Berumpun: International Journal of Social, Politics, and Humanities

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ISSN / EISSN : 2622-8831 / 2622-8335
Total articles ≅ 46
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Zabieb Nu'Aim Ridwan, Sugito Sugito
Berumpun: International Journal of Social, Politics, and Humanities, Volume 4, pp 143-166; https://doi.org/10.33019/berumpun.v4i2.55

Abstract:
The conflict between the Malay Muslim and the Thailand government in Southern Thailand has become one of the ethno-religion conflicts that effects the security of the Southeast Asian region. Various actors, both local and international, have attempted to broker peace between the parties in the conflict. Based on the conflict transformation theory, this study aims to discover the role of MA Daarul Uluum PUI Majalengka as a non-state actor in promoting peace through efforts of conflict transformation in the Southern Thailand ethno-religion conflict. The research method used is qualitative type research with descriptive analysis technique, through primary and secondary type data management. Primary data was obtained from interview and secondary data was obtained from written sources that support the study. This research shows there is an effort made by MA Daarul Uluum PUI Majalengka to conduct peace education through a student and teacher exchange scheme with several schools in Thailand that have Buddhist identity backgrounds in order to grow tolerance between ethnicities and religions in Thailand.
Luerdi Luerdi
Berumpun: International Journal of Social, Politics, and Humanities, Volume 4, pp 104-126; https://doi.org/10.33019/berumpun.v4i2.59

Abstract:
The outbreak of COVID-19 has caused challenges to international affairs in term of health, economy, politics and security in addition to the changes of interaction between actors. Jakarta, one of the regional governments within the unitary state of Indonesia and a capital city of the state, projected its paradiplomacy in response to the pandemic. Its status as a lower administration below the national government did not prevent it from paying active efforts taking advantage of internet and digital technology development. The paper aims to describe Jakarta government’s paradiplomatic practice in responding to the COVID-19. The study applies the qualitative method with a descriptive analysis. In order to describe the regional government’s paradiplomacy, the study utilizes the concept of paradiplomacy and digital diplomacy. The findings show that Jakarta government carried out digital diplomacy as the form of its paradiplomacy in a number of activities such as providing reliable information, collaborating with foreign communities, participating in global forum, releasing gubernatorial message, improving data platform capability and initiating an international forum at home. Such internet-supported activities were meant to share experience, collaborate and provide transparency. Paradiplomacy through digital diplomacy activities was mainly conducted to gain trust to the regional government from its international audiences and create an image that Jakarta was a crisis-proof city and the part of global community. The paper argues that sub-national governments’ roles in international affairs are becoming important thanks to a new room for diplomacy practices, strengthened by unprecedented global crises.
Yusnarida Eka Nizmi, Yessi Olivia, Umi Oktyari Retnaningsih, M. Saeri, Ahmad Jama’An, Alfajri Alfajri
Berumpun: International Journal of Social, Politics, and Humanities, Volume 4, pp 167-183; https://doi.org/10.33019/berumpun.v4i2.66

Abstract:
This study analyses the implementation of good governance principles for the economic revitalization program under Riau Province’s Badan Restorasi Gambut (Peatland Restoration Agency) supervision. One of the aims of this program is to support the haze-free ASEAN 2020 roadmap. Riau province is an area prone to forest fire disasters. Its peatland area, which is twice as large as Malaysia’s peatland, have a very high potential for damage due to forest fires. To mitigate the damages, BRG initiated the 3R program: Rewetting, Revegetation, and Revitalization. What makes this topic interesting is BRG emphasizes the aspects of economic empowerment of local communities to prevent further forest and peatland damages. To assess the implementation of BRG’s program, our research team conducted several interviews with representatives from Indonesia’s Ministry of Environment and Forestry, NGOs, academics, farmers, and villages’ facilitators who assisted local communities that received the BRG’s assistance packages. Our study shows that BRG’s economic revitalization program had succeeded in creating small scale economic activities such as honey industry, pineapple farming, and catfish farming. However, the ineffective coordination and communication between BRG and the local communities had prevented them from constructing an effective method to prevent future forest fires.
Berlian Zarina, Ibrahim Ibrahim, Rini Arcdha Saputri, Rendy Rendy
Berumpun: International Journal of Social, Politics, and Humanities, Volume 4, pp 184-195; https://doi.org/10.33019/berumpun.v4i2.68

