European Journal of Behavioral Sciences

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EISSN : 2538-807X
Total articles ≅ 82
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European Journal of Behavioral Sciences, Volume 5, pp 15-27; https://doi.org/10.33422/ejbs.v5i2.845

Abstract:
Aims: This study aimed to investigate the side effects of using Atypical antipsychotics in Patients with Schizophrenia on developing Obsessive-Compulsive symptoms. Method: In this pre-experimental research, 90 hospitalized patients with Schizophrenia who received Atypical antipsychotics were studied. Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale(YBOCS) was used. Results: The mean score of the YBOCS test at the first week(before using atypical antipsychotics), one month(after using Atypical antipsychotics), and two months(after using Atypical antipsychotics) was 12.13, 16.26, 22.64. Obtained data indicates that using Atypical antipsychotics has a significant effect on developing obsessive-compulsive symptoms in patients with Schizophrenia. Conclusion: Atypical antipsychotics can cause obsessive-compulsive symptoms in patients with Schizophrenia.
S. Nengneithem Haokip
European Journal of Behavioral Sciences, Volume 5, pp 37-46; https://doi.org/10.33422/ejbs.v5i2.836

Abstract:
The paper explores crucial but often neglected aspects that contribute to the causes of war. While just war requires just causes and just practices in warfare and for that reason asserts the importance of right intention, the paper observes not only the neglect of this criterion but also the predomination of wrong intention like hatred, fear, greed, and lust in the ethics of warfare. The paper's engagement with the subversive side of human nature affirms an intricate link between human nature and war. It does so by examining the infiltration of the internal orientation in the writings of Thomas Hobbes, Aron Ralby, Sigmund Freud, St. Augustine, and Edmund Husserl. Crises in internal orientation thus inadvertently contribute to the causes of war.
Lydia Ijeoma Eleje, , Chidimma M Ikeanyionwu, Ngozi Elizabeth Ezenwosu, Nneka Chinyere Ezeugo, Njideka Getrude Mbelede, Akinfe Gbenga
European Journal of Behavioral Sciences, Volume 5, pp 28-36; https://doi.org/10.33422/ejbs.v5i2.831

Abstract:
This study looked into the influence of the teacher-student relationship on secondary school economics students’ learning outcomes. The study population comprised of 678 senior secondary two (SS2) students from the Awka-south LGA in Anambra state, Nigeria who were studying economics. A total of 110 SS2 students from public secondary schools served as the study's sample. Five research questions led the study, which were examined using descriptive and inferential statistics. The SS2 students showed higher levels of teacher-student relationship in economics, and, both male and female students establish excellent relationships with their teachers. Learning outcome in economics was quite high, as 92 students scored between 69 and 100 percent. The teacher-student relationship and learning outcomes are found to be related. Based on their findings, the researchers suggested that only teachers with a valid teaching qualification in economics and have passion for teaching be hired to teach the subject in secondary schools.
European Journal of Behavioral Sciences, Volume 5, pp 1-14; https://doi.org/10.33422/ejbs.v5i2.822

Abstract:
The last two decades have seen significant economic advancements in Cambodia. However, high poverty levels remain, particularly in rural communities. Poverty, in conjunction with work scarcity, often leads to the disruption of the nuclear family as parents may have to migrate to find work. As a result, children are often the most vulnerable in a landscape of broken families, many living with grandparents or are placed in residential care facilities as “orphans”, despite having living parents. This article stems from a broader body of doctoral research in the area of trauma and resilience. This research project interviewed 40 participants, incorporating a resilience scale and timeline alongside a qualitative interview technique. The focus of this article underscores attachment and social connectedness in the recovery from trauma for 26 young people (aged 18-30) that were interviewed for this study. This article presents some of the key findings that capture the voices of young Cambodian trauma survivors (many of whom are orphans) who have lived experiences of broken families, jails and institutions, residential and/or foster care. The findings of this study demonstrate the importance that healthy relational interactions and attachment in buffering the impact of childhood trauma.
European Journal of Behavioral Sciences, Volume 5, pp 18-31; https://doi.org/10.33422/ejbs.v5i1.797

