The Indonesian Journal of Public Health

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 18297005 / 25408836
Current Publisher: universitas airlangga (10.20473)
Total articles ≅ 94
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Latest articles in this journal

Rina Dwi Novita, Nyoman Anita Damayanti
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 15, pp 81-92; doi:10.20473/ijph.v15i1.2020.81-92

Abstract:
Surabaya Islamic Hospital Foundation is preparing Jemursari Islamic Hospital to become an educational hospital bacause University of Nahdlatul Ulama Surabaya as a medical institution is required to have at least one primary educational hospital. Jemursari Islamic Hospital has conducted self assessment related to the readiness to become educational hospital in 2017 and resulted in a total value of 88.34%. This research aims to describe the readiness to change at the Islamic Hospital Jemursari in the change into an educational hospital. This research was conducted at Islamic Hospital of Jemursari in period of October 2017-July 2018. This research is descriptive research because it describes readiness to change at Jemursari Islamic Hospital in the change to become educational hospital without any statistical calculation. This research is a quantitative research using cross-sectional method. Sampling method with proportional random sampling technique to get sample of 88 people spread in all work units at Jemursari Islamic Hospital. Data collection using questionnaires readiness guide for readiness assessment consisting of five indicators namely communication, sponsorship, stakeholder, readiness, and training. The results showed that the indicator of communication at Jemusari Islamic Hospital has the lowest average value (4.32) and has a slightly ready level. The stakeholder indicator has the highest average score (5.06) and has a ready level. In addition, indicators of sponsorship, readiness, and training have a ready level. In conclusion, based on these five indicators, most respondents (87,23%) at Jemursari Islamic Hospital are ready to change from non-educational hospital to educational hospital. The advice given is to improve communication related to the change into an educational hospital, so that all indicators become ready. Keywords: hospital, educational hospital, readiness to change
Nur Aisiyah Widjaja, Rendi Aji Prihaningtyas
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 15, pp 122-132; doi:10.20473/ijph.v15i1.2020.122-132

Abstract:
The prevalence of obesity is increasing at all ages in Indonesia. Obesity does not only cause health complications, such as dyslipidemia, cardiovascular disease, cancer, and osteoarthritis but also has a negative effect on a countr’s socioeconomic conditions. Previous studies have explained that food choices affect the incidence of obesity. This literature review aims to explain the factors that influence the food choice related to obesity. Genetic and environmental factors affect the food choice in individuals that can cause obesity. Environmental factors play a major influence on food choice, including peers, family, economic status education environmental conditions, stress, and sedentary behavior. Detection of environmental factors that influence food choice can be one of the strategies to prevent obesity. Key words : Obesity, Diet, Food Preference, Food Choice, Adolescents
Zulfa Auliyati Agustina, Yunita Fitrianti
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 15, pp 93-102; doi:10.20473/ijph.v15i1.2020.93-102

Abstract:
Indonesian people used to consume herbal medicines called "jamu", which is as a hereditary alternative medicine, to heal or fresh the body. Furthermore, the postpartum mother, who needs recovery after birth, also drinks the herbs. This essay employed a literature review of 14 ethnographic books conducted by National Institute of Health Research and Development, which focused on the herbal medicines for puerperal mothers. The results of the literature review revealed that the majority of mothers in Java and Sumatera using jamu during the postpartum period to heal and recover the mother's health. Not only do the mother drink jamu, but she also applies certain herbs on her body. Clinical trials have proved the efficacy of ingredients for herbal medicines. Therefore, people prefer to use the herbs because it is easy to find and inexpensive, and it also has a long-term effect on the mother's health and fitness. However, herbal medicine, which is usually employed by the people, needs further research, in particular, the dose of jamu. So, herbal medicine based on local wisdom can be one of consideration in the health development program. Keyword: Jamu, Pueperal, Traditional
Nandella Larasati, Ririh Yudhastuti
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 15, pp 37-48; doi:10.20473/ijph.v15i1.2020.37-48

