The Indonesian Journal of Public Health
ISSN / EISSN : 18297005 / 25408836
Current Publisher: universitas airlangga (10.20473)
Total articles ≅ 70
Latest articles in this journal
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 14, pp 24-36; doi:10.20473/ijph.v14i1.2019.25-37
Abstract:Hygiene and sanitation practices in chicken influenced Eschericia coli bacterial contamination in food. A Study conducted by Sasmita and Juwita mentioned that there was positively E.coli content in chicken meat in supermarket. Thus, the purpose of this study was to assess the difference of E.Coli content in chicken meat and personal hygiene of food handler. It was an observational study with cross sectional approach. The population of this study included traditional market sellers and supermarkets. The sample of this study consisted of 14 samples of chicken meat in which 7 samples came from the South Keputran traditional market and other 7 samples came from Supermarket ‘X’. Moreover, 7 traditional market sellers and 2 supermarkets were involved to be examined. Variables of the study were E.coli content in chicken meat from Traditional Market of South Keputran and Supermarket ‘X’ and personal hygiene. Samples of chicken meat was done by accidental sampling. Data were collected through interview and observation, whereas the difference of E-Coli content was analyzed using statistical test. The results of this study indicated that one of chicken meat samples positively contained E.Coli bacteria, and no significant differences of the E.coli content were found on the chicken meat samples from both the Traditional Market of South Keputran and Supermarket ‘X’. The suggestion that can be given to Supermarket ‘X’ seller is to control and pay close attention to the sanitation process from suppliers to retails
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 14, pp 127-137; doi:10.20473/ijph.v14i1.2019.130-140
Abstract:Ex-leprosy patients still got stigma and discrimination from community although they had been cured. The stigma from community has been raising psychological and social problems that can affect their social interaction. This study aimed to describe associative social interactions of ex-leprosy patients in Sumberglagah Village of Mojokerto Regency based on the concept of social health aspect. The study employed descriptive qualitative method with the data collection techniques including observation, interview, and documentation. The instrument used in this study was interview guidelines. In this case, interview was conducted with 11 informants consisting of 8 ex leprosy patients as informants and 3 public figures as key informants. Informants were chosen based on characteristics that had been determined by the researcher. Besides, aspects examined in this study included cooperation, accommodation, and assimilation between ex-leprosy patients and other communities. Data were analyzed through several phases including reduction, data presentation, and drawing the conclusion. The results showed that first, the form of coorporation occurring between ex-leprosy patients and other communities was a bargaining process. Second, accomodation that occurred between ex-leprosy patients and other communities was tolerance. In this circumstance, ex-leprosy patients served the other communities with wrapped drinks and foods. Third, the assimilation aspect was marriage. It could be concluded from the study that the associative interactions that occurred couldrealize the patterns of good social interaction to support the realization of goodsocial health conditions for ex-leprosy patients in Sumberglagah Village.
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 14, pp 80-92; doi:10.20473/ijph.v14i1.2019.83-95
Abstract:The number of patient revisits in maternity polyclinic of Surabaya Haji Public Hospital decreased within the period of 2015 – 2016 as much as 24%. In addition, there were several indicators complained by patients in the maternity polyclinic of Surabaya Haji Public Hospital. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of service quality to patients’ satisfaction and loyalty in the maternity polyclinic based on Donabedian Theory. It was an observational analytic study, and sampling was taken by simple random sampling technique which in the end obtained a total of 141 respondents. The results of the study indicated that service quality significantly affected patients’ satisfaction. The mean value
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 14, pp 37-49; doi:10.20473/ijph.v14i1.2019.38-50
Abstract:There were 61 confirmed cases of measles in Surabaya in 2016, whereas in January-May 2017 there were 52 confirmed cases of measles. Many factors that could affect the incidence of measles include physical conditions of the house (lighting, occupancy density, and ventilation area) and toddler characteristics (age, gender, immunization status of measles, exclusive breastfeeding and contact history ). The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between physical conditions of the house and toddler characteristics with the incidence of measles in Surabaya. It was an observational study in the form of case study control design. This study used all confirmed measles cases on toddlers during January-May 2017 which had been proven by IgM laboratory examination by Health Office of Surabaya City. The results of this study indicated that there was a significant correlation between lighting (approx.sig=0.025), occupancy density (approx.sig=0.001), immunization status (approx.sig=0.136) and contact history with measles incident on toddlers in Surabaya. The conclusions of this study were the conditions of lighting, density, measles immunization status and contact history were significant risk factors for the incidence of measles. Mothers should maintain the cleanliness of the home environment, and toddler’s bedroom should get enough sunlight and have good air circulation by opening windows to prevent the growth of measles virus.
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 14, pp 104-114; doi:10.20473/ijph.v14i1.2019.107-117
Abstract:Indonesia has an increasing number of obese people every year. Risk factors and complications caused by obesity can increase morbidity and mortality in the community. One of factors causing the increasing number of obese people is caused by the decreasing level of physical activities done by Indonesian people.This study aims to determine the effect of physical activity levels on the risk of obesity. The study used an observational analytic case control design. Subjects were chosen through a purposive sampling method. The population was young adults in Surabaya. The sample of the study included 97 obese adults and 97 non-obese adults. The study was conducted in March - July 2018 in South Surabaya through distributing questionnaires to two groups. The questionnaire given used the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ). The results showed that physical activity performed by adult age group of obesity was mostly classified as low activity (59,8%), while non-obese adult age group was mostly included in medium activity (56,6%).This shows a significant difference in physical activity between obese and non-obese groups (p=0,047). It can be concluded that decreased levels of physical activity may increase the risk of obesity in adult.
