SOCA: Jurnal Sosial, Ekonomi Pertanian

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 1411-7177 / 2615-6628
Published by: Universitas Udayana (10.24843)
Total articles ≅ 171
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Latest articles in this journal

Lili Dahliani, Mela Nurdialy, Rahayu Relawati, Muhamad Abduh
Published: 28 June 2022
Soca: Jurnal Sosial, Ekonomi Pertanian, Volume 16, pp 155-168; https://doi.org/10.24843/soca.2022.v16.i02.p03

Abstract:
This study aimed to investigate and analyze: the demographic characteristics, prosperity levels, and factors affecting the prosperity level among the plasma palm oil farmers during the new normal era. This study was conducted in a palm oil plantation area, Kembayan, Sanggau Regency, West Borneo from August to July 2020. Primary data were collected using a questionnaire that directly distributed to the partisipants. The level of prosperity was measured by the prosperous family indicators from the National Population Planning and Family Board and poverty line indicators from the National Statistical Institute. A descriptive quantitative, descriptive qualitative, and multinomial logit regression analysis applied to address the study’s objectives. Findings revealed that 51%, 23%, 17%, 8%, and 1% of the farmer’s family were classified into the prosperous family level III plus, prosperous family level III, prosperous family level II, prosperous family level I, and pre-prosperous family category, respectively. According to poverty line indicators, all farmer’s state of living were placed above the line of poverty. These findings signified that palm oil businesses in the state border area were providing sufficient amount of revenue for the farmers during the new normal era. The variabel of age, total plantation land area, and income were associated with the farmer’s family prosperity level.
Made Antara, Made Sri Sumarniasih
Published: 28 June 2022
Soca: Jurnal Sosial, Ekonomi Pertanian, Volume 16; https://doi.org/10.24843/soca.2022.v16.i02.p06

Abstract:
The Covid-19 pandemic that broke out in 2020, caused foreign tourist visits to Bali and Indonesia to decrease drastically. Sectors related to tourist arrivals such as various service sectors, agriculture and small and mediumsized industries experienced a decline in demand, followed by a decrease in added value for sectors related to tourism. The purpose of the study is to analyze the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on the economy of Bali and Indonesia. The research locations are in the Provinces of Bali and Indonesia, using secondary data source from BPS Bali and BPS RI. The data analysis method used descriptive statistics, comparison methods before and after the Covid19 pandemic, and qualitative descriptive. The results of the research was found that impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 causing the Balinese economy to contract as deep as -9.31% compared to Bali economic growth 2019. The impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on the Indonesian economy, decreased Indonesia's economic growth in 2020 only contracted -2.07% compared to 2019. The novelty of this research is that the Covid-19 pandemic has an impact on reducing Bali and Indonesia economic growth, but the decline of Bali economic growth is more severe than Indonesia economic growth.
Anik Yuesti, Carmen Castro Menes
Published: 28 June 2022
Soca: Jurnal Sosial, Ekonomi Pertanian, Volume 16, pp 169-176; https://doi.org/10.24843/soca.2022.v16.i02.p04

Abstract:
This study aims to analyze the role of BUMDesaa organizational culture and employees on improving the rural economy, especially for BUMDesaa organizations. In this study, the number of samples used was 102 respondents with the saturated sample method. Methods of collecting data are interviews and questionnaires using a Likert scale, as well as distributing questionnaires using Google Form. The data analysis technique was carried out using Path Analysis (Structural Equation Modeling-Partial Least Square (SEM PLS). The results showed that: Organizational culture positive, Performance, and Job satisfaction have a positive effect on the improvement of the rural economy. Organizational Culture has no effect on job satisfaction, but Performance has a positive effect on job satisfaction. Organizational culture and Performance have a positive effect on improving the rural economy through job satisfaction. Based on these results, it can be explained that organizational culture and performance can improve the rural economy of BUMDesa if employee job satisfaction increases. Increasing employee satisfaction determines the form of organizational culture and performance achievement
Suryadi Suryadi, Riani Riani, Jamilah Jamilah, Emmia Tambarta Kembaren
Published: 28 June 2022
Soca: Jurnal Sosial, Ekonomi Pertanian, Volume 16, pp 224-233; https://doi.org/10.24843/soca.2022.v16.i02.p09

