Archives in Neurology & Neuroscience
EISSN : 2641-1911
Current Publisher: Iris Publishers (10.33552)
Total articles ≅ 176
Latest articles in this journal
Archives in Neurology & Neuroscience; doi:10.33552/ann
Iris Journal of Neurology is a globally accepted journal that aims to publish innovative scientific developments and high quality information in all kinds of neurosurgery research. IJN focuses on remarkable developments in understanding the human brain and its functions, disorders, diseases, behavioural disorders, physiology of the nervous system etc.
Archives in Neurology & Neuroscience, Volume 8, pp 1-3; doi:10.33552/ann.2020.08.000681
West’s syndrome is a severe epileptic syndrome. It occurs in infants under one year old. It may be symptomatic or of unknown aetiology. Today classified among the epileptic syndromes of the infant , West’s syndrome has a bad outcome for epileptic seizures as well as for the psychomotor development of the victims. Even in its structural form, aetiological diagnosis remains difficult, especially in a context of poor technical plateform .
Archives in Neurology & Neuroscience, Volume 8, pp 1-4; doi:10.33552/ann.2020.08.000679
In the article, tinnitus is considered as a biopsychosocial disorder that leads patients to tinnitus-specific distress. Approaches and psychotherapeutic targets for reducing tinnitus distress are systematized. The protocol of clinical and psychological examination of a patient with noise/ringing in the ears, which allows you to identify the targets of therapy, track the dynamics of treatment and minimize barriers, is presented. The specifics and effectiveness of the protocols of the «first», «second» and third waves of cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy of tinnitus.
Archives in Neurology & Neuroscience, Volume 8, pp 1-7; doi:10.33552/ann.2020.08.000678
Neural probes are the main component of a Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) that enables a communication pathway between the brain and an external device. Neural probes have a wide design space in terms of size, shape, and function. Here, we present novel elongated neural probe with multiple recording sites that can reach than 10mm deep regions in the brain. Reaching such depth offer the possibility of recording of cognitive signals required to operate cognitive prosthetics. The impedance of the recording sites on the probes is on the order of 500 kΩ at 1 kHz, which is suitable for neurophysiological recordings. The probes were made porous using Xenon Difluoride (XeF2) dry etching to improve the biocompatibility and their adherence to the surrounding neural tissue. Numerical studies were performed to determine the reliability of the porous probes. We implanted the elongated probe in rats and show that the elongated probes are capable of simultaneously recording both spikes and local field potentials (LFPs) from various recording sites.
Archives in Neurology & Neuroscience, Volume 8, pp 1-6; doi:10.33552/ann.2020.08.000677
Migraine is a chronic neurological disease characterized by recurrent moderate to severe headaches often in association with a number of autonomic nervous system symptoms . Migraines are believed to be due to a mixture of environmental and genetic factors . About two-thirds of cases run in families . Changing hormone levels may also play a role, as migraines affect slightly more boys than girls before puberty, but about two to three times more women than men after puberty [4,5].
Archives in Neurology & Neuroscience, Volume 7, pp 1-3; doi:10.33552/ann.2020.07.000675
Acute ischemic stroke and chronic cerebral hypoperfusion share some common pathological changes and mechanisms. Inflammation plays an important rolein both acute and chronic cerebral ischemia.Microglia represent the immune system of the mammalian brain and are critically involved in cerebral ischemia, whichis an exciting target for future therapies.
Archives in Neurology & Neuroscience, Volume 8, pp 1-8; doi:10.33552/ann.2020.08.000676
Primary headaches are heterogeneous clinical conditions, characterized by multifactorial etiology and partially unknown eziopathogenesis. In this study, we have investigated the psychophysiological aspects related to autonomic activation and psycho physiological stress response in primary headache patients, in order to identify possible statistically significant relationships between psycho physiological pattern, measured by the PPP (psycho physiological profile) , and the differential neurological diagnosis of primary headaches.The sample consisted of 68 subjects aged between 18 and 70 years (Mean= 39,6; S.D.=12,1), who underwent continuous and simultaneous psycho physiological registration (PPP) of the following parameters: surface electromyography (sEMG), skin conductance level/response (SCL/SCR), heart rate (HR), Inter Beat Interval (IBI) and peripheral temperature (THE)
Archives in Neurology & Neuroscience, Volume 7, pp 1-8; doi:10.33552/ann.2020.07.000674
Because the accumulation of amyloid plaques plays a central role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and is responsible for many of its neurodegenerative effects, this project aims to evaluate the effectiveness of TRSV phytoalexin infusions as a novel treatment for the disease by comparing three separate agents and determining its impact on the accumulation of amyloid plaques in mouse Neuro2a cells. The experimental model is as follows: Neuro2a cells were first thawed using incubation and centrifugation techniques. The subculturing protocol was then performed to maximize cellular viability using DPBS and TrypLE dissociation reagents.
Archives in Neurology & Neuroscience, Volume 7, pp 1-4; doi:10.33552/ann.2020.07.000673
Metempsychosis, or the transmigration of souls, better known as reincarnation is the belief that upon death, a human being can return to the world in a new body. This belief is found in many cultures and religions worldwide. It is easy for today’s scientist to dismiss the concept of reincarnation as superstition invented by the imaginings of unenlightened and backward people-yet through the ages, tales abound of people insisting they had been to this planet in times past.
Archives in Neurology & Neuroscience, Volume 7, pp 1-9; doi:10.33552/ann.2020.07.000672
Hypertension is one of the components of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). It is the primary risk factor for cardiovascular disease, including stroke, heart failure, heart attack and aneurysm. The causes of hypertension are diabetes, kidney diseases, nerve damage, overactive thyroid gland, sleep apnoea, pregnancy, obesity, etc. The problem of hypertension is more prevalent among elderly people worldwide and by 2025 the majority of the elderly people will reside in developing countries [1-3]. The disease is rapidly emerging in developing countries [4,5].