Jurnal Ilmiah Perikanan dan Kelautan

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ISSN / EISSN : 20855842 / 25280759
Current Publisher: universitas airlangga (10.20473)
Total articles ≅ 299
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Asep Awaludin Prihanto, Rahmi Nurdiani, Hidayatun Muyasharoh, Jauharotul Afifah
Jurnal Ilmiah Perikanan dan Kelautan, Volume 12, pp 181-187; doi:10.20473/jipk.v12i1.14725

Abstract:
HighlightsThe halophilic bacteria were isolated from salt-pond soil.Isolate C2 was identified as the best protease producer.Isolate C2 was identified as B. amyloliquefaciens strain UBCAbstractProtease is an important enzyme for various industries, such as pharmaceuticals, leather production, meat processing, protein hydrolyzate, food products, and waste processing industries. This study aimed to isolate and identify protease-producing bacteria isolated from salt-pond soil at the Tuban Regency, East Java, Indonesia. Bacterial communities in the soil samples were firstly isolated from the soil samples by culture-dependent technique on Luria Bertani agar enriched with 5% NaCl. Thereafter, bacterial colonies that grew on the media were purified and screened for their protease production using a skim-milk agar. The bacterial colony which produced protease was further identified using phenotypic (gram staining) and genotypic assays (the 16S rDNA sequence). The result showed that one isolate out of six (isolate C2) obtained from the soil sample was observed to produce a protease enzyme. Based on its 16S rDNA sequence, the isolate was identified as Bacillus amyloliquefaciens strain UBC. These results suggest that B. Amyloliquefaciens strain UBC is a salt-tolerant bacterium (halophilic bacteria) which has the potential to be further developed for protease-producing biological agents.
Wahyu Andy Nugraha, Faizun Mubarak, Eko Husaini, Hasyim Evendi
Jurnal Ilmiah Perikanan dan Kelautan, Volume 12, pp 131-139; doi:10.20473/jipk.v12i1.14356

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HighlightsCoral cover, rugosity, and reef fish abundance was determinedThe relationship between coral cover and rugosity and fish abundance was analyzed.Coral cover in East Java were categorized as medium – good.The rugosity index and the fish abundance were highest in Bangsring Waters.There are no relationships between coral cover and fish abundance, but there is relationship between rugosity and fish abundance.AbstractA coral reef is one of the most complex and specific ecosystems in a tropical area. It is identified by its high productivity and biodiversity. This research aims to discover the percentage of coral reef cover and rugosity, as well as the fish abundance in several locations in East Java, Indonesia. In addition, this research aims to investigate the correlation of coral reef cover and rugosity with the density of coral reef fish. This research was conducted in three locations, i.e., Bangsring Waters of Wongsorejo District, Banyuwangi Regency; Gili Noko Bawean Island, Gresik Regency; and Kramat Island, Gili Genting District, Sumenep Regency. This research employed the Line Intercept Transect (LIT) method to calculate the percentage of coral reef cover, the Chain Intercept Transect (CIT) method to determine the coral reef rugosity, and the Belt Transect method to estimate the fish abundance. From this research, it was revealed that the highest coral reef cover was in Bawean waters, while the highest rugosity was in Bangring waters. In addition, the highest coral reef fish density was in Bangsring waters. Meanwhile, the coral reef fish density did not correlate with the percentage of coral reef cover. In contrast, it correlated with the coral reef rugosity.
Astrid Fauzia Dewinta, Widodo Farid Ma’Ruf
Jurnal Ilmiah Perikanan dan Kelautan, Volume 12, pp 81-96; doi:10.20473/jipk.v12i1.14536