Abstract:
Sawang District in North Aceh Regency, has a large forest area. During the sustained conflict in Aceh, most of forest areas were degraded and greatly affected the destruction of the forest ecosystem. The citronella plants on reforestation land have a high potential to be developed as intercropping plant because have a high economic value and could be cultivated during 5-7 years. The research is located in Riseh Tunong Village, Sawang District, North Aceh. This research was conducted from July to October 2022. The data was obtained using direct interviews with farmers who maintain forest reforestation with various annual plants and also cultivated citronella plants as intercropping plant. The population in this study were all farmers who cultivate citronella as intercropping plant in reforestation area. The respondents is amount 15 farmer. The financial feasibility analysis of citronella is showed that this comudity is very feasible to be cultivated on reforestation land in North Aceh Regency. The results of the financial feasibility analysis obtained that the NPV value is amount IDR. 43,179,262 which > 0, Net B/C value amount 2.54 which > 0, The acquisition IRR value is amount 57,44% which bigger than interest rates (10%). This research shows that the potential to develop citronella commodity is classified as very feasible. Communities can carry out forest and still get additional income from citronella commodities which have high economic value
Leandro Banan Alla, I Ketut Arnawa, I Made Dwi Adnyana, Ni Putu Sukanteri, I Dewa Nyoman Raka, I Made Suryana
Published: 28 June 2022
Soca: Jurnal Sosial, Ekonomi Pertanian, Volume 16, pp 177-186; https://doi.org/10.24843/soca.2022.v16.i02.p05

Abstract:
Farm activity has the potential to be developed as a tourist destination, the problem is why it has not developed optimally. This study aims to assess the perception of the Panagbunga Festival in Conner, Apayao. The study is descriptive method of research. There are 110 respondents in the study. Data was collected through a structured questionnaire. Results revealed that regarding tourism importance, the participants strongly agreed Panagbunga Festival promotes and showcases Conner municipality as the fruit basket of the north. Regarding cultural relevance, the participants who consider themselves fruit lovers strongly agreed that the Panagbunga Festival enhanced local pride in culture. Regarding socio-economic value, the participants strongly agreed that Panagbunga Festival improves the employment and standard of living of the farmers. As to the promotional measures to promote the festival, Television advertising ranks first. It is concluded that the Panagbunga Festival of Conner, Apayao provided the perceived promotion to the increase of fruit production within the municipality and to the realization of its vision to become the fruit basket of the north. So promotion through festivals is very important for developed as a tourist destination
Agus Setiadi, Siswanto Imam Santoso, Zenaida Sumalde
Published: 28 June 2022
Soca: Jurnal Sosial, Ekonomi Pertanian, Volume 16, pp 144-154; https://doi.org/10.24843/soca.2022.v16.i02.p02

Abstract:
The research aims to determine the degree of chicken egg market integration, determine the price asymmetric and determine the financial feasibility of chicken egg business in Central Java, Indonesia. Secondary data from January 2017- December 2019 was used for research. Survey research was conducted on 100 (one hundred) laying hens farmers. The research study was conducted in Semarang city, Kendal regency and Semarang regency. Johansen test, Pearson correlation and Granger Causality test were used in this study. Financial feasibility analyses such as investment, payback period (PP), net present value (NPV), Internal Rate of Return (IRR), Return on Investment (ROI), and Benefit-cost (B/C) ratio are used in this study. The result showed there was a positive correlation between the Price in Kendal Regency and Semarang City. Increasing prices in Semarang City caused the increasing Price in Kendal regency vice versa. There was a marketing integration between Semarang city and Kendal regency, and Granger Causality showed Price in Semarang city influenced the Price in Kendal regency and Semarang regency. The price of chicken eggs in Semarang city, Kendal regency, and Semarang city were symmetric. Based on the calculation of PP, NPV, IRR, ROI and B/C ratio, laying hens business in Central Java is feasible to run.
Eko Hariyanto, Ahmad Tarmizi Abd Karim, Rajendra Prasad Shrestha, Yuli Purbaningsih, Fahrudi Ahwan Ikhsan, Andri Estining Sejati
Published: 28 June 2022
Soca: Jurnal Sosial, Ekonomi Pertanian, Volume 16, pp 130-143; https://doi.org/10.24843/soca.2022.v16.i02.p01

