International Research Journal of Tamil
Latest articles in this journal
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 4, pp 59-64; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt2238
Physical well-being is essential to a person's mental development and spiritual progress. When the diet is set properly, the body can live without disease. The only way to treat the disease is to know the status of the disease and take the appropriate diet and medicine while knowing the diet. Thus our ancestors followed a diet for disease and had food as medicine. Thus lived a long day healthy. It is better to keep the body healthy than to get sick. Otherwise, the living days will be reduced and the living days will become miserable. The judicial texts places great emphasis on diet. Through it, we will set up a diet that is naturally healthy and follow the diet to find ways to get healthy without getting sick.
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 4, pp 40-52; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt2236
Chastity is the state in which the love life of Tamils is centred and manifested. Chastity is to fully attain the state of mind of genuine love (Kalaviyal). Chastity is conducting the wedding ceremony (Karanam) with the knowledge of the whole world. Marriages are completed by tying the Mangal Sutra. Even after the lover's misconduct, in the state of women being still considered unworthy, a procedure called ‘Karanam’ is conducted publicly. Chastity sets in to illustrate the way the Man and Women conduct their lives and morality that is well established. Tolkappiyam completely embodies the lifestyles of the people and the personal ideas expressed in the Sangam literature in alliance with the cultural traditions of the people. Tolkaapiyar describes chastity in the form of the ritual itself. It is also called chastity when the parents give away their daughter to the groom; the parents of the groom receive her by a ritual confirmation ceremony. The woman remaining chaste when the man is away from home is said to be happening in the forest (Mullai Nilam). In the life of a lover, a ritual that is being chaste as ‘One man; one woman and one woman; one man’ and living together after marrying publicly is accepted universally.
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 4, pp 53-58; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt2237
The aim of this research was to check the effectiveness of a specially designed yogicg package suitable to athletes, who were into future fear due to covid-19 lockdown, test its effectiveness in bringing back their mental power. Yoga is not a new science. Centuries back importance of physical and mental health and the impact of yoga has been explained in Thirumandiram by Yoga Maharishi Thirumoolar. Psychological resilience is an important construct that can enhance athletic performance and foster valuable life skills. Through positive adaptation to adversity and stressors in competitive performance, athletes are able to cultivate their ability to effectively respond to negative stimuli, ultimately evolving personal growth. For young athletes, development of resilience is particularly crucial. Due to confinement and social isolation regulations young athletes face distinct challenges in sport including future fear, physical toughness, body image issues, emotional maturity, increased mental distress, and internalization of emotions during covid lockdown. The aim of this research is to test if yoga could build resilience, discuss the implications and applications relevant to young athletes. 30 young athletes between 19 - 21 years accepted to participate in the research was accommodated. The pretest was conducted on the selected variables and selected subjects was assigned into two groups equally of 15 subjects each. Experimental Group (YG) underwent yoga training and the control group (CG) did not undergo any specific training for 3 weeks (6 days a week for 2 sessions a day). After 3 weeks of the training period post test was conducted on resilience (self-determination, physical toughness and Emotion control & Maturity) for both the groups. To find out if any significant difference exists between pre and post training, t-ratio was applied. The result clearly depicts that yoga is a best tool to work on resilience in such unprecedentented tough times, securing current physical and mental health, enhancing sport performance thereby helping young athletes stay navigated to the set goal for life.
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 4, pp 32-37; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt22s65
Culture is a kind of practice and social behaviour of a particular group of people in the society meant for organizing their lives. It can be attained through the four virtues that are moral, material, pleasure and austerity which is connected to the integral and external part of human life. Tamil people have strongly rooted in its classical language, culture and tradition for more than two thousand years and it has been successfully reflected in its literature which is renowned worldwide for having a great impact on other countries (foreigners). This code of culture and tradition is based on the integral and intellectual insight of Tamil people, not depend on their economic values, this kind of values are found in the novel ‘Sool’ written by the Sakhithya Akademi Award (2019) winning writer So.Dharman who has traced out from the life of Urulaikkudi people depicting their agricultural practices and water resource management especially on various forms of their worship, festival, medicine, rituals and conventional beliefs. These are closely connected to their daily routine life and this research paper is briefly focused on the rustic lives, practices of Tamil people described by the writer So. Dharman. Thus, culture is so called identity and inheritance of Tamil people in and around the world.
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 4, pp 28-33; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt2234
We still read poets who greeted kings during the Sangam period. In this way, we learn that the single word "live" is an everlasting hope in our lives. In the same way, even today, during the wedding ceremony, the faint sound is played during the wedding ceremony so that the words do not join the bride and groom. It is possible to see the use of words without the knowledge of many of the words that create such an effect today. Scholars say that if the mind is high, it will be high in language. We would have heard our ancestors say, Karunaku, do not open your mouth. It is an undeniable fact that all this is not just an empty belief but a statement of the strength of the words. However, this article has been written with the intention of exploring how the word is enduring in the idiom of the first Tamil epic, citizens' epic and feminist epic.
