Archives in Biomedical Engineering & Biotechnology

Journal Information
EISSN : 2687-8100
Current Publisher: Iris Publishers (10.33552)
Total articles ≅ 73
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Archives in Biomedical Engineering & Biotechnology; doi:10.33552/abeb

Abstract:
Biomedical Engineering & Biotechnology is the principal open access journal aimed to publish recent developments in biomedical engineering & biotechnology field. we publishes on new concepts in technology/methodology of relevance to the biological, biomedical, agricultural and environmental sciences as well as it covers the commercial, ethical, aspects of this research also.
Correa Amorim, Correa-Amorim Ls, Ab Moncao-Meireles, Cirne-Santos Cc, Cs Barros, Oliveira Mc, Paixeo Icnp
Archives in Biomedical Engineering & Biotechnology, Volume 3, pp 1-5; doi:10.33552/abeb.2019.03.000571

Abstract:
Despite all global efforts against the HIV/AIDS virus, it is alarming the high number of new infections episodes and unaware people regarding their serology, putting at risk one of the main goals of the WHO 90-90-90 program on the epidemic’s control and eradication. In spite of the elevated number of countries that present systems of supporting and drawing seropositive individuals, one of the most significant concerns nowadays is, still, the transmission of HIV. PrEP, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis is helping, considerably, in decreasing the cases of new infections. However, it also warns about the resurgence and growing of other Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI’s).Which only makes us recognize sexual education as the central pillar, on raising population awareness about safe sexual practices, as well as predictors and risk factors, and acknowledge that the lack of a solid educational basis facilitates the practice of unsafe sex and increases the chances of exposing the person to HIV throughout life.
Jacob M Mathew
Archives in Biomedical Engineering & Biotechnology, Volume 3, pp 1-3; doi:10.33552/abeb.2019.03.000570

Abstract:
Coronary artery fistulas (CAFs) are a rare group of coronary anomalies which result in an abnormal connection between a coronary artery and either a cardiac chamber or any great vessel, most commonly pulmonary artery. They are mostly congenital but can be acquired and usually diagnosed incidentally. Although single vessel fistulas are far more common and have been reported routinely in literature, bilateral or multiple fistulas are extremely rare. Here, we describe a very unique case of bilateral coronary artery fistulas in a patient, with fortunately no significant hemodynamic consequences.
Abdul Kader Mohiuddin
Archives in Biomedical Engineering & Biotechnology, Volume 3, pp 1-8; doi:10.33552/abeb.2019.03.000569

Abstract:
Fast food/Junk food is designed to be tasty, comforting and convenient. Unfortunately, whilst these foods contain lots of calories, they often have far lower levels of fiber, water and minerals as compared to natural foods. Packaged food and snacks are also created specifically so that we get enough texture and taste from each bite to tantalize our taste buds; but not enough to make us feel full. It’s evident that fast food feels good to eat and tempts us in many different situations. Fast food first popularized in the 1970s in the United States, which has today the largest fast food industry in the world. As taste, time considerations, convenience, and cost are major factors that contribute to an adolescent’s or young adult’s food choices, fast food restaurants serve as popular sites for their meals eaten outside the home. Current approaches suggest that fast food restaurants should be required to clarify nutrition information such as energy and fat content on their menu boards and on product packaging. This is important to help the consumer to make better food choices before purchasing. An adequate, nutritious, and balanced diet is essential to maintain health for one’s lifetime. To achieve this healthy diet, fast food consumption should be limited.
Fahiel Casillas, Alma López, Miguel Betancourt
Archives in Biomedical Engineering & Biotechnology, Volume 3, pp 1-6; doi:10.33552/abeb.2020.04.000568

Abstract:
The vitrification of oocytes and embryos produces structural damage caused by the cytotoxicity of the cryoprotective agents (CPAs). Some of these damages occur in the cell plasma membrane, cytoskeleton and genetic material, which might result in the formation of aneuploidies. The toxicity produced by the use of CPAs during vitrification can cause alterations in microfilaments (MF), microtubules (MT) and chromatin (CR), affecting not only cell viability, maturation, fertilization and embryonic development (ED), but also the genetic integrity that will result in the formation of aneuploidies. The latter can result in spontaneous abortions and/or the absence of a term pregnancy, and if an opposite case arises, the birth of offspring with chromosomal aberrations will affect the organism development.
Hameed Mohamed Rafeek
Archives in Biomedical Engineering & Biotechnology, Volume 3, pp 1-1; doi:10.33552/abeb.2020.03.000567

Abdul Kader Mohiuddin
Archives in Biomedical Engineering & Biotechnology, Volume 3, pp 1-41; doi:10.33552/abeb.2020.03.000566

Patrice F Dassonville
Archives in Biomedical Engineering & Biotechnology, Volume 3, pp 1-3; doi:10.33552/abeb.2020.03.000573

Abstract:
The need to know the future before others and the desire to be aware in advance, are commonly observed at all times of history. Knowing what will happen is providing serious benefits to everyone, including, astrologers, historians, politicians, economists, philosophers, military strategists. The causes of forecast drift dictate strict rules, in order to reduce the effects of a law of uncertainty.
Valchkevich Dzmitry
Archives in Biomedical Engineering & Biotechnology, Volume 3, pp 1-2; doi:10.33552/abeb.2020.03.000572

Abstract:
The iliolumbar artery (ILA) is a standard branch from the posterior division of the internal iliac artery. The variations and branching patterns of the iliolumbar artery (ILA) and its branches are very crucial for surgeons. Iliolumbar artery has the risk of injury in pelvic trauma and regional operations. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the origin of the ILA. Iliolumbar artery was observed in 30 sides in 15 cadavers (R-15, L-15) died in the age of 55-70 years used for routine dissection. The variation of arising, some asymmetry and gender differences of ILA were established.
Adriano Guimaraes Parreira, Paulo Afonso Granjeiro, Cirne-Santos Cc, Cinthia Souza Mano
Archives in Biomedical Engineering & Biotechnology, Volume 3, pp 1-5; doi:10.33552/abeb.2020.03.000574

Abstract:
Orthopedic implants are subject to chronic biofilm-associated infections bacteria, which can only be eradicated by traumatic implant removal accompanied by intravenous antibiotic therapy. Alternatives have been moving towards treating the surface of these materials biosurfactants to inhibit bacterial adhesion on surfaces of these implants. Biosurfactants (BS), surfactant compounds produced by microorganisms, are molecules that have a hydrophilic region, and another therefore reduce the interfacial tension between two surfaces by changing the properties of the surfaces with which they come in contact. In this work, the ability to reduce the formation of biofilms in orthopedic implants by the action of biosurfactants with and without the addition of silver nanoparticles was evaluated. Was observed that for biofilms formed by S. aureus, E. coli and E. cloacae up to 72% inhibition of biofilm formation was achieved with the use of ramnolipids on the surface of the implant parts.
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