Abstract:
Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) is influenced by the environmental factors; climate and population mobility. The DHF incident mapping is conducted to know its distribution and the areas belong to high-risk of DHF. This study aims to know the DHF incident mapping, climate conditions, and population mobility at Putat Jaya in 2015-2017.This study is an observation analysis by using the ecology time series study. There were 110 samples population. This study used a correlation test to know the strength and weakness of climate variable, population mobility number towards the DHF incident. The data used a primary and secondary data. Most cases of DHF incident are found in community areas (RW) where the distance between citizen’s house is narrow. The mapping showed the distribution pattern of DHF in each RW was grouping and spreading. Based on the correlation test, if the rainfall is higher, the DHF incident increases (r = 0,278). If the air temperature is higher, the DHF incident decreases (r = -0.480). If the humidity is higher, the DHF incident increases (r = 0.282). If the duration of solar radiation is higher, the DHF incident decreases (r = -0,150). If the population mobility rate is higher, the DHF incident increases (r = 0,413). There was an environmental factor that support the DHF incident at Putat Jaya. It causes a high-risk exposure to DHF, thus the case was grouping and spreading. In addition, it still need a cooperation between the Health Center and the society to control the DHF incident. Keywords: Mobility Rate, Climate, Larva Density, Mapping
Randy Ian Ferenal Gallego
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 15, pp 13-24; doi:10.20473/ijph.v15i1.2020.13-24

Abstract:
ABSTRACKPsychiatric nursing care is an indispensable aspect of the total health care services provided by nurses in both the acute and chronic care settings. This study investigated the extent of preliminary clinical nursing care provided by registered nurses in dealing with clients who have unique psycho-behavioral needs. It further looked into the relationship between the nurses’ socio-economic profile including their ethnic affiliation and the acute care services offered to patients admitted in the regular hospital, non-psychiatric healthcare settings. It used a descriptive-correlational design through a validated and reliability-tested instrument responded by 113 staff nurses from six hospitals around Lanao del Sur. It involved the statistical analysis of data using frequency, weighted mean, and Pearson correlation. The findings show that the nurse-respondents of the selected hospitals in Lanao del Sur generally considers the extent of implementation of the six nursing care areas (counseling, milieu therapy, self-care activities, psychobiologic interventions & health-teachings, case management, health promotion and maintenance) as frequently done or as generally emphasized in about 75% of the time in their respective clinical areas. When tested at 0.05 level of significance, the p-value obtained was less than the critical value (p=0.00-0.006) revealing that the ethnic affiliation of nurses was significantly correlated to the health promotion and maintenance care that they provide to clients with psycho-behavioral pathologies. Therefore, nurses serving in acute clinical settings need to possess a significant amount of competency in psychiatric care to be able to render preliminary interventions despite non-specialist background. Nurses also have to be cognizant of the cultural history and background of the clients being served even at the preliminary phase of the nurse-patient interaction and accommodate them with nursing interventions based on transcultural competence.Keywords: Culturally-sensitive psychiatric care, psycho-behavioral pathologies, preliminary psychiatric interventions, psychiatric care in acute settings
Dicky Andiarsa, Syarif Hidayat, Ika Setianingsih
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 15, pp 1-12; doi:10.20473/ijph.v15i1.2020.1-12

Abstract:
Diarrhea has been long a public health concern in the world especially to infants and children. Diarrhea can be caused by many factors including sanitation, clean and healthy behavior, and access to clean water, consumption of drinking water and food, and so on. The results of the research in Tanah Bumbu Regency stated that some of the main causes related to the incidence of diarrhea in Tanah Bumbu Regency included Sanitation, Healthy and clean behavior, clean water access, and drinking water access. Secondary data analysis held to define the scheme of drinking water consumption in families with diarrhea patients in Tanah Bumbu Regency. The result showed that the most families with diarrhea consumed refill drinking water (67.06%) with most of them did not do any pre-treatment to the water (81.55%). The water consuming pattern has been changed to community of Tanah Bumbu Regency by consuming refilling water. Processing (boiling) refilling water before drinking can reduce the risk of diarrhea.Keywords: refilling drinking water, diarrhea, drinking water consumption patterns
Putri Arini
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 15, pp 49-59; doi:10.20473/ijph.v15i1.2020.49-59

Abstract:
Furniture industry is one of growing industry in Indonesia which has rapid growth. The process of its production brings one complex problem; wood dust. Workers who engage in the production process will have problem with their lung which can lead problem into their respiratory system. It is caused by the wood dust that mixed into oxygen they breath. Furthermore, if this condition happens in long period, it become a serious problem; impairment of vital pulmonary capacity. Besides, the impairment of vital pulmonary capacity can occur due to workers characteristics or conditions such as age, working history, working period, shelf period, illness history, smoking habit, diet, exercise, and the wearing of APD. The purpose of this research was to find out the relation between workers characteristics and personal dust level within vital capacity of lung. This research used cross sectional design with 17 respondents which was took by simple random sampling technique. This research took place at furniture industry X in Tubanan, Tandes, Surabaya, started from April to May 2018. Data was analysed using chi-square test and independent t-test with accuracy up to 95%. Data was collected through interview, observation, and measurement. The result of this research showed that there was correlation between working period, shelf period, and smoking habit within vital pulmonary capacity. The conclusion of this research was that working period, shelf period, smoking habit had important role to workers vital pulmonary capacity in furniture industry.Keywords: worker characteristics, wood dust, vital capacity of lung, furniture industry
Rike Dwi Anggraini, R Azizah
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 15, pp 71-80; doi:10.20473/ijph.v15i1.2020.71-80

