The Indonesian Journal of Public Health

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 1829-7005 / 2540-8836
Published by: Universitas Airlangga (10.20473)
Total articles ≅ 148
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Siti Fera Irawati, Arief Wibowo
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 16, pp 264-272; https://doi.org/10.20473/ijph.v16i2.2021.264-272

Abstract:
Diarrhea is a common endemic disease in Indonesia. In developing countries, the high prevalence of diarrhea can be attributed to the lack of clean water and proper sanitation. This study determined a correlation between access to safe drinking water and healthy houses with the incidence of diarrhea in East Java in 2016. The study applied a correlation study design. The population consisted of all diarrhea patients treated in East Java in 2016; thus, the population was used also as a sample. The data were obtained from secondary data, namely the 2016 East Java Provincial Health Profile. Pearson correlation test was used in analyzing the data. There was a correlation between healthy homes (p = 0.000) and sustainable access to safe drinking water (p = 0.000) with the incidence of diarrhea. Pearson correlation coefficient for the healthy house variable was 0.798, while the Pearson correlation coefficient for sustainable access to safe drinking water was 0.722. It can be concluded that the relationship between healthy homes and access to safe drinking water with the incidence of diarrhea in the Province of East Java in 2016 was strong enough.Keywords: diarrhea, healthy houses, access to safe drinking water.
Khoiriyah Isni
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 16, pp 242-252; https://doi.org/10.20473/ijph.v16i2.2021.242-252

Abstract:
One characteristic of adolescents is their tendency to share information, tell stories, and gather with their peers. They may experience the negative effects of these habits when they do not have adequate life skills, especially in terms of sexuality. On the other hand, these activities present an opportunity for health promotion through peer-based approaches or peer counseling. The goal is to know the effects of peer counseling methods as media of information to increase adolescents’ knowledge and attitude regarding sexual problems. The study used a quasi-experimental approach with a nonequivalent control group design. The sample consisted of 17 respondents between 15-24 years old living in Banguntapan, Bantul, Yogyakarta who fulfilled the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Data were collected with the purposive sampling technique. The research instrument used was a questionnaire. The results showed that there was a difference in the average knowledge level (p = 0.021) and attitudes (p = 0.000) of respondents related to sexuality before and after receiving peer counseling training. Methods and media used in delivering health information to adolescents should be diversified in schools, in the community, and in health services to generate interest in accessing and heeding appropriate health information. Keywords: peer counseling, sexuality, adolescents, health promotion
Neula Armyttha Rizki Ramadhani
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 16, pp 327-335; https://doi.org/10.20473/ijph.v16i2.2021.327-335

Abstract:
An applicable health system must be integrated with existing health facilities in the community, such as health facilities at hospitals. One of the efforts made by the hospital is hospital health promotion aimed to enable patients and their families to prevent health problems, improve health more independently, and be active in the healing process, of course while being supported by policy regulations. This study aimed to describe the implementation of hospital health promotion as a health political product that certainly affects the degree of public health. This study was a literature review. Data were collected by library research. Based on the results, making a political decision (especially in the health sector) would affect the health of the community, in addition to politics being influenced by the state of public health. The role of hospitals as health promoters could be realized through hospital health promotion with a new preventive paradigm. Moreover, health promotion could also help improve fair and equal health services while still prioritizing quality and promoting preventive and promotive efforts. More numbers of health personnel both in the curative and preventive treatment should be considered for health policymaking to improve health services, especially in hospital settings. Keywords: health promotion in hospital, health politics
Otik Widyastutik, Yuwan Chartasim, Elly Trisnawati, Selviana Selviana
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 16, pp 297-314; https://doi.org/10.20473/ijph.v16i2.2021.297-314

