Berumpun: International Journal of Social, Politics, and Humanities

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2622-8831 / 2622-8335
Current Publisher: Universitas Bangka Belitung (10.33019)
Total articles ≅ 32
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Nashruddin Nashruddin, Fiptar Abdi Alam, Novalia Tanasy
Berumpun: International Journal of Social, Politics, and Humanities, Volume 3, pp 182-194; doi:10.33019/berumpun.v3i2.40

Abstract:
The covid-19 pandemic that hit the world including Indonesia has caused the teaching and learning system change from face-to-face in the classroom to distance learning or online learning. Online learning requires teachers and students to be able to use the information and communication technology (ICT). In ELT, the learning system is also implemented online. One of platforms commonly used in online communication is e-mail. This current study aims to describe: (1) teacher’s perceptions about the use of e-mail as a learning medium in ELT, (2) students’ perceptions about the use of e-mail as a learning medium in ELT. The subjects of this descriptive qualitative research were an EFL teacher and 20 students at a senior high school in Barru. For collecting data, the researchers applied questionnaire, documentation, and interview. Data was analyzed inductively or qualitatively. The results indicated the teacher’s perceptions on the use of e-mail in learning that email is an effective device, e-mail can be used to send many documents, e-mail as a tool to achieve learning objectives, and e-mail makes learning easier. Students’ perceptions on the use of e-mail are e-mail can be used for getting learning materials, e-mail is easy to use, and students can access various assignments on email. However, a small number of students still encountered obstacles in using email as a learning medium.
Anju Nofarof Hasudungan
Berumpun: International Journal of Social, Politics, and Humanities, Volume 3, pp 151-165; doi:10.33019/berumpun.v3i2.36

Abstract:
The post-conflict recovery effort in Ambon, Maluku, which was the largest civil conflict after the collapse of the New Order, was not only needed by the survivors of the conflict. But also by the generation that did not experience the bloody conflict. Like students in SMPN 9 Ambon City and SMPN 4 Salahutu Liang Central Maluku who are the next generation of Maluku and of course who will maintain Ambon peace in the future. The purpose of this study is to describe how Social Science Education integrated the value of peace education based on local wisdom pela gandong. This research was conducted in January 2018 and continued in November 2019. The research method uses descriptive qualitative case study approach. Data collection was carried out by means of literature study, interviews, participatory observation, and document analysis. The results showed, with the existence of social conflict material in Social Science Education which was then integrated with Ambon conflict material and peace education based on Pela Gandong. Thus, students have improved both in terms of knowledge, skills and attitudes in understanding conflict and peace education through Social Science Education. At the same time cut off the trauma, mutual suspicion and hatred experienced by students so far.
Enayatollah Yazdani, Rizwan Hossain
Berumpun: International Journal of Social, Politics, and Humanities, Volume 3, pp 79-101; doi:10.33019/berumpun.v3i2.38

Abstract:
The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)is an Eurasianpolitical, economic and security alliance.The SCO which itsoriginal focus was on border disputes, has begun anevolution, changing its focus to to economic cooperation andissues of counter terrorism and regional security. China as afounder member of the SCO has an evolving role in theorganization. This paper aims to address this main question:what is the position and role of China in the SCO? The paperdiscusses that China as a major power with a growingeconomy is playing an effective role in the organization. Andthe goals which China pursues in this organization are in linewith the larger goals of the country in the internationalarena.
Yulia Monita, Nys. Arfa, Zulham Adamy
Berumpun: International Journal of Social, Politics, and Humanities, Volume 3, pp 127-139; doi:10.33019/berumpun.v3i2.29

Abstract:
Many occurrences of fisheries criminal offenses make the writer interested to learn about criminal provisions and the responsibility of the perpetrators according to Law No. 45 of 2009 concerning amendments to Law No. 31 of 2004 concerning Fishery. By studying, understanding, and analyzing these articles of law, the author significantly obtains the picture of whether this Fishery Law is appropriate and able to force the perpetrator of their responsibility for their actions. The purposes of this paper are 1) To analyze the patterns of fishery criminal so the perpetrators could be charged their responsibilities according to Law No. 45 of 2009, 2) To study and analyze how to determine the penalties according to the Law No. 45 of 2009. This paper is a qualitative descriptive. The method of this research is normative law with conceptual and institutional approaches. The result of the study showed that legislation in Indonesia relating to Fisheries, administratively, there are still several articles that are sticking out and controversy according to Law No. 45 of 2009 concerning amendments to Law No. 31 of 2004 concerning Fishery. For small fishermen who do not have a Yachting Approval Letter (SPB) in Indonesia should be subjected to administrative sanctions such as paying compensation. If administrative sanctions are not implemented, then the principle of ultimum remedium can be applied as a last choice in violations of fisheries and there are still several articles that are detrimental to the interests of the State as well as the interests of local fishermen which, if seen from criminal liability, may be imposed.
Febri Yanto
Berumpun: International Journal of Social, Politics, and Humanities, Volume 3, pp 140-150; doi:10.33019/berumpun.v3i2.34

