The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2301-8046 / 2540-7872
Published by: Universitas Airlangga (10.20473)
Total articles ≅ 297
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The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, Volume 11, pp 248-255; https://doi.org/10.20473/ijosh.v11i2.2022.248-255

Abstract:
Introduction: According to data from the Ministry of Manpower of the Republic of Indonesia in 2016, it shows that there were 16,880 work accidents that occurred in East Java, which were classified as an OHS emergency. This study aims to analyze the incidence of work accidents and the amount of work accident insurance benefits received by the participants of Employment Insurance and Social Security in East Java Province. Methods: This study used non-reactive research and secondary data, namely gender, age, accident location, time of accident, number of work accidents and data on the number of benefits received by the participants of Employment Insurance and Social Security in East Java in 2016. The number of samples was 4,700 respondents. The analysis was conducted by comparing the number of work accidents with the amount of benefits received by workers participating in the Employment Insurance and Social Security. Results: The results showed that based on gender, the highest occupational accident cases occurred in male workers (80%), most of the occupational accident cases occurred at the age <25 years old- 35 years old (56%), the location of the accident mostly occurred at work locations (70%), and most of the accidents occurred at 06.01-12.00 (46%). Conclusion: The case of work accidents in 2016 in East Java when compared to the number of work safety benefit recipients was 0.77% and the ratio of the number of work accident cases with the highest work safety benefit amount was in permanent total disability (1: 4,800,000).
Nanda Waskito Nugroho, , Anita Camelia, Desheila Andarini, Amrina Rosyada, Rizka Faliria Nandini, Poppy Fujianti
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, Volume 11, pp 215-223; https://doi.org/10.20473/ijosh.v11i2.2022.215-223

Abstract:
Introduction: Computer Vision Syndrome (CVS) or digital eye strain is a collection of eye problems related to vision. The telemarketing division in Bank X has 10 hours working time per day and 60 hours per week. This study aimed to determine CVS complaints among telemarketing workers and analyze the factors that caused CVS complaints in workers. Methods: The study used a cross-sectional study design, with a total sample of 53 workers. The variables studied were lighting intensity, monitor distance, age, refractive disorders, eye rest, and eye protection. The study used a lux meter to measure the light intensity and the Snellen chart to see eye refraction abnormalities. Results: The results determined that 77.4% of computer workers in Bank X Telemarketing division experienced CVS complaints while 22.6% did not experience CVS. The results of statistical tests showed that light intensity, monitor distance, refractive disorders, and eye rest were associated with CVS complaints, while age and eye protection equipment were not related to CVS complaints. Conclusion: Most telemarketing workers experienced CVS complaints caused by lighting intensity, monitor distance, refractive disorders, and eye rest.
, Teni Supriyani
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, Volume 11, pp 295-306; https://doi.org/10.20473/ijosh.v11i2.2022.295-306

Abstract:
Introduction: The industry in Indonesia is still experiencing a rapid development. Woven craft one of the thriving informal sector businesses in Tasikmalaya Regency. Each stage of work on making bamboo woven crafts is done in a way that is not ergonomic, especially in the working position, namely how to sit or squat on the floor with the head and back bent. This condition can cause musculoskeletal disorders. The results of risk analysis showed that the job position that belongs to a high-risk category must be controlled immediately. The aim of this study is to assess the working posture of woven bamboo craftsmen. Methods: This research is descriptive research. The object under study was the 20 stages of production of woven bamboo handicraft products. The variables studied were work positions, including individual characteristics and musculoskeletal complaints. Data were collected through passive participant observation using observation sheets. Work position data analysis was carried out using the RULA assessment table. Results: Work postures at thirteen stages of work were at action level 2, three stages of work were at action level 3, and two stages of work were at action level 4. In general, the craftsmen complained of aches in the waist (28%), hand pain (19%), leg pain (16%), and back pain (12%). Conclusion: Priority control should carried out at the coloring and drying stages because they have an action level 4 that must implement the changes now.
Afrian Eskartya Harjono, Tri Martiana, , , Erianto Fanani
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, Volume 11, pp 256-265; https://doi.org/10.20473/ijosh.v11i2.2022.256-265

