Jambura Geoscience Review
ISSN / EISSN : 26230682 / 26560380
Current Publisher: Universitas Negeri Gorontalo (10.34312)
Total articles ≅ 20
Latest articles in this journal
Jambura Geoscience Review, Volume 2, pp 94-105; doi:10.34312/jgeosrev.v2i2.4366
Disaster risk reduction (DRR) by taking into account the spatial planning in its implementation is not easy, for the Moluccas which has the characteristics of the region that has many cluster islands, and the accessibility are still low. Thus it requires special handling in the island-based disaster risk reduction, which will certainly be different from disaster risk reduction efforts that were undertaken in the continental region. The purpose of this research is to design the spatial area of the island cluster in Moluccas Province based on disaster risk. The method used is literature through spatial analysis of island risk-based groups. Based on the results of disaster risk assessment by the BPBD of Moluccas Province, it has been obtained that there are islands based on disaster risk (RB-islands cluster). The high disaster risk level was the island cluster on RB III and IX, the medium disaster risk level was the island cluster on RB I, IV, VI, and VIII, the low disaster risk level was the island cluster on RB II, V, and VII. The RB island cluster is a model for reaching areas with high disaster risk, can easily identify what causes it. It become an input to mitigate it through the spatial arrangements for achieving a sustainable archipelago development. The regional spatial arrangements aimed at reducing disaster risk in the RB-islands cluster in the Moluccas through spatial planning, structural handling/civil engineering, education, and community empowerment.
Jambura Geoscience Review, Volume 2, pp 88-93; doi:10.34312/jgeosrev.v2i2.5787
The village area of Nyelanding is estimated that there are still many regions that have primary tin prospects, this is confirmed by the large number of community mines that are still operating. This research purposes to see the distribution of primary tin mineralization and zones where deposition of tin. This research uses a geomagnetic exploration survey method with back – rover (mobile) system, the length of the track of ±3.5 km. The spacing of 200 m as many as 44 tracks, the direction of the track from south to north with data collection techniques starting from west to east. The data obtained of a magnetic strength value which will then be interpreted into a magnetic anomaly map to determine the location of recommendations. The research method used the Geomagnetic Survey method, of GSM-19 T Magnetometer. The interpretation results, the final map with the lowest magnetic anomaly shows magnetic anomaly values ranging from -7.2 to -3.3 nT at locations 1, 2, 3, the highest magnetic anomaly ranges from -4.6 to 5.0 nT in the southern part which is an area close to community settlements and the village highway of Nyelanding, and the direction of mineral distribution for zone 1 starts from east-west, zone 2 focuses towards the middle which means from southwest-northeast direction or vice versa, zone 3 from southwest-northeast. The upward continuity map 250 and matching the location of samples containing Sn levels around the recommended zone, it is certain that the area has cassiterite minerals in the zone namely zone 1 = (342.760 m2), zone 2 = (4001.770 m2), zone 3 = (372.876 m2).
Jambura Geoscience Review, Volume 2, pp 78-87; doi:10.34312/jgeosrev.v2i2.5951
Steam power plant construction and operation is an effort to meet electricity needs. In Indonesia, two steam power plants were built and changed the landscape in Cirebon. The presence of Cirebon steam power plants has disturbed the community and potential to decrease air quality. This study aims to estimate air quality changes around the power plants based on remote sensing satellite imageries. The main data in this study obtained from Landsat-8 OLI (2019) and Landsat-7 ETM (2004) satellite imageries were processed with four parameters of air quality algorithm namely PM10, CO, SO2, and NOx on AOI with ranging of 2000 m from the source point. Validation uses comparative data from MODIS and Sentinel-2 MSS satellite imageries in the same period. Changes analysis in air quality used the Mann-Whitney method (U-Test). This research shows that the Landsat series satellite imagery is suitable to be used as the main data for estimating air quality because it has a similar pattern to comparable data. The Cirebon PLTU operation caused a significant increase in CO levels of 1.25 mg/l on a wide range. In other air quality parameters such as PM10, SO2 and NOx were decreased.
