Psychology and Mental Health Care

Journal Information
EISSN : 2637-8892
Published by: Auctores (10.31579)
Total articles ≅ 94
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Na Aliyev, Zn Aliyev
Published: 5 January 2022
Psychology and Mental Health Care, Volume 6, pp 01-09; https://doi.org/10.31579/2637-8892/147

Abstract:
The purpose of this work was to general familiarize psychiatrists with various aspects and directions of psychotherapeutic methods. It is common knowledge that most couple psychiatrists ignore the value of psychotherapy. This article indicates the importance of psychotherapy in the practice of psychiatrists. A good knowledge of psychotherapeutic methods is necessary for modern and high-quality provision of mental health care to the population.
Kaleab Tesfaye Tegegne, Eleni Tesfaye Tegegne, Mekibib Kassa Tessema, Wosenyeleh Semeon Bagajjo, Muse Rike, Alelign Tadele Abebe, Berhanu Bifato
Published: 5 January 2022
Psychology and Mental Health Care, Volume 6, pp 01-06; https://doi.org/10.31579/2637-8892/145

Abstract:
The purpose of this meta-analysis was to assess the association between Depression and suicidal ideation. We use data from six studies to do a meta-analysis. We applied the random-effects analytic model and calculated a pooled odds ratio. The combined effect size showed that odds of suicidal ideation among people with Depression is 4.88 times higher than those peoples without Depression (ORMH 4.88 95%CI 2.04, 11.72) Test for overall effect: Z = 3.55 (P = 0.0004) Heterogeneity: Tau² = 1.11; Chi² = 100.97, df = 5 (P < 0.00001); I² = 95%. The magnitude of suicidal ideation among people with Depression is 46.39% (528) and peoples without Depression is 17.79 % (315) from the total, 39.13 % (1138) is depressed and 60.86% (1779) not depressed. The overall proportion of Suicidal Ideation among the included studies is 28.98 % (843). The total number of study subjects included in our systematic review and meta-analysis is 2908.
Adrian Furnham
Published: 5 January 2022
Psychology and Mental Health Care, Volume 6, pp 01-08; https://doi.org/10.31579/2637-8892/148

Abstract:
This study investigated the association between a variety of taste preferences and the Dark Triad personality traits. We noted over twenty studies that linked personality to taste/beverage preference and experience. In this study just under 200 participants completed a personality and food preference questionnaire. Results demonstrated that dark side traits accounted for around ten percent of the variance in tastes, including bitter and sweet as well as alcohol and coffee strength preferences. For a number of the taste preference measures sensation seeking and harm aversive personality traits were particularly influential in determining taste preferences. Limitations and directions for future research are discussed.
Na Aliyev, Zn Aliyev
Published: 5 January 2022
Psychology and Mental Health Care, Volume 6, pp 01-04; https://doi.org/10.31579/2637-8892/152

Abstract:
Objective: There are few new approaches to the pharmacotherapeutic treatment of methamphetamine dependence in the literature. The publications contain abundant data on various methods of pharmacotherapeutic treatment of methamphetamine dependence. However, no pharmacotherapeutic therapy for methamphetamine dependence is sufficient. Materials and Methods: This was a double-blind study in patients diagnosed with methamphetamine dependence according to DSM-5. A total of 100 patients who met the DSM-5 criteria for methamphetamine dependence were examined. All male patients from 18 to 60 years old. The patients were divided into two groups of 50 people: the first group received clomipramine (anafranil) 300 mg / day (100 mg 3 times a day) and carbamazepine 600 mg / day (200 mg 3 times a day) orally. The second group received an indifferent drug (placebo) Results: as shown by follow-up data (12 months), among 50 patients who received anaphrani and carbamazepine only, 10 had short-term breakdowns associated with exposure to microsocial causes. The rest of the patients were in remission. Among patients receiving placebo, only 5 patients experienced remission, all the rest had cases of relapse. Responder analysis was performed using chi-square (x2) and analysis of variance (ANOVA). Conclusion. Clinical statistics indicate the high efficiency of the use of anaphrani and carbamazepine in the treatment of methamphetamine dependence. The mechanisms of action of the drug are being discussed.
Ali Mohammad-Beigi, Mahsa Babaei
Published: 5 January 2022
Psychology and Mental Health Care, Volume 6, pp 01-06; https://doi.org/10.31579/2637-8892/146

Abstract:
Introduction: Medical students are important and vulnerable populations. High levels of stress, financial dependency, easy access to substances, and lack of adequate support increase their mental health problems and substance use. In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between their mental health status and attitude toward substances. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 157 medical students were enrolled using the convenient sampling method, to answer the Drug Attitude Scale test and General Health Questionnaire. Data were analyzed using the SPSS. Results: Mental health is significantly correlated with the attitude toward substance use. The participants in this study had mental health problems in general. Half of them also had a positive attitude and tendency to use substances. Conclusion: Mental health problems and tendency to use the substances were prevalent among medical students. More investigations and designation of therapeutic and preventive programs are necessary especially for vulnerable populations.
Shanika Lavi Wilson, Shaquila O’Shay Massey, De’Onna Smith, Christopher Solomon
Published: 16 November 2021
Psychology and Mental Health Care, Volume 5, pp 01-07; https://doi.org/10.31579/2637-8892/120

