International Journal of Communication and Society

Journal Information
EISSN : 2684-9267
Published by: ASCEE Publications (10.31763)
Total articles ≅ 26
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Akpor Ewomazino
International Journal of Communication and Society, Volume 3, pp 1-11; https://doi.org/10.31763/ijcs.v3i1.184

Abstract:
This study examines the challenges of private broadcasting in Nigeria with particular reference to African Independent Television (AIT), Yenagoa, as the case study. The wake of private broadcasting in Nigeria came with decree 38 of 1992 under the General Ibrahim Babangida Administration. This overtime leads to the dissolution of the monopoly of the publicly-owned media organizations in Nigeria, which held a monopoly and were on a steady increase in terms of their numbers as each state was created and the governor open a medium for their country. However, this study focused on the challenges the private broadcast media faced in operations and how they strive to keep afloat. The functionalist theory, pluralist, and Marxist theories created a fundamental basis for the research work. Using the survey method and questionnaire instrument, the researcher gathered responses from 60 respondents at AIT, Yenagoa, who occupied different organization positions. Thus, the researcher analyzed the data and came up with the findings that even to date, funding, access to equipment, power supply, government regulations, and the need to fully attain digitalization were some of the challenges confronting the African Independent Television (AIT), Yenagoa and by implication the private broadcast media. Therefore, the government, its agencies, CBN, and other stakeholders have been advised to help create a soft landing for private media. They have contributed a lot to improving programs' quality, faster access to new, objective, balanced reporting, and the likes.
Blessed Frederick Ngonso, Obinna Johnkennedy Chukwu
International Journal of Communication and Society, Volume 3, pp 12-19; https://doi.org/10.31763/ijcs.v3i1.185

Abstract:
This study adopts FGDs as a research method. The discussion process was conducted in four different quarters that make up the community with 25 participants. Four research questions were formulated to guide the course of investigation. The findings of the study showed that a large portion of the community members are exposed to media messages on COVID-19 through the television. The findings also showed that, the community people particularly the educated ones watch TV on cable (GOTV and Startimes) and these are the people who shared information with family members, interpret it and take positive actions. While those who cannot read or write watch local NTA Auchi. These group of persons are few and mainly among the illiterate who source for news in local language. A smaller proportion of the sample also affirmed that they do not watch TV or listen to radio for COVID-19 information due to hunger. This group maintained that they only watch Zee World channel. The findings also showed that no group talked about radio with emphasis. It is therefore, agreed that the rural community people in Iyamho do not depend on radio for information including COVID-19 information. In conclusion, the researchers agreed that rural dwellers of Iyamho are exposed to COVID-19 information on TV and the information has shaped their behavior by their interpretation of the messages received. The researchers also conclude that, radio is no longer fashionable in the rural community. It is therefore, recommended that subsequent studies on rural dwellers media message consumption should painstakingly interrogate the influence of social media. Again, in the future, if there is need for health awareness campaign, the government and health agencies should consider the use of traditional media to pass the information across to rural dwellers since illiterate folks still exit in the rural communities. TV information on health matters should be translated in rural languages on TV stations that are on GOTV and Startimes cables. 
, Tao Wang, Pandu Pribadi, Mochammad Ali Mauludin, Faqih Ma'arif,
International Journal of Communication and Society, Volume 3, pp 39-51; https://doi.org/10.31763/ijcs.v3i1.192

Abstract:
A global pandemic Covid-19 led countries to take aggressive action regarding social management and crisis governance management system. The case of a pandemic discovered in Wuhan provides a lesson for the government worldwide to adopt. However, the government system in every country has its characteristics. This study aims to release the potential policy recommendation in Indonesia when Indonesia's regional autonomy system faces a challenge in the pandemic situation, such as the increase of competition between regions. Even more, the public service system becomes concerned with the ego regionality. The strengthening country's capacity system is vital in the regional autonomy system as well as the collaboration between central and local government in terms of containment of the spread of the pandemic. Used a political ecology approach and a descriptive- review method, this study was conducted by discussing how the government responds in the regional autonomy system at the beginning of the pandemic situation. The review results show that the local government's response relies on their capacities, such as budget, human resources, and leadership. However, challenges arise when central and local governments' action is not in line in terms of the regional autonomy system. The public and political communication among central and local governments should be rearranged with an integration under proper management, particularly in the first month of the pandemic situation.
Ahyan Putra, Aiur Ochirov
International Journal of Communication and Society, Volume 2, pp 58-69; https://doi.org/10.31763/ijcs.v2i1.82