Jambura Geoscience Review, Volume 2, pp 69-77; doi:10.34312/jgeosrev.v2i2.4773
Jeneponto Regency is one of the biggest corn producers in South Sulawesi. Jeneponto Regency is the most suitable area for estimating corn crop production because it is the largest corn-producing region in South Sulawesi Province and has quite complex terrain variations. Agricultural management requires accurate and accurate information or data that can increase productivity and economic benefits. Get accurate and up-to-date data or information about parts of an accurate agricultural information system to support proper planning. The purpose of this study is to map climatic conditions (rainfall) and physical conditions (slope, height, soil type) and to estimate the amount of corn production and maize production maps through spatial assessment. This research was conducted in the Jeneponto Regency, which is located in the southern part of the South Sulawesi Province. The results of the study show that spatial ecology based on agro-ecosystem zones or agricultural unit units in the estimation of special maize production can increase estimation results with high accuracy. Based on the analysis of the four physical maps that have been mapped are rainfall, soil type, slope, and height which are regulated in the agro-ecosystem zone, the estimated amount with spatial ecological calculations is 159.584,05 tons. The accuracy of the estimation model results with field data reaches 95%. Based on the results of the study can conclude the results of spatial ecological research can be used as a method of estimating production on corn.
Jambura Geoscience Review, Volume 2, pp 58-68; doi:10.34312/jgeosrev.v2i1.4039
This research is aimed at knowing morphology characteristics and factors which influence landform that is located at Rewata’a Coastal. Geomorphology is a study stressed on landform characteristics with all processes and material at the world surface. The landform is seen as the appearance of landform as the main aspect of the landscape. The method used in this research is a qualitative descriptive method by collecting primary data, such as images or photos of land from that is directly taken from the research location. The phenomenological approach used to explain what, where, how, and why related to landform which based on available theory and prior research. The research result concludes that the Rewata’a Village morphology is cliffed coast, namely the coastal with the vertical cliff. Composed by host rock or hard sediment. Although we can find sand land at bay and north area. The landform found are delta, sea cave, beach, spit, notch, cliff, wave-cut platform, and stack.
Jambura Geoscience Review, Volume 2, pp 50-57; doi:10.34312/jgeosrev.v2i1.2468
The Bayang Sani Watershed has an area of 1267.97 hectares with an average rainfall of 3117 mm/ year. The topography of this watershed have varies slopes. In the rainy season, the river water is a muddy color and both soil and rocks are contained in the river’s water that causes channel damage and reduced river capacity. It is caused by the wider distribution of land erosion in the Bayang Sani Watershed. The purpose of this study was to analyze the soil erodibility. The method of this study is a quantitative study and field survey method. The data was collected by field survey and sample points were determined using purposive random sampling techniques. The sample was analyzed in the BPTP laboratory to determine the types and colors of the soil sample, depending on the quality of the soil's erosive value. The results show that soil erodibility in the Bayang Sani Watershed range 0.15-0.28. The low soil erodibility level found in land units F3.II.Kc.Qal.Lat (0.16), V2.II.Kc.Tomp.Lat (0.15) and V2.II.Sm.Tomp.Lat. (0.16) the moderate of soil erodibility was found in the land unit V3.III.Ht.Tomp.Lat (0.28).
Jambura Geoscience Review, Volume 2, pp 41-49; doi:10.34312/jgeosrev.v2i1.2639
The study of soil minerals structure has been conducted in the Sawaru village, Maros regency, South Sulawesi which is locally known to be the landslides-prone area. The aim of this research is basically to determine the mineral characteristics of the soil. The samples were taken randomly in three points with a depth of 75 cm at point 1 and 100 cm for the other. The structure of the samples was analyzed using X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) where the samples were placed in the high temperature and airtight containers. The results of XRD analysis showed that minerals contained at point 1 (75 cm in depth) were illite (69.3%) with a monoclinic structure, albit mineral (25.6%) with a triclinic structure and kaolinite (5.0%) with a triclinic structure. Samples at point II (100 cm depth) contained illite (67.2%), feldspar (23.9%) with monoclinic and merrillit (8.9%) with trigonal structures. Samples at point III (100 cm in depth) contained illite (55.9%), bobtraillite (22.2%) with a trigonal structure and feldspar (21.9%) with a monoclinic structure. The minerals observed at the sampling points are dominated by illite which is clay in nature. Such a mineral has been known to have an ability to initiate high plasticity in soil, leading to the slope instability.