Abstract:
Farming development in the agricultural sector in Kolaka District has challenges in markets, supply, and production. This study aimed to analyze seasonal cropland phenomena' scaling and distribution principles, focusing on vegetable and fruit crops. This type of research is descriptive and quantitative. The research location is in Kolaka District, Southeast Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. The data collection technique used data from Kolaka District in Figures 2020 and the Kolaka Regional Medium-Term Development document. The data analysis technique uses a scaling method presented in the form of an interval table. Then the data is viewed from the point of view of the principle of economic geography distribution. The results of this study, firstly, the potential harvest area spread in each sub-district is chili with ??158 hectares, then long beans, spinach, and kale. Second, seasonal fruit and vegetable production distribution in each sub-district is 2,048 quintals of chili, followed by eggplant, kale, long beans, and spinach. Meanwhile, data on scaling in harvested areas is very lacking, production potential is very less, and production levels are less. The recommendations for the potential development location of fruit and vegetable agriculture is Iwoimendaa Sub-district.
Putu Yudy Wijaya, I Made Endra Kartika Yudha, Ni Nyoman Reni Suasih
Published: 28 June 2022
Soca: Jurnal Sosial, Ekonomi Pertanian, Volume 16, pp 213-223; https://doi.org/10.24843/soca.2022.v16.i02.p08

Abstract:
Sustainable tourism will be carried out well if the community participates. However, agro-tourism in Catur Village has not been able to develop and make a positive contribution to the community. The objectives of this study are to find out the problems faced in the framework and the role factors of agro-tourism development in Catur Village, Kintamani District, Bangli. This study used prospective analysis. The type of data used in this study is primary data obtained from informants, namely: agro-tourism businesses, farmers, government, community groups, tourism operators, through focus group discussions (FGD) and interviews. The key element matrix analysis was performed with MICMAC (Matrix of Cross Impact Analysis) analysis. The results showed that Catur Village have the potential for agro-tourism development, but there are still some problems, such as lack of community knowledge and skills related to agro-tourism, inadequate marketing techniques, lack of vision and strategy, and lack of optimal institutions. The factors that influence the development of agro-tourism are environment and culture, integration relations, facilities and infrastructure, institutions, and social society
Bambang Purwiyono, Budi Prihatminingtyas, Agnes Quartina Pudjiastuti
Published: 28 June 2022
Soca: Jurnal Sosial, Ekonomi Pertanian, Volume 16, pp 201-212; https://doi.org/10.24843/soca.2022.v16.i02.p07

Abstract:
Efforts to fulfill salt self-sufficiency target and improve quality of smallholder's salt must be able to increase farmers’ income. Many policies have been implemented to achieve it, including empowering them through table salt technology. The study aims to analyze: 1) implementation of PUGAR, 2) impact of PUGAR on the farmers’ welfare, and 3) factors that influence farmers’ production in Pasuruan Regency. Primary data were collected from 40 farmers who were selected by simple random sampling. Data were analyzed using simple and multiple linear regression. The results showed that implementation of PUGAR was accepted by all salt processing communities and well implemented. There are four things that are very important for farmers: extension policy of PUGAR, the program is carried out on target, appropriate to regulations, and compatible to existing resources. PUGAR was perceived by farmers as being able to improve their welfare. The better farmers' perception, the more prosperous they will be. Factor that had a significant effect on salt production is only number of table salts. Age, education, number of family members, experience, amount of fuel, number of workers, length of salt production process, and price of salt had no effect on salt production. Limitation of the study is that welfare of salt farmers was just not measured, because it uses their perceptions with a Likert scale. Other researchers can measure welfare of farmers using equivalent variation (EV) and complementary variation (CV) in order to know quantitative changes in welfare.
Made Antara
Published: 28 January 2022
Soca: Jurnal Sosial, Ekonomi Pertanian, Volume 16, pp 74-84; https://doi.org/10.24843/soca.2022.v16.i01.p07

Abstract:
Economic development is an effort to improve people's welfare, but must be accompanied by growth and distribution of income. The objective of this research are (1) to analyze the level of inequality in economic development between districts/city in Bali Province with and without Badung Regency, (2) di draw the trend lines of economic development between districts/cities in Bali. Source of data is Bali Province Central Statistics Agency. Methof of data analysis uses the Williamson Index. The results of the research showed that (1) The inequality of economic development between districts/city in Bali in 2000-2016 was low but close to moderate, indicated by the Williamson Index average of 0.35. Inequality of economic development between districts/city in Bali for the period 2000-2004 is classified as moderate, indicated by the Williamson Index of 0.38. Badung district has a contribution to increase inequality in economic development between districts/city in Bali as indicated by an increase in the average Williamson Index between districts/city in Bali (without Badung District) of 0.18 (low), while The Williamson index between districts/city in Bali Province (with Badung District) is 0.35 (low to medium).(2) The trendline of inequality in economic development between districts/cities in Bal Province tends to decrease.
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