Abstract:
This study aims to know the effect of watching the Indonesia Lawyers Club political episode program against the image of Islamic-based political parties among the Muhammadiyah Students Association of UIN Sunan Kalijaga ahead of the 2019 Presidential Election. Theories used are Cultivation Theory, television watch intensity, political parties' image, and Islamic based political parties. Validity test uses criteria validity calculated using the Pearson Product Moment formula, while the reliability test uses the Alpha Cronbach formula with the help of SPSS version 15. The type of analysis of this research is quantitative descriptive research with survey methods and data analysis using inferential parametric statistical methods, namely, the Pearson Product analyses Moment with the help of SPSS version 15. Meanwhile, to find out the magnitude of the effect of watching television using the formula Coefficient of Determination. Data collection techniques using questionnaires, interviews, literature studies, and documentation with sampling techniques using random sampling, as many as 62 respondents. From the data processing, it was found that there was an influence between watching the Indonesian Lawyers Club program on political episodes on the image of Islamic-based political parties among the Muhamadiyah Students Association UIN Sunan Kalijaga before the 2019 presidential election. Other variables also influence the formation of the image of political parties. This study uses DK = 60 (N-2 or 62-2) and the level of probability or significance level of 0.05 (5%), then the table is 0.250, and from the calculation, the recount is 0.550. Thus, since counted> tables, Ho is rejected, and Ha is accepted.
Misbah Islam, Natalie Samynadin
International Journal of Communication and Society, Volume 2, pp 102-109; https://doi.org/10.31763/ijcs.v2i2.155

Abstract:
This paper aims to describe how the development of the art of selfie photography in the world. This research is library research; the author seeks various reading materials that support the acquisition of data. The reading article is a book and research results published in libraries and online. This study shows that in history, selfies do not only talk about narcissism but have a strong cultural philosophy.
Vidya Kusumawardani, Danang Trijayanto
International Journal of Communication and Society, Volume 2, pp 70-78; https://doi.org/10.31763/ijcs.v2i2.109

Abstract:
The paper aims to examine one of the transgender celebrities based on their YouTube videos. The method of this research was using content analysis. This method examines the video theme, transgender-specific issues, physical changing of Indonesia transgender celebrities Stasya Bwarlele’s YouTube channel during 2018-2020 with a total of 78 YouTube videos. These current studies identify that from all of 78 YouTube videos of Stasya Bwarlele’s, video themes of no trans or beauty/make-up/shopping such as daily vlog are mentioned 34 times (44%). Meanwhile, based on trans specific issues, dating themes are mentioned 19 times (28%), such as in relationship vlog. This frequency has the same value as terminology variables, which is 19 times (28%). Meanwhile, to express her gender identity as transgender, she could be seen in physical transition mentions such as surgery, which is mentioned ten times (50%). According to those variables, Stasya Bwarlele has shown that her videos indicate that she has the same videos as other YouTubers who mostly discussed daily vlog and dating. Based on the data, it has indicated that YouTube is being used by Stasya to express her daily activity (no trans or beauty/make up/shopping) as trans people, the same as a cisgender people do for traveling, cooking, shooting and modeling.
Bata Gouda Mohamed Hawali, Dietrich Cyrielle
International Journal of Communication and Society, Volume 2, pp 94-101; https://doi.org/10.31763/ijcs.v2i2.153

Abstract:
This paper aims to describe how humans communicate with each other is always influenced or in a complex cultural context. Humans learn to think, feel, believe, and work on what is culturally appropriate. Language, friendship, eating habits, communication practices, social actions, economic and political activities, and technology are based on cultural patterns. This paper is the result of library research, where the author conducts academic studies of various relevant reading material. The conclusion in this paper is What people do, how they act, how they live and communicate, are responses to and functions of their culture.
Fajar Dwi Putra, Sebastian Smolek
International Journal of Communication and Society, Volume 2, pp 86-93; https://doi.org/10.31763/ijcs.v2i2.134

Abstract:
This study aims to provide an overview of language and conflict resolution to achieve communication harmony. Certain types of description was used to obtain the data more apparently because of related to phenomena and analysis of cases in the community. The conclusions of this study are communication harmony consists of language and communication. Communication becomes very important in giving a touch of the peace symbol. Communities must join together, deliberately creating collective space, starting with oneself, family, and the lowest social level. Although the harmony of communication has not yet materialized, we need to give the maximum extra gratitude for the language of peace from ourselves to the highest level.
Uspal Jandevi, Mahwash Zareen
International Journal of Communication and Society, Volume 2, pp 79-85; https://doi.org/10.31763/ijcs.v2i2.96

Abstract:
This paper aims to find out how the process and the steps taken by Indonesian students studying in China to overcome culture shock during their study in China. This research seeks to provide answers to cultural shock events that arise from a process of cross-cultural communication. The data were obtained by conducting an in-depth interview process and then processed optimally using the Speech Codes Theory (SCT) initiated by Gerry Philipsen. This study shows that Indonesian students tend to cope with cultural shock events from cross-cultural communication processes when mingling with other community members.
Choirul Fajri
International Journal of Communication and Society, Volume 2, pp 41-46; https://doi.org/10.31763/ijcs.v2i1.77

Abstract:
This study aims to analyze how the role of teachers in increasing their interest in learning, especially in relation to empathy communication patterns that are run. The research method used in this research is descriptive qualitative, with data collection techniques through in-depth interviews, observation, and literacy studies. The Indonesian government has guaranteed equal rights to the fulfillment of education for all Indonesian citizens including children with special needs. Based on data from the Central Statistics Agency, until 2017 the number of children with special needs in Indonesia reaches 1.6 million. From this data, it is seen the need for maximum efforts to achieve the goals of inclusive education and the fulfillment of the right to education for children with special needs in Indonesia. In fact, on the ground it appears that the practice of inclusive education for several years is inseparable from various obstacles and problems. The results of this study indicate that empathy communication is effective in increasing the learning interest of students with special needs. The teachers use various strategies in the learning process to increase their interest in learning.
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