Earthline Journal of Chemical Sciences

Journal Information
EISSN : 2581-9003
Current Publisher: Earthline Publishers (10.34198)
Total articles ≅ 83
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Lemi Türker
Earthline Journal of Chemical Sciences, Volume 5, pp 261-274; doi:10.34198/ejcs.5221.261274

Abstract:
NTO and TNAZ are two important explosive materials. In the present study, 1:1 molar composite of them are investigated within the constraints of density functional theory at the level of B3LYP/6-31++G(d,p). Certain quantum chemical, physicochemical and spectral properties of the composite have been harvested and compared with the respective values of its components. The formation of composite is exothermic and favorable. The components in the composite undergo certain type of interaction to affect properties of each other.
Earthline Journal of Chemical Sciences; doi:10.34198/ejcs

Lemi Türker
Earthline Journal of Chemical Sciences, Volume 5, pp 249-260; doi:10.34198/ejcs.5221.249260

Abstract:
Interaction of lithium atom with TEX molecule which is a high density energetic material is considered within the restrictions of density functional theory at the level of UB3LYP/6-31++G(d,p). The results indicate that the lithium atom transfers an electron to TEX causing the rupture of one of C-N bonds of the structure. Some geometrical and quantum chemical data have been collected and discussed. A plausible mechanism has been suggested for the destructive reduction of TEX molecule.
Ndagi Mohammed Saba, Musa Achimugu Dickson, Ogbiko Cyril
Earthline Journal of Chemical Sciences, Volume 5, pp 241-248; doi:10.34198/ejcs.5121.241248

Abstract:
Under favorable growth conditions, fungi produced aflatoxins. Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) categorized as a carcinogen is the most toxic and subject of regulation in foods and feeds in many countries. AFB1 contamination has been reported in a wide range of products including cigarette tobacco due to improper processing and storage conditions. This research aim at determining the concentration load of AFB1 mycotoxin in brands of cigarette tobacco commonly consumed in Lapai and Minna metropolis of Niger State Nigeria. Thirty-six (36) brands of cigarette tobacco were purchased in open markets in Minna and Lapai towns of Niger state, Nigeria. Residual AFB1 was extracted from the sample using standard procedures. HPLC analysis was used for the mycotoxin quantification. The result showed that all cigarette samples produces AFB1 with a concentration of 302 µg/mL and 18 µg/mL as the highest and lowest AFB1 concentration respectively for the local – Nigeria brands compared to 166 µg/mL and 8 µg/mL AFB1 concentration observed for the foreign brands. The findings from this study provide sufficient levels of contamination to pose significant health hazard for the consumer of the tobacco. Careful processing and storage is therefore advocated to eliminate or reduce the mycotoxin contamination of the cigarette brands.
Yelwa Sani Abubakar
Earthline Journal of Chemical Sciences, Volume 5, pp 231-240; doi:10.34198/ejcs.5121.231240

Abstract:
Ziziphus spina found in the tropical regions of the world is a small tree capable of resisting heat and drought. The edible portion of the fruit is widely preserved as feed for human and animal especially in drought and famine ravaged nations of the world. The edible fruit of Z. spina were procured from a local market in Gusau, Zanfara State North-Western Nigeria in October 2019. They were prepared for proximate and mineral analyses using standard analytical methods. The results showed the percentage (%) moisture, ash, crude lipid, crude protein, crude fibre and total carbohydrate contentas3.13, 15.22, 3.11, 11.12, 6.45 and 64.10 respectively while the calorific values was reported to be 328.87kcal/100g.The elemental analyses revealed that potassium and copper were the most and least abundant element with concentrations of 256.12 and 2.37 mg/100 g dry weight respectively. The findings from this study reveal that Z.spina fruit contains important mineral elements that would possibly improve on the proper metabolic activity and therefore could improve on the health standard if properly utilized.
Sani Aliyu Haruna, Amanabo Musa, Gbodi Timothy Ayinla
Earthline Journal of Chemical Sciences, Volume 5, pp 207-219; doi:10.34198/ejcs.5121.207219

Abstract:
Mining activities have long been recognized as a major source of environmental contamination associated with heavy metals. In this study, ten (10) trace metals namely As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Hg, Ni, Pb and Zn were analysed from water (stream, river and borehole) and soil (surface and sub-soil) samples collected from around the artisanal and small scale gold mining site within the vicinity in Kuchiko-Hausa, Gurara LGA, Niger State, Nigeria using Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy. The result from the water and soil samples showed the while all the investigated trace metals were absent from all the water samples, Hg was only found with concentration of 0.006 and 0.0053 mg/mL for the stream and river water samples, the soil samples showed the presence of all the trace metals except Cd and Co with As and Cr found only in the surface soil. All detected trace metals in the samples were all lower than the WHO permissible limits. Periodic and systematic study of the investigated and other metals concentrations is therefore recommended since long-term exposure of these metals poses significant health risk for human, animals and plants.
Hassana Abubakar, Yakubu Ndatsu, Achimugu Dickson Musa, Cyril Ogbiko, Hamza Boko Usman, Fatima Gogo Mayaki, Audu Mohammed
Earthline Journal of Chemical Sciences, Volume 5, pp 191-206; doi:10.34198/ejcs.5121.191206

