Journal of Sustainable Development
ISSN / EISSN : 1913-9063 / 1913-9071
Current Publisher: Canadian Center of Science and Education (10.5539)
Total articles ≅ 1,644
Latest articles in this journal
Published: 30 April 2021
Journal of Sustainable Development, Volume 14; doi:10.5539/jsd.v14n3p164
I believe that the phenomenon of regionalization that currently gains weight as a characteristic of the international system bears a great potential for increasing the effectiveness of complex international environmental regimes. Constituting a sub-level within the international system, macro-regions create a bridge between the anarchy of the international system and the order of the state, by doing so, allowing for a certain amount of intra-regional cooperation to emerge and facilitating inter-regional coordination. The corresponding fragmentation of complex environmental regimes into sub-regimes consisting of groups of states sharing certain characteristics and interests can be expected to contribute to an increase in their effectiveness.
Published: 29 April 2021
Journal of Sustainable Development, Volume 14; doi:10.5539/jsd.v14n3p147
Several scholars have addressed the locational factors necessary for the best installation of industries or services; among them, one finds the costs with transportation of products and raw materials, labor-related costs, benefits deriving from the agglomeration of companies, as well as place-environment associations. Some agglomeration types stand out in this context, each one of them has its specific features, although they share the same goal. The agglomeration of companies is an increasingly frequent trend observed in production centers. Companies belonging to the same production chain remain close to each other in order to reduce costs with product transportation, storage and distribution processes. Consequently, they get to optimize their processes and increase their profits. The proximity between companies belonging to the same branch increases competitiveness between them. In addition, there is significant presence of skilled labor in these regions, a fact that favors logistics operations such as the transportation of inputs needed to enable companies’ production, and cost reduction. Thus, the aim of the present research is to create a methodology capable of identifying the variables necessary to develop a logistics cluster based on concepts such as productive economic agglomerations, by taking into consideration aspects addressed in a survey conducted with key cluster policy-development actors. Moreover, Interpretive Structural Modelling (ISM) was used to create an ontology to help better understanding the association among all variables necessary to structure logistics clusters.
Published: 28 April 2021
Journal of Sustainable Development, Volume 14; doi:10.5539/jsd.v14n3p136
The main objective of this study was examine contribution of marketing reform interventions on the performance of agricultural programmes funded by the World Bank in Trans-Nzoia County, Kenya. The study arose out of the need to quantify the worth of reform packages currently implemented in the agriculture sector thorough innovative interventions. The sample size of this study was 268 respondents determined using the simplified Yamane formula of proportions. Pragmatism school of thought was the best suited philosophy to guide this study as it complemented the epistemological, methodological and axiological underpinnings desired for mixed-mode research. Results obtained showed β weight of 0.181 (F- value (0.029); ρ-value= 0.05) implying that marketing reforms contributed positively to the performance of agricultural programmes. Further analysis generated R=0.125, R2= 0.016 and adjusted R2 =0.012 indicating a better fit for the model and that marketing reform contributed to the performance of agricultural programmes by 1.6%. The analysis also generated F- value (0.029); (p<0.05) and the F-calculated (4.796) being significantly larger than the critical value (F=2.454) suggesting up to 95% chance the model’s strength in explaining it is statistically significant. These results support outcomes theory by providing documented analysis and empirical evidence to support the formulation of research-based policies and regulations. Findings from the study will therefore contribute immensely to the growth of project management discipline and agricultural marketing practices in Kenya and globally.
Published: 28 April 2021
Journal of Sustainable Development, Volume 14; doi:10.5539/jsd.v14n3p121
Green spaces in urban areas including in Dar es Salaam City provide multiple ecological, social and economic benefits. Despite their benefits they are inadequately documented in terms types, coverage and uses. This paper attempts to provide information on types, coverage and uses of green space in Dar es Salaam City. A number of methods including literature review, interpretation of remotely sensed image, interviews, focus group discussions and questionnaires were used to document city greenery. The research findings show that residential greenery is made up of greenery found within and external to plots. The dominant green spaces external to residential plots were natural and semi natural vegetation while within plots were woody plants, plots farms vegetable and ornamental gardens. Distribution of greenery varied among the wards due to differences in building density and distance from the city centre. Natural and semi natural vegetation increased with decrease of building density and increase of distance from the city centre, while the number of plots with trees for shade increased with increase of building density. Only Kawe ward that had greenery above Tanzania space planning standards, the other three wards which are informal settlements had green space deficit. Three quarters of the households use green spaces for shade provision and cooling, two thirds as a source of food products and a quarter for recreation and aesthetic purposes. The study reveals that Dar es Salaam City residents invest predominantly on shade trees in their residential plots compared to other green space types.
Published: 23 April 2021
Journal of Sustainable Development, Volume 14; doi:10.5539/jsd.v14n3p107
Digital technology helps to visualize the natural potentiality of the landscapes that exist on the earthly surface. Indeed, information is more significant with fieldwork. The interpretation of the images through the application of the image segmentation function, available in the SPRING 5.5.5 software, granted the understanding of natural landscapes in the Pacoti River Watershed, precisely in the Baturité Residual Massif. Thus, geoprocessing may act as a mitigating tool in nature conservation since this tool reveals the diversity in nature and its uses.