Abstract:
Tourism is one the sustainable income sectors that is predicted as a post-mining sector. Thus, the area of tourism activities, especially beaches are minimized to be damaged, including juxtaposing it with mining. The aim of the research is to ellaborate spatial contestation that occurred at Tanjung Putat Beach and Lepar Beach, Belinyu District, Bangka Regency. The theoretical basis used in this research is using the concept of spatial production from Henri Lefebvre which consists of 3 concepts related to the production of space, namely spatial practice, representational space, and spatial representation. The method of the research research is qualitative with a descriptive method. In collecting the data, in-depth interviews were used to the informants who were closely related to the research being studied. The spatial contestation has indeed occurred in Tanjung Putat Beach and Lepar Beach, Belinyu District, Bangka Regency. However, the impact of mining activities has an impact on tourism in the vicinity, this is reinforced by protests against these mining activities.
Bahjatul Murtasidin, Michael Jeffri Sinabutar, Bob Morison Sigalingging
Berumpun: International Journal of Social, Politics, and Humanities, Volume 4, pp 127-142; https://doi.org/10.33019/berumpun.v4i2.54

Abstract:
Adherents of ancestral religions stand in two entities as indigenous peoples and as citizens after the Constitutional Court Decision Number 96 of 2016 provided hope for believers as citizens to express their communal identity. This research aims to find out the form of relationship between Orang Lom and the state to civil rights services and to see the efforts made by Orang Lom to gain recognition from the state so that they have access to civil services. The approach in this study put forward Axel Honneth's political theory of recognition by dissecting it through the elements of subjectivity, objectivity, and solidarity that developed in the practice of civil rights services for the Mapur Lom Tribe. This study utilized a descriptive qualitative method with a case-study approach in the Mapur Indigenous Community of Orang Lom, Belinyu District, Bangka Belitung. The data collection technique was conducted through observation, in-depth interviews, and literature studies. Moreover, data analysis applied various sources, both from key informants and secondary data. The data analysis was performed by using an interactive model in the form of data reduction, data presentation, and conclusion. The results showed that the relationship between Orang Lom and the state seemed more administrative in nature on the basis of the prevailing laws and regulations regarding civil service and population administration. At this time, Orang Lom can put their belief in God Almighty in the column of National ID Card, but traditional marriage has not been recognized so that it has an impact on children's birth certificates and education services. In terms of the funeral of the adherents of folk religions, they do not receive any rejection from the community while for the organization's administration, the existence of the Mapur Customary Institution of Orang Lom receives recognition from Majelis Luhur Kepercayaan Indonesia.
Bella Santika Retna Ningtyas, Mimin Ninawati
Berumpun: International Journal of Social, Politics, and Humanities, Volume 4, pp 91-103; https://doi.org/10.33019/berumpun.v4i2.58

Abstract:
In this globalization era, the development of technology and information is increasingly fast, and it has given a major impact on the world of education. The emergence of various technology applications used to support online learning is because of the development. Linktree and Wordwall applications are new alternatives that students can use in the online learning process. The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of using Linktree and Wordwall Applications on IPS learning outcomes for Class V Students. This study is quantitative research which requires the use of numbers, starting from data collection, interpretation of the data, as well as the appearance of the results and conclusions. . The method in this study is the correlational method. This method is used to reveal the relationship and the degree of relationship between two or more variables. The data is collected from questionnaires and learning outcomes tests. The results of this study indicate that there is a significant relationship between the use of Linktree and Wordwall applications on IPS learning outcomes for Class V students with a correlation coefficient between X1 and Y of 0.365. The provisions of the correlation test by comparing rCount > rTable (0.365 > 0.355) and p-value of 0.022 rTable 0.355. The provisions of the correlation test by comparing rCount > rTable = 0.477 and p-value of 0.003 <0.05. Thus, the relationship between X2 and Y is significant
Soelis Setyoningrum, Nani Solihati
Berumpun: International Journal of Social, Politics, and Humanities, Volume 4, pp 82-90; https://doi.org/10.33019/berumpun.v3i1.60

Abstract:
The appropriate method can increase the effectiveness of learning in schools. Even easy subject is sometimes difficult to be developed and be accepted by students because the method used is not appropriate. Therefore, this study discusses several variations of learning methods in improving the ability of elementary school students to understand the intrinsic elements contained in poetry. This research is a quantitative study with a Pre-Experimental Design approach in the form of One Group Pretest-Posttest Design. This research was conducted at SDN Jatimulya 02, South Tambun, West Java. The data sources in this study were fifth-grade students at SDN Jatimulya 02 as the sample and the population consisted of 61 students, consisting of 36 girls and 25 boys. Data collection techniques using observation and test techniques. The observations made in this study were participatory because the researchers were directly involved. In this study, the researcher involved himself in the situation under study, namely as a teacher. Researchers used three types of assessments in this observation, namely an assessment of the Learning Implementation Plan (RPP), an assessment of the implementation of learning, and an assessment of student tests or evaluations (cycles). The activeness of students in the class became the object of observation. The use of questionnaires was also carried out, to determine the effectiveness of students in learning Indonesian. The questionnaire is a list of written questions that must be answered to obtain certain information from students. The questionnaire is made based on a questionnaire grid that refers to the formulation of the problem. The test is used to measure students' abilities in cognitive aspects, or the level of mastery of learning materials. The process of implementing the learning outcomes test is carried out after the discussion of one subject has ended, or after one quarter or one semester has been completed. Based on the results of the study, it can be interpreted that the use of media variations and learning methods affects students' listening skills in identifying intrinsic elements. This is evidenced by the completeness of students' scores at the beginning of the test and the end of the test. In the implementation of the initial test, there were 41% of students did not complete it. However, in the final test, 100% of students were declared complete or reached the KKM
Soelis Setyoningrum, Nani Solihati
Berumpun: International Journal of Social, Politics, and Humanities, Volume 4, pp 82-90; https://doi.org/10.33019/berumpun.v4i2.60

