The Indonesian Journal of Public Health
ISSN / EISSN : 18297005 / 25408836
Current Publisher: universitas airlangga (10.20473)
Total articles ≅ 58
Latest articles in this journal
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 13, pp 1-12; doi:10.20473/ijph.v13i1.2018.1-12
Abstract:Kalijompo Plantation is one of rubber plantations in Jember. One of rubber production is rubber tapping that is done not only by male but also female workers. One of the factors that can affect productivity is nutrition status. Nutrition status is influenced by the adequancy of nutrients, especially carbohydrates, fats, and proteins as energy producers. The purpose of this research was to study the correlation between carbohydrates, fats, and proteins intake with nutrition status in female tap rubber workers of Kalijompo Plantation in Jember. This research was analytical observational research and had a cross sectional design. The population of this research were all female tap rubber workers of Kalijompo Plantation in Jember with the sample consisted of 33 respondents. The variables of this research carbohydrates intake, fats intake, proteins intake, and nutrition status. Data collection included measurement of weight body, measurement of height body, and food recall 1x24 hours.The results showed that there was no correlation between carbohydrates intake with nutrition status (p=0.968), there was no correlation between fats intake with nutrition status (p=0.646), and there was no correlation between proteins intake with nutrition status (p=0.679). The conclusion of this research was the intake of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins are not factors that can affect good or bad nutrition status in female rubber tapping workers of Kalijompo Plantation in Jember.
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 13, pp 110-121; doi:10.20473/ijph.v13i1.2018.110-121
Abstract:Teenager is a period of rapid physical, psychological and intellectual development. Adolescents tend to like challenges without careful consideration. This caused various problems of adolescents, especially in reproductive health. Adolescent Reproductive Health (ARH) Education by teachers is an effort to overcome the problem of reproductive health of students. The purpose of this research was to identify the transfer process of adolescent reproductive health education at SMPN 52 Surabaya. This research used observational case study research with qualitative approach. Informants in this study consisted of teachers and students. Data was collected through in-depth interviews and document studies. This study found that most teacher informants have poor understanding of comprehensive ARH. The teacher informants said that ARH education is the responsibility of parents, school, community and government. The teacher informants delivered the ARH material with various methods. Teacher separated male and female students during delivering process of sensitive ARH materials. This method can encourage students' activeness to ask questions to the teachers. A better understanding of teachers on KRR materials can improve the quality of students' material delivery.ARH education is not only the responsibility of the school, but also family, community to government. The government needs to provide training for teachers related to theARH education. Families need to provide ARH education at home, meanwhile the community needs to provide supervision for adolescents in their neighborhood.
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 13, pp 73-84; doi:10.20473/ijph.v13i1.2018.73-84
Abstract:Vector control is an approach using the basic principles of management and consideration of disease transmission and control. The purpose of vector control is to reduce vector breeding habitats, reduce vector density, inhibit disease transmission, reduce human contact with vectors so that vector-borne disease transmission can be controlled more rationally, effectively and efficiently. This study aims to analyze the effectiveness of Aedes aegypti mosquito control vector in a hospital in Surabaya. The Control carried out by the Hospital is to eradicate Aedes aegypti mosquitoes by installing Ovitrap, Thermal Fogging, Cold Fogging and Spraying. The type of analysis used is descriptive observational. Data collection was carried out in February of 2017 at K3 unit and Environmental Health of Surabaya Hospital. The data used are hospital pest and rodent control report, secondary data aboutnumber of mosquito, number of larvae and number of Aedes aegypti mosquito eggs obtained from unit of K3 and Environmental Health. The conclusions for the hospital are: (1) always report the Aedes aegypti mosquito vector routine every months; (2) eradicating mosquitoes in difficult places such as patient and dense populated areas; (3) based on Regulation of the Minister of Health of the Republic of Indonesia Number 374 / MENKES / PER / III / 2010 concerning Vector Control four of the six tools used in the Hospital have been used
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 13, pp 269-287; doi:10.20473/ijph.v13i2.2018.269-287
Abstract:The quality of education in eastern part of Papua is still low so that many teenagers choose to go out the Papua for study.One of the factors of risky sexual behavior among adolescents students is wandered. The risky dating behavior of Papuan students in Surabaya is 76.7% (Giay, 2017). The purpose of this study is to analyze the impact of dating status with the risky dating behavior among Papuan origin students in Surabaya. This research is an observational analytic research with cross sectional design. The research population was 260 migrant college students from Papua. The research sample was 70 male and female college students. The independent variables of this research were age, sex, relationship status, intention of risky dating behavior, and knowledge level. The statistical analysis were using multiple logistic regression test with the significance level of 5%. The result of this research showed that relationship status influenced college students’ risky dating behavior (p = 0.001), while age, sex, intention of risky dating behavior and knowledge level did not influence college students’ risky dating behavior (p > 0.05). The conclusion of the research is the status of dating relationship has an effect on the risky courtship behavior of Papuan native students in Surabaya city. Therefore, students are advised not to date during the study period.
