Jurnal Medik Veteriner
ISSN / EISSN : 2615-7497 / 2581-012X
Published by: Universitas Airlangga (10.20473)
Total articles ≅ 118
Latest articles in this journal
Jurnal Medik Veteriner, Volume 4, pp 8-13; https://doi.org/10.20473/jmv.vol4.iss1.2021.8-13
This study aims to examine the effect of giving Bacillus subtilis probiotics in laying hens on improving the quality of internal and external eggs with differences in shelf life. A total of 60 laying hens were divided into 4 treatment groups, namely P0 as a control that was not given probiotic B. Subtilis, P1 feed was added 0.005 grams B. Subtilis, P2 feed with added 0.01 grams B. Subtilis, P3 feed added 0.02 grams B. Subtilis then the eggs produced are stored for 1 day, 5 days and 10 days. The results of this study indicate that the administration of B. Subtilis probiotics with a concentration of 0.02 grams affects the increase in egg weight, egg yolk index value and HU values. The addition of B. Subtilis probiotics to racial feed can improve egg quality.
Jurnal Medik Veteriner, Volume 4, pp 170-174; https://doi.org/10.20473/jmv.vol4.iss1.2021.170-174
This community empowerment aimed to introduce probiotics and improve breeders' skills in processing feed. Community empowerment activities that have been carried out include providing probiotics for ruminants which are given directly to breeders by visiting the location of the beef cattle pen. The community empowerment program was carried out for 5 months including counseling, training, evaluation, and training for cadres. From the evaluation results, there was an increase in affective from 20% to 60%, cognitive from 28% to 75%, and psychomotor from 8% to 80%. The cadres who were assigned will be assisted so that the development of livestock after being given probiotics can be monitored continuously.
Jurnal Medik Veteriner, Volume 4, pp 110-117; https://doi.org/10.20473/jmv.vol4.iss1.2021.110-117
This study aimed to determine the duration of the process of spermatogenesis in adult Javan langurs (Trachypithecus auratus) by measuring levels of the hormone testosterone and luteinizing hormone (LH), as one of the efforts to increase the success of mating this endemic animals. Two Javan langurs aged 3-5-year-old, named Luki and Moses were taken their feces for 30 days. Feces extraction process used PBS with a ratio of 1: 9, while the measurement of hormone levels used Monkey Luteinizing Hormone ELISA BT Lab brand with Cat.No E0052MK for LH and Cat No E0008MK for testosterone. Hormone consentration data was a graph with fluctuating patterns which are then analyzed descriptively. The results of this study were the concentration of the hormone testosterone is in the range of 4.81 ng / gram of feces to 15.08 ng / gram of feces. While LH level is in the range of 12.59 mIU/gram to 26.24 mIU/gram. In conclusion, we could estimated that the duration of the spermatogenesis cycle every month in langur Luki occurs for 14 days, while Langur Moses for 10 days.
Jurnal Medik Veteriner, Volume 4, pp 118-124; https://doi.org/10.20473/jmv.vol4.iss1.2021.118-124
Foodborne diseases are diseases transmitted through contaminated food and are one of the main public health problems. The bacteria that usually contaminates chicken meat is Escherichia coli. E. coli contamination in chicken meat can affect consumer health. Chicken meat processing and market conditions affect the level of bacteria contamination. This study aims to measure the contamination of E. coli bacteria in chicken meat in Surabaya's markets. The method which used to count and estimate the number of E. coli bacteria found in chicken meat in this study was Most Probable Number (MPN). The results showed 20 samples (33.3%) from 60 samples gave negative results. This indicated that only 20 samples of chicken meat were safe for consumption because the MPN value is 1 × 101 CFU/g. The standard of SNI 3924: 2009 concerning the minimum requirement for the amount of E. coli contamination in chicken meat is 1×101 CFU/g so that the contamination of E. coli which found in chicken meat in Surabaya was high.
Jurnal Medik Veteriner, Volume 4, pp 72-77; https://doi.org/10.20473/jmv.vol4.iss1.2021.72-77
The aim of this research was to observe the influence of palm kernel meal and ß-Mannanase on laying hens. Laying hens up to 2500 birds were reared in opened-house cage fed with commercial feed substituted with palm kernel meal and ß-Mannanase. All hens were divided into five groups in an order P0 as control group, groups without enzyme which are P1 with 7% palm kernel meal and P2 with 14% palm kernel meal, groups with ß-Mannanase which are P3 7% palm kernel meal and P4 with 14% palm kernel meal. The observed variables are feed intake, feed cost, egg weight, egg mass, feed conversion ratio, hen day production, and mortality rate. The results indicated that threr are no significant difference from all variables. The percentage of palm kernel meal for 14% with ß-Mannanase cannot give any influence on laying hens productivity.
Jurnal Medik Veteriner, Volume 4, pp 98-103; https://doi.org/10.20473/jmv.vol4.iss1.2021.98-103
Newcatle disease (ND) is a disease in poultry that can cause considerable losses for farmers. Common symptoms seen at the beginning of infection are decreased appetite for chickens, lethargy, conjunctivitis, and decreased egg production. There is no effective treatment for ND disease. One of the efforts to prevent ND is to do vaccination and good biosecurity. This study aimed to determine ND antibody titer in layer chicken in Narmada district, West Lombok. The serum sample used was 87 divided according to the length of post vaccination 4 weeks, 8 weeks and 12 weeks post vaccination. The method used to determine the antibody profile was the Haemaglutination inhibition test. A total of 87 serum chickens were sampled, and the antibody titer was still protective 26-211. Measuring antibody titer can help farmer to make health programs even better, so that livestock more resistant to virus infection.
