The Indonesian Journal of Public Health
ISSN / EISSN : 1829-7005 / 2540-8836
Published by: Universitas Airlangga (10.20473)
Total articles ≅ 221
Latest articles in this journal
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 17, pp 184-195; https://doi.org/10.20473/ijph.v17i2.2022.184-195
Introduction: Food waste and food security are two concepts that are often linked together. This study was performed for the psychometric evaluation of a developed questionnaire for measuring food waste behaviour and food security at the household level. Five expert panels conducted content validation for the relevance, clarity, simplicity, ambiguity of each item. Methods: A cross-sectional quantitative research approach was employed for the questionnaire testing in 10 villages in the Samarahan district of Sarawak state. A total of 168 households were interviewed using face-to-face interviews. Data entry and analysis was undertaken using Microsoft Excel version 2016 and the statistical package for social sciences (SPSS, version 27.0), Result: respectively. Four items were improved, and one item was added to the English questionnaire after receiving feedback from the expert panel and respondents. Further refinement was also performed for the Malay version. Cronbach's alpha value varied from 0.713 to 0.961, indicating the reliability of the questionnaire. Conclusion: Overall, the respondents were able to comprehend most of the questions effectively. No problem was raised for the flow and sequence of the questions. Conclusively, the developed questionnaire is unambiguous in its reliability and validity. Nevertheless, further refinement is required before being used in future studies.
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 17, pp 230-240; https://doi.org/10.20473/ijph.v17i2.2022.230-240
Introduction: Rational use of medicine (RUM) is critical for achieving therapeutic goals and avoiding unwanted effects. However, irrational medicine use is becoming a severe issue worldwide since it leads to increased medical costs and unwanted effects. Students as prospective professional nurses need to have knowledge that supports the rational use of medicine to ensure rational administration of the medicine for patients. Methods: This descriptive research was conducted to identify knowledge of rational use of medicine among nursing students of Faculty of Nursing Universitas Padjadjaran. Quantitative data was collected by asking respondents to fill out questionnaires. A total of 285 respondents had filled out an online research questionnaire (response rate=76.61%). The collected data were analyzed with descriptive analysis (frequency, percentage, and average). Result: The results of this study showed that there is some knowledge related to (RUM) which is not appropriate, such as assuming that over the counter medicines are safe to consume with prescribed medicines (53.3%); tablet medicines can be divided to be administered in child patients (57.9%). In addition, almost all respondents considered it unnecessary to be cautious in giving medication to pregnant and lactating mothers (41.1%) and the elderly (40.4%). Conclusion: Thus, nursing students are expected to gain RUM knowledge to obtain better RUM attitudes and behaviors in providing nursing interventions.
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 17, pp 285-296; https://doi.org/10.20473/ijph.v17i2.2022.285-296
Introduction: The cotton processing industry is an industry that produces cotton dust during the production process. Workers are at risk of exposure to cotton dust, if inhaled and accumulated in the body will cause inflammation that causes an increase in C-Reactive Protein (CRP) serum. The purpose of this research was to determine the relationship between the use of personal protective equipment and worker characteristics that can cause an increase in serum CRP of workers before and after work in the cotton processing industry. Methods: This was observational research with a prospective longitudinal design. Respondents in this study were 11 workers in Bandrek village, Mojotengah, Pasuruan. Data collection of worker characteristics was done by interview and observation. Personal dust content data was collected using a personal dust sampler (PDS) with gravimetric calculation methods. increase in CRP data collection using blood specimen collection before and after and conducted laboratory testing using i-chroma reader. Measurement of average dust levels of 5.49 mg / m3. Result: There was no significant correlation between personal dust level (p = 0.324) and the use of PPE (p= 0,925) with the increase in CRP serum levels. There was a significant correlation between the ages of workers (p = 0.005), years of service (p = 0.006), and length of work (p = 0.004) with the increase in CRP serum level. Conclusion: The older the workers, the longer the working period and the longer the working hour, the higher the increase of CRP serum level would be.
