Journal of halal product and research

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2654-9409 / 2654-9778
Published by: Universitas Airlangga (10.20473)
Total articles ≅ 42
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Latest articles in this journal

Ismarti Ismarti
Published: 21 December 2021
Journal of halal product and research, Volume 4, pp 59-64; https://doi.org/10.20473/jhpr.vol.4-issue.2.59-64

Abstract:
The development of food processing technology has increased the number and types of food products to meet human needs. The quality of a food product is not only seen from nutritional value and safety, but also from halalness aspect. For the purposes of quality control and halal authentication, the existence of a food testing method that is fast, accurate and easy to handling is needed. The application of electronic nose for various volatile compound detection purposes has been widely reported. This paper discusses electronic nose applications for quality control and halal testing purposes on food products. Furthermore, it also discussed the advantages and disadvantages of testing with an electronic nose. Based on the discussion, the electronic nose is a portable detection tool that is user friendly, fast and accurate for the identification and detection of food products based on the presence of the aroma of volatile compounds in the material. The advantages of this electronic nose have the potential to be used as an alternative rapid detection instrument in food testing, especially in authenticating pork and pig derivative.
, Erie Kolya Nasution, Rizaldi Rizaldi, Siti Rukayah
Published: 21 December 2021
Journal of halal product and research, Volume 4, pp 50-58; https://doi.org/10.20473/jhpr.vol.4-issue.2.50-58

Abstract:
The long-tailed macaque (Macaca fascicularis Raffles, 1821) is a non-human primate (NHP) species with social status in its group. Macaca fascicularis living in groups and social castes. Alpha males lead their group. Alpha males will have greater access to food than individuals with lower social castes. The content of feed eaten by animals, of course, will affect health. Various biological processes occur, from the food eaten by animals to affect the health of human life. If the food eaten is toxic, it will be hazardous to the animal's metabolism for life. According to a Muslim perspective, how much better food can be eaten is included in Halal products. Including, in this case, food ingredients for feed, if it comes from ingredients that are included in the halal category, this will provide animal welfare. This study seeks to explain how visitors' feed types (provisioning food) to alpha-male Macaca fascicularis at Mbah Agung Karangbanar Recreation Forest, Banyumas, Central Java, Indonesia. This study used behavioral coding to measure the frequency and quantity of eating behavior for ten days based on visitor feeding. The remainder of the provisioning food found is recorded as data on the type of provisioning food. Based on the study results, the alpha-male was noted to eat provisioning food such as peanuts, bananas, sweet potatoes, snacks, and foods mixed with soy sauce given by visitors. All of them are halal because they eat visitors every time they come to a tourist location. Alpha-male was noted to have no interest in the carcasses found, so they did not eat them.
Siti Lailaturrohmah, Alviyana Lutviyani
Published: 21 December 2021
Journal of halal product and research, Volume 4, pp 83-89; https://doi.org/10.20473/jhpr.vol.4-issue.2.83-89

Abstract:
Consumers' awareness of halal cosmetics is still low. The high level of dependence on a product and the lack of consumer knowledge of cosmetic ingredients makes it difficult for consumers to switch to cosmetic products that are halal certified. Minimal education that is easily accessible regarding the halalness of a cosmetic product among the community is a problem that results in the lack of awareness of halal. This study aims to obtain information about the effect of halal education on knowledge and attitudes in the use of cosmetics. The method used in this study is an experimental design with a sample size of 30 respondents who are active users of cosmetics both labeled halal and not labeled halal. The sampling technique used was accidental sampling. Data on the knowledge and halal attitudes of respondents before and after education were obtained from filling out questionnaires which were carried out online. The data analysis technique used was the Wilcoxon Sign Rank Test using SPSS 16. The results of the respondents' research indicated that there were significant differences in their knowledge and attitudes towards the use of cosmetics before and after halal education with p value ≤ 0.05.
Lailatul Maghfiroh, A. T. Soelih Estoepangestie, Tri Nurhajati, Nenny Harijani, Mustofa Helmi Effendi, Didik Handijatno
Published: 21 December 2021
Journal of halal product and research, Volume 4, pp 65-70; https://doi.org/10.20473/jhpr.vol.4-issue.2.65-70

