The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 23018046 / 25407872
Current Publisher: universitas airlangga (10.20473)
Total articles ≅ 144
Current Coverage
DOAJ
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Latest articles in this journal

Nunung Dwi Radanny, Sho’Im Hidayat
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, Volume 8, pp 131-138; doi:10.20473/ijosh.v8i2.2019.131-138

Abstract:Introduction: Occupational stress is a condition in which the body responds physiologically, psychologically, and also behaviorally towards stressor. It can have negative effect on the workers and the workplace. The objective of this research is to study occupational stress and factors related to it in workers at Landing Platform Dock (LPD) project, especially Merchant Ship Division of PT PAL Indonesia. Methods: this research is an observational descriptive research. The subjects of the research are all the 32 workers of the project. The variables are occupational stress, individual characteristic, and work environment. Data was analyzed to discover the correlation between variables using contingency coefficient and Spearman correlation. Results: of the total 32 workers, 21.8% suffer from mild stress, 68.8% suffer from moderate stress, and 9.4% suffer from severe stress. Statistical test results show that there is a moderate correlation between level of education (coefficient -0.446), workload (coefficient 0.533), and relationship at work (coefficient 0.494) toward occupational stress. Meanwhile, personality factor (coefficient 0.334) and marital status (coefficient 0.231) have a weak impact on occupational stress. Furthermore, age (coefficient 0.146) has an extremely weak impact on occupational stress. Conclusion: factors that highly contributes to occupational stress are education level, workload, and relationship at work. Other factors such as age, personality type, and marital status only have a small correlation with occupational stress in these workers.Keywords: individual characteristic, occupational stress, work environment
Firda Rahmawati
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, Volume 8, pp 197-205; doi:10.20473/ijosh.v8i2.2019.197-205

Abstract:Introduction: Each company has its Standard Operational Procedure that is used as a standard for workers to work safely. SOPs are established and implemented to minimize the hazards of accidents in the workplace. As one of the largest automotive manufacturing companies in Indonesia, PT X also has the potential hazards of occupational accidents. The existence of accidents at the company is caused by unsafe behavior. The purpose of this study is to analyze the correlation between individual characteristics, training, knowledge, as well as motivation and the SOP compliance at PT X. Methods: This research is observational research with the cross-sectional design. The samples of this research were 30 workers. The samples were taken by using the simple random sampling method. The data collection was obtained from the results of questionnaires, interviews, and observations, while the supporting data in the form of secondary data was taken from the related SOP. Results the variable of individual characteristics in the form of age and working period are not related to the behavior of SOP compliance. The variables of worker training, knowledge, and motivation are related to SOP compliance behavior tested with the statistical test showed the p-values of 0.008, 0.000, and 0.022. Conclusion: The individual characteristics of age and working period cannot describe the behavior of SOP compliance, while the individual characteristics of training, knowledge, and motivation can improve the SOP compliance. Keywords: motivation, SOP compliance, training
Yogi Adiputro
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, Volume 8, pp 124-130; doi:10.20473/ijosh.v8i2.2019.124-130

Abstract:Introduction: Clinical laboratories are a kind of workplace that must be designed in strict compliance with occupational health and safety standards to create a safe work environment. Fatal work accidents can inflict injuries caused by improper use of equipment, poisoning due to chemical substances in clinical laboratories, and transmission of dangerous diseases. Methods: This is an observational research with a cross sectional approach. The population of this study was 15 health analysts in the X Regional Clinical Laboratory of East Java. The research used total sampling method, carried out from July to September 2018. The dependent variable is the use of PPE and the independent variables are the lack of control and the basic causes. Data were analyzed using Chi square and Spearman correlation tests. Results: 53.3% of the employees of X Regional Clinical Laboratory of East Java use PPE accordingly. There is a strong relationship between knowledge and the use of PPE (r= 0.607). There is a strong correlation between the motivation and the use of PPE (r= 0.600). There is a strong relationship between the availability of PPE and the use of PPE (r = 0.756). Conclusion: There is a strong relationship between knowledge, motivation, and availability of PPE with the use of PPE.Keywords: knowledge, motivation, personal protective equipment
Achmad Fachrul Megananda, Tjipto Suwandi
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, Volume 8, pp 168-177; doi:10.20473/ijosh.v8i2.2019.168-177

