Journal of Public Health Research and Community Health Development

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 25800140 / 25977571
Current Publisher: universitas airlangga (10.20473)
Total articles ≅ 8
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Annisa Nanda Asri, Rafiah Maharani Pulungan, Azizah Musliha Fitri
Journal of Public Health Research and Community Health Development, Volume 3, pp 44-55; doi:10.20473/jphrecode.v3i1.14628

Abstract:Sick building syndrome (SBS) merupakan kumpulan keluhan yang dirasakan oleh pegawai yang bekerja di dalam ruangan dengan kualitas udara yang kurang baik. Pegawai BPJS Kesehatan Kota Depok bekerja dalam ruangan yang tertutup dengan pencahayaan dan iklim kerja yang kurang baik sehingga berpotensi mengalami gejala seperti kelelahan, sakit kepala, dan nyeri punggung. Tujuan penelitian ini menganalisis hubungan lingkungan kerja dengan gejala Sick Building Syndrome pada pegawai BPJS Kesehatan Kota Depok tahun 2019. Penelitian menggunakan metode kuantitatif dengan desain studi cross sectional. Sampel dalam penelitian ini berjumlah 70 orang pegawai BPJS Kesehatan Kota Depok. Variabel lingkungan fisik diperoleh berdasarkan hasil pengukuran lingkungan, sedangkan variabel lingkungan non fisik dan karakteristik individu menggunakan kuesioner. Analisis data menggunakan uji Chi Square dan uji Fisher’s Exact. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat hubungan antara pencahayaan (p=0,001), umur (p=0,006), kondisi psikososial (0,025), kebiasaan merokok (p=0,025), dan riwayat penyakit (p=0,038) dengan gejala SBS. Variabel yang tidak berhubungan dengan gejala SBS adalah iklim kerja (p=0,191), hubungan kerja pegawai dan atasan (p=0,447), hubungan kerja antar pegawai (p=1,000), jenis kelamin (p=0,506), dan masa kerja (p=1,000). Gejala SBS yang paling banyak adalah kantuk. Berdasarkan hasil tersebut, disarankan BPJS Kesehatan Kota Depok memperbaiki pencahayaan, melakukan peregangan di sela jam kerja, dan melakukan medical check up untuk meningkatkan kenyamanan pegawai dalam bekerja.
Novia Dewi Putri Ayuningtyas
Journal of Public Health Research and Community Health Development, Volume 3, pp 28-36; doi:10.20473/jphrecode.v3i1.12771

Abstract:The importance of a health service in calculating the maximum supply is to ensure efficiency and effectiveness. To achieve efficiency and effectiveness it is important to pay attention to the combination of Human Resources and other resources (Technology / Machinery). This study aims to determine the maximum capacity of services that can be provided in Medical Rehabilitation Poly, General Surgical Poly and Children Poly at Jemursari Islamic Hospital Surabaya. This research is a type of descriptive observational research. The subjects in this study were Medical Rehabilitation Poly, General Surgery Poly and Children’s Poly at Jemursari Surabaya Hospital and the object in this study was the maximum supply in providing services in each poly. There are two data used, primary data and secondary data. Secondary data obtained from secondary data of each poly in RSI Jemursari Surabaya and primary data obtained from interviews through indepth interviews to nurses in Medical Rehabilitation Poly, General Surgery Poly and Children’s Poly. The maximum supply calculation results in Medical Rehabilitation Poly amounted to 185 patients each day, when compared with the history of poly visit rates of 81%. The results of the maximum supply calculation in General Surgical Poliywere 40 patients each day, when compared with the history of poly visit rates of 112%. The results of the maximum supply calculation in the Children’s Poly were 40 (Room A) dan 80 (Room B) patients each day, when compared to the history of poly visit rates of 125% (Room A) and 62,5% (Room B).Keywords : Hospital, Maximum Supply, Health Service
Fajar Khaula Rizkya Akbar
Journal of Public Health Research and Community Health Development, Volume 3, pp 01-07; doi:10.20473/jphrecode.v3i1.13067

