Jurnal Medik Veteriner
ISSN / EISSN : 2615-7497 / 2581-012X
Published by: Universitas Airlangga (10.20473)
Total articles ≅ 154
Latest articles in this journal
Jurnal Medik Veteriner, Volume 5, pp 119-123; https://doi.org/10.20473/jmv.vol5.iss1.2022.119-123
Reptiles as exotic pets become more commonly desired by society, one of which is the reticulated python. Pythons kept as pets also have a risk of disease infection including helminthiasis. Worm parasite infects snake by the oral route. Some snake feed including frogs and mice can act as an intermediate host for worm parasites. A male reticulated python was kept by a member of the Banyuwangi reptile community and was presented with healthy and normal eating habits. This case study was to determine the worm parasite in the wild-caught reticulated python kept as an exotic pet. Fresh fecal samples were stored in a container with 70% alcohol added as a preservative. The sample was then evaluated in the laboratory and examined using the native method, floatation method, and simple sedimentation method. As result, under the microscope to be the Capillaria spp. the egg was observed.
Jurnal Medik Veteriner, Volume 5, pp 94-97; https://doi.org/10.20473/jmv.vol5.iss1.2022.94-97
The purpose of this study was to determine the ratio of estrogen concentrations given cassava peel feed supplementation. A total of 24 cows of Friesian Holstein, weighing 250-300 kg were divided into two groups and each group contains 12 replications. The first group is Friesian Holstein breeds with the condition that they are given elephant grass feed ad libitum and 25 kg of tofu dregs. The second group is Friesian Holstein breeds with the condition that they are fed ad libitum elephant grass, 25 kg of tofu dregs, and 25 kg of cassava peel. The milk samples were then taken to be tested for estrogen levels using the direct competitive ELISA. Analysis of estrogen concentration data was then carried out by normality test using Shapiro Wilk test then followed by the Paired T-test with a significance level of 5%. Based on the Paired T sample correlation test was 0.072 (p>0.05), which means that the feed gave the cassava peel and not the cassava peel was negatively associated. Based on the Paired T-test is 0.193 (p>0.05), which means there is no significant relationship between the 2 test groups. It can be concluded that there is no significant difference in the estrogen concentration of Friesian Holstein cattle fed with and without cassava peel supplementation.
Jurnal Medik Veteriner, Volume 5, pp 81-86; https://doi.org/10.20473/jmv.vol5.iss1.2022.81-86
Scabious is a disease that often infests cats, originating from the family Sarcoptidae. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and factors that can affect the risk of scabious in cats. The study was evaluated at the Griya Satwa Clinic, Magetan in January-February 2021. The design of this study was a retrospective cohort study by taking secondary data during the 2020 period as study material. The data obtained were then entered into the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20 for windows to analyze the association's relationship and increased risk by calculating the Chi-Square and Odds Ratio. The samples obtained were 76 cats infested with scabious. The analysis of the association of risk factors for scabious was breed (P = 0.428), age (P = 0.793), sex (P = 0.426). The results of the prevalence of scabious in cats from the study during January-February 2021 in the 2020 period were 9.5%, and the analysis of the association (Chi-Square) and the increased (Odds Ratio) of factors including breed, age, sex on the risk of scabious in cats were not significance / absent influence, The probability of error obtained is outside the tolerance set by the researcher, so the results are not significant (p>0,05).
Jurnal Medik Veteriner, Volume 5, pp 109-118; https://doi.org/10.20473/jmv.vol5.iss1.2022.109-118
Pyometra is an infection or inflammation of the uterine wall characterized by the accumulation of pus in the uterine lumen. Predisposing factors include age, breed, bacterial infection, and hormones. Another disease that is often correlated with an imbalance in reproductive hormones is mammary tumors. A 7-year-old unspayed female Pitbull dog weighed 27.9 kg has clinical symptoms of frequent discharge of mucopurulent reddish-brown discharge with a foul odor from the vagina. The left mammary glands of the second, third, and fourth nipples have lumps about 20 cm in diameter, are solid in consistency, well-defined, the same color as the skin surface, and can be moved. Diagnosis performed on physical examination, hematology, blood chemistry, and cytology was pyometra and mammary tumors. Treatment was done by ovariohysterectomy and unilateral mastectomy. Post-surgery therapy was enrofloxacin 5 mg/kg, ketoprofen 2 mg/kg, phytomenadione 1 mg/kg, and Biodin® 0.1 ml/kg, followed by intensive surgical wound care. The patient recovered after two months of treatment.
Jurnal Medik Veteriner, Volume 5, pp 28-33; https://doi.org/10.20473/jmv.vol5.iss1.2022.28-33
The aim of this study was to compare the antigenicity between the whole virus and protein S of both local strain I-147 and Massachusetts strain of Infectious bronchitis virus with indirect ELISA. We used 10 positive serums from post vaccinated chickens for further reaction with four groups of antigens in this study that are: P1) S protein (spike glycoprotein) antigen of local strain IB virus; P2) S protein (spike glycoprotein) antigen of Massachusetts strain IB virus; P3) whole virus antigen of local strain IB virus; P4) whole virus antigen of Massachusetts strain IB virus. The results of this research are Optical Density (OD) values of each treatment, then to be analyzed using One Way ANOVA and followed by Duncan Multiple Range Test 5%. The results show that there are differences between the antigenicity of the whole virus and S protein in both local strain and Massachusetts strain of IB virus. The whole virus antigen of both strains has a significant difference (p<0.05) with the S protein antigen in both strains. Specifically, the whole virus antigen of Massachusetts strain has the highest OD among the other groups.