Abstract:Introduction: Noise is an unwanted sound heard by the hearers, which can trigger health problems if it continues to be exposed to a certain intensity. One of the health problems that can arise due to noise is the blood pressure increase. This study aims to analyze the influence of noise intensity and age to the blood pressure increase. Methods: This study was an observational study completed with cross-sectional design and analytics. The independent variables in this study were the noise intensity and age, while the dependent variable was the blood pressure. The sample collection of this study applied the total sampling method with 46 employees as respondents, i.e., 29 employees of the heavy-duty shop and 17 employees of the EHS Department in PT. Vale Indonesia. The data analysis was conducted by using the logistic regression statistical test with α-value of 0.05. Results: the noise intensity affected the increase of both systolic blood pressure (significance/p-value=0.00) and diastolic blood pressure (significance/p-value=0.01) with an odds ratio of the increase of systolic blood pressure (Exp (B) =9.75) and the increase of diastolic blood pressure (Exp (B)=5.76). Furthermore, the variable of age does not influence the increase of both systolic (significance/p-value=0.57) and diastolic (significance/p-value=0.41) blood pressures. Conclusion: the rise of the blood pressure of the employees is affected by the noise intensity factor in the workplace. Keywords: noise intensity, age, blood pressure
Shinta Arta Mulia
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, Volume 8, pp 158-167; doi:10.20473/ijosh.v8i2.2019.158-167

Abstract:Introduction: Fatigue is believed as a common problem that is often encountered by workers including food makers in home industry. Fatigue is caused by various factors such as nutritional status, calories intake and workload. This study is intended to identify the correlation between caloric intake, and workload with fatigue on workers who work at home industry of sumpia, bidaran and tempe in Surabaya. Metods: This study was an observational study with cross sectional design. The samples of this study were all workers in Sinar Kencana Rangkah Home Industry, Sinar Kencana Lebak Jaya Home Industry and Bu Slamet Home Industry in Surabaya. Data were collected by measuring food recall 24 hours, measuring workload, and using questioner of fatigue. Data were presented on the table then were analyzed using Spearman Correlation Test. Results: The result showed that there were correlations between caloric intake (correlation coefficient: 0,530), and workload (correlation coefficient: 0.939) with work fatigue. Conclusion: The lesser the calories intake of the workers, the more severe the work fatigue experienced. The heavier the workload given to the workers, the more severe the work fatigue underwent by the workers. Keywords: caloric intake, food maker, home industry, workload, work fatigue
Fauziah Mukti Sugiharto
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, Volume 8, pp 233-239; doi:10.20473/ijosh.v8i2.2019.233-239

Abstract:Introduction: Aircraft maintenance officer is one of the professions which is prone to work stress, because it requires abundant amount of knowledge and skills, as well as rapidity and accuracy in completing the task. Moreover, poor work environments such as noise, vibration, and extreme temperature also add to more workload and trigger occupational stress. This research aims to identify the relationship between mental workload and occupational stress on the aircraft maintenance officers at PT. X. Metods: This research was a descriptive observational research with cross-sectional design. The sample in this research was the total population of officers at PT. X, comprising 21 engineers and 20 mechanics. The total of 41 officers was used as the respondents in this research. The data of mental workload was collected using NASA-TLX method and Brief Job Stress Questionnaire was used to measure occupational stress among aircraft maintenance officers at PT. X. Results: The results of this study demonstrated that most officers had a heavy level of mental workload and experienced a moderate level of occupational stress. The Spearman-rho correlation test showed that there was a moderate relationship between mental workload and occupational stress (r = 0.306). Conclusion: It can be concluded that there was a relationship between mental workload and occupational stress among aircraft maintenance officers at PT. X. Keywords: aircraft maintenance officer, mental workload, occupational stress
Nita Desti Rahmawati, Abdul Rohim Tualeka
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, Volume 8; doi:10.20473/ijosh.v8i2.2019.139-149