Abstract:
Producing breastmilk is a mother’s ability for the next six weeks after giving birth. Based on data from the Health Office of Pontianak City, exclusive breastfeeding coverage is 25% in East Pontianak District. A preliminary study conducted in East Pontianak Sub district, seven out of ten respondents who underwent breastfeeding, their breastmilk was not running well. There are 70% of babies experienced weight increment below 500 grams/month. In addition, 70% mothers drinking less than twelve glasses/day, 70% mothers do not receive support from their husbands in breastfeeding process, 60% mothers have never been exposed to breastfeeding information, and 50% mothers experienced moderate anxiety levels after giving birth. The research aimed to determine the determinants of postpartum mother's milk production in East Pontianak District. This research is observational research with a cross-sectional approach, and the research subject is 48 postpartum mothers. The results showed that the determinant factor could be seen from the relationship of fluid intake (p-value = 0.000), husband's support (p-value=0.000), information exposure (p-value=0.010), supplement (p-value=0.000), and energy intake (p-value=0.000), to breast milk production. Recommendations addressed to the community health center such as work more active in providing counselling, activating cadres by providing practices. Therefore, they can assist in providing knowledge about breastfeeding and making creative promotional media.Keywords : breast milk production, postpartum, nutrition intake
Fauzia Yulianti Ramadhani
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 16, pp 230-241; https://doi.org/10.20473/ijph.v16i2.2021.230-241

Abstract:
The Aedes aegypti index in the buffer area of the Class 1 Surabaya Port Health Office was in accordance with the Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) as stated in the Regulation of the Indonesian Ministry of Health Number 431 of 2007 (431/MENKES/SK/IV/2007) on Technical Guidelines for Control of Environmental Health Risks in Ports/Airports/Cross-Border in the Context of Health Quarantine. The Port Health Office has responsibilities to control environmental risks, one of which was the Aedes aegypti mosquitos in the borders. This study was descriptive observational and aimed to analyze the managerial components in Aedes aegypti mosquito control in the buffer area ofthe Class 1 Surabaya Port Health Office in Surabaya. The research variables (factors that determine control activities) were manpower, money, methods, materials, markets, machines, and information. The research subjects were two officers at Class 1 Surabaya Port Health Office and five cadres who monitored larva. Data were analyzed descriptively. The results explained that manpower, money, materials, market, technology, and information were all in accordance with the SOP of the Surabaya Port Health Office. However, the larva survey method did not comply with the SOP as officers still used the visual method. It was concluded that managerial components in Aedes aegypti control by Class 1 Surabaya Port Health Office followed the SOP except in their larva survey method. The researchers recommended carrying out a larva survey method by taking 1 larva from each container (single larva) at a time. Keywords: Aedes aegypti, control vector, managerial components.
Anca Laika, Retno Adriyani
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 16, pp 188-195; https://doi.org/10.20473/ijph.v16i2.2021.188-195

Abstract:
Gunung Anyar Tambak village had the lowest access to latrines. Some residents defecate in rivers or other places. The study was conducted to determine a relationship of factors and low use of latrines in Gunung Anyar Tambak village. It was observational research with a cross sectional design. Samples were selected from the population through simple random sampling. Guided interviews were conducted to 75 respondents in RW 01 Gunung Anyar Tambak village. The research variables were respondent characteristics (education level and income level), knowledge, attitudes, and latrine ownership. Data analysis was done using the Chi-square test with a degree of confidence at 95%. The results showed a significant relationship between respondent characteristics including education level (p = 0.000), income level (p = 0.000), knowledge (p = 0.006), attitude (p = 0.003), and latrine ownership (p = 0.000) on low use of latrines. The variable with the strongest relationship was latrine ownership. Keywords: education, income, knowledge, attitude, latrine ownership
Sameena Ahmad, Ali Jafar Abedi, Mohammad Athar Ansari, Salman Khalil, Mohd. Najmul Aqib Khan
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 16, pp 166-176; https://doi.org/10.20473/ijph.v16i2.2021.166-176

Abstract:
Children have been exposed to electronic devices. They grow up thinking that these devices are a part of their daily lives. As they get older, their dependency on such devices grows, even during school days. As a result, their physical activity is hardly handled even until they reach adulthood. This study assessed the frequency of physical activity, duration of screen time, and association between these variables amongst school children. This cross-sectional study was conducted among 800 school-based adolescents aged 12 to 14 years at A.M.U. High Schools, Aligarh, in July 2018 to June 2019. Students were asked about their physical activity and screen habits by disseminating a self- reported questionnaire. The data were analyzed in SPSS version 20.0. The study found that most of the students had adequate physical activities (75.51%), while the reported screen time duration was also adequate for most (59.1%).The association between the two variables was not statistically significant (p > 0.05). For the students with inadequate frequency of physical activity and enough duration of screen time, interventions should be done both at family and school levels to make them more physically active and better at performing studies and reaping the benefits of good health. Keywords: physical activity, school children, adolescents, screen time
Devi Shintiya Chilmi, Ririh Yudhastuti, Bangun Cahyo Utomo
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 16, pp 219-229; https://doi.org/10.20473/ijph.v16i2.2021.219-229