Abstract:
Introduction: The number of chemicals is increasing every year. Laboratories record work accidents because there are several chemicals that are not labeled and unidentified but are stored in an inappropriate place. The Globally Harmonized System (GHS) is a Global System for standardizing criteria and harmonizing hazard classification systems, Safety Data Sheets (SDSs) and Labeling. This research aims to assess and evaluate the implementation of the GHS at the Occupational Safety Division of the Manpower and Transmigration Department Surabaya. Methods: This research was a descriptive observational study. Data were collected by assessing 80 types of chemicals through assessment sheets and an interview with the analyst supervisor, who had responsibility and authority in the application of the GHS. This research aims to apply the GHS with hazard classification variables, SDS availability and suitability, and labelling availability and suitability. Results: The results showed that the implementation of the GHS at the Occupational Safety Division of the Manpower and Transmigration Department Surabaya was 66.67%, categorized as good, with a good availability and suitability assessment of SDSs of 91%, and a good availability and appropriateness assessment of labelling of 98.1%. Conclusion: The results showed that the Occupational Safety Division of the Manpower and Transmigration Department Surabaya has been very good at implementing the GHS, but some points must be made to maintain and improve the application of the GHS as an effort to prevent accidents with hazard communication.
, Ais Assana Athqia, Y. Denny A. Wahyudiono
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, Volume 11, pp 204-214; https://doi.org/10.20473/ijosh.v11i2.2022.204-214

Abstract:
Introduction: PT. PAL Indonesia (Persero) is a state-owned company in the shipping industry. For running the production cycle, PT. PAL Indonesia (Persero) has several divisions. One of them is the Maintenance and Repair Division. This division involves workers with positions as technicians and managers who have different tasks and functions. These differences will result in unequal physical workloads. The purpose of this study is to analyze the differences in the physical workload of technicians and managers of the Maintenance and Repair Division of PT. PAL Indonesia (Persero). Methods: This study used an analytic observational method with a cross sectional design. The independent variable used in this research was the position of workers consisting of managers and technician staff. Meanwhile, the dependent variable was a physical workload. The research respondents were 24 technicians and 6 managers. Data were obtained through questionnaires and calorimeters to measure calorie needs. Results: The technicians were aged 20 - 33 years old (62.5%), and the managers were aged 48 - 61 years (83.3%). Technicians' nutritional status was categorized as normal, as many as 21 people and the nutritional status of managers was overweight, as many as 4 people. The physical workload of technicians was in the medium category, as many as 22 people and 5 managers had a moderate physical workload. Conclusion: There was no difference in the physical workload of technicians and managers of the Maintenance and Repair Division. This is because PT. PAL Indonesia (Persero) has implemented cooperation in job completion.
, Dani Nasirul Haqi, Herman Bagus Dwicahyo
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, Volume 11, pp 224-238; https://doi.org/10.20473/ijosh.v11i2.2022.224-238

Abstract:
Introduction: Universitas Airlangga office building rectorate includes a high-rise building that must have occupational health and safety (OHS) facilities and also its application must be in accordance with office building standards which applies to prevent accidents and occupational diseases. This study aims to determine OHS office buildings rectorate facilities, and to analyze OHS standards application for office buildings rectorate with applicable OHS office building standards. Methods: This research is an observational study. Data analysis using descriptive method with a cross sectional study design. The variables studied were OHS office building facilities in Universitas Airlangga Rectorate, and OHS standard application for in Universitas Airlangga office buildings rectorate. Data collection techniques are derived from primary data in OHS observations form facilities in office buildings and secondary data in agency documents form. Results: Work safety facilities include fire extinguishers, hydrants, evacuation routes, evacuation plans, gathering points, first aid kits. emergency stairs, safety sign. Occupational health facilities include health promotion media, workforce health checks, and lactation rooms. Office work environment health facilities include toilets and hand washing facilities. Then office ergonomics facilities include cushions for employee work chairs. Conclusion: The facilities are in accordance with Republic of Indonesia Health Minister Regulation Number 48 of 2016 concerning Office OHS Standards which include occupational safety application, occupational health, and office environmental health standards and office ergonomics. The implementation of OHS standards for office buildings at in Universitas Airlangga Rectorate, such as occupational safety, occupational health, office work environment health, and office ergonomics standards have been implemented and carried out.
, Muhammad Yusuf, Endang Dwiyanti
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, Volume 11, pp 275-284; https://doi.org/10.20473/ijosh.v11i2.2022.275-284

Abstract:
Introduction: PT. X is a company that concentrates on the agricultural sector by producing ammonia and urea fertilizers. Occupational accidents at PT.X are reported and recorded by the Department of Occupational Health and Safety, one of which is a form of monitoring the performance of the BBS program at PT. X. The research objective was to determine the performance of the Behavior-Based Safety (BBS) program in reducing occupational accidents due to unsafe actions at PT.X. Methods: This study is an observational study. Determination and sampling in this study used accidental sampling technique for safety officers as many as 5 respondents, while the cluster sampling technique was used for the workforce of 95 respondents. The data analysis method used was descriptive semi-quantitative. Results: The results showed the fulfillment of the criteria and maturity level of behavior-based safety at PT. X, In general, PT X was already at level 4, namely "High Performing" with an average of 3.5. Meanwhile, the work accident rate analysis using the Safe T-score of PT. X was in the category between +2.0 and -2.0, meaning that the number of occupational accidents at PT. X after implementing behavior-based safety did not experience any significant changes. Conclusion: The performance of the behavior-based safety (BBS) program in reducing occupational accidents due to unsafe actions at PT. X in 2019 was effective even though the maturity level of the application of BBS was still not at the high performance level criteria on all criteria, and there was still no significant change in the reduction of the number of occupational accidents.
Nala Astari Pramesti,
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, Volume 11, pp 187-194; https://doi.org/10.20473/ijosh.v11i2.2022.187-194

