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ISSN / EISSN : 19781695 / 26204037
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Tono Suwartono, Nina Fivi Oktavia
LEKSIKA, Volume 13; doi:10.30595/lks.v13i1.4103

Abstract:Teaching is to create environment for students to learn. However, there are times when students become reluctant to learn. One reason is the given learning tasks are irrational. A good example in the ELT context is a common reading comprehension class in which the teacher gets the students to produce oral or written answers to a series of ‘wh’ questions that follow a reading passage. It is too demanding. This paper aims to propose EFL learning tasks that adopt (or adapt) option-based techniques in an attempt to facilitate students’ learning. The paper begins with the rationale behind the adoption of each technique. Then, it discusses things to consider when preparing the tasks. A selected sample of such techniques for ELT will be presented in the last part of the paper.Keywords : Option-base tasks, ELT, techniques
Lilik Istiqomah, Aulia Ilma Muyasaroh, Ika Lutfiana Muliawati
LEKSIKA, Volume 13; doi:10.30595/lks.v13i1.3917

Abstract:This study sets out to describe the translation strategy and the impacts of the strategy to the accuracy and acceptability of slang words translation in “The Kissing Booth” movie subtitle. The research data were collected from “The Kissing Booth” movie file along with the subtitles, both in English and Indonesian. The data were all slang words found in “The Kissing Booth” movie dialogue and subtitle. This study employed descriptive qualitative method to analyze the slang words from the dialogue in the movie. The result of the research shows that the slang words found in the movie are divided into 8 (eight) categories which are: Euphemism with 4 (four) data, Dysphemism with 11 (eleven) data, Typical in Spoken Language with 8 (eight) data, Typical in Informal Situation with 11 (eleven) data, Metaphorical Utterance with 5 (five) data, Proverb with 2 (two) data, Untranslatability with 4 (four) data, and Neutral Syntactic Level with 5 (five) data.
Ajar Pradika Ananta Tur
LEKSIKA, Volume 13; doi:10.30595/lks.v13i1.3858

Abstract:Social media have grown up as something hallucinogenic. They offer millions of pleasures by having people’s fingertips to control through smart phones. People may interact to each other for various motivations and purposes without knowing who they are talking to in fact although they know the name of the interlocutor shown in the social media account. This leads to cybercrime because people often miss to validate it. This research would like to investigate why people close their eyes to verify the person they are talking to in the social media and how the interlocutors enable to ensure that they are the same person as in the speakers thought. By having descriptive qualitative method with interview as the major for collecting data, the research results some signposts. Addressing, tone, and spelling and punctuation are linguistics features that the doer of cybercrime must have as a key to crack the security without any violence. The doer copies how the way people having the account of social media to ensure the interlocutor through a private chat.
Sulasih Nurhayati
LEKSIKA, Volume 13; doi:10.30595/lks.v13i1.4073

Abstract:This paper aims to study about the query of femaleness in Indonesian folktales from the feminism approach. It is taken into account due to women’s subordination that allegedly implies the negation of femaleness. In particular, the perpetual story of Malin Kundang represents that owing to her weakness, a woman is a subordinate creature. It happens when Malin Kundang denies the appearance of her mother after a series of successes he makes. Another popular story, Sangkuriang, even depicts that due to her beauty, a woman is an object of sex. It is seen when Sangkuriang proposes Dayang Sumbi to be his wife because of his inability of recognising her as his mother after some year banishment. The subordination eventually drives the two women to struggle against it in order to defend their dignity. The mother of Malin Kundang spells him to be a stone and Dayang Sumbi overtly refuses Sangkuriang’s proposal. Their struggles are of course valued of the morality for wider public, too. Despite this, the tales remain a query of women’s existence, particularly that of femaleness. The truth that a woman is biologically and socially the mother of man is denied in order to sustain men’s superiority. By biologically it means that a woman is the undenied creature for her gifted power of childbirthing. It then socially gives her more power to sustain the generations and the social relationships. Furthermore, it is pivotal to investigate the feminist critical ideas about the essence of femaleness in the Indonesian folktales.
Md. Ruhul Amin
LEKSIKA, Volume 13; doi:10.30595/lks.v13i1.4062

Abstract:It has a long history of teaching English literature and language in this sub-continent. The European colonial rulers introduced this teaching with the motive of serving their own purpose, but paradoxically this teaching has benefited the people of this soil as well in many ways. From the very beginning, the English department of any college or university has been treated as one of the most prestigious departments that have produced the best citizens of this soil. But recently the teaching scenario of these departments in Bangladesh is being severely affected owing to different kinds of changes that have occurred in the social and academic arenas of the country. It is now the demand of the present time that the English departments of the universities of our country should take proper steps to address those problems properly and bring back its reputation. The present study attempts to find out the problems that are affecting the teaching and learning process of these departments and thereby damaging the glory and reputation of them, and also to provide some suggestions to cope with those problems.
S Supardi
LEKSIKA, Volume 13; doi:10.30595/lks.v13i1.3883

