Kyiv Historical Studies

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 25240749 / 25240757
Current Publisher: Borys Grinchenko Kyiv University (10.28925)
Total articles ≅ 69
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Latest articles in this journal

Kyiv Historical Studies; doi:10.28925/2524-0757

Maryna Budzar
Kyiv Historical Studies, Volume 3, pp 85-92; doi:10.28925/2524-0757.2019.1.13

Abstract:
The publication of the document is devoted to the anniversaries of two well-known representatives of the Ukrainian elite of the 19th century — 200th anniversary of the birth of Hryhorii Pavlovych Galagan and the 215th anniversary of the birth of Mykola Andriiovych Markevych. Published letter depicts the serious events of the family history of Markevyches — the disease and the death of the father of historian Andrii Markevych. The text contains a detailed description of the events leading up to the event and the circumstances of the death of A. Markevych. The author addresses to Pavlo Galagan, who is the husband of his aunt (mother’s sister). He fully trusts this man. This leads to the frankness of the story. The text includes people from the immediate surroundings of related families of Markevyches — Galagans. This allows us to clarify the personal and psychological characteristics of individual representatives of the Markevyches family. We can notice from the text the remarkable details of the everyday life of the middle-income family of the beginning of the 19th century. We see the arrangement of everyday life, the traditions of everyday communication, the level of provision of medical aid, etc. The contents of the document reveals the attitude of the nobility Left Bank Ukraine to the problem of disease and death, to the ethics of family communication, to property and financial problems.
Olha Kryhina
Kyiv Historical Studies, Volume 3, pp 110-115; doi:10.28925/2524-0757.2019.1.12

Abstract:
Under the conditions of the formation of the civil society, the social significance of archival institutions is increasing. The archives perform a number of important functions to store the documentary memory of the state and society. The development of modern historical science is characterized by the study of the mass sources. The parish registers play an important role as a type of the mass sources. The identification and usage of the informational potential of the parish registers and the storage of this historical source is becoming extremely urgent today. Moreover, there is an urgent need to systematize the parish registers that are stored in the local state archives, to protect metrics from damage and loss as well as to guarantee the proper storage for both modern researchers and descendants can use them.The archivists work actively to improve the scientific reference system for the parish registers, to establish catalogues and to publish information on the official sites of the institutions. An important trend in ensuring the storage of the archival documents is the digitization. The digital archives and parish registers are available on the official websites of the archival institutions. The archival institutions of Ukraine within the framework of international activities carry out activities in the usage of the information presented in the parish registers. The archival institutions actively collaborate with the genealogical societies and organizations. The parish registers, as a source with enormous informative potential, are of a high interest to the researchers. It should be noted about the necessity of the further usage of the parish registers and the proper storage of these historical sources.
Yurii Mytsyk
Kyiv Historical Studies, Volume 3, pp 79-85; doi:10.28925/2524-0757.2019.1.11

Abstract:
CENTURYThe article analyses a copy book (“а book-archive”) of the period of the 17th – beginning of the 18th centuries, written and owned by Mgarsky Monastery of the Transfiguration of the Savior, which is near the town of Lubny. The copy book is the valuable historical source. The original part of the book, which contains documents of Hetmans and colonels of the Hetmanate, is carefully considered. Some of them, of the 18th century, which was remained unpublished for a long time after the book discovery, now are published in the article (these are the universals of Hetmans Bohdan and Yuri Khmelnytsky, Pavel Teteria, as well as of Colonel of Lubny Maksym Illyashenko).
Volodymyr Komar, Adam Szymanowicz
Kyiv Historical Studies, Volume 3, pp 17-26; doi:10.28925/2524-0757.2019.1.2

