analytical paper provides a details analysis of the significant contribution made by Green on Terminology while providing an indebt insight to the both novice as well as experienced future researchers. Further it will support the policy and strategies concerning scientific Tamil language with the hope of promotion of scientific and technical communication.
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 197-205; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21424
In the modern world, the yoga plays a vital role in human life. To realise the truth and meaning of life, one has to practice yogic discipline in everyday living. The human body is made up of five elements such as akash, air, fire, water and earth. An air plays a very important role to survive by providing life energy. Everyday practice of pranayama would help in regulating respiratory system (Breathing exercise) as well as circulatory system. The physical exercises regulate the circulation of blood, heat, air in the body. The practice of asana would help in bringing flexibility in our muscular system so as to enhance the meditation process. The practice of meditation gives peace of mind and improves integirity. The practice of yoga will improve self-confidence, self-control, speaking truth, tolerance and social virtues. Each and every individual should practice yoga, asanas, meditation and do self-analysis exercises such as analysis of thoughts, moralisation of desires, nutralisation of anger and eradication of worries. This would help to bring hormoney between body and mind, habit and wisdom, self and society. Purpose and method and will and nature.
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 190-196; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21423
This Article treats the theory of Language in women poem from Sangam Literature to Modern Literature with the help of the Russian Linguist BHAKTIN on his language and history. He used ‘’Dialogism’’ in his language theory. This Dialogism helps to understand the multiple meaning of the poem. This theory has evolved the author and the reader could understand the context by social and political arena. We could identify this in Tamil Literature too, even though it has been published late in the social arena the Tamil Literature has all the later came theories in it before hand it came to mainstream. That is what the theory of language in women poem has been introduced many multiple meanings for the understating of the readers.
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 173-182; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21421
Relationships with others or similar groups in society in the youth of everyone's life provide many experiences. Home situations, the sense of safety and care available to parents are significant in this development. For the youth, the family provides the protective features of food, clothing, shelter and love. It is desired to give himself priority and freedom in homes. It is learnt that children's attitudes also develop according to the upbringing of their parents at home. Human behaviors are developed and regulated by social units in which human interaction sits. In this way, relationships are often the state of family relationships and the state of co-relationships of society. It is the urge to live together, the urge to depend, to do so, and to take the lead in the process of conception and co-operation. This article is a demonstration of the nature of such relationships through the works of poet N. Muthukumar.
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 183-189; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21422
Sangam literature are used to clearly understand the development of civilized society and literary richness or off luence. The literature named after the parable can be said to be sangam literature. We call a parable, an analogy that composes one object to another. We could find this kind of analogy in writings of noble laureates naturally this parable is nurtured with human birth. Through the beautiful usages of parable in sangam literary pieces one can see the growth of culture. The parable is the supreme tool for cultivating culture and the key used to open the springs of emotions to the pinnacle of languages. Through this research article we come to know how parable works as the highly appreciatable tool of language and how it can beanty one’s writing.
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 167-172; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21420
Kurunthogai poems have spoken a lot about the soil and people of ancient Tamil Nadu. Soil and soil based biological traditions have become the subject of the song. Soil is not only a dwelling place in a material State but can also occur as an object o ownership. The human race, which has constructed its life from the life of an animal, has made safe places its habitat like that of animals. His wild life set the stage for the ariliseel beginning of human life. The man who started lring down the mountain took the forest as his abode. It was through the mangroves that mankind reached the pinnacle of civilization, creating the art of taming the forest. The coastline, which is a see and sea-based place is greatly depicted in the contest of the weaving land. The area where the soil is found to be less suitable for human habitation is causing the sand duties to be evacuated by the dairy people thus murder and robbery are shown as normal occurrences in the region.
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 140-155; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21418
Anthropology is the science of being able to talk about man. There are various disciplines in anthropology. Cultural anthropology is one of them. There are two divisions in this cultural anthropology. One of them is ethnography; The other is Ethnology. Of these, ethnographic research appeared in the early 19th century. Ethnography is the study of all kinds of traditions found in a particular group of people or in a particular area. Those who write this will be called "ethnographers". Ethnography is the study of how a person of a particular culture views his or her culture from that perspective. Today, they are writing about the culture of their people. This is what we call "Tinaisar inavariviyal". Cultural studies also form the basis of ethnographic research. Ethnographic research is helpful in examining the culture of a particular ethnic group. That is why ethnographic research may have laid its scepter in the fields of social anthropology, cultural anthropology and folklore. In Short Ethnography is the process of penetrating the life of a particular ethnic group. In this way one can understand the Civilization and Culture. As we seek to explain a particular group and their culture, we begin to act with certain elements in mind. In that sense Bhagwatsala Bharathi exemplifies 37 elements of ethnography in his Cultural Anthropology. These elements contribute to penetrating the lives of a particular ethnic group. In this way one can understand the civilization and culture of the Peoples. Kuṟiñcittiṇai is one of the four geographical categories referred to as Tolkappiyam. There are 488 poems about in the Sangam literature. The purpose of this article is to evaluate these collections on the basis of Ethnographical Study, with a collection of Sangam literary Kuṟiñcittiṇai Poems. It explores the Material, Cultural, Occupations, Rituals, and Beliefs of the people of Kurinji.
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 156-166; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21419
Until the Sangam literary period (till 200 AD), Tamil language was secular and Tamil literature was created with an emphasis on virtue in both internal and external life. After that, religious literature started appearing in Tamil language. Tamil grammar texts are based on literature that appeared in different periods. Thus the “Pulamai ilakkanam” (grammar for scholarliness) composed by Vannacharabam Dantapani swami reveals the literary context that prevailed in the 19th century when he lived. Pulamai ilakkanam shows the author's religiosity and the religious beliefs and devotion in the field of education and literature at that time. Grammar is the rules for creating literature. If so, constructing Tamil scholarliness in relation to a particular religion would be tantamount to narrow down the breadth of the Tamil language. Based on the content of Pulamai ilakkanam and the literary context of the time, this article discusses the dominance of the religions over Tamil literature and the use oflanguage by religions for their development.
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 122-129; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21415
The poems of women poets have recently gone beyond the status of talking about women's life through feminist ideas and speaking of women's liberation. Some people's writings arise based on feminist theoretical definitions. There are differences between theoretical ideas naturally within a work and the creation of a work standing within the theory. If a work is created based solely on theory, it can distort creativity itself. But there are two different conditions, including this tendency, in the poems of modern women poets. They vary depending on the understanding of the poets. This article deals with feminism in the poetic tendencies of contemporary women poets like Lena Manimegalai, Vijayalakshmi, Kuttirevathi, Sugirdharani and others.
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 130-134; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21416
Sri Vaishnava Tradition has been considering both Sanskrit and Tamil as its two eyes and hence the scholars were refered as “Ubhaya vedantins” (Knowledgeable in both Tamil and Sanskrit). It is popular belief that Acharyas are very fluent in Vedas, Upanishads and the rest while not so much accustomed to Tamil literature. On the contrary the early Acharyas have excelled in their knowledge of Tamil literature and have used their Tamil vocabulary to enrich their commentaries for Divyaprabandams. From Acharya Ramanuja to present day heads of Vaishnava tradition have maintained that Divyaprabandams have to be revered as “Veda samyam” and often referred to them as “Tamil Marai” (Vedas in Tamil). This essay presents glimpses in to the commentary literature and the life style of Acharyas to throw light into the knowledge and service rendered by Acharyas for the Tamil language