Jambura Geoscience Review, Volume 2, pp 16-29; doi:10.34312/jgeosrev.v2i1.2682
Gorontalo City is one of the regions in Gorontalo Province. Urban development and population growth, causing pressure on land use patterns. Changes in land use are carried out to meet the community's needs for infrastructure. At present, development in Gorontalo City is still ongoing. The increase in temperature is expected to continue and can trigger heat island. This is very important to be studied for the Gorontalo City development planning that is more environmentally friendly. This study aims to analyze the heat island phenomenon through the relationship of the spatial distribution of surface temperature with various types of land cover and vegetation characteristics. The object of this research is the Gorontalo City area on Landsat path-row 121- 65 satellite imagery media. The research material is the wavelength of visible light, near-infrared and moderate infrared and thermal wavelengths on satellite imagery of Landsat TM and OLI TIRS. The results showed an increase in temperature in Gorontalo City since 1990, 2003, and 2017. The correlation between surface temperature and land cover is negative. The value of the correlation coefficient (r) in 1990 was -0.41. The correlation coefficient (r) in 2003 was -0.448. The correlation coefficient (r) in 2017 is -0.402. Changes in surface temperature in Gorontalo City are influenced by changes in the land cover which is marked by the similarity of patterns of changes in surface temperature distribution with patterns of land cover changes.
Jambura Geoscience Review, Volume 2, pp 30-40; doi:10.34312/jgeosrev.v2i1.2671
Landslide occurrence can be influenced by physical factors and human activities. Thus, research related to the provision of information about landslide distribution in Alo watershed is needed as a basis in enhancing community preparedness in dealing with disasters. The method used in this study is the scoring method based on the Minister of Public Works Regulation No.22 / PRT / M / 2017 which is processed through a geographical information system through the overlay of all physical parameters. The result shows that the Alo watershed area is divided into three vulnerability categories. "Low" category covers 7171.8 ha, "medium" category covers 12008.7 ha, and "high" category covers 5039.5 ha out of 24.221 ha the total area of Alo watershed. Information provided in this research is expected to be able to help the local government in making policies in managing the Alo watershed area and enhancing the understanding of the local community in Alo watershed in dealing with disasters.
Jambura Geoscience Review, Volume 2, pp 1-15; doi:10.34312/jgeosrev.v2i1.2472
Gold is one of the precious metals with high economic value, so the exploration process becomes an important stage to find new resources so that gold production remains optimal. The research was aimed at investigating the geological condition and characteristics of hydrothermal alteration and mineralization developed in the research site. The research site was included in the area CoW of PT. Gorontalo Sejahtera Mining exactly lied in Hulawa Village, Gorontalo, Indonesia. This research integrated the fieldwork with laboratory tests and analysis, including petrography, Analytical Spectral Devices, and mineragraphy. Based on data that had been conducted and data analysis results, it can be concluded that the research site consisted of lithology in the form of Oligocene granodiorite and Pliocene rhyodacite and diatreme breccia that rolled as host rock’s mineralization. Normal right-slip fault directing E-W is interpreted as a pre-mineralization structure, while normal left-slip fault directing NNE-SSW is interpreted as syn-mineralization structure or controlling structure during alteration and mineralization process. Alteration developed in research area consisted of the phyllic zone (sericite + quartz ± pyrite ± montmorillonite ± chlorite ± carbonate), argillic zone (illite + kaolinite ± smectite ± montmorilonite), and chloritic zone (chlorite + carbonate + pyrite ± quartz ± illite ± sericite ± montmorillonite). Hydrothermal deposits controlled by geological structure and volcanic mechanism. Mineralization in the research site was found in stockwork quartz veins and hydrothermal breccia, and some were found in dissemination with ores such as pyrite, chalcopyrite, arsenopyrite, galena, sphalerite, bornite, covelite, gold, and electrum. Based on its alteration and mineralization characteristics, the epithermal deposits in the research site was the type of low sulphidation deposite in-depth level in the model of open-vein and breccia.