Jurnal Ilmiah Perikanan dan Kelautan

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ISSN / EISSN : 20855842 / 25280759
Current Publisher: universitas airlangga (10.20473)
Total articles ≅ 299
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Rifka Rimbi Anggraini, Yenny Risjani, Uun Yanuhar
Jurnal Ilmiah Perikanan dan Kelautan, Volume 12, pp 167-180; doi:10.20473/jipk.v12i1.17963

Abstract:
HighlightThe issue of plastic litter and microplastics which is currently of special concern in global particularly IndonesiaThe review of size, colour and shape of microplastics that becomes part of the plastic litterThe observed review highlight of plastic litter and microplastics impact on environmental health particularly aquatic biotaAbstractThe negative impact that comes from plastic litter in the aquatic environment is a scourge for the entire world including Indonesia.Plastic litter has a huge influence on the most biota who lives in symbiosis with along the aquatic environment as it is able to sustainability. Moreover, there are other factors that cause the death of aquatic biota. Nowadays, the negative impact of plastic litter occurs on an ongoing basis through the food chain process which until now has not been well studied. Therefore, it is necessary to do further studies on the influence of the food chain as a vector of plastic litter distribution, particularly microplastic on aquatic biota from the first trophic level to high trophic levels.
Hadi Hermansyah, Nining Sari Ningsih, Nabil Nabil, Ayi Tarya, Syahruddin Syahruddin
Jurnal Ilmiah Perikanan dan Kelautan, Volume 12, pp 9-20; doi:10.20473/jipk.v12i1.16257

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HighlightsThe results of the model and observation showed the similarity of the amplitude and phase formedAt the highest tide was in the position above the Sea Mean level and the current velocity was lower than when heading to the tideThere was a difference in the direction of the current when heading towards high tideStratification of the water column in both seasons tended to be classified in well-mixed watersAbstractBalikpapan Bay is significant as a link between the cities within and outside of East Kalimantan by becoming the primary path used for local transportation and distribution of produced goods. The various anthropogenic activities increased liquid wastes and debris, which flowed through channels and rivers along the bay. This study aimed to determine tidal current patterns in Balikpapan Bay and its influence on salinity and temperature distributions. This study applied a baroclinic three-dimensional (3D) hydrodynamic model, employing wind, tides, and density variations, resulting from the differences of temperature and salinity, as the model input. To simulate the tidal current flow, we applied MOHID Water Modeling System, which the tidal current patterns depicted current directions and speeds at the different tidal conditions. During the displacement toward the high tidal condition, the water mass moves northwestward entering the river body, while at the displacement toward the low tidal condition, the water mass moves southeastward, which flows toward the coast and without the bay. The current speed varies at certain tidal conditions. At the highest tidal condition, the surface elevation ranged 1.3 - 1.5 m above mean sea level; the current rate is lower compared to the displacement toward high tidal condition, which ranged from 0.01 - 0.15 m/s. At the lowest tidal condition, the surface elevation reached 1 - 1.2 m below mean sea level, and the weaker flow velocity took place (less than 0.15 m/s). The results also showed that the water mass temperature tends to be higher in the inner part of Balikpapan Bay, the Balikpapan Bay waters profile that is increasingly shallow towards the bay head also causes this area to tend to have a higher temperature. Also, areas located on the inside of the bay tend to get more freshwater input from rivers, so this area has lower salinity while the area located at the mouth of the bay tends to be of higher salinity because it gets a lot of mass input of seawater from the Makassar Strait.
Hardoko Hardoko, Sri Utami
Jurnal Ilmiah Perikanan dan Kelautan, Volume 12, pp 122-130; doi:10.20473/jipk.v12i1.14842