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HighlightsSustainability index from fish fillet industry is important to know because a fishing industry just not looking for feasibility study in economic dimension but all dimension (resources, technology, social, legal and institutional)Multidimension sustainability index from fish fillet processing industry in Batang is included in the category of “Self Sustainable” with a value of 50.39 The dimensions causes of the low sustainability in fish fillet industry are social, legal and institutional, and technology with the value of each dimension that is 48.6; 40.27; 48.9 in means “less sustainable”AbstractThe existence of fish fillet processing industries in Batang are able to have a positive impact on the surrounding community because it can create employment opportunities and increase community income. Therefore, it is necessary to know the importance of the sustainability of fish fillet processing industries to see the prospect of fishery business after a feasibility study. The aims of this study were to analyze the sustainability index value, determine the sensitive attributes of each dimension, and provide alternative management strategies of fish fillet processing industries in Batang. The method of analysis used was Rapfish method which is based on the technique of ordination by putting something measured using MDS on the program of Rapfish G77 Alscal program (VBA and Excel). Status management of fish fillet processing industries sustainability in Batang, which are multidimensionally sustainable, are 50.39. Whereas in other dimensions such as resources 58.20 (quite sustainable), economic 55.33 (fairly continuous), social 48.60 (less sustainable), legal and institutional 40.27 (less sustainable) and technological 48.90 (less sustainable). Based on this results, several management strategies should be prepared including increasing the capacity of government institutions, enhancing the role of fish fillet processing industry on society, increasing the application of technology and infrastructure, increasing the revenue of the entrepreneurs of fish fillet processing industry, preventing decline of quality and quantity of fish resources.
Diana Maulianawati, Rukisah Rukisah, Awaludin Awaludin, Muhammad Iswan Guntur
Jurnal Ilmiah Perikanan dan Kelautan, Volume 12, pp 113-121; doi:10.20473/jipk.v12i1.14053

Abstract:
HighlightsThe Paku Uban (Nephrolepis biserrata) was identified and analyzedThe ability of paku uban to stimulated molting process of Scylla sp was analyzedThe paku uban (Nephrolepis biserrata) could increase the presentation of molting and accelerate molting processAbstractMud crab (Scylla spp.) is a fishery commodity with high economic value. For this reason, efforts to increase production are required with a more effective applicative technology. This study aims to determine the molting response and survival rate of mud crabs injected with paku uban leaf extract (N. biserrata) at different doses. The study was conducted for 30 days, located in Tibi Island, Tanah Lia District, Tanah Tidung. The design used in this study was a completely randomized design (CRD) with five treatments and eight replicates. Mud crabs weighing 80 - 150 g were tested in K1 (without injection), K2 (controlled injection), P1 (100 ppm extract), P2 (125 ppm extract) and P3 (150 ppm extract). The effectivity of paku uban (N. biserrata) extract with the highest percentage of molting of 50% took place at P3, 37.5% at P2, and 25% at P1. The lowest levels of molting percentage were at K1 and K2 by 0%. The fastest molting period was ten days at P2, and the longest was 29 days at P1. The highest weight growth reached 33.75 g at P3, followed by P2 and P1 with 31 and 18.75 g, respectively. The survival rate of mud crabs for all treatments reached 100%. The results of the analysis of variance indicated a significant bet effect (P < 0.05) on the molting and weight growth percentage. The BNT test suggested that a dose of 150 ppm was the optimum treatment.
Muhammed Jefri, Woro Hastuti Satyantini, Adriana Monica Sahidu, Daruti Dinda Nindarwi, Rozi Rozi
Jurnal Ilmiah Perikanan dan Kelautan, Volume 12, pp 97-104; doi:10.20473/jipk.v12i1.16618

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HighlightsLitopenaeus vannamei has been established as alternative to Penaeus monodon to shrimp farming in several countries.Increased importance of in situ microorganisms both in regulating biogeochemical cycles within the culture environment and in directly affecting shrimp growth and survival.To improve water quality in aquaculture is the application of probiotics and/or enzymes to ponds. AbstractIntensive shrimp farming has raised environmental issues due to aquaculture pollution, which is caused by uneaten feed, feces, organic matter, and toxic compounds (ammonia and H2S). One way to solve this issue is by using probiotics. Thus, this study aimed at investigating the effect of probiotic administration (Pseudomonas sp. and Bacillus sp.) at varying concentrations on total organic matter in the rearing water, feed conversion ratio, feed efficiency, and growth rate of white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei). This study used a Completely Randomized Design consisting of four treatments: T0 (without the probiotic supplementations), T1 (probiotics at 106 CFU/ml), T2 (probiotics at 107 CFU/mL), T3 (probiotics at 108 CFU/mL) with three replicates each. The results showed that the administration of probiotics at different concentrations had a significant effect on the total amount of organic matter, feed conversion ratio, feed efficiency, and specific growth rate of white shrimp. Administration of probiotics at a concentration of 107 CFU/ ml had the lowest organic matter in the rearing water, 138 mg /Lt. While probiotic administration at 108 CFU/ ml gave the lowest feed conversion ratio (1.22), the highest feed efficiency (81.57%) and the best growth rate (2.25%/day). This research suggests that the administration of 107-108 CFU/ ml probiotics could be applied to reduce organic content in the rearing water and improve the growth performances of white shrimp.
Jasmadi Jasmadi, Ismiliana Wirawati, Indyaswan Tegar Suryaningtyas, Sandi Permadi
Jurnal Ilmiah Perikanan dan Kelautan, Volume 12, pp 31-47; doi:10.20473/jipk.v12i1.15460

