The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 23018046 / 25407872
Current Publisher: universitas airlangga (10.20473)
Total articles ≅ 183
Current Coverage
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Latest articles in this journal

Bian Shabri Putri Irwanto
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, Volume 9, pp 21-29; doi:10.20473/ijosh.v9i1.2020.21-29

Abstract:
Introduction: Work exhaustion defined as a tired feeling felt by workers with different symptoms in each individual. In this study work fatigue was divided into two types, namely physical work fatigue and mental work fatigue. This study aims to determine risk factors of physical and mental fatigue on utility unit PT. Trans Pacific Petrochemical Indotama (TPPI) which produces petroleum or gas, as well as the chemical BTX. Methods: This research was an observational study with a cross-sectional method. Based on the problem characteristic and data analysis, this study belongs to analytical research. Data were collected by interview, questionnaires, measurement, and observations. The population is 36 workers and the sample size of this study is 33 respondents from utility unit workers. The sampling technique used simple random sampling. The variables in this study were age, years of service, work duration, workload, heat stress index, responsibility, and support from company’s head. Results: Showed that factors associated with physical and mental fatigue are the age, workloads, work duration, and heat stress index. Conclusion: Physical fatigue and mental fatigue had correlation with age, workloads, work time, and heat stress index. The higher age, workload, work duration, and heat stress index, it will increasingly cause physical and mental fatigue faster and harder.Keywords: fatigue risk factors, mental fatigue work, physical fatigue work
Ratih Damayanti, Fadilatus Sukma Ika Noviarmi, Erwin Dyah Nawawinetu, Maisyatus Suadaa Irfana
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, Volume 9, pp 104-112; doi:10.20473/ijosh.v9i1.2020.104-112

Abstract:
Introduction: As the other worker, librarian could be got occupational stress because of their duties. However, the duties of librarians and library staff seem trivial and monotonous to the general public. Precisely because it looks trivial and monotonous, research needs to be done related to work stress experienced by librarians and library staff. Aim of this study were to assessed the work stress experienced by librarians and library staff also analyze work stress related factors among librarians and library staff. Methods: In this observational analytic research that has cross sectional designed, occupational stress level was measured by HSE questionnaire and role conflict, carrier development and responsibility to person in organization were calculated by questionnaire in Manpower Minister Decree number 5 2018. Results: Most of the librarian and library staff experienced moderate level of occupational stress. Analysis of chi-square results proved that role conflicts and carrier development significantly related to occupational stress that was experienced by librarian and library staff in Airlangga University. On the other hand, the other variables of socio-demographic and responsibility to person in organization have no significant relationship. Conclusion: Almost all levels of work stress on librarians and library staff are middle to high level with factors related to role conflict and career development.Keywords: Indonesia, librarian, occupational stress, university
Hendra Purbaya, Indriati Paskarini
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, Volume 9, pp 1-11; doi:10.20473/ijosh.v9i1.2020.1-11

Abstract:
Introduction: The scallions sorting and weighing center are an informal sector business engaged in fulfilling the supply of scallions for the wholesale market in Sidoarjo. The labourers at the sorting and weighing scallions have varying nutritional status. The labourers with the normal nutritional status of produce more of processed scallions, whereas those who have poor nutritional status usually the produce fewer number of processed scallions. Work fatigue in the labourers also determines their productivity. Therefore, this study aims to analyze the correlation between individual characteristics, nutritional status, subjective fatigue and the productivity of the labourers in the sorting and weighing scallions. Methods: Based on the objectives of this study, this research is an observational and correlational type of research. The samples of this study were 28 labourers. The variables of this study are individual characteristics, nutritional status, subjective fatigue, and work productivity. Results: The magnitude of the value of the contingency coefficient test and the Spearman correlation with the value α = 1% which showed the results of relationship between years of service with productivity, nutritional status with productivity and also subjective fatigue with productivity. The sig value of correlation coefficient is less than 0.01. Conclusion: There is a relationship between individual characteristics, nutritional status, subjective fatigue with work productivity in the sorting and weighing scallions.Keywords: education, fatigue, nutritional status, productivity, time of services
Irma Nur Khoiriah
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, Volume 9, pp 73-80; doi:10.20473/ijosh.v9i1.2020.73-80