Abstract:Banyaknya peluang yang ada di sektor pertanian tentu saja akan ada banyak tenaga kerja yang dibutuhkan, semakin banyak pekerja dan semakin kompleks metode atau teknologi yang digunakan akan meningkatkan resik terjadinya penyakit akibat kerja atau kecelakaan akibat kerja yang disebabkan pengetahuan yang kurang tentang penggunaan alat, unsafe action dan unsafe condition. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah menganilisis risiko K3 di petani jeruk desa Sidorejo kecamatan Purwoharjo kabupaten Banyuwangi. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian deskriptif yang menggunakan metode kualitatif dengan pendekatan observasional mengacu pada standar AS/NZS 4360:2004 untuk analisis risiko pada pekerjaan petani jeruk di desa Sidorejo kabupaten Banyuwangi. Instrumen penelitian untuk menilai jenis risiko pekerjaannya menggunakan standar AS/NZS 4360:2004, kemudian untuk mengidentifikasi bahaya pada setiap tahapan pekerjaan menggunakan metode JSA dan guna mengumpulkan informasi dari pekerja menggunakan metode in-depth interview.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa risiko K3 yang terdapat pada pekerjaan petani jeruk khususnya pada tahap pemberantasan hama adalah risiko menghirup kabut pestisida (risk rating 6), mata terpapar kabut pestisida (risk rating 6), kulit terpapar kabut pestisida (risk rating 6), terpeleset (risk rating 1) dan terlalu lama membawa beban tangki di pundak (risk rating 5). Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah risiko K3 paling tinggi yang dialami oleh petani terdapat pada proses pemberantasan hama, khususnya pada saat menyemprotkan pestisida. Paparan pestisida dapat melalui mata, pernafasan, dan kulit.
T M Rafsanjani, Yasir Yasir, Masyudi Masyudi
Journal of Public Health Research and Community Health Development, Volume 3, pp 63-70; doi:10.20473/jphrecode.v3i1.14861

Abstract:Berdasarkan Profil Dinas Kesehatan Aceh Besar Angka kematian ibu tahun 2014 sebanyak 29 orang dengan kasus preeklampsia sebanyak (20,8%), perdarahan sebanyak (20,8%), infeksi/sepsis sebanyak (34,5%), dan penyebab lain sebanyak (24,1%). Dan Berdasarkan survei awal yang dilakukan peneliti di Puskesmas Krueng Barona Jaya Kecamatan Krueng Barona Jaya Kabupaten Aceh Besar, diketahui bahwa pada bulan Januari sampai Mei 2017 didapatkan data jumlah kunjungan ibu hamil sebanyak 367 ibu dan diantaranya memiliki tekanan darah tinggi sebanyak 122 ibu hamil. Hal ini penyebab langsung kematian ibu pada saat persalinan. Penelitian ini bersifat Survei Analitik dengan desain cross sectional, Sampel pada penelitian ini sebanyak 96 responden, dengan analisis data yang digunakan adalah univariat dan bivariat. Tempat penelitian ini dilakukan di Puskesmas Krueng Barona Jaya Kecamatan Krueng Barona Jaya Kabupaten Aceh Besar Tahun 2017. Dari hasil uji statistik chi-square dapat disimpulkan bahwa ada hubungan antara umur dengan hipertensi pada wanita hamil (P-value 0,004 < 0,05) dengan OR 3.722, ada hubungan pengetahuan dengan hipertensi pada wanita hamil (P-value 0,002 < 0,05) dengan OR 4.142 dan terdapat hubungan antara pola makan dengan hipertensi pada wanita hamil (P-value 0,007 < 0,05) dengan OR 3.429 di Puskesmas Krueng Barona Jaya Kecamatan Krueng Barona Jaya Kabupaten Aceh Besar Tahun 2017. Diharapkan kepada Puskesmas dan petugas kesehatan dapat meningkatkan pelayanan dan penyuluhan tentang pentingnya pemeriksaan tekanan dalam masa kehamilan.
Globila Nurika, Beni Hari Susanto
Journal of Public Health Research and Community Health Development, Volume 3, pp 56-62; doi:10.20473/jphrecode.v3i1.14281