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 17, pp 207-218; https://doi.org/10.20473/ijph.v17i2.2022.207-218
Introduction: The quality of life (QoL) of university students is an important aspect of creating the next leader in the future, developing strong human resources, and improving the quality of generation. Therefore it is important to understand the factors involved in improving the QoL of university students. Methods: This study intended to explore QoL among the final-year students and factors related to it in the University by applying the PRECEDE model through a cross-sectional study. A total sample size of 171 final-year students was drawn by using proportional sampling and probability proportional to size (PPS) for program selection and selected samples from each study program by accidental technique. Data were collected using the self-administered questionnaire, and WHOQOL-BREF was used to measure the QoL. Result: Data were analyzed by univariate and bivariate. The overall QoL was moderated (59.6%). There was a significant association between the availability of selling cigarettes around the university and QoL (p=0.019), ease to buy cigarettes, and QoL (p= 0.038). Enabling factors especially had a direct impact on the QoL. Conclusion: Providing regulations related to smoking to the academic community, giving moral responsibility to lecturers, and controlling the selling of cigarettes around the university would help increase the QoL.
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 17, pp 219-229; https://doi.org/10.20473/ijph.v17i2.2022.219-229
Introdution: Clinical pathway (CP) is a disease management tool used to reduce unnecessary variations in services, increase clinical outcomes, and control resources. Acute appendicitis is one cause of acute abdominal pain, where cases of appendix perforation range from 20-30% increasing to 32-72% at the age of more than 60. Methods: This research was conducted using mix method with case study design. Qualitative data were taken by interview and observation. Quantitative data were taken with a simple description from the acute appendicitis CP documentation in medical records and ICPAT (January - September 2020, n = 117). Result: According to the result of the research, the level of completeness for CP was 100% and form filling was 85%. Conclusion: ICPAT dimension 1 made sure that the form was the clinical pathway. The content and quality were good, and dimension 2 assesses the CP documentation process. The content is lacking and the quality is moderate, dimension 3 assess the CP development process which content was good, and quality was moderate, and dimension 4 assesses the CP implementation process. The content was moderate, and the quality was good. Dimension 5 is to assess the maintenance of clinical pathways in which content was lacking and quality was moderate. Dimension 6 serves to assess the role of the organization that content was good and quality was moderate where the obstacles were due to lack of understanding and time constraints.
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 17, pp 264-272; https://doi.org/10.20473/ijph.v17i2.2022.264-272
Introduction: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a degenerative disease that causes the body's tissues or organs to deteriorate over time. One of the provinces in Indonesia with the highest prevalence of diabetes is the province of East Java. Knowledge related to DM type II should have been instilled since school. When someone has enough knowledge, it will form good attitudes and actions. This study aims to study the relationship between attitudes and knowledge of public health students with actions related to the prevention of DM type II. Methods: This type of research is analytic descriptive research with cross-sectional research design. The study population was all S1 Public Health Sciences students, amounting to 870 students. The sampling technique is total sampling / saturated sample. So the size of the study sample is 870 students. This study uses prevalence ratio (PR) analysis to determine the strong relationship between variables and the magnitude of risk. Result: The homework between knowledge and action variables shows a value of 1,114 (95% CI = 0.888 – 1.399) and the prevalence ratio value between attitude and action variables shows a value of 0.597 (95% CI = 0.490 - 0.726). Conclusion: Suggestions from this researcher are making public service advertisements about student compliance and awareness about healthy lifestyle habits, especially restrictions on foods high in sugar, limiting eating fast food, doing proper and regular exercise, and getting enough sleep.
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 17, pp 319-330; https://doi.org/10.20473/ijph.v17i2.2022.319-330
Introduction: Every year 250 million work accidents occur and more than 160 million experience occupational diseases (ILO, 2013). One factor that causes work accidents is unsafe behavior caused by work fatigue. The purpose of the study was to analyze the relationship between physical workload, sleep quality, work climate, and noise with work fatigue in Rolling Mill Steel Industry section workers Sidoarjo. Methods: This study is an observational and analytical study with a cross-sectional design. The study population was 34 workers and a sample of 31 respondents were workers in the Rolling Mill section. The sampling technique used simple random sampling. Independent variables were physical workload, sleep quality, work climate, and noise. The dependent variable was fatigue. Spearman correlation test was used to determine the relationship between physical workload and work fatigue. A Chi-square test was used to determine the relationship between sleep quality, work climate, and noise with work fatigue. Result: The result showed (61,3%) workers experienced moderate physical workload, (61,3%) workers had good sleep quality, (64,5%) workers worked above work climate threshold limit value, (77,4%) workers worked above noise threshold limit value, and (48,5%) workers had normal fatigue. Statistical analysis shows physical workload (p = 0.031), sleep quality (continuity correction = 0.047), work climate (fisher exact = 0.002), and noise (fisher exact = 0.009) have a relationship with work fatigue. Conclusion: This study concludes that physical workload, sleep quality, work climate, and noise have a relationship with work fatigue.
