Kyiv Historical Studies

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 25240749 / 25240757
Current Publisher: Borys Grinchenko Kyiv University (10.28925)
Total articles ≅ 39
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Kyiv Historical Studies; doi:10.28925/2524-0757

Ruslan Kutsyk
Kyiv Historical Studies pp 65-72; doi:10.28925/2524-0757.2018.2.6572

Abstract:The article deals with the peculiarities of ideological and propaganda substantiation of the process of Eastern Galicia, Northern Bukovina, Zakarpattia by the Russian Empire at the initial stage of the First World War on the basis of source materials of Ukrainian governorates of South-West Kray (Kyiv, Volyn and Podillia). The main thematic areas of press publications, the content and specificity of appeals and brochures’ informative filling are noted. It is examined that the imperial authorities began to actively ideological myths propaganda from the first days of the war about the process of the “collecting Rus’ lands” (“zbyrannia zemel ruskykh”*) and that the Galician population is a fraternal people who needs a long-awaited “liberation”. The mass media used various techniques and mechanisms of information influence on the formation of public consciousness in order to overpersuade the society in the truthfulness of the aforementioned assertions and for the formation of a positive attitude towards the occupation of Western Ukrainian lands. The Orthodox clergy and the church mass media, which supported the official policy of the government and widely propagated the idea of the liberation of Eastern Galicia, Northern Bukovina and Zakarpattia population from Roman, Catholic oppression, played an important role in theideological course of the imperial authorities.
Yelyzaveta Piankova
Kyiv Historical Studies pp 29-35; doi:10.28925/2524-0757.2018.2.2935

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Liudmyla Rudnytska
Kyiv Historical Studies pp 47-53; doi:10.28925/2524-0757.2018.2.4753

Abstract:The article highlights the history of the village of Rokytne of Ovruch district in Volyn, which was founded in the 16th century. The rapid development of the village is associated with the change of owner at the end of the 19th century, the Russian nobleman V. M. Okhotnikov and the emergence of merchant of the first guild of St. Petersburg Yu. M. Rozenberg. The Belgian fund was involved with the participation of which it was built an glass enterprise the outskirt of Rokytne village. The factory worked to satisfy needs of the government and produce glass bottle of different capacity. Construction of the Rokytnе glass factory was possible in the presence of a raw material base — quartz sand and forests, which were used as fuel and as building material. Intensive development coincides with the reconstruction of the glass factory in 1900–1902 years. At the same time, a working settlement arose, whose infrastructure was constantly expanding, especially with the construction of railway connection. The number of population has also increased at the expense of employees who came to work from different parts of the Russian Empire. The administration of Rokytne glass factory provided dwelling for all workers and the representatives of small and midsize businesses and they rented the apartments for organization establishments of trade.
Yuliia Kuzmenko, Olha Korpas
Kyiv Historical Studies pp 89-93; doi:10.28925/2524-0757.2018.2.8993

Abstract:Education system of the USSR gave the great opportunities for formation of a new type of person — Homo Sovieticus. So, the teacher was supposed to be an ideal of communist morality. The Communist Party has always followed the personal lives of teachers. Teacher’s appearance has always been clearly regulated. Clothing, hairstyle, make-up was canonically restrained. Leisure was focused on self-education or socially useful activity. The purpose of this publication is an illustration of Soviet teacher`s appearance (clothes, hairstyle, make-up, accessories) and leisure activities. So, the research is based on archival materials, memoirs and previous studies. Having analysed the memoirs and previous studies, the author makes the following conclusions. In the USSR, the appearance of the teacher was not assessed in terms of fashion or style, but in terms of purity, modesty and precision. In the first postwar years there was a big shortage of clothing. Male teachers continued to wear military uniforms. Women dressed simple dresses, mostly dark colours. Since the 1960s, when the fashion began to penetrate the USSR, teachers also followed the trends. It was possible to make a fashionable hairstyle, to wear fashionable clothes. Widespread form of leisure was the watching movies in the cinema. Widespread were also active holidays, sports, walks in parks, reading books and newspapers. Such aspects of the life of Soviet teachers as appearance and leisure are not studied enough. At the same time, this topic is promising. Scientific research can be supplemented with a large number of archival materials and photos. Besides, during the further study of this topic it should be used the method of oral history.
Gennady Kazakov
Kyiv Historical Studies pp 6-14; doi:10.28925/2524-0757.2018.2.614