Abstract:Up to this present time, self access language learning (SALL) has become an interesting topic for study. Many scholars have devoted their attention to the study on this topic that many of their papers are published in Studies in Self Access Learning journal. Though many studies have discussed this topic, the websites that can be integrated into SALL as a strategic way to ficilitate the autonomous learning remains underresearched. This paper is based on a research looking at the integration of websites into SALL from the perspective of SALL materials in an online SALL centre. It looks at which English language skills are offered as SALL materials and which websites provide SALL materials. The data concerning these two themes were collected from the online visit to to Self Access Centre and INdependent Learning (SACIL) set up at the University of Waikato. SALL materials in SACIL include general language skills, grammar, reading, listening, speaking and pronunciation, writing, punctuation, vocabulary and spelling, IELTS, and study skills and exam preparation which are linked to a large number of websites. With these website-based SALL materials, the learners over the world can finally practice their skill autonomously.Key words: website, self access laguage learning, autonomous learning.
Dewi Puspitasari
LEKSIKA, Volume 12; doi:10.30595/lks.v12i2.3803

Abstract:This article explores the use of DST and the explicit teaching in one of universities in Indonesia on how stu-dents use it to help the learning process. Using a digital story to teach English and Based on multimodal theory, the term of DST has been increasingly used by scholars to illustrate various forms of support of learn-ing to help students learn successfully in a classroom. Despite being widely used in educational context of many countries, DST has received scanty attention from teacher especially in ESP classes. This article specif-ically describes our experience of using DST as a learning aid with students of 18 to 19 years old. In this project they individually created collected the photographs based on their interest related to the specified theme as multimodal text. In the process they utilized two linguistic resources (Bahasa Indonesia and Eng-lish) to help them in understanding the process of creation. Several supports from machine translation and machine pronunciation software were employed during the creation of DST project. The result shows that DST helps students in composing narrative writing by analyzing the visual prompts. This proves that DST is impending to support the writing process as students were engaged during the process.
Jati Suryanto
LEKSIKA, Volume 12; doi:10.30595/lks.v12i2.3804

Abstract:This paper will explore the implementation of the Competency-Based Curriculum at the Department of English Education, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, in reaching the goal of creating autonomous learners. Autonomous Learner is the ultimate objective in teaching learning processes. It is the beginning of the long-life learning processes. By creating autonomous learners, the process of achieving better graduate quality will be more effective and efficient. To reach the goal of producing autonomous learners, the Department of English Education, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, focuses its curriculum on the graduate abilities in “thinking how to think” and “learning how to learn” through the Competency Based Curriculum.Competency-Based Curriculum (CBC) is the teaching learning planning which bases its objectives on the students’ competences. To achieve the ultimate goal of language learning the Department of English Education, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta needs to choose the relatively most effective curriculum and method of teaching for the students. Therefore, the department chooses CBC that applies student centred learning (SCL) to achieve the autonomous learning model. The department also applies constructivism approach which enhance the students curiosity to accelerate the autonomous learning in the student centred learning.
Zulia Karini
LEKSIKA, Volume 12; doi:10.30595/lks.v12i2.3806

Abstract:This study will analyze the translation of sentences in the text by giving consideration to the distribution of information presented in the form of Theme-Rheme relation. First we will identify Themes - Rheme in the sentences in the text and will analyze the results of the translation. The theme is information that is priori-tized in a sentence usually placed in the beginning of sentence, and Rheme is the proposed information. There are three types of Themes, namely Topical Theme, Interpersonal Theme, and Textual Theme. The object of discussion here is the Topical Themes, which are Themes relating to how the subject matter discussed in the clause or sentence is laid out. Topical themes are divided into two types: Marked Topical Theme and Un-marked Topical Theme. The analysis of Topical Themes are taken from a bilingual children's book entitled Sangkuriang from the publisher Nexx Media Inc., Bandung. Sangkuriang is one of the popular Indonesian folklore that tells of a very beautiful mother whose admirer is his own son. The text to be analyzed is part of the text that tells about the birth of Dayang Sumbi, the mother of Sangkuriang. From the result of the whole analysis, the source text consists of 10 Marked Topical Theme and Top 10 Unmarked Topical Theme. There are some Topical theme changes from the source text to the target text: a sentence with an Unmarked Topical Theme is translated into a sentence with a Marked Topical Theme, and vice versa. Based on the analysis of Topical Themes on the Source Text and Target Text it can be concluded that there are some sentences that have shifted Topical Themes. There have been some changes in information due to the shift in this Topical Theme, so it can be said that this translation is not good. At the end of the analysis is given an edit on the target text. The edit of this translation does not change the Topical Theme from the Source Text, so the sub-ject matter in each sentence of the Target text is the same as the subject matter in each sentence of the Source Text.
Amporn Sa-Ngiamwibool
LEKSIKA, Volume 12; doi:10.30595/lks.v12i2.3805

Abstract:This article provides an introduction to keys to ELT for the 21st century. The keys include these areas of dis-cussion: challenges of the 21st century, a ELT design for the 21st century, and roadmap for ELT in the 21st century and beyond. The article also presents an investigation and implementation of the design for the new environment. This article also presents examples of how the deign is successfully enhanced in ESL contexts. In the end, this article concludes with a roadmap of ELT for the future.