Abstract:
Introduction: Health sector such as hospitals had to pay attention to the company's hygiene aspects and all over occupational health. Nurses were one of the health worker that interact directly with patients and their families. Nurses were very risky to experience work stresses because they had complex tasks and very high responsibilities for the safety of human lives. The purpose of this study was determining factors of work stress in nurses at Rahman Rahim Sidoarjo Hospital. Methods: This research was a cross sectional research design. This study used the entire population of nurses at Rahman Rahim Sidoarjo Hospital, which consists of 60 people. The object of research was Rahman Rahim Sidoarjo Hospital. Research variables included the level of risk of work stress, sex, age, personality, working period social support and subjective workload. Results: The research study shows that most of the nurses at Rahman Rahim Sidoarjo Hospital have moderate stress risk levels of 44 out of 60 nurses (73.3%). A small number of nurses had a low level of stress risk of 11 nurses (18.3%), a high level of stress risk as many as 5 nurses (8.4%), and no nurses who had a high level of risk of work stress were found. Conclusion: Determinant factors of work stress risk that play an important role are factors of sex, personality and working period.Keywords: determinant factor, nurses, work stress
Herdy Perdana Wicaksono
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, Volume 9, pp 30-38; doi:10.20473/ijosh.v9i1.2020.30-38

Abstract:
Introduction: A portable fire extinguisher is one of the effective and active fire protection tool equipment used to extinguish fires at the beginning of a fire. The occurrence of a fire does not immediately become a big fire but it is starts from a small fire. This small fire is perfectly extinguished by using a portable fire extinguisher. Installation and maintenance of a portable fire extinguisher is one of the systems for fire prevention. However, it is important to know that a good and effective implementation must be balanced with proper installation and maintenance in accordance with existing regulations so that later it can function properly. This study aims to evaluate the application of the installation and maintenance of portable fire extinguishers at PT Y Indonesia. Methods: This research used descriptive research method with cross sectional approach. The data were obtained by observation using observation sheets and measurements directly in the field using a meter. Results: PT Y Indonesia has a policy regarding the installation and maintenance of APAR but its application has not fully met the requirements except for the color, pressure and distance between APAR. Conclusion: The implementation of APAR installation at PT Y Indonesia has not been in accordance with the relevant regulations except for APAR color, and the distance between APAR and implementation of maintenance is only done once a month without conducting detailed inspection with a period of 6 months and 12 months.Keywords: installation, maintenance, portable fire extinguisher
Rohmia Fina Ansori
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, Volume 9, pp 48-54; doi:10.20473/ijosh.v9i1.2020.48-54

Abstract:
Introduction: Currently, Culinary becomes a promising business, so does Lamongan Kaliotik Resto, one of the famous restaurant in Lamongan. The high number of customer visits risks the workforce from work fatigue. The demand for production in order to fulfill the consumer needs leads to an excessive workload which is handed to the workers in the Kaliotik Lamongan restaurant. Moreover, high mobility in the food production process potentially creates non-ergonomic work attitudes. Therefore, all of those factors can lead the workers experiencing work fatigue. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between workload and work attitude with work fatigue at Kaliotik Lamongan Resto workers. Methods: This study was observational descriptive which was done by using cross-sectional. The population in this study was all workers at the Kaliotik Lamongan Resto, which consisted of 13 people who worked in the kitchen and cashier kitchen section. The sampling technique used was the total population technique. Data collection includes physical workload measurements, assessment of work attitude with The Rapid Upper Limb Assessment (RULA) method and work fatigue measurements using a reaction timer. The study was analyzed using the Spearman correlation test. Results: Showed that the workload with work fatigue had a relationship with the strength of the moderate relationship (r = 0.415) and work attitudes with work fatigue showed a low strong relationship (r = 0.389). Conclusion: Excessive workload is the main factor which causes work fatigue in workers, in contrary, work attitude is not a factor of work fatigue.Keywords: physical workload, work attitude, work fatigue
Ike Puspitasari Singgih Putri, Tri Martiana, Firman Suryadi Rahman
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, Volume 9, pp 95-103; doi:10.20473/ijosh.v9i1.2020.95-103

Abstract:
Introduction: Contact dermatitis is inflammation caused by substance which attaches to the skin. This contact dermatitis is divided into two, which are irritant contact dermatitis and allergic contact dermatitis. The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors associated with the incidence of contact dermatitis that occurred in translucent farmers in Ambulu village, Ambulu District, Jember district. Methods: The type of this research was observational analytic research with a cross-sectional approach. The population in this study was 61 tobacco farmers of ambulu village, taken by simple random sampling technique to obtain 53 tobacco farmers. The independent variables in this study were tenure, the frequency of contact, the duration of contact and age. The dependent variable was contact dermatitis. The test used to determine whether there was a relationship was the Chi-Square test. The results of this study were the results of frequency analysis of tobacco farmer contacts having a p-value of 0.020 smaller than 0.05 it is means that there was a relationship. The duration of contact p-value of 0.000 smaller than 0.05 so that there was a relationship between contact time and contact dermatitis. For the work period variables, there was not a relationship with contact dermatitis with p-value 0.210 greater than 0.05, while for the results of the age analysis obtained a p-value of 0.455 so that there was no relationship between over and contact dermatitis. Conclusion: There is a relationship between the frequency of contact and the duration of contact with contact dermatitis whereas for the working period and age there is no relationship with contact dermatitis Keywords: contact dermatitis, tobacco farmers
Putra Agata Lesmana
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, Volume 9, pp 66-72; doi:10.20473/ijosh.v9i1.2020.66-72