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Ihor Hyrych
Kyiv Historical Studies pp 130-139; doi:10.28925/2524-0757.2018.2.130-9

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Andrii Shapoval
Kyiv Historical Studies pp 111-117; doi:10.28925/2524-0757.2018.2.111-17

Abstract:У статті на основі аналізу листування українського письменника та літературознавцяІ.Я. Франка з українським та російським філологом, дослідником давньої української літератури В.М. Перетцем висвітлено багаторічну наукову співпрацю та творчі стосунки між вченими. Відображено їхню діяльність щодо дослідження рукописних пам’яток і вивчення історії україн- ської літератури та театру. Розказано про зусилля В.М. Перетца щодо запрошення І.Я. Франка до роботи в Університеті св. Володимира у Києві
Oleg Ivaniuk
Kyiv Historical Studies pp 81-88; doi:10.28925/2524-0757.2018.2.8188

Abstract:The article focuses on the beginning of the process of formation of museum collections relevant to the military past of the Dnieper Ukraine in the 19th — first decade of the 20th century. It is determined, in the research scope, that the process of creating museum exhibits, which consisted of monuments of military historical heritage, was influenced by the following: the development of archaeological research, which was stimulated by the domination of classicism, which induced interest in the ancient past, the imperial power ideologizing the historical process, the Ukrainian nobility (descendants of the Cossacks elders) preserving historical memory of the victorious past of their people, and so on. It is found, that during the 19th century, museumification of the 19th and early 20th centuries military heritage had several trends: the creation of “propaganda” exposition, which would remind of the key, from the tsarist regime point of view, imperial army victories, foster respect for the imperial family and the royal power institution self, commemorate imperial myths, the formation of the Cossacks antiquities collections, initiated by Ukrainian intellectuals and scholars; expositions formed by the military according to purely professional interest. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, a number of museums, which had monuments of military history as a part of their collections, were founded. Some of the aforementioned museums are the following: the Museum of Ukrainian Antiquities in Chernihiv, the Museum of Heroic Defense and the Liberation of the City of Sevastopol, the Museum of Poltava Battle, etc. Museumification of the military heritage has stimulated the development of various areas of special military-historical research.
Anna Hedo
Kyiv Historical Studies pp 94-103; doi:10.28925/2524-0757.2018.2.94103

Abstract:Using the analysis of materials of record-keeping stored in Ukrainian and Russian archives, the article describes the legal status and development of the economy of the Greek community of the NorthernPryazovia: reports, directives, notifications of the Azov and Novorossiysk governor-general. The same group includes the documents that arose in the process of operation of the Mariupol Greek court. The elements that constituted the form of these documents in the 18th — 19th centuries are analysed, the purpose of these documents is formulated. Among the local record-keeping, the documents of the Mariupol Greek Court (was created in accordance with the charter of 1779) occupy a significant place due to the wealth of statistical information. The court performed administrative, police and judicial functions. The cases of district (powiat) administration, district and zemsky court, orphan and verbal courts, city council (magistrat), district police and volost administrations were concentrated here. According to the origin and informative possibilities, the materials of the Mariupol Greek Court can be divided into the following groups: 1) incoming court documentation from the higher authorities; 3) notebooks and documents submitted to the court by subordinate institutions (accounts, journals, reports, public sentences, etc.); 4) documents submitted to the institution by private individuals (reports, complaints, IOUs); 2) accounting court documentation; 5) papers sent to private individuals by court (notifications, directives), etc. The record-keeping materials of the central institutions allow us to reproduce the following questions on the history of the Greeks of the North Pryazovia: the assignment of land (F. 379 and 383 of the Russian State Historical Archive), the liquidation of the Mariupol Greek Court of the Order of the Mariupol Greeks after the reforms of the 60s and 70s of the 19th century. (f. 1286, 1287, 1291, 1405 of the Russian State Historical Archive).