Abstract:Dermatitis Kontak Iritan (DKI) adalah peradangan pada kulit atau respons non-spesifik kulit terhadap berbagai kerusakan kimia dengan melepaskan mediator inflamasi terutama dari sel-sel epidermis. Zat iritan seperti deterjen, berbagai pelarut, asam, basa, cairan bercampur logam, kosmetik, minyak oles bahkan substansi topikal dapat bekerja bersama untuk merusak kulit dengan cara memindahkan minyak, pelembab dari lapisan terluar, membiarkan iritan masuk lebih dalam dan menyebabkan kerusakan lebih lanjut dengan cara memicu proses inflamasi.Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk menganalisis pengaruh faktor internal terhadap kejadian dermatitis kontak iritan pada petani garam Desa Karanganyar Kabupaten Sumenep. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain studi deskriptif analitik dengan pendekatan cross sectional dan prosedur pengambilan sampel menggunakan simple random sampling sehingga didapatkan sampel sebanyak 61 responden. Instrumen yang digunakan pada penelitian ini adalah kuisioner serta lembar observasi. Teknik analisa data dalam penelitian ini menggunakan analisa data regresi berganda secara univariat dan bivariat (uji simultan F dan parsial T) dengan tingkat kepercayaan atau nilai 95% atau (0,05). Berdasarkan hasil analisa uji statistik, didapatkan bahwa ada pengaruh antara variabel bebas dengan variabel terikat yaitu, nilai F=58,939 dengan tingkat signifikan uji tabel F SPSS <(ɑ=2,37). Nilai parsial T faktor usia (20,145), personal hygiene (13,381), alat pelindung diri (10,448), durasi kerja (8,784) dan masa kerja (2,576) dengan taraf signifikan uji tabel T SPSS<(ɑ=1,999). Kesimpulan dalam penelitian ini adalah faktor internal serempak berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap kejadian dermatitis kontak iritan pada petani garam Desa Karanganyar Kabupaten Sumenep.Kata kunci: Dermatitis, iritan, NaCl
Intan Puspita Sari
Journal of Public Health Research and Community Health Development, Volume 3, pp 19-27; doi:10.20473/jphrecode.v3i1.12151

Abstract:ASI is an ideal source of nutrients with a balanced composition and in accordance with the growth needs of infants. The exclusive breastfeeding in Indonesia has exceeded the target. However, there are still problems such as habits and beliefs in giving exclusive breastfeeding. This study aimed to describe the perceptions of the community towards exclusive breastfeeding in Telemung Village, Kalipuro District, Banyuwangi Regency. The study was conducted on July 2 to August 9, 2018. This study was a descriptive research using cross-sectional design. The sample selected by accidental sampling technique. The sample of this study is 80. This study reported that 88.3% respondents were female ages > 20 years old (98.8%) and ≤ 20 years old (1.3%). The majority of respondents were low educated (76.4%). The results of this study showed that 71.25% of respondents had sufficient perceptions of exclusive breastfeeding. The Study showed 58.8% of respondents agree that honey is useful for breastfeeding initiation, 37.5% of respondents agree that giving colostrum is not good for babies, 43.8% of respondents agree that formula milk can replace breast milk, and 52.5% respondents agree that breastfeeding can make a baby fat. Therefore, Puskesmas as a health care facility should improve efforts to provide information about exclusive breastfeeding through the government program PIS-PK (Indonesian Health Program With Family Approaches). Key words: Exclusive breastfeeding, nutrients, perception
Sitti Rochmayati
Journal of Public Health Research and Community Health Development, Volume 3, pp 08-18; doi:10.20473/jphrecode.v3i1.12444

Abstract:Sebesar 70% penyakit infeksius di dunia merupakan penyakit zoonosis. Penyakit infeksi emerging memerlukan kebijakan yang menyeluruh dan penilaian risiko yang melibatkan semua sektor, khususnya sektor kesehatan hewan dan kesehatan manusia, agar risiko terjadi penularan pada manusia dapat dicegah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis gambaran pelaksanaan program Joint Risk Assessment (JRA) pada kasus flu burung di Kota Bali.Desain penelitian merupakan jenis penelitian deskriptif kualitatif. Berdasarkan pada analisis maka dapat disimpulkan bahwa operasional JRA menyediakan prinsip-prinsip penilaian risiko bersama untuk menilai satu peristiwa kesehatan dan perannya dalam pembuatan kebijakan dan memberikan panduan proses penilaian risiko kualitatif.
Siti Aminah, Wahyu Purwaningsih
Journal of Public Health Research and Community Health Development, Volume 3, pp 37-43; doi:10.20473/jphrecode.v3i1.12188