Jurnal Medik Veteriner, Volume 5, pp 74-80; https://doi.org/10.20473/jmv.vol5.iss1.2022.74-80
This study was conducted to determine the performance index and business analysis of broilers infected with Escherichia coli by administering lactic acid bacteria probiotics in the form of Lactoped® (Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus fermentatum, Lactobacillus acidophilus). This type of research was true experimental research using a post-test-only control group design. The design used in this study was a completely randomized design (CRD). 30 broilers were randomized into three treatments (P0, P1 and P2) in each group with a minimum of six times. Probiotic lactic acid bacteria (LAB) with a concentration of 108 CFU/ml in broilers infected with Escherichia coli showed a higher performance index. It could cover the entire fixed costs so still feasible to do, meanwhile, for the scale of research (10 heads/treatment), it was not yet feasible to implement due to it has suffered losses.
Jurnal Medik Veteriner, Volume 5, pp 21-27; https://doi.org/10.20473/jmv.vol5.iss1.2022.21-27
A rehabilitation center for Javan Lutung animals in East Java carries out routine checks on rehabilitated animals to prevent diseases that can affect health. Diseases that can infect these endangered animals are not only diseases that are inside the body but also outside the body such as lice infestation. The purpose of this study was to identify the species of louse that attack Javan langurs in an effort to increase information on ectoparasite species in these endemic animals. The sample was obtained from an adult Javan langur, then the sample was preserved by the unstained Slide mounting method. The results were observed using a microscope and body length was measured using the ImageJ software. The results showed that the ectoparasite shape has a flat-dorsoventral body with a total body length of 1.65 mm. From morphometry and morphological characteristics, the samples identified were the male species of Pedicinus ancoratus.
Jurnal Medik Veteriner, Volume 5, pp 54-61; https://doi.org/10.20473/jmv.vol5.iss1.2022.54-61
This study aimed to determine the number of reproductive efficiency parameters including service per conception, conception rate, calving rate, and non-return rate for broilers in Kalipuro District, Banyuwangi Regency. The secondary data was collected from the Banyuwangi District Agriculture Office. This research is also intended to dissect factors related to the S/C, CR, CvR, and NRR figures with descriptive analysis, including bio reproduction mastery factors, service factors, and feed factors. The primary data was collected from beef cattle breeders in Kalipuro District, Banyuwangi Regency. In addition, there were IB implementation factors whose data were obtained from questionnaires to inseminators in Kalipuro District, Banyuwangi Regency. The number of S/C broilers in Kalipuro Subdistrict, Banyuwangi Regency was good maintenance, in January-March 2020 of 1.71, 1.99, and 1.74, meanwhile, the number of CR were 58%, 50% 57%, CvR for January-March were 44%, 84%, 53% and NRR for January, February and March were 41%, 49%, and 46%, respectively, were below the standard rate.
Jurnal Medik Veteriner, Volume 5, pp 41-47; https://doi.org/10.20473/jmv.vol5.iss1.2022.41-47
Catfish is a freshwater fish with a high economic value, so it is very good to be developed. Feed is one of the most important components in the cultivation process because it plays a role in supporting the plants and the survival of cultivated fish. Seligi (Phyllanthus buxifolius) is a native Indonesian medicinal plant that has been widely used for medicinal purposes. Seligi leaf extract is known to contain flavonoids, polyphenols (tannins), saponins, alkaloids, quinones, and triterpenoid steroids. The purpose of this research was to determine the effect of using fermented seligi leaf flour in feed to reduce levels of total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein, and high densities lipoprotein in catfish meat. The method used in this research is the experimental method. The main parameters in this study were total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) in catfish meat. The supporting parameters in this research are water quality which includes temperature, pH, dissolved oxygen (DO), and ammonia (NH3-N). The results showed that the total cholesterol content of catfish meat ranged from 116.84-233.65 mg/dL. Meanwhile, the results of LDL in catfish meat ranged from 37.89-74.22 mg/dL. Then, the content of HDL in catfish meat ranges from 89.25-225.87 mg/dL.
Jurnal Medik Veteriner, Volume 5, pp 9-15; https://doi.org/10.20473/jmv.vol5.iss1.2022.9-15
Mammary gland tumours are frequently reported in adult female mice. It broadly affects the productivity and breeding performance of mice in breeding centres. The tumours might occur spontaneously due to internal factors such as genetic mutation and hormonal disturbance, however, external causes such as Mouse Mammary Tumour Virus (MMTV) infection was also reported. This study aimed to prove that age and number of parturition associate with mammary gland tumour case rate in female mice in Malang Raya. Chi-square tests were employed to analyse the association between risk factors and mammary gland tumour case rate in this study. Histopathologic analysis described three subtypes of mammary gland tumours in mice which were adenoma, adenocarcinoma type A and adenocarcinoma type B. Chi-square tests results of tumour case rate toward age and number of parturitions were consecutively 0,004 and 0,0025 which indicated that age and number of parturitions were associated with mammary gland tumours case rate in mice in Malang Raya. The mapping of tumour case distribution visually showed a trend that higher disease proportions were spotted in higher altitude of sampling location. This might relate to the geographical breeding characteristics or temperature which needs further study to explore the association of spatial factors with the mammary tumour incidence in mice.