Abstract:
ABSTRACKMalaria remains a health problem in the world. In Indonesia, malaria is one of the causes of the outbreak in the province of East Java. Pandean is a public health center thatcounted for large numbers in cases of malaria in Trenggalek. Although Pandean public health center has conducted treatment of imported malaria, the cases are still high. The purpose of this research is to analyze the role of officers in the implementation of discovery and treatment program of imported malaria, including the availability of human resources, training, knowledge and understanding of the auth. This research is a descriptive observational research. Respondents in the study were 8 people, including Program Managers Of Malaria, 2 Microscopic and 5 JMD in Pandean public health center area. Data retrieval was implemented with interviews against the respondents and secondary data searches in Pandean. The results showed they have the good availability of human resources, but there is no the head of JMD yet. Officer of the discovery and treatment of malaria have had a good knowledge, they have received training, and also have a good working understanding of auth, malaria program officer Role has been good, but they need to keep the improvements including recruitment of the head of JMD to avoid duplicate tasks so that the control of imported malaria can run optimally. Keywords: Malaria import control, The role of officers, Public Health Center
Loveria Sekarrini
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 15, pp 103-111; doi:10.20473/ijph.v15i1.2020.103-111

Abstract:
Youth and technology in the millennial era are inseparable. The need for technology makes smartphones the main needs that cannot be separated from the daily lives of youth. The use of smartphones has many benefits but not a few of its users experience addiction. Addiction on smartphones has different characteristics compared to other types of addiction. The aim of this study was to determine the description of smartphone addiction and the impact of physical, mental and sosial health in adolescents aged 10-24 years in Jabodetabek area. The research methodology used cross-sectional study with online survey of 118 respondents and focus on the characteristics of respondents, average usage time, time spent playing smartphones when they wake up, the purpose of using smartphones, the most frequently applications used, the impact of smartphone use. The results showed that almost half of the respondents experienced smartphone addiction at a moderate level (40.7%) and there were 16.9% who experienced severe addiction. The effects of smartphone addiction include problems with mild anxiety (45.8%) and complaints of hands, neck and eyes. Most complaints were on eye health problems such as watery eyes (73.7%), itching (70.3%) and blurred vision (66.1%). In addition, other complaints that many feel are in the hands such as tingling (67.8%) and wrist pain (31.4%). Excessive smartphone use has been shown to have an impact on physical health. For this reason, further research is needed to find out other health impacts both physically, mentally and sosially.Keywords: Smartphone Addiction, Addiction, Musculosceletal Disorder
Maya Puspita Sari, Corie Indria Prasasti
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 15, pp 25-36; doi:10.20473/ijph.v15i1.2020.25-36

Abstract:
One type of air pollution that has the potential to harm human health is particulate dust. Particulate dust causes pulmonary damage when inhaled during work continuously. The purpose of this study was to see the description of the condition of the lung physiology ,workers' actions,worker smoking habits,use of respiratory tract,and physical quality of the environment. This was descriptive research, using design cross-sectional. The sample size used total population as 14 people. physical environmental quality includes PM2.5 concentration,air temperature and humidity. The action variable was measured using an observation sheet, while smoking habits and respiratory tract measured using a questionnaire. Lung function disorder was measured using spirometry. Based on the results,50% of workers had a bad action, 64.3% of workers had a smoking habit, and 28.6% of workers didn’t use continuous respiratory protection during working hours. The measurement of physical environmental quality at PM2.5 still meets the quality standard, while for the temperature and humidity do not meet quality standards. A total of 5 workers in the final rub section have lung function disorders. The conclusion that can be taken is more lung function disorder is experienced by workers who have smoking habits, not using continuous respiratory protection during working hours. The advice that can be given is that the use of the respiratory protector of masks should always be used continuously while workin. For workers with lung function disorders, should immediately conduct further medical examination and reduce smoking habits so that the lung physiological condition doesn’t decrease.Keywords: PM2.5 concentration, lung function disorders, workers' actions,worker smoking habits,use of respiratory protection
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