Abstract:Breastfeeding babies in Indonesia has become a culture, but the practice of breastfeeding is still far from the expected. Sukorame Puskesmas working area of Kediri in February 2017 of 55 amounted to 32 people (17.6%) non-current breast milk so it is still a high incidence of lack of launch ation. The purpose of this study is to distinguish the effectiveness of the palm fruit with leaves on the smooth katuk of breast milk in nursing mothers 0-40 days in the village posyandu corner of the working area of Puskesmas Sukorame 2017. This research uses experimental Pre. With the method of One Group Pre Test Post Test Design. The sample in this study were 32 people taken by using purposive sampling technique. Data obtained by using primary data. Analysis of data using Wilcoxon test and Man Whitney test. The results of the study before the given date and leaves katuk alike are in the category of non-current that is as much (100%) ie 16 people. After taking Dates half (50%) experienced ASI smoothly or as much as 8 respondents. While that consume leaves katuk (93.8) experienced ASI smoothly or as many as 15 respondents. This indicates a significant effect before and after administration of dates on milk production shows the results of p-value of 0.007 or p <α (0.05) before and after consuming while katuk leaves showed the p-value of 0.000 against the smooth ASI in nursing mothers 0-40 days in the village posyandu corner of the working area of puskesmas Sukorame 2017. Based on the research results, it is expected to consume leaves katuk apart easily in the can and contains a lot of benefits and can help expedite spending on ibupost partum breastfeeding.Keywords: palm fruit, leaves and smoothness ASI katuk
Frinsus Feriga Diosma, Abdul Rohim Tualeka
Journal of Public Health Research and Community Health Development, Volume 2, pp 83-92; doi:10.20473/jphrecode.v2i2.12516

Abstract:Labor is the most dominant factor in production activities. In order to increase productivity, health factor becomes very important. In an effort to create optimal occupational health for labor various efforts have applied by many parties, one of them is work fatigue prevention. In order to the most effective and efficient effort, so factors that causes work fatigue must be identified. The purpose of this study is to find relations between ages, sex, married status, tenure and motivation level with subjective work complaints in labor at UD Sumber Barokah Sidorjo. The type of this research was an observational study with cross sectional design. The population of this study was 100 workers and 80 respondents taken as sample. The sample was taken by simple random sampling technique. The data was collected by questionnaire and analyzed by Fisher’s Exact test. The result showed 62,5% respondents has ≥ 30 years old, 70% sex women , 85% respondents have been married, 57,5% respondents has tenure
Dedi Irwan
Journal of Public Health Research and Community Health Development, Volume 2, pp 105-115; doi:10.20473/jphrecode.v2i2.12515

Abstract:The workers at the processing and steaming crackers have a risk of heat exposure, it can lead complaints when it is not balanced with adequate drinking water. The objective of the study were to analyze the correlation between water consumption with subjective complaints due to heat exposure among workers at the processing and steaming crackers of UD.Sumber Barokah Sidoarjo.This was an observational study with cross sectional approach. The population of this study by number of 27 workers at the processing and steaming crackers. Variables examined are respondent characteristics, work climate, water consumption, activity / physical and subjective complaint of respondents. Data were analyzed descriptively and presented in the form of cross tabulation.The results showed that 44.44% of respondents from 21-34 years old and all respondents are male. Highest educational level was high school. All respondents has work experience between 1-4 years. WBGT value in processing and steaming section is 31,40 C. Most respondents drink more than 8 times with water consumption between 3.2 to 4.8 liters. Fatigue is the most frequent type of complaint and 33.3% of respondents experienced a severe complaint rate.Based on the result of the study above, respondents who consumed water less than 3.2 liters have the possibility to experienced heavier fatigue compared to respondents who consumed water 3.2 liters to 4.8 liters per day. The workers are advised to consume drinking water of 1 cup (200-300 cc) every 30 minutes.