Abstract:Introduction: Work fatigue decreases preparedness that raises the risk of workplace accidents. Some of the factors that cause work fatigue are workers characteristics, workload and noise. The purpose of this study is to analyze the correlation between those factors and work fatigue among workers of PT Kerta Rajasa Raya in circulator loom unit. Metods: This is a descriptive observational study that uses a cross sectional approach. This study uses total sampling with a total member of 44 workers. The variables in this study are labor characteristics, including age, gender, years of service, education level, nutritional status, and medical history, which are obtained from questionnaire. Physical workload is assessed based on SNI 7269-2007. Mental workload is measured using NASA-TLX questionnaire. Noise is measured using Sound Level Meter. These variables are the independent variable. The dependent variable, on the other hand, is work fatigue, which is measured by reaction timer. Data are analyzed using Spearman correlation coefficient test (Spearman rho). Results: The results show that 27 workers (61.4%) experienced mild work fatigue and one labor (2.3%) experienced moderate work fatigue. Conclusion: The study concludes that mental workload has the strongest correlation with work fatigue (ρ = 0.509), while medical history has the weakest correlation with work fatigue (ρ = 0.034). Keywords: mental workload, noise, reaction timer, work fatigue
Noor Intan Ramadhani
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, Volume 8, pp 178-186; doi:10.20473/ijosh.v8i2.2019.178-186

Abstract:Introduction: Industrial accidents are accidents occurring in the workplace, especially in the industrial environment. According to the data, the occupational accidents at PT X in RKC (raw mill, kiln, cooler) Operational Section of Slag Production are still found annually. From 2015 to 2017, there had been nine occupational accidents recorded. There was one occupational accident in 2015, five occurrences in 2016, and three occurrences in 2017. This study aimed to analyze the factors of supervision, training, knowledge, and unsafe actions that can lead to occupational accidents suffered by the workers in RKC Operational Section of Slag Production at PT X. Methods: This study was a cross-sectional study with a population of 19 people by implementing the descriptive test analysis to describe the percentage of each observed dependent variable. Results: This study revealed that 78.9% of the workers claimed that the supervision was good, 73.7% agreed that the training was good, 57.9% agreed that they had good knowledge, and 52.6% claimed to conduct unsafe actions in moderate level. Conclusion: the factors of supervision, training, and knowledge were influential to the occurrence of occupational accidents, yet they remained within the tolerable level since almost all workers performed in the good category in those categories. On the other hand, unsafe actions had a considerable influence on the occurrence of occupational safety and health since the majority of the workers performed unsafe actions moderately. Keywords: factor analysis, occupational accidents, unsafe actions
Moh. Bastian
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, Volume 8, pp 215-223; doi:10.20473/ijosh.v8i2.2019.215-223

Abstract:Introduction: The processing of marble stone produces air pollution in the form of dust. Dust emission is generated from cutting, scraping, and polishing processes. The type of dust emission is Particulate Matter 2.5 (PM2.5). The dust level and exposure period can cause lung problems and respiratory complaints. The study aims to determine the factors related to the pulmonary function’s status of workers at UD X, Campurdarat Sub-district, Tulungagung District. Metods: This research used cross-sectional research design and quantitative approach. The sample of this study was 32 people consisting of 26 workers exposed to dust and 7 workers unexposed to dust. The independent variables include were gender, age, working period, education level, smoking habit, and use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE). Results: In general, the pulmonary function of workers at UD X was quite good. Conlusion: The smoking habit and the use of PPE had a relationship with the pulmonary function of workers at UD X, Campurdarat Sub-district, Tulungagung District. Keywords: internal factor of worker, pulmonary function, workers
Elsya Vira Putri
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, Volume 8, pp 206-214; doi:10.20473/ijosh.v8i2.2019.206-214

Abstract:Introduction: The workload that exceeds individual work capacity will increase the pulse rate rapidly. The purpose of this research was to study the correlation between physical workload and the increase in workers’ pulse rate. Methods: This research utilized cross-sectional design by using the observational method with 23 workers from the BRF area of PT X Sidoarjo as respondents. This research was conducted by conducting the direct observation by calculating the workload received by the worker by using %CVL method and calculating the resting and working heart rates. Results: The result showed that all workers were male and had the productive age distribution of 60.9% in the age range of 25-50 years. Based on the calculation of workload, the majority of workers have the workload on the moderate %CVL category, amounting to 56.5%. Based on the measurement of the resting and working heart rates, it was found that all workers experienced the pulse rate increase. Based on the result of Pearson correlation statistical test, the result was p