Jurnal Medik Veteriner, Volume 4, pp 165-169; https://doi.org/10.20473/jmv.vol4.iss1.2021.165-169
Community empowerment at the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Education Hospital (RSHP) Universitas Airlangga aimed to prevent Covid-19 among students, picket workers, employees, veterinarians, nurses, and the client who bring animals to RSHP. The program starts from observation to implementation in May-October 2020. Implementation of community empowerment program in collaboration with the KKN program in Surabaya. This program introduced the disinfection chamber model of an automatic sprayer that is safe for health and complies with the standard operating procedure (SOP) for the use of the disinfection chamber. The existence of a disinfection chamber at the entrance to the campus and RSHP has contributed a lot to prevent the spread of Covid-19. The post-test results showed an increase in public understanding of the existence of disinfection chamber as a way to reduce the spread of Covid-19 and implement health protocols and healthy lifestyles.
Jurnal Medik Veteriner, Volume 4, pp 78-83; https://doi.org/10.20473/jmv.vol4.iss1.2021.78-83
This study aimed to determine the effect of the addition of fermented moringa leaf powder on feed consumption, egg weight, Feed Conversion Ratio (FCR) of laying ducks. 60 laying ducks were randomized into four treatments i.e. (P0) 0% Moringa leaf powder fermentation, (P1) 0.5% Moringa leaf powder fermentation, (P2) 1% Moringa leaf powder fermentation, and (P3) 1.5% Moringa leaf fermentation. Treatment of concentration refered in 100% commercial feed for 3 weeks. The results showed that the adding of Moringa leaf powder fermentation to feed consumption in each treatment showed significantly different results (p <0.05) in each treatment, with the highest consumption at P2 (176.21 ± 0.92) and the lowest at P0 (158.21 ± 1.07). The results of the study on duck egg weight showed that P1, P2, P3 were significantly different with P0. The highest egg weight in P2 is (70.50 ± 0.34) and the lowest is P0 (66.98a ± 0.29). FCR of laying duck in each treatment showed significantly different results in each treatment, with the highest at P0 (3,81± 0,34) and the lowest at P2 (3,27 ± 0,09). In conclusion, the addition of 1% Moringa leaf powder in 100% of commercial feed can increase feed consumption, increase egg weight and decrease FCR.
Jurnal Medik Veteriner, Volume 4, pp 1-7; https://doi.org/10.20473/jmv.vol4.iss1.2021.1-7
This study aimed to examine the quality of broiler carcasses in the Banyuwangi traditional market with carcass quality examination based on SNI number 3924-2009 and tetracycline antibiotic residues test based on SNI number 7424:2008. A total of ten broiler chicken sellers as representative of almost all broiler chicken sellers in the Banyuwangi market, with each seller was taken for one carcass in this research. Carcass quality examination used a standart carcasses weight 1,0-1,3 kg. Carcass quality examination was carried out with descriptive analysis with reference to the physical characteristics of SNI (Standarisasi Nasional Indonesia). The bioassay method is used to test for tetracycline antibiotic residue. The result of the carcass quality examination showed that from the whole sample consisting of conformation, disjointed or broken bones and missing parts, discolorations, and cleanliness of broiler carcasses are good enough. The percentage quality of broiler carcasses quality I is 60%, quality II is 30% and quality III is 10%. The examination of antibiotic tetracycline residues in broiler meat showed negative results indicating that no feeds containing additional antibiotics made carcasses in the traditional Banyuwangi market safe for consumption.
Jurnal Medik Veteriner, Volume 4, pp 37-41; https://doi.org/10.20473/jmv.vol4.iss1.2021.37-41
The aim of this research was to investigate the effect of probiotics Bacillus subtilis on feed efficiency and egg mass of laying hens. This research was using 36 of 38 weeks-old laying hens Isa Brown strain. The concentration of probiotics B. subtilis was 1 x 109 CFU/ml, there were three kinds of treatments, P0 (without given probiotics B. subtilis), P1 (given 0.1 gram of probiotics B. subtilis per kg of feed), and P2 (given 0.2 gram of probiotic B. subtilis per kg of feed). The results of feed efficiency, the provision of probiotics can provide a significantly different values (p <0.05) between treatments either P0, P1, or P2. Provision probiotics P1 showed the highest value of feed efficiency (81.72 ± 5.28), while the lowest value at P0 was (64.06 ± 3.30). The results showed that there were significantly different in egg mass values (p <0.05) between treatments both P0, P1, and P2. Probiotic P2 shows the highest value (53.30 ± 2.13), while the lowest egg mass value of probiotics is as much as P1 (40.83 ± 4.73). Based on the results of this study it can be concluded that the B. subtilis probiotics both at a dose of 0.1 gram / kg of feed and a dose of 0.2 gram / kg of feed can affect the growth performance of laying hens.