Abstract:
The knowledge of identifiable differences in the metabolism and macromolecular structure between infective agents and their host can be exploited in rational drug design. Ribokinase, an enzyme that plays an important role in the phosphorylation of several metabolites is one of such that can be exploited. This study was therefore aimed at structurally modelling ribokinase from Salmonella Typhi, the causative agent of typhoid fever, with several known multi-drug resistant strains. NCBI BLASTp was carried out against Protein Data Bank (PDB) to run a similarity search. Multiple sequence alignment between the query sequence and the templates was carried out using clustal omega and MEGA6.0 software. The amino acid sequence was submitted to modelling servers. The predicted models from the servers were evaluated with RAMPAGE and superimposed in the template using PyMOL. Model with highest Ramachandran plot score was further validated. BLASTp result showed low identity of (41%) with pyridoxal kinase from Trypanosoma brucei in PDB database. Conserved sequence motifs were confirmed. Template 4X8F was chosen based on its high identity, query cover and appearance in the modeling tools. Swiss model showed best Ramachandran plot score (94.9%). ERRAT analysis showed quality factor: 92.9078 and VERIFY3D server showed that 84.43% of the residues have an average score of 3D/ ID score >=0.2. Superimposition confirmed the alignment of the active site residues having aspartic acid as the catalytic residue. This study can serve as a means for rational drug design for the treatment of typhoid fever.
Okoh Ezennia Valentine Charles
Earthline Journal of Chemical Sciences, Volume 5, pp 221-230; doi:10.34198/ejcs.5121.221230

Abstract:
The research study was aimed at identifying the microorganism(s) associated with biogas production as well as comparing the biogas production potential of the fresh, dried and cow dung seeded pumpkin wastes as substrate. The samples were procured from different fruit seller locations within Sokoto metropolis and the study conducted within a period of five weeks (35 days). Standard microbiological methods were used for isolating and identifying the microbes while fabricated anaerobic bio-digesters were used to ascertain the biogas production from the substrates. Analysis revealed that the pH varied between 6.30 to 7.20 and 5.0 to 6.2 before and during/after the anaerobic digestion respectively. Anaerobic bacteria isolated were identified as Enterobacter spp and Escherichia coli. The results showed 4850, 1430 and 1770 cm3 biogas production from the fresh, dried and cow dung co-seeded substrates respectively during the retention periods with a calorific value of 4773 kcal/kg. The volume of biogas produced varied significantly (p
Umar Dalha, Aminu Ahmad
Earthline Journal of Chemical Sciences, Volume 5, pp 137-157; doi:10.34198/ejcs.5121.137157

Abstract:
Schiff base ligand derived from condensation of 2-aminothiophenol and 2-thiophene carboxyldehy was synthesized and used for the preparation of Cr(II), Mn(II) and Co(II), complexes. The synthesized ligand and complexes were analyzed by decomposition temperature, solubility, magnetic susceptibility, molar conductance and infrared spectra. The decomposition temperatures of the complexes are in the range of 128-221ºC. Molar conductance values are in the range of 6.07-9.10 ohm-1cm2mol-1. New bands appeared in the IR spectra of the complexes in the range of 511-552 cm-1 and 438-473 cm-1 which indicate υ(M - N) and υ(M - S) vibrations respectively. Magnetic susceptibility measurement indicated that all complexes are paramagnetic while solubility test revealed that all complexes and ligand are soluble in DMSO. The analytical data show the formation of 2:1 metal to ligand ratio for all complexes and suggested the formula [ML2].nH2O.The ligand and metal chelates have been studied for microbial activity using well diffusion method against selected bacteria and fungi. The results signify that metal complexes inhibit more compared with Schiff base ligand against the same test organisms.
Samuel Olatunde Popoola, John-Paul Unyimadu, Ayoola Olubunmi Nubi, Oluwaseun Adedayo Adeleye, Ismaila Ayinde Oba, Karo Oghenede Esther, Salisu Adamu, Moromade Abibat Lere-Aliu, Taofeek Olawale Olabiyi, Akintunde Adewole Adegbite, et al.
Earthline Journal of Chemical Sciences, Volume 5, pp 159-173; doi:10.34198/ejcs.5121.159173

Abstract:
The current study deals with the evaluation of physicochemical characteristics, nutrient status, and variation in the height of surface water from the commodore channel, and its comparison with the hydrochemical characteristics of the monitoring borehole from the NIOMR Jetty, Lagos, Nigeria. We aim to further improve our understanding of the interrelationship of climate change and hydrological cycle, and its impacts in the Lagos coastal environments. The observed ranges of physicochemical characteristics of the surface water are dissolved oxygen (DO) 3.07-6.05mg/L; pH: 7.99-8.48; temperature 26.97-30.34°C, electrical conductivity (EC) 9680-47800mS/cm; salinity (Sal) 6.51-28.05‰ and water level 1.24-1.79m. The concentration of nutrient range from nitrite 10-36mg/l, nitrate 28-44mg/l, sulphate 38-90mg/l and phosphate 2-78mg/l. The analyzed hydrochemical characteristics from all the stations are within the desired values for healthy marine ecosystems when compared with Federal Ministry of Environment (FMENV) Nigeria permissible limits which are: DO >5 mg/l, pH 6.5-9, temperature
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