AEGIS : Journal of International Relations

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2541-1373 / 2548-4532
Published by: President University (10.33021)
Total articles ≅ 40
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Latest articles in this journal

Michelle Michelle, Riski Baskoro
AEGIS : Journal of International Relations, Volume 6; https://doi.org/10.33021/aegis.v6i1.3469

Abstract:
Gastrodiplomasi adalah diplomasi budaya yang menggunakan makanan sebagai sarana untuk meningkatkan kesadaran terhadap merek sebuah negara. Thailand merupakan negara pertama yang memahami tentang bagaimana menggunakan gastrodiplomasi dan kepentingannya. Pada tahun 2002, sebagai bentuk gastrodiplomasi, pemerintah Thailand meluncurkan program kampanye yang dikenal dengan ‘Global Thai Campaign.’ Kampanye ini merupakan salah satu strategi pemerintah Thailand untuk mengubah image negaranya, hal itu karena citra Thailand yang terkenal mempromosikan pekerja seks sebagai wisata di negaranya. Selain itu, kampanye ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan jumlah restoran Thailand di seluruh dunia serta mengubah pandangan buruk masyarakat internasional terhadap Thailand. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif dengan berbagai macam teknik berdasarkan data dari beberapa dokumen dan penulis. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk membuktikan adanya upaya national branding oleh pemerintah Thailand melalui praktik gastrodiplomasi sejak tahun 2002 dan menjadi topik utama di dunia internasional sehingga negara-negara lain dapat mengikuti cara yang telah dilakukan Thailand. Teori yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini menggunakan teori gastrodiplomasi dan konsep nation brand. Hasil dari penelitian ini membuktikan bahwa melalui program gastrodiplomacy, pemerintah Thailand dapat menyebarkan restoran-restoran Thailand di berbagai negara dimana secara langsung mempromosikan makanan khas Thailand. Berdasarkan data yang di dapat, kampanye gastrodiplomacy Thailand memiliki pengaruh yang besar terhadap negara lain dalam hal kuliner serta terhadap Thailand sendiri, salah satunya adalah jumlah kunjungan wisatawan asing di Thailand meningkat dengan drastis.
Muhammad Ridho Alviora Jaya, Natasya Kusumawardani
AEGIS : Journal of International Relations, Volume 6; https://doi.org/10.33021/aegis.v6i1.3467

Abstract:
In the beginning of the State of Israel establishment, western countries showed the most support towards the government in Tel Aviv, including Canada. Strong economic partnership between Canada and the State of Israel that was marked by the ratification of Canada-Israel Free Trade Agreement (CIFTA) back in January 1997 which became Canada’s first trade agreement outside the North American area. During the leadership of Canadian Conservative Party Prime Minister Stephen Harper, the agreement began the negotiation of modernization and was done in 2019 during the leadership period of Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau. The second phase of negotiations that were held in 2017-2018 during the Trudeau period has included certain provisions that arguably believe to be Trudeau's personal concern. American and Canadian research mostly shows how Canadian’s leader in certain periods gave their support towards Israel to such an extent that they method of building relationship. Therefore, the goal of this paper is to investigate more about the leader's individual factors towards Jewish government. Question about what influence Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau's decision making process towards continuing negotiations and the ratification of trade agreement was employed by the Juliet Kaarbo theory of Prime Minister Leadership style. The theory uses five variables to assess leaders’ behavior and personality. Result of this study concludes that there are some variables that have significant roles in explaining the decision-making process of Justin Trudeau during the second negotiations until the ratifications process.
Harryanto Aryodiguno, Tiara Cornelia
AEGIS : Journal of International Relations, Volume 6; https://doi.org/10.33021/aegis.v6i1.3530

Abstract:
Since opened in 2011, the number of Chinese students goes to Taiwan for 6 months exchange grew more and more every year. What things that motivate the Chinese student to come to Taiwan? Is it related to the current both country’s political condition? What they been thinking about Taiwan, before and after they came? Will they obtain a new perspective about cross-strait disputes? Will they be the agent of democratic political reform in China in the future?
Daniel Bryan, Muhammad Farid
AEGIS : Journal of International Relations, Volume 6; https://doi.org/10.33021/aegis.v6i1.3471

Abstract:
The Mediterranean Sea has an attraction for countries that want to control this area. Among them are the abundant energy resources (such as oil and natural gas), have international trade routes that connect Europe, Africa, and Asia, and offer beaches or ports that can be built and operate year-round. Therefore, a superpower country like Russia is interested in becoming one of the actors that dominate this region. Russian activity in this region has occurred since the era of the Russian empire (Tsardom). However, over time, Russia has ambitions to regain control of the area they previously controlled. The Mediterranean region, especially the Eastern Mediterranean, is a strategic area for Russia in carrying out its foreign policy interests where they want to secure natural resource reserves and international trade routes and look for ports that can operate for a full year. This research aims to analyze how Russia's foreign policy interests result in its presence in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea. Using qualitative research methods, this research will analyze Russia's presence in the East Mediterranean Sea. This research finds that Russia can demonstrate its presence in the Eastern Mediterranean region by using several political manoeuvres such as the annexation of Crimea, establishing relations with Turkey and Syria, and the use of energy politics in their foreign policy.
Ilmi Dwiastuti
AEGIS : Journal of International Relations, Volume 6; https://doi.org/10.33021/aegis.v6i1.3703