Abstract:
Food and nutritional quality of society is one of mine focuses of the government. Milk have complete nutrients but also can be the source food borne disease. The Veterinary Public Health itself has the responsibility to provide guarantees of food safety from animal resources which is called ASUH (safe, healthy, wholesome and halal) to be consumed by society. This study aimed to know the Total Plate Count of commercial pasteurized milk sold by street vendors in Mulyorejo Sub-district Surabaya. The study was conducted from January until February 2018 at the Laboratory of Veterinary Public Health Department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga. Thirty samples of commercial pasteurized milk were bought from three street vendors then examined using Pour Plate Method of Total Plate Count. Total Plate Count result showed that the number of bacteria in commercial pasteurized milk sold by street vendors in Mulyorejo Sub-district Surabaya was 1.0 x 104 CFU/ml, that met the National Standard of Indonesia (SNI) 01-3951-1995.
Riska Delta Rahayu, Riski Delta Ningtyas
Published: 21 December 2021
Journal of halal product and research, Volume 4, pp 71-77; https://doi.org/10.20473/jhpr.vol.4-issue.2.71-77

Abstract:
The development of food processing technology has increased the number and types of food products to meet human needs. The quality of a food product is not only seen from nutritional value and safety, but also from halalness aspect. For the purposes of quality control and halal authentication, the existence of a food testing method that is fast, accurate and easy to handling is needed. The application of electronic nose for various volatile compound detection purposes has been widely reported. This paper discusses electronic nose applications for quality control and halal testing purposes on food products. Furthermore, it also discussed the advantages and disadvantages of testing with an electronic nose. Based on the discussion, the electronic nose is a portable detection tool that is user friendly, fast and accurate for the identification and detection of food products based on the presence of the aroma of volatile compounds in the material. The advantages of this electronic nose have the potential to be used as an alternative rapid detection instrument in food testing, especially in authenticating pork and pig derivative.
Wahyu Setyorini, Ana Raudlatul Jannah, Uci Wulansari, Mir'Atun Nisa
Published: 21 December 2021
Journal of halal product and research, Volume 4, pp 90-97; https://doi.org/10.20473/jhpr.vol.4-issue.2.90-97

Abstract:
The development of information technology encourages the emergence of various online transaction activities, one of which is online trading transactions through the marketplace. Currently, Indonesia has the largest Muslim population, which is 87% of the total population who also takes part in buying and selling activities and online transactions. Muslim awareness and interest in halal products is increasing, but there is a need of understanding regarding transactions according to Sharia. The purpose of this study: to analyse the potential and challenges of the halal marketplace in Indonesia using a literature study research method. The results of this study indicate that in Indonesia the halal marketplace has a large market potential and is an innovation in the development of the existing marketplace. Besides this potential, the halal marketplace also has challenges in its development, including the low level of Islamic economic literacy among the public, low inclusion of Islamic finance, and the lack of utilization of the halal marketplace platform by halal MSMEs. It is hoped that these potentials and challenges can become views in determining and developing policies.
M. Heru Sunardi, Siti Nuraeni, Musdin La Nurdin
Published: 21 December 2021
Journal of halal product and research, Volume 4, pp 78-82; https://doi.org/10.20473/jhpr.vol.4-issue.2.78-82

Abstract:
Development in the management of Indonesian Halal Tourism is felt to be increasingly important along with the entry of the Millennial Era. Based on research on the performance of several Halal Tourism Managers, the current optimization of the Halal Tourism sector is still far from the potential of Halal Tourism as it should be, so Halal Tourism Managers need to take progressive steps by implementing a digitalization system. This article aims to reveal the challenges faced by Halal Tourism in terms of Literacy and Socialization of Halal Tourism in the Millennial Era, complete with the obstacles faced. In addition, it was stated about the form of strategies for using digital literacy channels, one of which: social media to carry out more optimal Halal Tourism literacy. This research is a qualitative research, using a literature study approach. The data collected related to the research were taken from several literature sources including scientific journals, several books, and related articles published in online media. As a result, by transforming towards using digital literacy channels, the management and development program for Halal Tourism can be carried out better and at the same time be able to educate the public about Halal Tourism in Indonesia.
Latifatoel Chilmi, Tri Susilowati, Yuanita Rachmawati, Saiku Rokhim, Inggrit Tyautari
Published: 20 December 2021
Journal of halal product and research, Volume 4, pp 14-19; https://doi.org/10.20473/jhpr.vol.4-issue.1.14-19

Abstract:
Softgel candy is soft-textured confectionery processed by the addition of several components such as gum, pectin, starch and gelatin, to obtain a supple product and packed after aging treatment first. Gelatin is one of the main components in the manufacture of soft candy derived from the hydrolysis of collagen connective tissue and animal bone that serves as the nature of gelling agents, stabilizers or emulsifiers. However, the gelatin used in products not yet labeled halal Indonesian Council of Ulama (MUI) is particularly vulnerable to pork gelatin, since pork gelatin is cheaper than cattle. The purpose of this study was to test the contaminants of pig DNA on 17 samples of soft candles not labeled halal MUI. This research used Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) method. Seventeen samples were isolated by DNA, then spectrophotometry was performed, followed by PCR. The PCR product is run electrophoresis. Visualize the DNA with a UV gel documentation. Primer used is primer gene encoding cyt b DNA pork. Results showed that 17 samples were negative contaminants, while the positive control of pork showed a DNA band of 149 bp. This shows that Softgel Candy 17 samples do not contain pork gelatin.
Fiki Husna
Published: 20 December 2021
Journal of halal product and research, Volume 4, pp 8-13; https://doi.org/10.20473/jhpr.vol.4-issue.1.8-13