Published: 19 April 2021
Journal of Sustainable Development, Volume 14; doi:10.5539/jsd.v14n3p95
Floods disasters around the world have increased for the last 20 years and affected billions of people. The same has been observed in Zanzibar, which resulted in severe impacts in many parts of the urban-west region and affected many people, threaten several lives and caused substantial economic losses. Therefore, this study intended to assess the community adaptation strategies to floods, the genesis of those strategies and the limiting factors for each adaptation strategies in flood-prone areas in the Urban District in Zanzibar, Tanzania. It involved 399 households. Data were collected using an interviewer-administered questionnaire for heads of the households to assess their adaptation strategies. The study discovered that the community has been employing different adaptation strategies to reduce the floods risk at pre, during and after floods. Before flooding is cemented the floor, while during flooding moved to another place and after flooding did the structural repairs of their houses and recommendations to the government on providing necessary support are delineated.
Published: 15 April 2021
Journal of Sustainable Development, Volume 14; doi:10.5539/jsd.v14n3p78
Forests are considered the second most important natural resource after water throughout the world. There is need to undertake review of policies and legislation on forestry to incorporate aspects of Participatory Forest Management to conserve and manage resources in a sustainable way. The paper sought to determine the extent to which Participatory evaluation influences conservation of Mau Forest programme. This study was guided by descriptive survey and correlational research designs. A sample size of 364 respondents was drawn from a target population of 4100 people using Yamane (1967) Formula.From the findings, r = -0.048 indicated that there was a weak negative linear correlation between Participatory evaluation and Conservation of Mau Forest programme. With a p-value=0.43), the null hypothesis was not rejected and recommended that there is need to do a holistic analysis of local people, their livelihood assets and strategies, resource-use patterns and power relations before the implementation of conservation programs.
Published: 9 April 2021
Journal of Sustainable Development, Volume 14; doi:10.5539/jsd.v14n3p58
The significance of acknowledging well-being (WB) has increased in local sustainable development (SD) assessment. Meanwhile, scholars and practitioners have paid growing attention to using subjective indicators which rely on a person’s subjective evaluation to measure SD subjects, due to the frequent critique. The predominant use of objective indicators to assess SD frequently overlooks capturing individual’s and community’s WB. Nevertheless, the scopes and functions of subjective indicators remain underexamined in the SD assessment context. Therefore, this study discusses the distinctive characteristics of subjective sustainable development indicators (SDIs), contrasting with objective SDIs, complemented by examining WB indicators. To this end, an analysis of the literature on indicator-based assessment of SD and WB at the community and local level was conducted. The findings highlighted that the three distinctive approaches of SDIs could optimally capture and address associated WB: the objective SDIs could most sufficiently capture and address material WB capture, which turned, however, the shortcoming that overlooks other dimensions of WB. In contrast, the expert-led subjective SDIs could optimally capture and address community’s social WB, whereby the outcomes reflected social norms and preferences recognised by a community and sustainability theories. Likewise, the citizen-based subjective SDIs distinctly measured individual’s life satisfaction levels, whereby the outcomes explicitly presented individual’s subjective WB while addressing local needs and values. This study finally suggests that the complementary use of the respective SDIs contributes to a thorough local-level SD assessment, by optimally addressing associated WB, which ultimately helps meet the current and future generations’ WB in achieving local SD.
Published: 30 March 2021
Journal of Sustainable Development, Volume 14; doi:10.5539/jsd.v14n2p188
Reviewer Acknowledgements for Journal of Sustainable Development, Vol. 14, No. 2, 2021
Published: 29 March 2021
Journal of Sustainable Development, Volume 14; doi:10.5539/jsd.v14n3p45
The international community has acknowledged the critical role of results-based avoided deforestation and forest degradation, sustainable management of forest, conservation and enhancement of carbon stocks (REDD+) activities in curbing climate change. However, ensuring that REDD+ programs and projects deliver carbon and non-carbon results, remains a challenge. This paper analyses results-based determinants in REDD+ projects in Cameroon. Experiences from these projects are expected to inform the design and implementation of sustainable and effective REDD+ projects. It draws on data collected from feasibility study reports, project design documents, project evaluation reports and the opinions and perspectives of 86 REDD+ stakeholders. Findings indicate that projects employed a combination of incentives, disincentives and enabling measures towards achieving the intended REDD+ results. However, none of the projects proposed conditional incentives (direct payments) to land owners and users, the key innovation brought by REDD+. Despite the fact that these projects are branded REDD+ projects, they offer little or no experiences on the relationship between REDD+ payments and carbon and non-carbon outcomes. Achieving results from REDD+ projects depend on how effective choices are made by stakeholders in relation to the type of instruments/interventions and the location of projects, and the ability to make choices further depends on the technical capacity of stakeholders. Thus, the capacity of stakeholders to be involve in REDD+ project design and implementation should be strengthened, in order for them to better appraise the results-based requirements of REDD+.