Abstract:
The appropriate method can increase the effectiveness of learning in schools. Even easy subject is sometimes difficult to be developed and be accepted by students because the method used is not appropriate. Therefore, this study discusses several variations of learning methods in improving the ability of elementary school students to understand the intrinsic elements contained in poetry. This research is a quantitative study with a Pre-Experimental Design approach in the form of One Group Pretest-Posttest Design. This research was conducted at SDN Jatimulya 02, South Tambun, West Java. The data sources in this study were fifth-grade students at SDN Jatimulya 02 as the sample and the population consisted of 61 students, consisting of 36 girls and 25 boys. Data collection techniques using observation and test techniques. The observations made in this study were participatory because the researchers were directly involved. In this study, the researcher involved himself in the situation under study, namely as a teacher. Researchers used three types of assessments in this observation, namely an assessment of the Learning Implementation Plan (RPP), an assessment of the implementation of learning, and an assessment of student tests or evaluations (cycles). The activeness of students in the class became the object of observation. The use of questionnaires was also carried out, to determine the effectiveness of students in learning Indonesian. The questionnaire is a list of written questions that must be answered to obtain certain information from students. The questionnaire is made based on a questionnaire grid that refers to the formulation of the problem. The test is used to measure students' abilities in cognitive aspects, or the level of mastery of learning materials. The process of implementing the learning outcomes test is carried out after the discussion of one subject has ended, or after one quarter or one semester has been completed. Based on the results of the study, it can be interpreted that the use of media variations and learning methods affects students' listening skills in identifying intrinsic elements. This is evidenced by the completeness of students' scores at the beginning of the test and the end of the test. In the implementation of the initial test, there were 41% of students did not complete it. However, in the final test, 100% of students were declared complete or reached the KKM. Keywords: , learning methods,
Fandi Nugroho, Muhammad Iqbal Arrosyad
Berumpun: International Journal of Social, Politics, and Humanities, Volume 4, pp 40-47; https://doi.org/10.33019/berumpun.v4i1.46

Abstract:
This study aims to describe the implementation of multimedia learning in blended learning in mathematics in grade 4 elementary schools on the topic of fractions. Articulated storyline is an effective medium for elementary school students that is easily developed as one of the multimedia blended learning used in the blended learning method. In our research we examined how the impact of implementation blended learning using multimedia articulated storylines, In this case, it is also discussed how the influence of multimedia articulation storylines as one of the multimedia that can be developed easily to help teachers in distance learning, especially mathematics learning in schools. Primary school related to fraction learning. In this research, students are taught how to interpret the understanding of the concept of fraction problems and proof in life related to mathematics learning problems, so that they can describe mathematical problems and can understand the concept of fractions using logical reasoning so that they are able to prove reasoning about fraction problems according to their abilities. The use of reasoning is needed to determine the concepts that have been made based on the understanding of the concept of fractions that the students have. This study was designed to see the effect of blended learning which is applied as a learning model used to teach logical reasoning in mathematics learning, especially about fraction problems, and how the effect of the application of blended learning on learning outcomes of primary school students at Muhammadiyah Elementary School Pangkalpinang
Yulia Monita, Nys Arfa, Elizabeth Siregar
Berumpun: International Journal of Social, Politics, and Humanities, Volume 4, pp 48-59; https://doi.org/10.33019/berumpun.v4i1.42

Abstract:
A clean judiciary is the hope of all levels of Indonesian society. A clean judiciary is a court that carries out its duties and functions based on the provisions of the applicable laws and prioritizes legal certainty, justice, and benefit. This study aims to see how regulating and changing forms of judicial supervision and warning in realizing clean justice and to answer whether other legal rules are still needed to strengthen the role of the people who participate in and monitor the judicial path. This research is normative legal research, it is a study that examines matters of a theoretical nature, principles, conceptions, legal doctrine, and legal principles related to judicial supervision and supervision in the context of realizing a clean judiciary. Meanwhile, the legal materials used are primary, secondary, and tertiary legal materials and their sources. The results of this research are a) judicial monitoring and supervision should be done in order to conduct a clean judiciary, b) monitoring and supervising are done not to intervening the results of courts decisions but as a measuring tool to what extent the decisions are fair to the society, c) there are still several judges' decisions which, according to society, are controversial, illustrating the public's distrust of the judiciary.
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