Abstract:
In 2012 the need for meat for consumption or industrial materials in Indonesia reached 484,000 tons and increased to 686,270 tons in 2019. The high demand for meat causes the intensity of slaughter to also increase so that the existence of slaughterhouses is very necessary. In the implementation process, RPH must pay attention to several aspects so that the quality of the meat produced is good, clean and the meat is halal. In the context of the codification of Islamic law (fatwa) in Indonesia, stunning is one of the important studies. This is evidenced by the fatwa of the MUI number 12 of 2009 concerning Halal Beef Certification Standards. This fatwa is motivated by several things, namely the practice of slaughtering animals in Islam must follow the provisions of Islamic law and in the implementation of the slaughter process many use modern equipment in line with technological developments, so that there are various models of cutting and processing that raise questions about the suitability of the implementation of slaughtering with Islamic law. The enactment of the Fatwa of the MUI number 12 of 2009 concerning Halal Slaughter Certification Standards by the Fatwa of the MUI on Mechanical Slaughter of Animals on October 18, 1976, the decision of the Coordination Meeting of the Fatwa Commission and LPPOM MUI and the Indonesian Ministry of Religion, on May 25, 2003, in Jakarta, Fatwa of the MUI Number 4 of 2003 concerning Standardization of Halal Fatwas; Results of the Decision of the Ulama Ijtimak of the Indonesian Fatwa Commission II in 2006 at the Gontor Ponorogo Islamic Boarding School on Critical Issues in Halal Auditing; The results of the Working Group Meeting of the ICU Fatwa Commission for Food, Drugs and Cosmetics and the ICU LPPOM Team on November 12, 2009. This fatwa resulted in a decision, one of which was related to stunning. Stunning to simplify the slaughtering process is legal, provided that: (1) Stunning only causes the animal to faint temporarily, does not cause death or permanent injury; (2) aims to facilitate slaughter; (3) its implementation as a form of ihsan, not animal torture
Anisa Balqis Shoim, Alfisya Salsabillah, Fatiyah Putri Anjani, Shofi Zakiyatul Fuadah Ar Ramadhani
Published: 20 December 2021
Journal of halal product and research, Volume 4, pp 26-31; https://doi.org/10.20473/jhpr.vol.4-issue.1.26-31

Abstract:
Cancer is one of the leading causes of death in the world today. In 2018, there were 18.1 million new cases of cancer with a death rate of 9.6 million. Chemotherapy is one way of cancer treating. Effects of chemotherapy include gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, stomatitis and myelo suppression in the form of anemia, leukopenia, and thrombocytopenia. Symptoms of nausea and vomiting are one of the most serious side effects. This condition can cause patient choose to stop therapy. Discontinuation of therapy has the potential to increase cancer progression. If not treated quickly, it will cause malnutrition. The knob plant (Gomhprena globosa l.) is a nutritious plant that has been used in traditional medicine. Knobs have potential as antioxidants of it flavonoids. The flavonoid and saponin compounds can accelerate the digestive system and act as an anti-nausea, making it suitable as therapy for patients with chemotherapy. This study aims to compare the flavonoid and saponin between the leaves and knob flowers which are best used as anti-nausea products. The research was conducted at the Chemical Laboratory of MAN 1 Gresik. The extraction method used in this is maceration. The steps for testing flavonoids and saponins on knob leaves and flowers can be done by pounding the leaves and knob flowers, labeling 4 test tubes, namely, F flowers for the Flavonoid test, S flowers for the Saponins test, F leaves for the Flavonoid test, S leaves for the Saponins test. Then, add 1 ml of leaf and flower extracts into test tube, add magnesium tape to the test tube labeled F leaves and F flowers, add 1 ml of concentrated HCl into the test tube labeled F, then enter 1 ml of HCl 2N on the test tube labeled S leaves and S flowers. Based on this study, can be concluded that knob leaves have higher flavonoids and saponins. Fact, knob leaves produce more yellow color. In the saponin test, the leaf had more foam than the flower. Therefore, knob leaves can be used as anti-nausea and antioxidants in cancer patients with chemotherapy.
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