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HighlightsThe utilisation process of snapper skin from fish fillet industry by products for cracklings was not optimalThe optimization of snapper skin crackling production by boiling and drying methodThe optimal method of snapper skin crackling production was 30 minutes of boiling and sun-drying for 30 hoursAbstractFish skin is a byproduct of fish filet production, its use is still limited, but some of the terrestrial animal skin is partially processed into rambak crackers, which is quite well known in Indonesia. The purpose of this study was to determine the duration of boiling and drying time on the chemical-physical properties of rambak crackers from white snapper skin. The research method used was an experiment with a boiling time treatment of 0, 10, 15, and 20 minutes and drying time with 10, 20, and 30 hours in sunlight. The results showed that the boiling time and drying duration had an effect on the chemical-physical properties of the rambak crackers of white snapper fish skin. The resulting rambak crackers have physical characteristics of 15.13-25.39 N / m2, 70.44-100.07% enlarging capacity, and chemical characteristics of the water content was 1.09-4.95%, protein content of 65.26-70.43%, and fat content of 13.43-15.83%. The best crackers are those which resulted from 30 minutes of boiling and 30 hours of frying process with a fracture limit of 15.13 N/m2, an enlarging capacity of 100.07%, moisture content of 1.09%, protein content of 66.25%, and fat content of 13. 43%.
Azis Azis, Jimmy Cahyadi
Jurnal Ilmiah Perikanan dan Kelautan, Volume 12, pp 105-112; doi:10.20473/jipk.v12i1.12826

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HighlightsEleutherine americana was a plant that was known to contain antibacterial alkaloids, steroids, phenolics, and flavonoidsEleutherine americana extract was able to inhibit the development of V. harveyi both through in vitro and in vivo tests on tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon).The use of vibriosis antibiotics in tiger shrimp was often not controlled so the results obtained were not effective AbstractThe use of vibriosis antibiotics in tiger shrimp was often not controlled, so the results obtained were not effective. The addition of antibiotics would cause resistance to V. harveyi. Eleutherine americana is a plant that is known to contain antibacterial alkaloids, steroids, phenols, and flavonoids. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of inhibitory effects of E. americana extract against V. harveyi through in-vitro and in-vivo tests on tiger shrimp larvae. In-vitro testing consisted of 7 treatments and 3 replications, namely treatments A (0.1%), B (0.2%), C (0.3%), D (0.4%), E (0, 5%), F ethanol 70% (K-), and G chloramphenicol 0.01% (K +) treatment. The largest inhibition zone diameter of E. americana extract was shown in treatment C (0.3%), with an average value of the inhibition zone produced of 7.5 mm. Challenge test with V. harveyi concentration of 107 CFU / ml in the in-vivo test consisted of 5 treatments and four replications namely; A treatment without E. americana extract, B extract 6 ppm, C extract 12 ppm, D extract 18 ppm, and treatment E without extract and V. harveyi. The results of the challenge test with V. harveyi bacteria were significantly different in control (chloramphenicol 0.01%), where the highest survival rate was in the treatment of 12 ppm extract (43.34%). E. americana extract could inhibit the development of V. harveyi bacteria both through in-vitro and in-vivo tests on tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon).
Widya Pangestika, Sugili Putra
Jurnal Ilmiah Perikanan dan Kelautan, Volume 12, pp 21-30; doi:10.20473/jipk.v12i1.18110

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HighlightColloids in dairy wastewater could be destabilized by adding ferric chlorideAspergillus niger could increase protein and decreased the crude fiber in wheat branWheat bran fermentation could be carried out in room temperature during three daysFish feed formulation was conducted by solving simultaneous linear equationsSludge of dairy wastewater and fermented wheat bran could be utilized as fish feedAbstractDairy wastewater contains suspended solids, which are very difficult to settle naturally. This waste could be treated by using ferric chloride, due to its ability to bind suspended solid and to form brown solid of Iron (III) hydroxide. The optimal amount of FeCl3 in coagulating dairy wastewater was 0.15 g of FeCl3 for every 250 mL of wastewater. This sludge could be utilized into something useful for the organism. The sludge of dairy wastewater could be mixed with other ingredients to make fish feed. Wheat bran, one of the ingredients used to make fish feed, was fermented using Aspergillus niger to increase the crude protein content and to lower crude fiber content. The addition of fermented wheat bran in fish feed formulation could increase the crude protein content in feed B (which had 0.085% iron) by 5.78% and feed C (which had 1.703% iron) by 5.17%. By using simultaneous linear equations, fish feed formulation was conducted by adding sludge of dairy wastewater, fermented wheat bran, rebon flour, starch, and vitamin C. In this research, two variations of fish feeds were made (feed B and feed C). The results indicated that feed B and feed C had better stability and buoyancy than feed A, as the commercial feed. Feed C also had the biggest crude protein of all feeds, amounting to 32.057%. Feed C also gave the best result in increasing nile tilapia’s growth rate. The result showed that sludge of dairy wastewater and fermented wheat bran could be added to fish feed formulation.
Asep Awaludin Prihanto, Rahmi Nurdiani, Hidayatun Muyasharoh, Jauharotul Afifah
Jurnal Ilmiah Perikanan dan Kelautan, Volume 12, pp 181-187; doi:10.20473/jipk.v12i1.14725