Abstract:
This review investigates methodological challenges in conducting cross-cultural studies in sport psychology. Over the last few decades, there has been an increase in the number of studies to incorporate culture and cultural identities in research and interventions in this field. As sport grows more transnational and multicultural, the need to explore better research methods and the challenges in conducting these cross-cultural sport psychology studies emerges. For this review, we examined studies that were published between January 1985 and July 2021, written in English, and focused on cross-cultural studies in the field of sport psychology. The literature search was conducted in EBSCO (e.g., MEDLINE, APA PsychARTICLES, Academic Search Ultimate, and ERIC), Sciencedirect, Researchgate, Springer link and Wiley Online library databases. A total of 18 articles matched the inclusion criteria and were selected. The study observed that quantitative approach was the most often used methodology in the studies due to popularity and easy administration. Qualitative and mixed (quantitative and qualitative) approaches are now gradually being used by researchers to overcome the cultural insensitivity in the quantitative research, although these studies are scarce and need to be highlighted more. We discussed research designs formulated by researchers in their quantitative and qualitative studies and methodological challenges they encountered, such as sample representativeness, small and unequal sample sizes, gender inequality, and comparing different kinds of sports across countries. Therefore, this review addressed the gap in the literature and paved the way for future research studies.
, Andrea Barta, István Szamosközi
European Journal of Behavioral Sciences, Volume 5, pp 11-17; https://doi.org/10.33422/ejbs.v5i1.592

Abstract:
The main differences between artists and non-artists can be discovered in information processing, drawing performance and aesthetical preferences. Aesthetical preference is influenced by stimulus complexity and by the symmetry-asymmetry dimension of the presented stimulus. Although the differences between artists and non-artists are clear regarding aesthetical evaluation, there are evidence supporting the assumption that symmetry is preferred over asymmetry regardless of domain specific knowledge. In the current study we investigated the role of expertise in visual art on aesthetical evaluation of symmetrical and asymmetrical, simple, and complex geometrical forms, using visual stimuli based on Jacobsen and Höfel (2001). Participants from art high- school and university have been gathered (N = 56) and were distributed into three separate groups by their visual art and art history experience (experts, novice, and medium experience). Our main result shows a significant effect of experience in visual art on aesthetical preference, participants in the expert group preferred complex asymmetrical stimuli more compared to participants in art novice group. Asymmetrical simple and complex forms were aesthetically preferred more by expert group than the two other groups. We also found that symmetrical forms are preferred over asymmetrical ones regardless of level of expertise in art, however preference of art experts tends to be more unified over stimulus complexity. Our results are in line with results from previous studies regarding symmetry- asymmetry preference. We can conclude that beside the general preference for symmetrical forms, experience in art alters asymmetry preference and it regulates the preference over simple- complex symmetrical and asymmetrical stimuli.
Yijia Zhang
European Journal of Behavioral Sciences, Volume 5, pp 32-40; https://doi.org/10.33422/ejbs.v5i1.810

Abstract:
Based on the studies retrieved from CNKI, the paper explores the development, research status and focus of language maintenance in China with the help of Citespace 5.7. The result shows that (1) despite the late start, the research on language maintenance in China is growing at a stable rate each year, but the number of influential papers is very limited when compared to the total number of papers published; (2) the publications are diversified and the research on language maintenance has drawn attention from and at the same time has gone beyond the minorities language studies circle, but a majority of the papers studied from a macro perspective; (3) the researchers and institutes are widely dispersed, but the most influential ones are very limited, and most work is done independently and teamwork or collaboration is in urgent need; (4) important topics cover endangered language, language protection, minority people and its language, language resource, language diversity, ecology, etc., among which endangered language and language protection have become the research focus with the highest frequency and centrality in recent years.
, Diksha Sharma
European Journal of Behavioral Sciences, Volume 5, pp 1-10; https://doi.org/10.33422/ejbs.v5i1.755