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 14, pp 93-103; doi:10.20473/ijph.v14i1.2019.96-106
Abstract:Maintaining menstrual hygiene is essential to avoid vulvar pruritus, irritation, swelling, vaginal secretions, reproductive tract infections, urinary tract infections, uterine cancer, etc. Sampang is the region with the highest maternal mortality rate in Madura, but recently, maternal mortality rate in Sampang continues to decline. One of the causes of maternal death is due to the lack of reproductive hygiene maintenance during menstruation, so that mothers are at risk of uterine cancer. The present study aimed to analyze the relationship between risk perception and female students’ desire in SDN Kamoning in maintaining menstrual hygiene. It was an observational analytic research using cross sectional research design. This study employed HAPA theory. Health Action Process Approach (HAPA) is a concept approach to change one's behavior by strengthening intention to become action. The variable of risk in HAPA theory can influence individual perception early in the motivation phase. The samples of the study were 32 people, and they were taken by total sampling because the number of samples was very small. Data were collected through questionnaire, and they were analyzed by using spearman correlation. The results showed that there was correlation between perception of risk (p = 0,000) and intention to maintain menstrual hygiene. Relationships obtained were not strong because some respondents did not agree with the statements in the questionnaire. It can be concluded that there is a relationship between risk perception and intention to maintain personal hygiene during menstruation. Although the relationship obtained showed a strong relationship, there were some female students that still had wrong perception about personal hygiene maintenance during menstruation.
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 14, pp 50-59; doi:10.20473/ijph.v14i1.2019.51-61
Abstract:Traffic accident becomes a very serious case because it causes not only material loss but also physical and psychological harms to the subject and the people around him. Accidents that occurred resulted in not only injuries but also death. This study aims to identify characteristics of traffic accident victims in Sidoarjo in 2016. It was an observational study with cross sectional design and based on daily data of traffic accident with 735 samples. Data were processed by ordinal logistic regression statistic test. In this case, variables of the study included the severity of victim, age, gender, profession, time of occurrence, type of collision, and type of vehicle. The results of characteristic identification showed that most of the victims had minor injuries, were male, aged ≥ 34 years old, workers, and got into accidents in the afternoon. The conclusion was factors affecting the severity of traffic accident victims in Sidoarjo were head-on-collisions (hitting straight) and motorcycles as the vehicle type. Modelling obtained was 3,133 for the constant of head-on-collision (hitting straight), 1,464 for the constant of vehicle type (motorcycles), and Y value of 4,597. This study was not supported by complete predictor data, thus the data need to be added so that the accuracy of classification increases and the value gets significant.
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 14, pp 115-126; doi:10.20473/ijph.v14i1.2019.118-129
Abstract:Birth weight is a measurement for the baby an hour after birth, and it is categorized into three types. They are low birth weight (4000 gram). According to the Ministry of Health of Indonesia, low birth weight could be at risk of death, disorder of growth and development. This research aimed to determine the correlation between nutritional status, anemia and parity to birth weight in Semampir sub-district of Surabaya city in 2016. It was an observational study with cross sectional design. The data used were secondary data about birth weight as dependent variable, whereas nutritional status, anemia and parity as independent variables. The result of Pearson’s linier correlation test showed that on one hand, there was a significant correlation between nutritional status, anemia and parity to birth weight with p-value = 0,017 and 0,000. On the other hand, there was no correlation between anemia and birth weight (p = 0,857). The conclusion was mother with normal nutritional status and mother with no risk of parity between 2 – 4 times were mostly delivering babies in normal birth weight.
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 14, pp 1-12; doi:10.20473/ijph.v14i1.2019.1-12
Abstract:A medical resume is an important document containing a summary of patient care while they are in hospital. The filling of the medical resume affects the claim process of the National Health Insurance (NHI) program. Medical resume is filled by Medical Doctor in Charge (MDiC). A preliminary study at private hospital “RSI Jemursari Surabaya” showed 86,67% incomplete BPJS claim files because there were no medical resumes. The purpose of this study was to analyze the level of medical obedience in filling medical resume and the factors that influenced based on individual characteristics. It was a descriptive quantitative study, and the measuring tools used in this study consisted of questionnaire, observation, and checklist of medical resume sheet. Variables for individual characteristics in this study included gender, age, length of employment, employment status, and specialization groups. Analysis in this study used cross tabulation. The results showed that the obedience of medical resume filling was good. MDiC that tended to be less obedient in filling medical resume had the characteristics of being a woman, aged more than 40 years old, having length of employment for more than five years, being in the group of partner-doctor, and classified as non-surgical doctor. MDiC’s obedience in filling medical resume can be improved by providing socialization of the importance of medical resume and making compliance of medical resume filling as an indicator of performance appraisal.
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 14, pp 60-68; doi:10.20473/ijph.v14i1.2019.62-70
Abstract:According to Basic Health Research 2013 states that the age group less than 12 years ie age 5-9 years 28.9% suffered dental caries. The aim of this study is to analyze the effectiveness of animated movies and non- animated movies in improving children’s knowledge and behavior concerning dental health. This study was designed based on quasi experimental design. The samples of this study were the students of Class 3A and Class 3B SDN 03 Kepanjen consisting of 63 students. The independent variables of this study were animated movie and non-animated movie concerning dental health while the dependent variables were children’s knowledge and behavior. The collected data were analyzed using Mann Whitney test. The findings of this study show that the respondents are aged between 8 and 10 years old. There is difference in terms of knowledge before and after the students received intervention through animated movie and non-animated movie. Animated movie seems to be more effective in improving the respondents’ knowledge to maintain dental health than non-animated movie as indicated by the average score for animated movie intervention is higher than non-animated movie intervention.