European Journal of Behavioral Sciences

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EISSN : 2538-807X
Total articles ≅ 59
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Cuneyt Yenigun, Saranjam Baig
European Journal of Behavioral Sciences, Volume 3, pp 22-30; https://doi.org/10.33422/ejbs.v3i4.515

Abstract:
Oman has long lasting peaceful relations with its neighbours and the world. It is a small size Arabian Gulf state with very rich natural resources. Relations between Oman and Turkey was very pleasant in 15-19th centuries. A century of interrupted relations has started to resurrect in the recent years with the new economic, political treaties and socio-cultural relations between two nations. Turkey and its policies, TV serials, and political leaders are very well known in Oman, whereas Oman is not very familiar to the Turkish people. In this research, to understand the level of Oman’s image in Turkey, a survey was orchestrated on more than 500 respondents and striking findings demonstrate that Oman is not well-known well in Turkey. The survey was conducted physically in the shopping malls in Istanbul and virtually via online questionnaire. Social representation of the survey overlaps on the Turkish social facts. In comparison with Europeans and Asians, the Turkish public knows Oman more than double of the world public opinion. For example, the location of Oman is known 51.9% in Turkey, but 38.2% in the world; the existence of general elections in Oman is known in Turkey on the level of 32.7%, whereas in Europe 16.3%. This study, as a primary resource, shares and interprets the result of conducted survey and then suggests some policy alternatives to Oman to be known better in Turkey and the world as a public diplomacy tool.
Moeketsi Kali
European Journal of Behavioral Sciences, Volume 3, pp 20-33; https://doi.org/10.33422/ejbs.v3i3.397

Abstract:
Bureaucracy represents an ideal form of public administration. Its robust structure facilitates the attainment of public goals. It introduces fairness, rationality, discipline and equity into the public administration. Regardless of its desirability, it is not conveying the expected outcomes in Lesotho. This paper is largely based on secondary data and content analysis to unearth the causes of the poor performance of bureaucracy in the country. It found out that the rent-seeking behaviour of elected public officials taints the merits of bureaucracy so that scholars are lured to believe that it is dysfunctional. The behaviour of the political office-holders in Lesotho demonstrates that they are determined to intimidate technocrats who hamper their interests. Such practices overshadow the desirability of bureaucracy. Top political office-bearers in the country prefer infiltrating the bureaucracy with unqualified civil servants for political gains. They have even coopted the judges so that they can manipulate the public administration with impunity. However, the government of Lesotho can correct these abnormalities by reinforcing the existing laws and strengthening the impartiality of the judiciary.
M. Sami Okumus
European Journal of Behavioral Sciences, Volume 3, pp 52-72; https://doi.org/10.33422/ejbs.v3i2.482

Abstract:
Television series are among the most important television products and are indispensable as prime-time representatives of a broadcast generation that international television channels put a strong emphasis on. Both the quality of the content and the cultural similarities the audience perceives in the story carry relevance in terms of reaching the target audience. This study aims to deal with the development of the TV series sector in the context of Turkish TV series (TTS) in recent years, regarding the export of these series abroad and the sociological and cultural effects of these series in the countries they are shown. The study explores the viewing habits of Croatian viewers, their perspective on television watching, TV series in general, their experience with different TV series and the elements that drew them to continue watching, and their opinion on TV series imported from North America, Latin America, and Europe. The study tries to understand the audience’s perspectives on Turkish TV series and how they shape their preferences. This study also presents the number of Turkish TV series released in Croatia between 2010 (when the first Turkish TV series was released in Croatia) and 2020 and their effects on local people. Turkish TV series, production details, and broadcasting info were analyzed and explained using information obtained from the Croatian audience through an online questionnaire.
Belgin Bağırlar
European Journal of Behavioral Sciences, Volume 3, pp 1-11; https://doi.org/10.33422/ejbs.v3i3.483

Abstract:
Does equality exist in the 21st century, or, are minorities still forced to fight for equality? In nineteenth century, Britain, racism was blatant in all spheres of cultural, social, and economic life to the point that it crossed over into literature and theatre. In 1978, UNESCO adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Forty years have since passed, but has it made any difference? Contemporary British playwright Debbie Tucker Green’s Eye for Ear (2018), staged at the Royal Court Theatre, reminds us that racism and inequality is still a key social-political issue. This three-act, avant-garde, colloquial play depicts how both African-Americans as well as Black British people still live with racism today. It also highlights racism’s linguistic and legal past. Tucker Green particularly focuses on the violent aspect of that racism through the lens of different characters: an academic, a black student, a black boy, and black parents. The play concludes with crushed hope, for it deduces that Caucasians both in the United States and in Great Britain still dominate practically every facet of society. This study will examine Green’s Ear for Eye, racial discrimination in the 21st century, and how Tucker Green projects her views upon her work through the theory of race and racism.
Zohreh Alizadehrad, Ekaterine Maglakelidze
European Journal of Behavioral Sciences, Volume 3, pp 1-22; https://doi.org/10.33422/ejbs.v3i2.417

Abstract:
The goal of this research is to measure level of customer awareness of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in Georgian society and to study the influence of CSR awareness on consumer behavior through trustworthiness (one of the dimensions of corporate credibility) by revealing the correlations between customer awareness and corporate trustworthiness, customer willingness to be involved in CSR initiatives and customer purchase intentions. The descriptive research was carried out and data were collected based on the survey of 915 respondents located in Tbilisi, Georgia. The relationships between variables have been studied by using multiple regressions technique. This article provides data that lead to a new conceptual model and point the importance of elevating the level of customer CSR awareness in achieving corporate credibility goals.Beyond it, customers’ inclination to purchase products from those companies who care about their long-term interest has been revealed.
Ravikiran Dwivedula
European Journal of Behavioral Sciences, Volume 3, pp 1-13; https://doi.org/10.33422/ejbs.v3i4.436