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HighlightsThe halophilic bacteria were isolated from salt-pond soil.Isolate C2 was identified as the best protease producer.Isolate C2 was identified as B. amyloliquefaciens strain UBCAbstractProtease is an important enzyme for various industries, such as pharmaceuticals, leather production, meat processing, protein hydrolyzate, food products, and waste processing industries. This study aimed to isolate and identify protease-producing bacteria isolated from salt-pond soil at the Tuban Regency, East Java, Indonesia. Bacterial communities in the soil samples were firstly isolated from the soil samples by culture-dependent technique on Luria Bertani agar enriched with 5% NaCl. Thereafter, bacterial colonies that grew on the media were purified and screened for their protease production using a skim-milk agar. The bacterial colony which produced protease was further identified using phenotypic (gram staining) and genotypic assays (the 16S rDNA sequence). The result showed that one isolate out of six (isolate C2) obtained from the soil sample was observed to produce a protease enzyme. Based on its 16S rDNA sequence, the isolate was identified as Bacillus amyloliquefaciens strain UBC. These results suggest that B. Amyloliquefaciens strain UBC is a salt-tolerant bacterium (halophilic bacteria) which has the potential to be further developed for protease-producing biological agents.
Wahyu Andy Nugraha, Faizun Mubarak, Eko Husaini, Hasyim Evendi
Jurnal Ilmiah Perikanan dan Kelautan, Volume 12, pp 131-139; doi:10.20473/jipk.v12i1.14356

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HighlightsCoral cover, rugosity, and reef fish abundance was determinedThe relationship between coral cover and rugosity and fish abundance was analyzed.Coral cover in East Java were categorized as medium – good.The rugosity index and the fish abundance were highest in Bangsring Waters.There are no relationships between coral cover and fish abundance, but there is relationship between rugosity and fish abundance.AbstractA coral reef is one of the most complex and specific ecosystems in a tropical area. It is identified by its high productivity and biodiversity. This research aims to discover the percentage of coral reef cover and rugosity, as well as the fish abundance in several locations in East Java, Indonesia. In addition, this research aims to investigate the correlation of coral reef cover and rugosity with the density of coral reef fish. This research was conducted in three locations, i.e., Bangsring Waters of Wongsorejo District, Banyuwangi Regency; Gili Noko Bawean Island, Gresik Regency; and Kramat Island, Gili Genting District, Sumenep Regency. This research employed the Line Intercept Transect (LIT) method to calculate the percentage of coral reef cover, the Chain Intercept Transect (CIT) method to determine the coral reef rugosity, and the Belt Transect method to estimate the fish abundance. From this research, it was revealed that the highest coral reef cover was in Bawean waters, while the highest rugosity was in Bangring waters. In addition, the highest coral reef fish density was in Bangsring waters. Meanwhile, the coral reef fish density did not correlate with the percentage of coral reef cover. In contrast, it correlated with the coral reef rugosity.
Astrid Fauzia Dewinta, Widodo Farid Ma’Ruf
Jurnal Ilmiah Perikanan dan Kelautan, Volume 12, pp 81-96; doi:10.20473/jipk.v12i1.14536

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HighlightsSustainability index from fish fillet industry is important to know because a fishing industry just not looking for feasibility study in economic dimension but all dimension (resources, technology, social, legal and institutional)Multidimension sustainability index from fish fillet processing industry in Batang is included in the category of “Self Sustainable” with a value of 50.39 The dimensions causes of the low sustainability in fish fillet industry are social, legal and institutional, and technology with the value of each dimension that is 48.6; 40.27; 48.9 in means “less sustainable”AbstractThe existence of fish fillet processing industries in Batang are able to have a positive impact on the surrounding community because it can create employment opportunities and increase community income. Therefore, it is necessary to know the importance of the sustainability of fish fillet processing industries to see the prospect of fishery business after a feasibility study. The aims of this study were to analyze the sustainability index value, determine the sensitive attributes of each dimension, and provide alternative management strategies of fish fillet processing industries in Batang. The method of analysis used was Rapfish method which is based on the technique of ordination by putting something measured using MDS on the program of Rapfish G77 Alscal program (VBA and Excel). Status management of fish fillet processing industries sustainability in Batang, which are multidimensionally sustainable, are 50.39. Whereas in other dimensions such as resources 58.20 (quite sustainable), economic 55.33 (fairly continuous), social 48.60 (less sustainable), legal and institutional 40.27 (less sustainable) and technological 48.90 (less sustainable). Based on this results, several management strategies should be prepared including increasing the capacity of government institutions, enhancing the role of fish fillet processing industry on society, increasing the application of technology and infrastructure, increasing the revenue of the entrepreneurs of fish fillet processing industry, preventing decline of quality and quantity of fish resources.
Diana Maulianawati, Rukisah Rukisah, Awaludin Awaludin, Muhammad Iswan Guntur
Jurnal Ilmiah Perikanan dan Kelautan, Volume 12, pp 113-121; doi:10.20473/jipk.v12i1.14053