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 17, pp 305-318; https://doi.org/10.20473/ijph.v17i2.2022.305-318
Introduction: Determinants of health consist of social and physical determinants; one the factors included in physical determinants is environment. Environmental conditions that aren’t healthy can attract flies to land. Diarrhea is caused by vectors (flies) that contaminate food and drink consumed by humans. This research aimed to analyze the strength of the relationship between knowledge, facilities, and behavior of household waste management with the incidence of diarrhea in toddlers in Sedah Kidul Village. Methods: This research was a descriptive study with a quantitative approach and a cross-sectional study design. Respondents were selected using simple random sampling from families with toddlers in Sedah Kidul Village as many as 40 respondents. The questionnaire was distributed to respondents to obtain research data. The statistical test used was the contingency coefficient to analyze the strength of the relationship between the variables tested. Result: The results showed the strength of the relationship for level of knowledge (p-value = 0.373 and C = 0.269) including the weak category, availability of facilities (p-value = 0.380 and C = 0.267) including the weak category, and household waste management behavior (p-value = 0.763 and C = 0.168) including the very weak category with the incidence of toddler diarrhea. Conclusion: The conclusion based on the results of statistical tests is there was no significant relationship between knowledge, facilities, and behavior of household waste management with the incidence of toddler diarrhea, supported by the strength category of the relationship on the three variables.
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 17, pp 273-284; https://doi.org/10.20473/ijph.v17i2.2022.273-284
Introduction: The quality of health services is an important aspect that determines the success of a hospital. Through performance, the role of human resources determines the success of a hospital. Efforts to determine employee performance need to be performed, one of which is by measuring employee discipline. The application of employee discipline is related to the role of the leader in directing his subordinates. The way leaders lead their subordinates is reflected in the leadership style applied. This study aimed to determine leadership style applied in Wiyung Sejahtera Hospital and its effect on the level of employee work discipline. Methods: This was a quantitative study with analytic observational research design. This study involved 80 employees working in Wiyung Sejahtera Hospital as a sample. All of the samples met the inclusion criteria as respondents. The independent variable in this research is leadership style and the dependent variable is the level of employee work discipline. Data were obtained through survey with questionnaire aids. Result: The results showed 31.25% of the leadership styles applied by the head of the unit was directive leadership styles. The results of the linear regression effect test indicate that the significance value was <α is 0,000 <0.1. The results of the linear regression analysis showed that leadership style had a regression coefficient of 0.311. Conclusion: In conclusion, leadership style applied has an effect of 90.9% on the level of employee work discipline.
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 17, pp 241-251; https://doi.org/10.20473/ijph.v17i2.2022.241-251
Introduction: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a limitation of the inflow and outflow of air caused by inflammation of the inhaled toxin. The incidence of COPD continues to increase every year, and is predicted to be the highest cause of death in the next 10 years. This study aimed to analyze risk factors for the history of hypertension, genetic, and smoking degree with COPD in patients at Haji Public Hospital Surabaya 2019. Methods: This type of research used analytic observational research with a case-control research design. The research sample used simple random sampling. Variables used include hypertension history, smoking degree, and genetic. Result: The results of the Chi-Square statistical analysis were male sex at risk with COPD (OR: 14.7; 95% CI: 6.28-34.5); Age> 40 years at risk with COPD (Odds Ratio (OR): 116.8; 95% CI: 15.2-898.4; history of hypertension at risk with COPD (Odds Ratio (OR): 2,512; 95% CI: 1.99-3.16; smoking degree at risk with COPD (high degree OR: 60.95; 95% CI: 7.65-470.3; moderate degree OR: 31.3; 95% CI: 3.85-254.6; low degree OR: 6.1; 95% CI: 1.45-25.6) and smoking behavior (OR: 21.9; 95% CI: 7.71-62.271). Conclusion: It can be concluded that the variables which are risk factors for COPD are male sex, age> 40 years, history of hypertension, smoking behavior and degree of smoking. Recommendations based on the results of this study are expected that the community can be familiarized with a clean and healthy lifestyle so that the incidence of COPD can be reduced.