Journal of Geriatric Medicine
EISSN : 2630-5259
Published by: Bilingual Publishing Co. (10.30564)
Total articles ≅ 48
Latest articles in this journal
Journal of Geriatric Medicine, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30564/jgm.v4i1.4162
On the basis of the basic model of the kinetic theory of aging of living systems, mathematical modeling of various characteristics of aging of mankind, state, generation, human body, organs and cells has been carried out. These results are compared with experimental and calculated data of other authors. The analysis of the works presented here and those carried out earlier gave reason to believe that the basic mathematical model of the evolution of aging of living dynamic systems of various hierarchical levels and nature is the invariant differential equation of the kinetic theory of aging, as a manifestation of the fractality property of living systems.
Journal of Geriatric Medicine, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30564/jgm.v4i1.4213
Objective: This study aims to discuss the caregiving practices developed by Long-term Care Facilities (LTCFs) during the COVID-19 pandemic and analyze the daily care practices in long-term institutions for older adults in Brazil, all in light of the PCC framework. Methods: This is a mixed methods study in which data were collected through interviews with managers from 10 LTCFs. The qualitative discussion was carried out through the PCC framework divided into 5 categories: leisure, accommodation, food, hygiene and comfort, and clinical care. The quantitative data collected were analyzed in a descriptive way, being discussed in the light of the literature. Results: Analyzed LTCFs are unaware of our present difficulties in the implementation of PCC, with a greater presence of the traditional biomedical model being recognized. Given the vulnerabilities that the LTCFs present, PCC is an important alternative for LTCFs to promote the quality of life and autonomy of residents. Deconstructing the vision of LTCFs as a last resort of care and investing in the quality of care is an urgent and essential imperative for dignified and comprehensive care. Conclusions: This study highlights the need for a change in culture and understanding of the LTCFs not only as a place to provide healthcare, but also as a residents’ home that fosters their autonomy, and feeling of belonging. Thus, it is essential to ensure that healthcare teams in LTCFs know about PCC and that further studies investigate the impact on the costs of PCC for institutionalized older adults.
Journal of Geriatric Medicine, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jgm.v3i2.3472
It has been reported that a 92-year-old female had got a bruise superficialwound on her right leg one and a half years ago, developing into refractoryskin ulcer due to improper management before. A prepared cream, mixedroyal jelly with berberine for dressing change, was made on the scenethrough the crush of berberine tablets, working with fresh royal jelly.Topical dressing change with the cream was done every 3 days, and twomonths later, such the ulcer became clean and was covered fully with freshgranulation tissue. This kind of cream consists of the ingredients of TCMpurely, free of antibiotic, and being quite effective clinically, also helpfulfor proper use of antibiotic.
Journal of Geriatric Medicine, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jgm.v3i2.3818
What methods would you choose apart from increasing sedatives foragitation in an advanced patient with hypercapnic encephalopathy dueto AECOPD? This is a 94-year-old female who suffered from COPD forover 30 years, occurred with an accelerated episode of cough, productivesputum and a dropping down to 86% in SatO₂ due to a cold weather. Adiagnosis of pulmonary encephalopathy (PE) was made on the basis of thesubsequent agitation and delirium, and the sedatives, such as quatiepineand haloperidol, had to be given for her mental excitation respectively, butshe still pulled out indwelling needle herself and refused to any infusiontherapy. As an alternative, a vaporized therapy integrated with tea herbdrinking had to be applied to relieving her agitation, being designedas the vaporization of the inhaled oxygenation by means of high-flowoxygenation device (HFOD), with an ampoule of ambroxol mixed into theinhaler and simultaneous drinking of TCM tea herb for reducing sputum,helping dissolve the mucoid bolts inside her terminal bronchioles whenbeing infected. We thought that a better efficacy would be achieved forhypercapnic encephalopathy due to AECOPD if we concentrate on a goodventilation of small airway through the vaporized therapy.