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HighlightsThe Paku Uban (Nephrolepis biserrata) was identified and analyzedThe ability of paku uban to stimulated molting process of Scylla sp was analyzedThe paku uban (Nephrolepis biserrata) could increase the presentation of molting and accelerate molting processAbstractMud crab (Scylla spp.) is a fishery commodity with high economic value. For this reason, efforts to increase production are required with a more effective applicative technology. This study aims to determine the molting response and survival rate of mud crabs injected with paku uban leaf extract (N. biserrata) at different doses. The study was conducted for 30 days, located in Tibi Island, Tanah Lia District, Tanah Tidung. The design used in this study was a completely randomized design (CRD) with five treatments and eight replicates. Mud crabs weighing 80 - 150 g were tested in K1 (without injection), K2 (controlled injection), P1 (100 ppm extract), P2 (125 ppm extract) and P3 (150 ppm extract). The effectivity of paku uban (N. biserrata) extract with the highest percentage of molting of 50% took place at P3, 37.5% at P2, and 25% at P1. The lowest levels of molting percentage were at K1 and K2 by 0%. The fastest molting period was ten days at P2, and the longest was 29 days at P1. The highest weight growth reached 33.75 g at P3, followed by P2 and P1 with 31 and 18.75 g, respectively. The survival rate of mud crabs for all treatments reached 100%. The results of the analysis of variance indicated a significant bet effect (P < 0.05) on the molting and weight growth percentage. The BNT test suggested that a dose of 150 ppm was the optimum treatment.
Muhammed Jefri, Woro Hastuti Satyantini, Adriana Monica Sahidu, Daruti Dinda Nindarwi, Rozi Rozi
Jurnal Ilmiah Perikanan dan Kelautan, Volume 12, pp 97-104; doi:10.20473/jipk.v12i1.16618

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HighlightsLitopenaeus vannamei has been established as alternative to Penaeus monodon to shrimp farming in several countries.Increased importance of in situ microorganisms both in regulating biogeochemical cycles within the culture environment and in directly affecting shrimp growth and survival.To improve water quality in aquaculture is the application of probiotics and/or enzymes to ponds. AbstractIntensive shrimp farming has raised environmental issues due to aquaculture pollution, which is caused by uneaten feed, feces, organic matter, and toxic compounds (ammonia and H2S). One way to solve this issue is by using probiotics. Thus, this study aimed at investigating the effect of probiotic administration (Pseudomonas sp. and Bacillus sp.) at varying concentrations on total organic matter in the rearing water, feed conversion ratio, feed efficiency, and growth rate of white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei). This study used a Completely Randomized Design consisting of four treatments: T0 (without the probiotic supplementations), T1 (probiotics at 106 CFU/ml), T2 (probiotics at 107 CFU/mL), T3 (probiotics at 108 CFU/mL) with three replicates each. The results showed that the administration of probiotics at different concentrations had a significant effect on the total amount of organic matter, feed conversion ratio, feed efficiency, and specific growth rate of white shrimp. Administration of probiotics at a concentration of 107 CFU/ ml had the lowest organic matter in the rearing water, 138 mg /Lt. While probiotic administration at 108 CFU/ ml gave the lowest feed conversion ratio (1.22), the highest feed efficiency (81.57%) and the best growth rate (2.25%/day). This research suggests that the administration of 107-108 CFU/ ml probiotics could be applied to reduce organic content in the rearing water and improve the growth performances of white shrimp.
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