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 13, pp 210-221; doi:10.20473/ijph.v13i2.2018.210-221
Abstract:Cleanliness is a state free of dirt, including dust, garbage and odors. Hygiene is also a lifestyle, and is also included in Clean and Healthy Lifestyle. Student always consumption of food after exercise can restore lost of body stamina. However, student often forget the Wash the Hand with Soap before eating food. Behavioral factors consist of supporting factors, enabling factors and strengthening factors. This purpose of study in order to know the knowledge, attitude and behavior of informants. The research was done at High School of Santa Agnes Surabaya by using descriptive method of qualitative approach. Instrument in this research is guidance of deep interview with informant amounted to 8 people. The variables in this study were the students' knowledge, the attitude of the students and the behavior of the students associated with the CTPS. Supporting factors consist of attitude and behavioral knowledge. Knowledge of students was in the low knowledge, because only limited to know. Attitudes toward the behavior of CTPS at SMAK Santa Agnes support CTPS as a beneficial healthy behavior. The behavior of CTPS at SMAK Santa Agnes was lacking, especially after sports. Possible factors in the form of facilities that have been good, but the number is still inadequate. The reinforcing factor of the teacher's encouragement to perform the CTPS and the motivation of the dirty hand-related sectional environment can lead to ill experiences of illness that have been experienced and are accustomed to CTPS. The conclusion that can be drawn is that all informants have diverse behavior and risk to their health. Lazy behavior is the main key that must be resisted so as not to interfere with health.
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 13, pp 38-49; doi:10.20473/ijph.v13i1.2018.38-49
Abstract:Indonesia is the second most populated country with TB in the world. The proportion of Tuberculosis (TB) and adult tuberculosis cases in Indonesia is increasing every year. East Java is ranked second in TB cases in Indonesia. Surabaya is the most common city of TB cases. Therefore, WHO recommends the DOTS program for TB control that focuses on finding and healing TB patients, especially TB children. However, the implementation of this program has an imbalance in the number of adult TB findings and child TB. Factors that influence the discovery of TB suspected children are the length of practice and knowledge of Independent Practice Doctors (DPM). The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of long time practice and knowledge of Practice Doctor Mandiri on TB child suspected finding. This research is an umbrella research of operational research of child TB treatment network with cross sectional study design. The sampling technique is simple random sampling with the amount of 42 people. Data collection is secondary data using data collection sheets. Data analysis using logistic regression. The result shows that there is a long effect of practice on TB children with p value 0,015 0,05 and OR 2,125. There is a need for regular socialization of child TB, especially the management of child TB and the commitment of the Independent Practice Doctor to the discovery of TB suspected
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 13, pp 61-72; doi:10.20473/ijph.v13i1.2018.61-72
Abstract:Dupak primary health care is one of health care which have complete HIV and Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrom (AIDS) prevention program. The number of HIV-AIDS sufferers increasing every year, but the number of new HIV positive cases taking Anti Retroviral Virus(ARV) treatment at Dupak primary health care are low. The purpose of this research was analyzed the HIV treatment decision making process of patients at Dupak primary health care. The method in this research was descriptive quantitive research through questionnaires. Variables of this study are individual characteristics include age, level of education, knowledges, status of severity with decision making process of treatment. The results of this study indicate that most respondents (50%) have a high knowledge of HIV treatment. Decision-making process of HIV positive patient treatment have 2 stages that most respondents didn’t do. There are stage of the information search (75%) and stage of alternative evaluation (56.25%). The conclusion of this research are most respondents didn’t do information searching and alternative evaluation in decision making process at Dupak primary health care. According suggested from this study are to improve HIV related socialization programs through promotional activities and discussions related to HIV treatment services to improve knowledge and activeness of seeking information through print and electronic media.