Abstract:
Introduction: Asosiasi untuk Demokrasi dan Kesejahteraan Sosial (Ademos) was founded as a form of anxiety towards rural communities whose majority of the population does not receive enough attention and access to economic development. One of the empowerment programs is a program to improve the quality of the Bojonegoro batik craftsmen. Workers can work more than 8 hours a day in a sitting and bending position for long periods of time. This study aimed to determine the correlation between the length of work and exercise routines on musculoskeletal complaints among batik craftsmen of Ademos, Bojonegoro Regency. Methods: This research was a descriptive analytic study using a cross-sectional design. The research was conducted in July-August 2020 on Ademos batik craftsmen in Bojonegoro Regency. The total population of the study was 42 batik craftsmen who were selected using a total sampling technique. The variables studied included tenure, exercise routines, and musculoskeletal complaints. Data collection was carried out through questionnaire sheets, observations and the Nordic Body Map Questionnaire. Results: The results of the study found that there was a significant correlation between working period and musculoskeletal complaints (p=0.032) experienced by Batik craftsmen of Ademos Bojonegoro. On the other hand, there was no correlation found between exercise routines and musculoskeletal complaints (p=0.361) on Batik craftsmen of Ademos Bojonegoro. Conclusion: The significant factor causing musculoskeletal complaints in Ademos Bojonegoro Batik craftsmen was the working period factor.
, Dayinta Annisa Syaiful, Endang Dwiyanti, Sovia Rahmania Warda
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, Volume 11, pp 285-294; https://doi.org/10.20473/ijosh.v11i2.2022.285-294

Abstract:
Introduction: Safety-based leadership style has a positive relationship with the workplace safety climate in a company. Transactional leadership has a direct positive relationship with work safety participation and has an indirect relationship with work safety climate. In a phosphoric acid industry especially in 2019, the achievement of sulfuric acid production decreased from 2019 to 2020. The gap range was caused by leadership factors. This study has an objective to analyze the overview of safety climate based on safety leadership in the phosphoric acid industry. Methods: This research used a cross-sectional quantitative survey. The respondents comprised of 44 personnel. The independent factors in this investigation were the dimensions of leadership style and the dependent variable in this study wasthe condition of the work safety climate in each work group in the creation unit. The analysis used NOSACQ-50 radar plot analysis. Results: Of all perceptions of consideration leadership style, eitherin the high, very high, or enough categories, the dimension of work safety justice had the lowest score. The highest dimension of work safety climate was in the dimension of management safety priority and ability, especially in the perception of a high and very high initiating structure leadership style. Conclusion: A very high perception of the consideration leadership style had a work safety climate that had a higher score when compared to the high and sufficient perception. The highest dimension of work safety climate was in the dimensions of management safety priority and ability, especially in the perception of a high and very high initiating structure leadership style.
Intan Mega Pratiwi, Indriati Paskarini, Endang Dwiyanti, , Heru Suswojo
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, Volume 11, pp 168-177; https://doi.org/10.20473/ijosh.v11i2.2022.168-177

Abstract:
Introduction: Informal workers in Garment Asia Raya of Banyuwangi continue their work activities during the COVID-19 pandemic. These informal workers in Garment Asia Raya Banyuwangi are, therefore, vulnerable to the transmission of COVID-19. The implementation of health protocols must be carried out to prevent and minimize the risk of COVID-19 transmission. However, the workers have not fully implemented health protocols. The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship of knowledge and attitudes with workers’ behavior in the implementation of health protocols. Methods: This study was a quantitative study with a cross-sectional research design. The research population was 50 informal workers in Garment Asia Raya Banyuwangi, using the total sampling technique. The variables studied were knowledge, attitudes and behavior in the implementation of health protocols. The data collection used a questionnaire sheet that had been tested for validity and reliability. The data analysis technique used was descriptive analysis and Spearman correlation analysis. Results: Most of the workers had a low category of knowledge. Most of the workers had a moderate attitude towards the implementation of health protocols. Moreover, most of the workers had poor behavior in implementing health protocols. The results showed a positive relationship with a weak correlation level between knowledge and attitudes with the behavior of implementing health protocols. Conclusion: It can be concluded that the higher the knowledge and attitudes of workers, the better the workers’ behavior in implementing health protocols.
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