Journal of Geriatric Medicine, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jgm.v3i2.3602
The maintenance of high cognitive performance in old age has increasinglybecome a public health interest due to associations between cognition,well-being, longevity, and autonomy. The objective of the researchis to investigate cognitive, physical, and psychological trajectories ofneurotypical older adults (NOAs) and high performing older adults(HPOAs). An exploratory study to investigate 21 NOAs and six HPOAs(mean age 71, SD = ± 3.59), followed up for one year. The older adultswere submitted to physical fitness, quality of life, anxiety, depression,RAVLT, ACE-R, and Stroop tests, being assessed at three moments:baseline, six months after the cognitive (MEMO) or stimulation (Stimullus)interventions, and six months after the multimodal interventions, whichcould be physical or psychopedagogical interventions (health educationlectures). Nonparametric statistical tests (Mann-Whitney and Wilcoxon)were performed with p≤0.05. The results demonstrated that the cognitivemeasures were good predictors of cognitive performance and we observedpositive correlations between cognitive and mood measures. The olderadults with high performance had a lower prevalence of depressivesymptoms. There were gains in global cognitive performance, mood, and inphysical fitness variables associated with multimodal interventions, evidentin the neurotypical group
Journal of Geriatric Medicine, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jgm.v3i2.3663
Introduction: Locomotion is a determinant of intrinsic capacity ofolder people and can be limited by dysfunction in locomotory organs,characterizing Locomotive Syndrome (LoS). Knowledge on locomotiveproblems and sarcopenia, and their interface with quality of life, in theoldest old in the literature is scarce.Objective: To evaluate the correlation between LoS and sarcopenia andtheir influence on quality of life in oldest old.Methods: A cross-sectional study of an observational, descriptive andanalytical epidemiological survey in independent older adults aged 80and over from São Paulo, Brazil and who participated in the third waveof the LOCOMOV Project, was carried out. Sociodemographic data,comorbidities, functioning in activities of daily living, physical functioning,quality of life, and presence of sarcopenia and LoS were assessed. Thestatistical analyses included the Test-for-Comparing-Two-Proportions,Pearson's Correlation Coefficient, the chi-Square test and Student´s t-test.Results: Thirty oldest old with a mean age of 89.1 years were evaluated.The prevalence of LoS was high (53.3%) and correlated significantly withchronic pain (p-value 0.024), worse performance on the SPPB and Gaitspeed (p-value <0.001). Sarcopenia was not correlated with LoS, but worsequality of life on the physical domain was significantly associated with LoS(p-value <0.001) regardless of the presence of sarcopenia.Conclusions: LoS was highly prevalent among the oldest old studied andnegatively impacted their quality of life, regardless of the presence ofsarcopenia.
Journal of Geriatric Medicine, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jgm.v3i2.3889
In last decade, COVID-19 outbreak was one of the major crises encountered the world(1). During the COVID-19 pandemic, Iranian people have been advised to stay at home and far away others. If it is essential to leave their residence, people have been urged to avoid gathering and maintain physical distance from others. Community disconnectedness for older adults was primary prevention specially for elders with comorbidities (2). For the first time, most of Iranian older adults were experiencing an unwanted and prolonged separation from others.
Journal of Geriatric Medicine, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jgm.v3i1.2934
The dosing of anti-Parkinson drugs is considered as the optimal control of the symptoms of PD, and increasing the dose of drugs is a common method to treat the aggravate state of PD. However, this is a case of PD elderly patient who had nephritic syndrome, with an increase in the dose, the symptoms did not get improved，but a series of other adverse effects appeared.
Journal of Geriatric Medicine, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jgm.v3i1.2674
Ageing work force is one of the leading causes behind the reduction in the rate of growth of the labour force in construction industries. Construction industry is a major source of employment worldwide after agriculture, and generally the primary one in urban areas. Manual material handling in construction industries causes musculoskeletal disorders affecting both upper and lower extremities of the body. Studies on lower limb problems due to dynamic work like handling of heavy loads in construction industries are scanty. To analyze the level of exertion, ergonomics risk factors and the prevalence of work-related lower limb disorders among the young and elderly construction workforce. 20 male construction workers in the age group of i) 20 to 30 years (golden age group); ii) 50 years and above were selected from a local construction site in Mumbai. Demographic data like age, height, weight, BMI, body fat, waist hip ratio and risk assessment by questionnaires study comprising QEC, NMQ, VAS, and LEFS were collected. Compared to the golden age group, the elderly subjects were found to feel uncomfortable to their lower back, knee and calf due to the immoderate forces and motions applied to their lower limbs during their daily work. Muscle pliability and proper coordination diminishes with age and it is appearing to be the most probable reason behind the pain experienced in their lower limbs might be due to improper techniques and postures. For elderly workers, age related limitations become an additional factor to maintain their normal work life.
Journal of Geriatric Medicine, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jgm.v3i1.2712
Background: Caregivers of dementia patients have significantly higher levels of serum IL-6 and CRP compared to non-caregivers, and the accumulation of everyday stressors reportedly promotes the induction of inflammatory markers. However, few studies have identified factors that affect catecholamine levels in caregivers who experience a combination of physical and mental stress from caregiving.Purpose: This study aimed to identify physical factors that impact catecholamine levels in caregivers of dementia patients.Methods: Participants were elderly caregivers living together with elderly Alzheimer’s-type dementia patients. We performed logistic regression analysis, with levels of adrenaline, noradrenaline, and dopamine (indicators of catecholamine) as dependent variables.Results: Caregiver BMI had a significant impact on adrenaline levels (OR: 0.792; 95%CI: 0.654-0.960) and noradrenaline levels (OR: 1.210; 95%CI: 1.009-1.451), whereas age had a significant impact on dopamine levels (OR: 1.162; 95%CI: 1.019-1.324).Discussion: While caregiver BMI significantly impacted adrenaline and noradrenaline levels, the mechanism underlying these relationships is unclear. One possibility is that obesity (BMI) and a rise in sympathetic nerve activity contributed to hypertension. Our findings suggest that chronic stress in elderly caregivers may potentially impair the dopaminergic activation system in the brain.Conclusion: There is a need to identify factors which increase BMI in caregivers. Future studies aimed at gaining a better understanding of the lifestyle habits of caregivers and intervention studies aimed at reducing their BMI are warranted.