Abstract:
AEGIS Journal of International Relations is a bi-annual journal which publishes articles on issues, events and discourses in International Relations on the bases of the broadening scope in the discipline. As the world is moving toward one borderless village due to the globalization which replaced the Cold War in 1989, the nature and characteristics of IR is dramatically changing and so has been the academic scope of the discipline. Among the new characteristics of the IR in the globalization are the interconnected of local and global, both events and issues, and the prominent important of international organization, which has been growing in numbers, membership and roles.
Elyzabeth Bonethe Nasution, Chrystle Feodore Manlee, Cornelia Kristian, Jezzania Verlyn Christy
AEGIS : Journal of International Relations, Volume 6; https://doi.org/10.33021/aegis.v6i1.3619

Abstract:
Covid-19 pandemic has opened a new chapter in the International Relations sphere. Its spread is accelerated by the advancement of technology that only globalization has made possible. Among several measures to survive, vaccines are perceived as critical and controversial. The objective of this research is to grasp a better understanding from different perspectives of stakeholders in International Relations, regarding interdependence between developing and developed countries in the international system, using the vaccine. In doing so, this research also analyzes the dynamics in the ASEAN context. Neoliberalism serves as the ore theoretical framework alongside the concepts of interdependence and international cooperation. This research is a qualitative one, using mostly primary data that is gathered from an interview with academicians, researchers, government officials, and students – and secondary data. The results show that the ongoing pandemic has directed developing countries to depend on developed countries with capabilities in vaccines production, including ASEAN member states. The fact that vaccines are even used as a political instrument is found ill-fitted. However, there is still confident that this dependency will move to interdependency once developing countries have found effective strategies in coping with the situation – and it has started.
Titi Rahmania Gulo, Ilmi Dwiastuti
Published: 30 November 2021
AEGIS : Journal of International Relations, Volume 5; https://doi.org/10.33021/aegis.v5i1.3431

Abstract:

The primary goal of this paper is to provide insight into the factors that have contributed to the trade war between the United States of America and China, which has been influenced not only by the economic sector but also by AI. Furthermore, in light of China's rising power, which threatens to supplant US supremacy, as well as its ambition to become a global leader in artificial intelligence by 2030, the steps taken by the United States during the Donald Trump administration to maintain its global influence are discussed in this paper. Furthermore, there is an indication that China is aiming to boost its global influence, which will be the focus of this paper with due attention to the national artificial intelligence advancement. The desire for both China and the United States to dominate technology has increased competition between the two countries, as evidenced by the numerous technological innovations developed and released by the two countries in recent years. In addition, the authors will conduct empirical case study research in conjunction with comparative analysis. Thus, to investigates this issue through the lens of threat perception, which also serves as a theoretical framework. Lastly, the authors conclude that the advancement of China’s Artificial Intelligence is perceived as a threat for the US national security especially in military and political sector. Keywords : Artificial Intelligence; Threat Perception; National Security
Anton Abdul Fatah
Published: 30 November 2021
AEGIS : Journal of International Relations, Volume 5; https://doi.org/10.33021/aegis.v5i1.1476

Abstract:
Book Review: Harber, Clive. Schooling for Peaceful Development in Post-Conflict Societies: Education for Transformation?. Springer, 2019. xiv + 306 pp. US$63.70. Cham, Switzerland. ISBN 978-3-030-17688-4.
Tasha Ayu Shalihan Putri, Riski M Baskoro
Published: 30 November 2021
AEGIS : Journal of International Relations, Volume 5; https://doi.org/10.33021/aegis.v5i1.1644

Abstract:
The “Malaysia Kitchen for the World” campaign designed by the Malaysian government acts as a practical effort of gastro diplomacy that is rooted in the sphere of cultural diplomacy. Thus, the purpose of this research is to identify the implementation of the “Malaysia Kitchen for the World” campaign in the United Kingdom between 2010 and 2015 and to provide a detailed analysis using the theories of International Relations study, consisting of public diplomacy, cultural diplomacy, and gastro diplomacy. This study employs a qualitative method with a case study approach, using secondary sources focusing on journals, articles, and books followed by primary sources from MATRADE and Malaysian government official publications. The findings of this research are that Malaysian cuisine is an essential element for the Malaysian government for promoting Malaysia’s cultural richness, branding local business, and raising global awareness of Malaysian food in the international arena, particularly among British citizens.
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