Abstract:
Sites for managing and providing food for the community contribute to the emergence of major foodborne diseases. The airport gives notes on how important it is to prevent food-borne diseases. This study aimed to review the sanitary hygiene and bacteriological quality of the food and equipment on food management sites in Terminal 1 of Juanda Airport, Surabaya. This was a descriptive study using a cross-sectional study design. The research population was all 53 food management sites in Terminal 1 of Juanda Airport. A large sample of four food management sites were taken based on the number of food management sites offered to be surveyed every month. The research variables were sanitation hygiene and bacteriological quality of the food and equipment on the food management sites. Data collection on sanitation hygiene was done through observation and interview. Data collection on bacteriological quality of food and equipment was performed by taking and checking food samples and equipment from each food management site. The assessment of sanitation hygiene on the four food management sites in Terminal 1 of Juanda Airport received a score of > 700. The results of bacteriological food quality showed that Escherichia coli was found in food samples produced by one food management site. The results of bacteriological equipment quality showed that there was no Escherichia coli on the equipment used by four food management sites, but the total plate count value on the equipment was > 0. All food management sites in Terminal 1 of Juanda Airport met sanitation hygiene requirements but did not meet the bacteriological quality requirements for equipment because the total plate count value exceeded the threshold value. In terms of bacteriological food quality, most of the food management sites met the health requirements. Keywords: sanitation and hygiene, Escherichia coli, total plate count, airports
Rizky Nugrahanik, Bangun Cahyo Utomo
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 16, pp 253-263; https://doi.org/10.20473/ijph.v16i2.2021.253-263

Abstract:
The provision of clean water in the Class 1 Surabaya Port Health Office is supervised in accordance with the existing regulations to identify sources that could potentially cause pollution and prevent the occurrence of illness caused by unstandardized water quality and unsafe water supply. This study aimed to describe the implementation of clean water supply supervision in the Class 1 Surabaya Port Health Office in the Juanda Airport working area, Surabaya. This was an observational study which analysis was descriptive in nature. The clean water was tested for physical, chemical, and microbiological parameters, and the results showed that the water quality was in accordance with the Regulation of the Indonesian Ministry of Health No. 416 of 1990 about the Terms and Monitoring of Water Quality. However, the result from the simple chemical inspection test of the water showed that it did not fulfil health standards i.e., the residual chlorine score not equal to 0 (zero). It is suggested that more attention and supervision are conducted by water management authorities to ensure the standard residual chlorine level of 0 (zero). Additionally, expired reagents or reagents that have already changed color should not be used as it will affect the parameters tested. Keywords: Quality of clean water, clean water supply facilities, water sampling process
Erwin Era Prasetya, Denny Ardyanto W, Hari Basuki Notobroto, Tjipto Suwandi
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 16, pp 196-207; https://doi.org/10.20473/ijph.v16i2.2021.196-207

Abstract:
Hospital fires have the potential to cause fatalities and huge material losses, there were 22 hospital fires covered by newspapers in India in 2011-2012 with 102 dead. Buildings are considered safe if all occupants building threatened by fire must be able to exit and assembly point before available safe egress time. This study aimed to analyze the effect of preconditions and unsafe acts (violations of evacuation procedures) on evacuation duration in fire disaster conditions in the inpatient building of general hospital R. Koesma Tuban. This study was an observational study, a quantitative method and cross sectional design, which were carried out in April-July 2019. Analysis of Covariance test results stated preconditions (age, sex, exercise habits, location of inpatient ward, distance traveled) affect the duration of evacuation (p 0.05). Violation of evacuation procedures has the potential to influence the duration of evacuation (p = 0.054). The conclusions this study are age, gender, exercise habits, location of the inpatient ward, and distance traveled affect the duration of the evacuation. Keywords: Duration of evacuation, preconditions, violations of evacuation procedures, hospital
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