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 4, pp 34-39; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt2235
To purify the mind, the oxygen flowing upwards and the gas flowing downwards is to be moved in the opposite direction that is in the abdomen, the transfusion should take place. For this, Kapalabhati helps greatly. Kapalabhati Pranayama is a fast pranayama training method. This exercise reduces the activity of the sympathetic nerves. Hypothalamus function is stimulated. Anxiety, stress, and blood pressure are removed. Positive mood, perception, and tolerance develop. So self-management, decision making, and future planning improve. The Bhagavad Gita states that pranayama is the erasure of sins. The results of scientific research confirm that the Kapalabhati Pranayama values the improvement of physical health, mental health, mental health, and biological health.
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 4, pp 21-27; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt2233
Covid lockdown upset the whole globe to a stunning shock. Never in life we had ever faced such a crisis, complete lockdown, which all lead up in lonely untouchable deaths, sickness, isolation, quarantine finally ended up in disordered mental health. Though there is an increased awareness on health and using need for staying fit, the lockdown restrictions doesn’t pay space for it. If this is the case for the normal, athletes who dedicate their entire life, investing, time, body, mind and soul all into athletic performance have completely dislodged routines. A layman’s eyes may find life of a sports man a fun filled, excited, easy go. But it’s not the true colour. Ambitious, ameturistic life into training has changed to cloudy future feared min set. The purpose of this study was to find out the mental health status of elite athletes during covid lockdown. To conduct the study, data was collected through google form using Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K-10). Out of the 374 athletes who responded, 218 athletes (58.29%) where in extreme stress almost all the time during covid lockdown. Thus it is concluded that, in this situation coach and sports psychologists have to create awareness about the lockdown, contact athletes and council them. Athletes are the pride of every nation, they need to recover from psychological setbacks. So, it is. The need of the hour to design a best training programme suitable and possible during lockdown to protect their skills and abilities. Even from these minds, our national athletes need to recover from psychological setbacks. So, we need to find the best training method for them and protect their skills.
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 4, pp 22-31; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt22s64
Literature helps to learn about people and to build a cohesive structure of language and community. This article explains at first glance the need to know the land from which such literature originated and its background, discusses the views of scholars on the trinity in general, and explains the end-to-end textual value of grammatical-literary evidence. ‘Legacy’ is based on ‘smuggling’ and ‘culture’ is based on ‘spreading’. ‘Abduction’ is inherited from one another. It has been explained that ‘diffusion’ stands for color that is visible to all and that culture is different from the traditional state of standing by explaining the norm of literature and genetics. Evidence suggests that the customs, beliefs, religions, rituals, diets, costumes and ornaments, tools, warfare, education, art, and professions of the Tamil people, which describe the period and chronology of the Ten Idylls as scholarly references and form cultural references, are increasingly expressed in Sangam literature in particular.
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 4, pp 9-15; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt22s62
Diaspora Literature has played an important role in modern Tamil literature. It involves an idea of homeland, a place from where the displacement occurs and narratives of harsh journeys undertaken on account of economic compulsions. Basically, Diaspora is a minority community living in exile. On a global scale, Life of immigrants is largely fraught with problems and challenges. They have to face various difficulties in the countries where they emigrated. Their presence is precariously located in the face of racism. They have lost their own culture and language. Their existence is set among political problems. This article aims to record the Cultural loss, Political and Racical problems of Tamil Diaspora, through the Fictions of Matale Somu who is an International Tamil Diaspora writer living in Australia. He wrote Twenty-five books including five novels, five Short stories books, three Novellas and Research books. This article includes the definition of Diaspora and Culture. And Cultural loss, Political and Race Issues of Tamil Diaspora also discussed in this text.
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 4, pp 16-21; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt22s63
Tamil language has a very ancient history among Indian languages. Literatures in the Tamil language are also excellent factors in making that history better. Due to the proliferation of devotional texts in Tamil, the Tamil language is known as the "Language of Devotion". Saiva and Vaishnavism can be traced back to antiquity through the proverb of Tolkappiyar. Shaiva religion were revived by the Pallavas and the Cholas in the sixth century AD. During the reign of Raja Raja Chola, Nambiyandar nambi compiled the Tirupatikas in the Thillai temple into ten editions. He also added his own songs to the eleven editions. Then he added the great legend of the sekkilar and made it twelve times. The native name of the sekkilar is Arunmozhithevar. This is the twelfth edition of "Periyapuranam" composed by him. The name he gave to this book was "Thiruthondar Puranam". The history of vegetarians is proudly called the Great Myth. The coffee tells the story of 63 Nayans with beauty and devotion. Literature in the classical Tamil language is a portrayal of human life. Literature is a good guide to a happy life. There are many rare ideas in the literature about living in that genre. In this age where writing and speaking about individual rights tends to dismantle all of the bundles of fruitful traditions, there is now an increasing need to talk and write a lot about the responsibilities of every human being. There is no point in talking about the rights of those who shirk responsibilities. The number of crimes is likely to decrease only if individual morality is maintained in the federation of society. The fact that theft cannot be eradicated unless the thief is looked after is a testament to the fact that most prisons and prisons will be redundant if everyone in the country is disciplined in their adoption. This article examines family culture thinking, which takes precedence over individual morals, through the myth of the Murkanayanar.