Handep: Jurnal Sejarah dan Budaya

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2614-0209 / 2684-7256
Total articles ≅ 40
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Khairul Fuad
Handep: Jurnal Sejarah dan Budaya, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.33652/handep.v4i2.127

Abstract:
A river is an important part of the social and environmental management in West Kalimantan which becomes a marker of the community’s existence. Literature is the image of the management since it lives and develops according to its surrounding. The relationship between literature and rivers can be seen in the literary expressions The image of the river in literature changes over time which is seen in different expression of West Kalimantan’s poem. This paper used semiotic-dynamic as an analytical tool to find out the expressions of the river and its changes in literary expression. This analysis tool was used to obtain the dynamics of these literary expressions. In addition, an ecocritical method was also used to see the direction of river-related literary expression in West Kalimantan’s literature. The results show that the existence of rivers is an important pillar of people’s life in West Kalimantan as emphasized through literary works.
Iswanto Iswanto
Handep: Jurnal Sejarah dan Budaya, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.33652/handep.v4i2.144

Abstract:
Local wisdom defined as the ability of a community to adapt to, organize, and manage the environment and culture that affects their lives. The research conducted in the Boti community of East Nusa Tenggara Province aims to describe and understand ume kbubu as a form of local wisdom of the Boti community in maintaining food security and protecting them from disasters. The method used in this study was a qualitative method with a phenomenological approach. The characteristics of this research data are classified as sensitive research data; therefore, it takes a long time to obtain. Observation and interviews were data collection techniques used in this research. The result indicated that the structure of ume kbubu shows the local wisdom of the Boti community in adapting to the environment and influencing the scattered settlement structures. In addition, the function and symbolization of ume kbubu are closely related to the local wisdom of the community in storing and managing staple food (corn), which is the strength of the Boti community in facing the food crisis. The settlement structure of the Boti community, supported by strict customary rules, becomes a barrier in social interaction that can protect the community from disasters, such as infectious diseases. The local wisdom of the Boti community is likely to be an input for the government to study various cultural aspects to deal with disasters.
Sunandar Sunandar, Tomi Tomi, Lamazi Lamazi
Handep: Jurnal Sejarah dan Budaya, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.33652/handep.v4i2.145

Abstract:
Sambas society has been shaped over a long history. Several folklores serve as the foothold in interpreting and referring to the dynamics of the past. This paper contains two popular stories, namely Sambas from the eternal friendship between Syamsudin and Saribas, and Sambas which is interpreted as three ethnic groups. The two stories became the basis for seeing the diverse Sambas. To reveal the diversity of Malay Sambas, the research was carried out in four stages of the historical method, namely heuristics, verification, interpretation, and historiography. This study shows that the diversity in Sambas is recorded in the people’s collective memory, which aims to unite existing individuals.
Syafaat Rahman Musyaqqat
Handep: Jurnal Sejarah dan Budaya, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.33652/handep.v4i2.157

Abstract:
As the National rice barn, the Southern Sulawesi is often associated with the green revolution of the New Order Regime, especially since Indonesia succeeded the rice self-sufficency in 1984. Furthermore, Southern Sulawesi has an important role as rice supplier in Indonesia which was proven in 1930s. The state control is one of main factors supporting Southern Sulawesi’s success, along with another factor particularly environmental conditions and irrigation development. This article discusses the rice trade network and its relationship to the dynamics of export ports in Southern Sulawesi in the 1930s. By applying the historical method, this study employed primary sources, such as archives, journals, newspapers, and magazines. The findings show that the rice trade during the 1930s experienced a significant development as the state involved in the trade in 1933. The increase was seen in the trading system and the amount of exported rice. The increase which was seen in the trading system and the amount of exported rice indicates the significance of Southern Sulawesi as one of the rice barns in the Dutch East Indies. By describing the production areas, involved actors, export ports, and trade networks, this study shows the relationship between intra- and inter-regional trade.
Adil Akbar
Handep: Jurnal Sejarah dan Budaya, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.33652/handep.v4i2.136

Abstract:
This article discusses two things. First, the historiography of the pilgrimage in South Sulawesi during the State of East Indonesia. Second, the correlation between rice and copra as commodities had impacts on economic growth in South Sulawesi. The method used in this article was the historical method by analyzing mainly contemporary archives. This study shows that the people in South Sulawesi can perform the pilgrimage due to the economic growth through rice and copra trade activities in this area, at least during the State of East Indonesia in 1946-1950. One of the benchmarks of economic growth is the number of people in South Sulawesi performing the pilgrimage, especially those who come from rice and copra producing areas.
Joshua Jolly Sucanta Cakranegara
Handep: Jurnal Sejarah dan Budaya, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.33652/handep.v4i1.142