Abstract:
A social movement has various bases, one of them is religion. In the context of a social movement basic, religion can be an effective medium to mobilize people. Religion has a significant element to do the structural-developmental framing (framing process). The framing process can form a core of a moment and an event becoming a valuable experience. This experience will be organized to guide of doing an action. This research analyzes how the structure and the framing process that are done by two Islamic radical/extreme groups. While others analyze the framing structure from the media perspective, this research sees the actor of its social movement by taking the case study of Islamic radical organization namely Jama’ah Ansharu Khilafah Daulah Nusantara (JADKN) and Jamaah Ansharusy Syariahi (JAS). This research uses a qualitative method by doing an interview and document study as the technique of collecting the data. The result shows that other than similarity, these differences are found relating to the framing process and the structure executed by these two Islamic radical groups even though they are identified as the radical group as well.
Fahrul Fauzi
Berumpun: International Journal of Social, Politics, and Humanities, Volume 3, pp 113-126; doi:10.33019/berumpun.v3i2.31

Abstract:
Nowadays, Islamic banks in Indonesia continue to experience growth, one of which is in the Province of Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam. In Aceh, in order to support Islamic financial institutions, Qanun No. 11 of 2018 concerning Islamic Financial Institutions has been formed. It is interesting to review the provisions of Article 65 which reads "When this Qanun comes into force, financial institutions operating in Aceh must adjust to this Qanun no later than 3 (three) years from the enactment of this Qanun". These provisions have an impact on every conventional bank in Aceh that must adjust to Islamic principles. In order to continue to run its business activities in Aceh, conventional banks must make adjustments to implement sharia principles. One form of adjustment is to convert conventional banks into Islamic banks as stipulated in the OJK Regulation Number 64/POJK.03/2016. The approach used by the author in analyzing this problem is a normative juridical approach supported by the literature study method.
Ikrar Genidal Riadil
Berumpun: International Journal of Social, Politics, and Humanities, Volume 3, pp 166-181; doi:10.33019/berumpun.v3i2.30

Abstract:
The presence of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer communities is a mandatory requirement. Even though the LGBTQ+ community is a group of people concerned about religious belief, Indonesians even now regard LGBTQ+ as transgression and sin. Those who do not consequently approve of same-sex marriage. Interestingly, this perception has been disputed because, in reality, others may have started to be open-minded and fully accept the prevalence of LGBTQ+ people in LGBTQ+ communities. This study used qualitative research to investigate the perspective of Indonesian younger generations towards the LGBTQ+ community in Indonesia. The researcher used the questionnaire as an instrument for data collection with ten questions required to fulfilled by Indonesian youth to investigate their perspectives. The study's data is collected from Indonesian participants, with a total of was eighty-three Indonesian youths between the ages of 15-26 in all around Indonesia. Since the issue of the study is quite sensitive in Indonesia, there are sure of positive and negative perspectives that are also apparent in the result of questionnaires. In a nutshell, the study's aim will further help the authorities take precautions to be incorporated in the future. Also, it is to investigate the Indonesian youths from a different background of beliefs and perspectives toward the LGBTQ+ community. The implication of this research informed young people of the LGBTQ+ subculture to Indonesian parents and teachers as those responsible for educating young kids so that they would not be adversely affected by this social phenomenon.
Andi Najemi, Kabib Nawawi
Berumpun: International Journal of Social, Politics, and Humanities, Volume 3, pp 102-112; doi:10.33019/berumpun.v3i2.39