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 13, pp 158-170; doi:10.20473/ijph.v13i2.2018.158-170
Abstract:Forecasting can be used to view events or trends in future. Counseling in VCT is the counseling activities provide by psychological support, information and knowledge on HIV/AIDS, to prevent HIV transmission, promoting responsible behavior changes. This article purposed to knew number of VCT on people living with HIV in East Java province and predicted number people living with HIV which recorded via the VCT in 2018 used best method. The unit of analysis in this research was the number of people living with HIV in East Java, data processed using method of Holt Double Exponential Smoothing and ARIMA. The results of forecasting data logging by VCT in people with HIV used method Holt Double Exponential Smoothing which alpha=0.710 and gamma=0.039 i.e MAPE=26.06, MAD=24.75 and MSD=1999.59.The alpha parameter value (level) and gamma (trend)retrieved from the way try and error. Meanwhile, ARIMA models qualifies stationerity data, white noise and residual Kolmogorov Smirnov was ARIMA (2, 1, 1) with error MAPE=45.148, MAD=91.75 and MSD=437781.8. Based on the value of MAPE, MAD and MSD that forecasting VCT was suitable to used Double Exponential Smoothing Holt. Double Exponential Smoothing Holt with α (alpha)=0.710 and γ (gamma)=0.039can produce MAPE=26.06, MAD=24, 75 dan MSD=1999.59 produce forecasting for the year 2018, Ft + m = St + btm F57 value + 6 = S57 + b56, obtained results for the month of January of the year of 2018 244.769. The number of people living with HIV was recorded through VCT fluctuating but trends to rise over time. The value of forecasting has grown trend. For other researchers, because this research is univariate case, more comprehensive should added with other variables.
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 13, pp 26-37; doi:10.20473/ijph.v13i1.2018.26-37
Abstract:Indonesia is a country with largest smoker in South East Asia. According to Riset Kesehatan Dasar (RISKESDAS) (2013), there is rising trends of cigarette smooking during three periods, especially in adolescents aged ≥15 years. Therefore it is necessary to take effort to prevent existence of it. Providing health promotion media in the form of hand lettering can be an alternative in providing effective information and education. Now days, Hand lettering is a popular art design for adolescents. This research was conducted on the students of class XI TKR SMK PGRI 4 Surabaya. The purpose of this study was to know the efectiveness of hand lettering as a health promotion media of harmfull effect of cigarettes in adolescents. It was quasi experimental research. Samples are 90 students of class XI TKR SMK PGRI 4 Surabaya, taken by total sampling technique. Knowledge was dependent variable, while giving treatments was independent variables. Results showed that there were differences knowledge betwween before and after hand lettering given (p = 0,000). Media effectiveness shows that hand lettering is effective for improving knowledge. It can be used as a health promotion media of harmfull effect of cigarettes in adolescents.
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 13, pp 13-25; doi:10.20473/ijph.v13i1.2018.13-25
Abstract:Tuberculosis (TB) cases in Indonesia are most prevalent in West Java, East Java, and Central Java Provinces. TB cases in those provinces accounted for 38% of all incident TB cases in Indonesia. Transmission of the disease is influenced by environmental factors and unhealthy behavior. Environmental factors that affect the incidence of TB such as temperature, humidity, and natural lighting. This was an observational research, using case-control study design. Data then compared with the Regulation of Health Minister Republic Indonesia No. 1077 in 2011 about Guideline for Air Sanitation in the Home Space and Decision of Health Minister Republic Indonesia No. 829 in 1999 about Housing Health Requirement. Samples were taken by pusposive sampling with a sample size of 10 houses of pulmonary TB patients and 10 home instead of pulmonary TB patiens. Data collection using observation sheet and measurement. Air sampling using Microbial Air Sampler (MAS), then samplees sent to the laboratory for examination of Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria. The result showed that most of the temperature, humidity, natural lighting, wide ventilation, and light intensity in the home of tuberculosis patiens not eligible. Mycobacterium tuberculosis was found in all TB home patients. People should maintain the cleanliness of the house by cleaning the floor with disinfectant and adding ventilation to improve air circulation and the sunlight can enter the room.