Abstract:
Introduction: The massive development of the industrial sector leads to an increase in the risk of fire incidents. A company is obligated to prevent, reduce, and extinguish fire incidents by providing training and facilitating supporting tools to avoid fire incidents in the workplace. PT. ARPS is a Surabaya-based manufacturing company that produces plastic packaging and has a potential danger of medium to high levels. By applying the case study design, as an observational study, this study aims to identify the factors that influence and trigger the fire incidents at PT. ARPS during 2017-2018. Methods: The population of this study is the workers of the Assembly Decoration 1 (AD1) and the Blow Molding (DM) production areas. The collected data are analyzed and presented descriptively through tables and narration. Results: The data show that the first fire incident occurred on 10 February 2017 to the KK6 machine in the AD1 area, followed by the second incident that occurred on 18 March 2018 to the VK4 machine in the BM area, and the third incident (30 March 2018) to the KKS6 machine in the AD1 area. Conclusion: It can be stated that the three fire incidents at PT. ARPS that occurred from 2017 until March 2018 are caused by unsafe actions that are the negligence of the human resources, and unsafe conditions, which comprise the unstable machines. Other factors, such as supervision, maintenance, work instruction, and managerial, are identified as the upholding factors to the fire incidents at PR. ARPS. Keywords: factor identification, fire incident, unsafe action, unsafe condition
Rizqy Kartika Sari, Denny A. Wahyudiono
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, Volume 9, pp 55-65; doi:10.20473/ijosh.v9i1.2020.55-65

Abstract:
Introduction: Risk management is a management activity that aims to reduce risk to prevent negative impact. Calculation of the amount of risk was carried out to then determine whether the risk was acceptable. In printing activities, contact between humans and machines is unavoidable. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the risk of occupational safety management in the activity of print checking on stamping stage of plastic sacks production in Sidoarjo, Indonesia by conducting hazard identification, risk assessment which includes risk analysis and risk evaluation, control assessment, and residual risk assessment. This is an observational study with a cross sectional design. Methods: Data included primary and secondary data. Primary data were taken by interview and observation. Secondary data were taken from work accident data. Results: A total of 6 hazards were identified. Risk assessment recorded 2 low hazards category 2 medium hazards category, and 2 high risk hazards. Administrative control in the form of inspection and the use of PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) were implemented. Residual risk assessment shows that the implementation of controls was not optimal. The results of the residual risk assessment indicate that several risk categories fell into a lower category i.e 4 low hazards category and 2 high risk category hazards. Conclusion: The applied risk management has not been optimally implemented. It is recommended that the implementation of inspections is scheduled and a system for recording and reporting inspection findings is established. Keywords: hazard, printing checks, risk management
Siti Anisah, Mulyono Mulyono
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, Volume 9, pp 12-20; doi:10.20473/ijosh.v9i1.2020.12-20

Abstract:
Introduction: Prevalence occupational stress continues to increase. Based on survey in 2012, there was 64% workers in Indonesia suffered increased stress compared to previous year. According to the Great Britain 2017 statistics, jobs with higher than average rates of stress are health workers and social workers. Several factors that can affect occupational stress are individual characteristics and workload. The aim of this study is to analyze the relationship of individual characteristics (age, sex, education level, and working period) and workloads (physical and mental workloads) toward the level of occupational stress of social undesirables facilitators at Regional Technical Implementation Unit Social Shelter Keputih Surabaya. Methods: This study was observational research and used cross-sectional method. Sample in this research was 21 workers. The sample were taken used total sampling. The writer used contingency coefficient for analyzing variables relation. Results: The study showed the age (coefficient= 0.572) and mental workload (coefficient= 0.420) had a moderate relation toward occupational stress level. Sex (coefficient= 0.136) had the lowest relation toward occupational stress level. The education level (coefficient= 0.398), working period (coefficient= 0.298), and physical workload (coefficient= 0.209) had a low relation toward occupational stress level. Conclusion: The individual characteristic (age) and workload (mental workload) related to occupational stress.Keywords: individual characteristics, occupational stress, workload
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