Abstract:
Colorism has been a historical racial dilemma for the African American community since slavery. Colorism can be defined as a form of bias, based upon different aspects of physical appearance including skin color, facial features, and hair that favors the facial appearance of Caucasian white Americans (Beopple, 2015). Over the last 10 years quantitative and qualitative data has been gathered to study the effect of colorism on the African American community with a specific focus on the psychological well-being of this population. A survey was conducted to evaluate the effects of colorism on African American women and their self-esteem and self-perception. A total of 25(N=25) surveys were gathered of women, ages 18-50, who all identified as black, African American or a person of color. The analyzed research results concluded that colorism, although has negatively impacted many participants, has not lowered or altered their self esteem or self perception.
Ami Rokach, Karalyn MacFarlane
Published: 16 November 2021
Psychology and Mental Health Care, Volume 5, pp 01-14; https://doi.org/10.31579/2637-8892/144

Abstract:
Intimate relationships are not just between lovers, but is also present in parenting as well as the individual’s relationship with the larger family and kin. This article sheds light on those who underwent abuse and have consequently been marked for life and in many areas of their personhood, their ability to relate, and to intimately connect with others.
Na Aliyev, Zn Aliyev
Published: 16 November 2021
Psychology and Mental Health Care, Volume 5, pp 01-04; https://doi.org/10.31579/2637-8892/143

Abstract:
Objective: We studied cariprazine in therapy of delusions with a therapeutic resistance due to traumatic brain injury randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled study manner. Methods: to traumatic brain injury hundred patients (100 all men) whom we studied were under observation in Mental Health Center of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Azerbaijan from January 2020 to June 2021. The method of randomization was given by lottery. Each patient was randomized to receive either in agreement of the instruction cariprazine (50 patients) over 5 day in dose 6 mg one times per os in morning after meet for 6 weeks or matched placebo (50 patients) in a double-blind manner. A structured clinical interview, for DSM-5Axis I Disorder, Patient Edition, was used to diagnose according to DSM-5 major or mild neurocognitive disorder due to traumatic brain injury. Result: All patients (50) treated with cariprazine treated participants responded by 6 weeks, versus two of the 50 placebo-treated participants (p<0.001). The most common and problematic side effect in the cariprazine group was not. Conclusion: The authors believe this to be the first double-blind placebo-controlled randomization study to test the efficacy of a cariprazine in the management of in therapy of delusions with a therapeutic resistance due to traumatic brain injury randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled study manner. They need to be replicated in a larger study group.
Caroline Gagnon, Simon Grondin, Marilou Côté, Marie-Ève Labonté
Published: 16 November 2021
Psychology and Mental Health Care, Volume 5, pp 01-12; https://doi.org/10.31579/2637-8892/140

Abstract:
Objective: The aim of the current study was to improve the understanding of emotions evoked by food pictures in women with an eating disorder (ED), by distinguishing anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) diagnoses, while taking into account the caloric content of food and the influence of participants’ nutritional knowledge. Methods: Thirteen AN, 9 BN and 22 healthy controls (HC) women participated in the study. In a laboratory setting, participants first completed self-report questionnaires regarding their affective state. Then, an emotional rating task of food and non-food pictures was performed in order to examine participants’ emotional reactions to these pictures, depending on the caloric value of the food depicted and controlling for internal state. Finally, an energy density ranking task of food pictures was completed to investigate participants’ nutritional knowledge and its influence on their reactions to food. Results: Compared to HC, ED participants experienced more fear towards food, which was neither due to their internal state nor to their nutritional knowledge. In AN, fear occurred towards all food, whereas in BN, fear was observed for high-calorie products only. Conclusion: The key role of food-induced fear in ED was highlighted, particularly in AN.
Dhana Ratna Shakya
Published: 16 November 2021
Psychology and Mental Health Care, Volume 5, pp 01-04; https://doi.org/10.31579/2637-8892/141

Abstract:
Subsequent time, after declaration of COVID-19 pandemic, witnessed variable changes in various aspects due to COVID circumstances around the globe. We report and reflect here over the observation regarding substance use and use disorder scenario in initial COVID year 2020 in reference to 2019 (year preceding COVID-19 pandemic). It is an observation in psychiatry in-patient service of a teaching hospital of eastern Nepal. There were 420 (284 male, 136 female) and 279 (194 male and 85 female) admissions in 2019 and 2020 respectively. The most striking and significant change was seen for Nicotine, both overall and use disorder-wise. Over all, the proportion increased for Nicotine (34.05 to 48.03%) and Cannabis (16.67 to 17.92%) whereas decreased for Alcohol (38.33 to 31.18%), Opiote (7.62 to 6.81%), Benzodiazepine (6.43 to 5.73%) and other substance (0.71% to nil) among the in-patients in 2020. Categorically, both the Use and Dependence syndrome (ICD-10) increased for Nicotine (8.81 to 21.86%% and 25.24 to 26.17%) and Cannabis (10.71 to 11.47% and 5.72 to 6.45%). Proportion of Alcohol use and Harmful use decreased whereas Alcohol dependence increased, Opiote use increased whereas Harmful use and Dependence decreased, Benzodiazepine use and Dependence decreased and other substances decreased too. The observation shows various changes in the pattern of substance among the psychiatry in-patients which indicates the need for some strategic and policy changes to tackle this pandemic situation.
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