Abstract:
The purpose of this paper is to identify and review the research themes in the area of mental health in workplace. I conduct a bibliometric analysis of 219 peer-reviewed articles specific to research conducted in Canada. The articles are extracted from EBSCO using the key words “mental health” and “workplace” and published between the years 2000 and 2020. A qualitative research technique – ‘co-occurrence of key words’ is used to identify the most relevant key words in the theoretical corpus of 219 articles. Most frequently occurring words are clustered together forming a research theme. Five research themes- healthcare management, organizational context and support, psychological issues, methodology & research design, and Participants are identified. This research makes a significant academic contribution in providing directions for future research on the topic of mental health in organizations. From the practitioner viewpoint, it draws the attention of healthcare professionals to some of the more recent practices in organizations that address the important issue of mental health.
Modu Lawan Gana
European Journal of Behavioral Sciences, Volume 3, pp 14-21; https://doi.org/10.33422/ejbs.v3i4.435

Abstract:
The Nigeria government has been fighting a protracted insurgency by Boko Haram since 2009. Despite the concerted multifaceted counterinsurgency approach, the insurgent sustained its violence with impunity. However, the participation of militia to support the government significantly suppressed the insurgent hostilities, reduced both attack frequencies and fatalities. Even though the militias succeed in the operation, but what motivates them to engage in the militia is not address. This article, therefore, drawing data from interviews and field observations, this study investigated the drivers of the militias in Yobe State. The case study is at Geidam involving 15 participants from three groups that include the militia participants, government officials, and community leaders. The find revealed poverty and unemployment are the key drivers of militias' participation in the operation. However, the study recommends that Nigeria and Yobe State governments should regulate the militia activities to avoid excessiveness. Nigeria's government should re-strategize its counterinsurgency campaign toward the people-centered operation. Others are the recruitment of more state counterinsurgent forces by the government.
Achmad Sholeh, Nurul Hidayah, Winda Sri Harianti
European Journal of Behavioral Sciences, Volume 3, pp 31-38; https://doi.org/10.33422/ejbs.v3i4.479

Abstract:
Breast cancer is one of the prevalent non-communicable diseases in developed and under-developed countries, especially Indonesia. It’s necessary to promote and aware breast cancer screening practices for early detection of breast cancer. This study aims to analyze relationship between self-esteem and breast cancer beliefs screening among Indonesian women. This study was conducted with a quantitative approach and performed in Indonesia. Participants of this study were 209 women. Measurement of self-esteem was done by using Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale by Rosenberg, and breast cancer beliefs screening was measured using adaptation of Breast Cancer Screening Beliefs Questionnaire by Kwok, et al. The Results of data analysis showed that self-esteem has positive correlation with knowledge (r = .131, p = .029) and negative correlation with barriers to mammographic screening (r = -.128, p = .039) but, there is no correlation with attitude (r = .091, p = .096). From the results, it can be concluded that Indonesian women with high self-esteem has more knowledge and has little barriers to mammographic screening.
Dionnie DeWitt
European Journal of Behavioral Sciences, Volume 3, pp 12-19; https://doi.org/10.33422/ejbs.v3i3.484

Abstract:
There are harmful leaders, but too few instances of how harmful the leadership is within the church get explored and how it affects the first families. Several harmful leadership styles, such as an egotistical leader, an ignorant leader, and a reckless leader, studied in some capacity under leadership. There is an ideology put forward, and it is believed that leaders are not just appearing in business or corporate America, but leaders are leaders and are showing forth their leadership in everyday instances as a mother who teaches their child. The leader's leadership scope was explored by filtering it through adaption and memory, with memory being a significant part of this paper. The overall platform is looking at (reckless) leadership through the lens of religion (Christianity) with a philosophical undertone using personal reflections. The results for this research, under the assumption, of using the qualitative method and using two qualitative designs, helped with data collection. The narrative approach and the phenomenological approach show the leader's evolving behavior and the first family's behavior through personal observation with testimonies to expose the effects of their memory. Scriptures are used to expose or reveal the split leadership dynamic and how memory dictates leaders' response and behavior. Two individual stories were rendered, which more participants are needed to develop a consensus of adaption and memory in leadership and how it affects the first family. Understanding that some things are caught, and some things are taught, this study's outcome, by looking at leadership and the effects of the first family, concluding with the suggestion of furthering this research to explore a more in-depth understanding of reckless leadership in the scope of adaptation to memory.
Moeketsi Kali
European Journal of Behavioral Sciences, Volume 3, pp 23-38; https://doi.org/10.33422/ejbs.v3i2.396

Abstract:
Sub-Saharan Africa is a home of the world’s poorest countries. After more than half a century since independence, Lesotho remains in the list of the poor countries in Sub-Saharan Africa despite the adoption of the Millennium Development Goals, Sustainable Development Goals, and Agenda 2063. The aim of this paper is to examine the causes of poverty in the country together with the solutions taken to combat it. The paper asks the following questions: What are the main causes of poverty in Lesotho? What solutions has the government put in place to reduce it? The paper anchors on content analysis to provide answers to these questions. It argues that poverty and its ills remain pervasive in Lesotho because of the government’s poor policies and failure to create job opportunities. The paper shows that the government of Lesotho has closed gender disparity in terms of educational attainment and health and survival. It has also developed a robust social protection system to reduce poverty among the elderly population, people living with disabilities, children, and women in the country. Despite this success, the government has reversed the gains made since 2006 in terms of political empowerment and economic participation and opportunities. Notwithstanding, the SDGs and Agenda 2063 provides a room for the government to reduce poverty in the country by making good on its promises entailed in the two international instruments.
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