Abstract:
The specific goal of this research is to know and analyze the provisions of norms or legal norms relating to the criminal liability of road organizers from the dogmatic aspects of the law and legal principles. Since there is a norm vacuum of Law Number 22 Year 2009 concerning Traffic and Road Transportation, if the road organizer does not exercise its authority, it will result in a criminal offense then this law cannot be implemented or impaired. The statement of the problem in this research is how criminal liability of the Road Organizers and Road Transportation according to Law Number 22 Year 2009 concerning Traffic and Road Transportation. This research is normative. The data were obtained by a detailed analysis of legal materials, primary, secondary and tertiary law. The specification of this research is the pure legal research to get a picture of one problem, namely about the criminal responsibility of the road organizer from the perspective of Law Number 22 Year 2009, concerning Traffic and Road Transportation. Through the legislative approach (normative approach), which is the approach to the applicable laws and regulations to obtain a basis for discussing issues related to traffic and road transport crimes, including legislation Law Number 22 Year 2009, concerning Road Traffic and Transport Law Number 38 of 2004, Concerning Roads, Government Regulation Number 43 of 1993 concerning Road Infrastructure and Traffic. The results of the study indicate that there is a blurring of norms in Law Number 22 Year 2009, especially regarding the concept of road organizers as regulated in Article 24 and Article 273. as a result, the article cannot be operational. So that criminal liability for road organizers if they make a mistake on the formulas of article 24 and article 273 is difficult to account for. Although the organizer of the road as a legal subject if making a mistake should be responsible and can be held responsible based on the theory of strict liability and vicarious liability. The conclusion is that Law No. 22/2009 concerning Road Traffic and Transport does not regulate the concept of road organizers so that if a road organizer makes a mistake as regulated in Article 24 and Article 273 it is difficult to be accounted for, thus ensuring that there is a blurring of norms in The law and unworking.
Vivi Sylviani Biafri
Berumpun: International Journal of Social, Politics, and Humanities, Volume 3, pp 23-38; doi:10.33019/berumpun.v3i1.23

Abstract:
Based on data from the National Narcotics Agency (BNN) in 2018 drug users come from among students and workers as much as 3.21 percent which is equivalent to 2,287,492 people who commit drug abuse. The impact of prison content has also increased. One of the special prisons for convicted drug cases is the Narcotics Prison Class II A Jakarta. Narcotics Prison Class II A Jakarta is a special prison that has the task of carrying out the rehabilitation of drug prisoners. Data shows drug convicts in the Special Class Narcotics Prison II A Jakarta are increasing. Data on prison occupants in 2016 were 3,168 people, in 2017 there were 2,664 people, in 2018 there were 2,416 people and in 2019 there were 2,602 people. One form of social rehabilitation carried out is the therapeutic community. Narcotics Prison Class II A Jakarta is one of the government institutions that also have an obligation to apply the values of good governance, one of which is the value of transparency. Transparency is very important to avoid undesirable things such as abuse of authority by certain parties. This research raises the issue of how the implementation of therapeutic community rehabilitation for drug prisoners in Class II A Narcotics Prison Jakarta?. This research uses a qualitative approach. This research is descriptive. Data collection techniques carried out by interview, observation, and study documentation. The research subjects were the Head of Guidance for Prisoners and Correctional Students, the supervisor of community therapeutic activities and drug prisoners. The research location is Narcotics Prison Class II A Jakarta. The purpose of this study was to determine how the implementation of therapeutic community rehabilitation in Special Narcotics Prison Class II A Jakarta. The results showed that Narcotics Lap Class II A Jakarta was not optimal in carrying out the therapeutic community rehabilitation. Few prisoners are involved in social rehabilitation activities. Besides that, the work atmosphere is less conducive. The relationship between the leadership and staff is not good, which arises a sense of mutual suspicion between staff and leaders. This is due to the non-transparency of the use of the budget for therapeutic community rehabilitation activities.
Sri Sugiyarti, Muhammad Iqbal Arrosyad
Berumpun: International Journal of Social, Politics, and Humanities, Volume 3, pp 13-22; doi:10.33019/berumpun.v3i1.24

Abstract:
The charitable endeavors of Muhammadiyah in the Bangka Belitung Region in the field of education from the levels of Elementary Schools, Junior High Schools, and High Schools and Vocational High Schools are spread to all districts/cities. However, the discussion about Muhammadiyah education in Bangka Belitung is very minimal. This research is a descriptive study with a qualitative approach. This study took the sample of the oldest and best senior high school as an illustration of Muhammadiyah education management in Bangka Belitung. The results showed that Muhammadiyah Education experienced various obstacles to the threat of closure, however, they were able to rise from adversity. Muhammadiyah Pangkalpinang High School as the oldest school departed from a school that boarded at Muhammadiyah Middle School and later became one of the most popular schools in the era of the 1990s to accommodate students up to 18 classes, but later it fell free and was almost closed due to the lack of students. Several times the change of school principals has not improved, a new hope is obtained when the management of this school is submitted to the STKIP Muhammadiyah Bangka Belitung to become its lab school. Now with new facilities and management, the number of students is increasing, slowly but surely this school is starting to improve itself. Meanwhile, Muhammadiyah Toboali High School, South Bangka Regency, which was established in 1994, almost lost public confidence, due to a large number of students who failed the National Examination for the 2006/2007 school year. The situation changed along with Supiandi's leadership, his persistence in managing the school, and finally, the trust in the community returned. Now the number of students has reached nearly 500 students
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