Abstract:
To understand the interplay between socio-economic demographic variables, work-life integration (WLI), and resilience during unprecedented times. The study is an effort to investigate the present state of working professionals in relation to work-life integration under contemporary socio-economic demographic dimensions and further test the relationship between resilience and WLI. A mixed method of research with interviews as well as the questionnaire is used. With 101 datasets of working professionals from India, five socio-economic demographic variables are identified -generation type, industry, present position in organisation, family status, and average working hours per week. The chi-square results represent a significant effect of these socio-economic demographic variables on WLI and subsequently, correlation illustrates a positive relationship between resilience and WLI. Based on regression, a conceptual model is proposed, that represents socio-economic demographic factors that affect WLI and WLI influences resilience.
, Anna Veres, Susana Farcas, Szidonia Kiss, Anna Bernath-Vincze
European Journal of Behavioral Sciences, Volume 4, pp 26-34; https://doi.org/10.33422/ejbs.v4i2.597

Abstract:
Dysfunctional career decision-making beliefs (DCB) impede career decision making (CDM) process in several ways. This study proposes to delineate the profiles of two career-specific dysfunctional beliefs, fate (FB) and criticality of decision (CB) through their differential effects on career decision self-efficacy (CDSE) in undergraduate students. A sample of 157 undergraduate students (aged M = 21.07, SD = 1.78, 87.2% female) completed the fate and criticality beliefs subscales of Dysfunctional Career Decision-Making Beliefs Scale, Career Decision Self-Efficacy Scale and Career Satisfaction Scale. Two-step cluster analyses was provided for delineating the profiles of combined variables of fate and criticality beliefs. As the result, four clusters emerged: criticality of decision beliefs (CB), fate beliefs (FB), negotiable fate beliefs (NFB) and no dysfunctional beliefs (NB) group. Clusters did not differ in terms of gender, age, GPA or career satisfaction. The profiles of DCB did not differ in CDSE; statistically significant group differences were only found for career goal selection. More specifically, FB group showed significantly less self-efficacy in setting their career goals as compared to CB or NFB groups. Results indicate that dysfunctional fate beliefs are associated with low perceived self-efficacy regarding the selection of goals in the process of career decision-making. However, the effect of FBs can be buffered by CBs, dysfunctional of their kind, suggesting that negotiable FBs have a more favourable effect on career related goal selection self-efficacy as they draw back the process of CDM under personal influence.
Daniela Cârstea
European Journal of Behavioral Sciences, Volume 4, pp 1-5; https://doi.org/10.33422/ejbs.v4i3.713

Abstract:
I feel that my analysis, which endeavours to articulate the operational Lacanian concepts onto Wilde’s fiction, will achieve a “liberating” of the meaning from the text, an enterprise which can be equated with a transvaluation of the textual psychical values. One of the points I argue in what follows is that the readers of The Picture of Dorian Gray are encouraged by Wilde to transcend the limited perspective of the fictional selves (characters) in the story. To use Lacanian terms, consciousness equals a fictional construct that performs a masquerade of truth because it is attached to signifiers that reside beyond the subject in the Other (and in the unrepresented sphere of the Real). Approaching the text from a Lacanian perspective will make the reader aware of how one constructs an ideal image of one’s ‘self’ and seduces others into recognizing it. The results that such an enterprise yields point to the fact that there is an eccentric relationship between what a person (Dorian Gray, in our case) is and what one desires, a lack-in-being that haunts the human subject. Even if the portrait fills his lack-in-being, by bestowing upon him everlasting beauty, there remains a gap within itself likewise. It lacks life. To conclude, the portrait becomes more Dorian-like in proportion as Dorian himself gets alienated from his self, so that eventually it becomes the real Dorian. When the latter fully realizes that, he tries to reconquer his life, even if the price is his death.
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