Abstract:
North Kalimantan Province (Kaltara) is the 34th province or the youngest province inIndonesia. The establishment of the province is inseparable from long historical dynamics.This can be seen from the period of the establishment of the Bulungan Sultanate, the DutchEast Indies colonial government, the Japanese occupation government, until the Indonesiangovernment. By applying historical approach, this paper aims to explain the historicaldynamics of the establishment of North Kalimantan Province after 1998, since regionalautonomy strengthened in 1999 through Law Number 22 of 1999 on Regional Governmentto the final establishment through Law Number 20 of 2012 on Establishment of NorthKalimantan Province. The results of this study indicate that the establishment of the provincecannot be separated from the spirit of regional autonomy that was intensified after 1998.In addition, a number of multidimensional studies in the social-economic, natural resourcemanagement, defense-security, and territorial fields have become a strong foundation forthe establishment of the province. Thus, political processes, both at the central and regionallevels, as well as in-depth study and great local community support were key factors in theestablishment of North Kalimantan Province. This become a historical dynamic in thehistory of regional government in the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia (NKRI).
Muhammad Nur Ichsan Azis
Handep: Jurnal Sejarah dan Budaya, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.33652/handep.v4i1.107

Abstract:
This paper describes the Arab people in Manado, as ethnic groups, traders and influentialpeople in the late 19th century to the early 20th century. The Arabs were classified aspeople who are active in trading activities, especially in the shift of commodities, until themid-20th century. They were one of the ethnic groups that play several important roles inthe structure of Indonesian society, including in Manado. These activities influenced theprocess of population movement, diaspora, identity formation, and the axis of commercialnetworks towards the beginning of the 20th century. Manado was a strategic area thatconnected several major and small cities for Arab traders. This paper used historical methodsto examine Arab communities that still survive today. The diaspora of the Arabs to Manadostrengthen the Arabs in Indonesian archipelago. The network that was formed had animpact on the religious identity attached to the Arabs in Manado towards the early 20thcentury AD. One of factors driving the power of the Arabs was the economy which can takeadvantage of the space among other business actors. As a result, they became a new forcein the early 20th century that they were able to attract local people’s attention to stayconnected.
Ronal Ridhoi, Mohammad Nazri Adlani
Handep: Jurnal Sejarah dan Budaya, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.33652/handep.v4i1.90

Abstract:
Smoking, cigarette, and keretek have already been addiction to Indonesian peoples,especially in Kediri. Since the 1950s, Kediri has been recognized by its largest cigarettefactory, namely PT Gudang Garam. This study focuses on the linkages between ngudud(smoking) and ‘pabrik keretek’ (micro-scale cigarette factory), and why ngudud is stillexisted as a habit until nowadays. This research used historical method by perusing archives,online reports, articles, books, and interviews. This study indicates that ngudud was affectedby Chinese immigrants who introduced keretek to Kediri since the second half of 20th century,and it has a linkage to the emergence of ‘pabrik keretek’ on the next period. Ngudud, as ahabit, is still existed because keretek became more popular in 1970s and it has been usedfor daily activities and religious rituals in Kediri.
Rois Leonard Arios
Handep: Jurnal Sejarah dan Budaya, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.33652/handep.v4i1.131

Abstract:
Tradition of an ethnic group will still exist and be sustainable if the supporting communitycontinues to carry out its role in accordance with its function in the tradition. This paperexplains how bimbang bebalai tradition in the Serawai tribe, which could be implementedduring the reign, is no longer carried out even though it has been facilitated by thegovernment. In analyzing the problem, the A.R. Radcliffe-Brown structural functionalapproach was used by focusing on the analysis of the role functions of each structure. Thestudy was conducted with a qualitative approach with interviews and observations as aprimary data collection tool and supported by literature study. The study has found thatbimbang bebalai tradition cannot be implemented at this time because the existing role ofindigenous institution and structure in the tradition itself does not work. The role of thegovernment that is overboard actually eliminates the community’s role which is supposedto be facilitated as the owner and executor of the tradition.
Ardhian Dwi Prabowo, S Nawiyanto
Handep: Jurnal Sejarah dan Budaya, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.33652/handep.v4i1.118

Abstract:
The paper discusses Widas irrigation development and effects on the socio-economy andenvironment of people of Nganjuk Regency in 1978-2010. The research examines theconditional factors promoting Widas irrigation development, the development process andeffects on the local economy and environment. The study used the historical methodconceptualized by Kuntowijoyo which included topic selction, source collection, verification,interpretation, and historiography. Widas river has offered important benefits for thecommunity’s economy, especially the agricultural sector; however, it still causes floodswhich leads to a big loss to Nganjuk people. The irrigation development was a programdesigned to bring multiple benefits, particularly to control the severe flood of Widas riverand to promote agricultural production in Nganjuk area. It successfully increasesagricultural production and improves the community’s economy by opening opportunitiesto change cropping patterns and freshwater fish farming. However, this project has notbeen able to free Nganjuk community from flooding because the forest damage in theupstream area of Widas river disrupts the hydrological system.
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