Abstract:
During the civil war in Russia in 1918–1921, the liberation efforts of the Cossacks of Don, Kuban, and Terek were unsuccessful, and their lands were incorporated into the USSR. Their representatives emigrating from their homeland found themselves in difficult material conditions. While in exile, many of them cooperated with Polish and German authorities. Interwar Poland was interested in the use of the Cossacks in the fight against the USSR. The General Staff of the Polish Armed Forces showed particular interest in the Free Cossack movement, as Don, Kuban, and Terek areas were the main places where the Red Army cavalry was formed.The Cossacks who stayed in their homeland experienced tragic times. The introduction of Soviet power also brought with it the elimination of the Cossacks through hunger, repressions, and deportations. However, at the end of the 1930s, the Soviet authorities introduced a new course of policy towards the Cossacks, thereby recognizing the advantages of Cossack military formations in the Red Army. At the beginning of the German-Soviet War in August 1941, the Soviet authorities formed sixteen Cossack cavalry divisions, six of which were immediately sent to the front.During World War II tens of thousands of the Cossacks also fought in German formations on the territory of the USSR. They were used mainly for anti-partisan actions. Due to the support of the Germans, the so-called Cossack State consisting of tens of thousands of Cossacks was created for the refugees from Don. They fought against partisans in Belarus, Poland, Yugoslavia, and Italy. After the capitulation of the Third Reich, the Cossack State, as well as other Cossack formations, found itself on the territory of Austria, and the Cossacks were taken into British captivity. As a result of the British-Soviet agreement, they were turned over to the Soviet authorities, from whose hands death or at best deportation to the camps awaited them.In addition, Cossack military formations were formed in the Far East with the support of Japan, which used them to fight against the USSR.
Olexandr Utkin
Kyiv Historical Studies, Volume 3, pp 60-66; doi:10.28925/2524-0757.2019.1.8

Abstract:
The article gives a detailed analysis of the main reasons which allowed to create the Ukrainian Technical and Economic Institute of Distance Learning. It was formed by scientists, public figures of emigrants. The Institute carried out the work in Czechoslovakia and Germany in the 1930s-50s. It was being formed in the difficult conditions of the international economic crisis. In this way the socio-economic and cultural sphere of European countries, the nature and content of the activities of the diaspora scientific and educational structures were influenced on.The newly created Institute formed a system of correspondence training for agricultural workers in comparison with the Ukrainian Academy of Economics. There were found non-state independent ways of financing the educational and research process to write and publish a methodological literature, the textbooks. The students and lectures got opportunity to participate in scientific forums. Overcoming the difficulties of the occupation of Czechoslovakia during the Second World War when the activity of the Institute was meticulously controlled by the police, the Gestapo, a censorship. It braked and suspended the educational work. In spite of this fact it could not deprive Ukrainian students of the desire to study. As a result the student’s emigrant community of the High School was saved and replenished. After the end of World War II the Institute moved to the territory of Germany. The Ukrainian Technical and Economic Institute of Distance Learning was expanded. There were five high school departments, a network of technical schools, secondary and lower secondary schools and courses, training skilled personnel for agricultural and industrial production. In 1952 the Institute was relocated to the United States of America. There it functioned as a research institution.
Natalia Kurylchuk
Kyiv Historical Studies, Volume 3, pp 51-59; doi:10.28925/2524-0757.2019.1.7

Abstract:
At the current stage of historical heritage realization the problems of political and economic transformations in Zhytomyr region during the late 1920s mid–1930s require systematic review. The significance of the study is determined by the scope of numerous problems as well as immensely vast study material available. Hundreds of thousands of cases in state repositories and archives are still not introduced into scientific circulation due to the lack of national, regional and local research directions. That is why a detailed analysis of implementation methods and collectivization consequences in Olevsk district villages is of major importance for a comprehensive study of the region history and the country as a whole. To conduct our investigation we have used general scientific and special historical methods such as comparative-historical and critical, generalization and systematization, problem-chronological, biographical, archive heuristics, statistical and analytical methods, and others. The study presents the documentary material from the State Archives of Zhytomyr region and Sectoral State Archive of the Security Service of Ukraine. The article provides the analysis of some archival criminal investigations and focuses on the fates of some Olevsky district residents. Information capabilities of the specified number of documents for the study of collectivization, political repressions against the richest rural representatives and those who tried to resist the existing regime are highlighted.
Yana Grazhevska
Kyiv Historical Studies, Volume 3, pp 50-53; doi:10.28925/2524-0757.2019.1.6

Abstract:
The article highlights how the chancellery of zemsky and grodsky court function on the throws of Ukrainian voivodeships in the Sejm Constitutions of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The author investigates the history of forming zemsky and grodsky courts as institntions on Ukrainian land, the process of formation of chancellery bodies and also underlines the regional peculiarities of vodeships. The article analyses the texts of the Sejm Constitutions of 1611–1632 as to the points devoted to functioning of the courts and their typical and unique features. The specificity of the studio lies in the investigation of zemsky and grodsky court bodies as a subject of work of Sejms of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The present survey can be used for the following reconnaissance on the history of judicial system on the principals of functioning of zemsky and grodsky chancelleries and the peculiarities of their work.
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