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HighlightEight species of sea cucumber was found in four intertidal location in Southeast Moluccas and Tual watersHolothuria atra had the highest densitySea cucumber biodiversity in Southeast Moluccas and Tual waters categorized as lowLocal culture can be used for sustainability of sea cucumber resources management AbstractA study on the community structure of sea cucumber in Southeast Moluccas and Tual needs to be done due to the important role of sea cucumber in both ecologically and economically sustainability. This study aimed to investigate the community structure of sea cucumber in this region as one of the supporting information for the utilization and management of the resources. A survey was conducted by sweeping the target area, by walking and also snorkeling. The location where each sea cucumber found was marked using a GPS, the specimen was weighed, and some were preserved for species analysis. Water quality was measured at each location, while the substrate and vegetation were recorded. This study revealed different composition of species in the investigated area. As many as 8 species of sea cucumber were found, in which four were of genus Holothuria, three were of genus Stichopus and the rest were of genus Bohadschia. Species H. atra has the highest density. In general, the diversity index was relatively low (< 2), the evenness index was 0-81 indicating that the community was depressed. Certain species dominated at most of the investigated sites (0.50-1), and a low margalef index is 0-1.7. To conclude, the community structure of sea cucumber in Tual and Southeast Moluccas was in a depressed condition.
Insariani Insariani, Trisniaty Trisniaty, Freddy Riatmono, Abdul Ghani
Jurnal Ilmiah Perikanan dan Kelautan, Volume 12, pp 73-80; doi:10.20473/jipk.v12i1.17656

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HighlihgtDevelop primary cultures derived From tissue tails fins, gills, kidney and spleen from local Indonesian carp (Cyprinus carpio).Primary culture cell with L15 Mediacell cultures consist of two type Fibroblast-like and epithelial –like cell AbstractThe fish cell lines technology have been developed for the interests of the fisheries world. This study aimed at developing a primary cell line from gill, kidney, spleen, and caudal fin of a common carp (Cyprinus carpio). A healthy common carp weighing 20 g (~1 month) was collected from the Cijeruk Fish Seed Center, Bogor. The development of primary cell lines from the gill, fin, tail, kidney and spleen tissue was performed in cell culture medium Leibovitz’s L-15 supplemented with 20% serum fetal bovine, 250 IU Penicillin, 250 µg / ml kanamycin sulfate and 2Mm L-Glutamine, and incubated at 28°C. Primary cell lines of caudal fin and gill began to form a monolayer on day 17 after culture. While the development of cell lines from kidney and spleen, although the initiation of cells and cells spread on the surface into a monolayer, was not perfect; therefore, the passage was unable to be done. Microscopic observations and Giemsa staining showed primary cell lines of caudal fin and gill based on cell morphology consisted of two cell types, fibroblast-like cells and epithelial-like cells. The first passage was done on day 17 when the confluence was more than 50%. The next passage was carried out every 3 weeks when confluence reached 70% -80%. The primary cell culture of gill was successfully passaged as much as 72 and the caudal fin was successfully passed as much as 89 times over 7 years. These new cell lines can be further used to propagate fish viruses and other biotechnology assays.
Aondohemba Samuel Nege, Endang Dewi Masithah, Junaidi Khotib
Jurnal Ilmiah Perikanan dan Kelautan, Volume 12, pp 149-166; doi:10.20473/jipk.v12i1.17506

Abstract:
HighlightsTrends in the uses of Spirulina over different decades were critically examinedFindings from surveyed literature indicated that Spirulina utilization was mainly focused on its food and feed potential before the last 20-30 yearsThe review observed that research focused on the health and pharmaceutical uses, biofertilizer, bioplastic, cosmetic, bioenergy and pollution control applications of Spirulina are trends that sprouted out within the last 20-25 years.The review has successfully compiled numerous uses of Spirulina microalga for easy readership by readers since many studies have been performed on the uses Spirulina but reviews of this type spanning through different beneficial aspects of Spirulina are still scarce. Hence, this review fills such gap. AbstractThere is a need to have a single document that summarises the present day uses of Spirulina. In this review, the research trend on the health and other applications of Spirulina microalga was critically evaluated. In terms of the health uses, antioxidant, antibacterial, and immunostimulant effects of Spirulina were emphasized. Other uses of the microalga discussed include the use of Spirulina for human and animal food, bioenergy, pollution and ecotoxicology control, cosmetics, bioplastics and biofertilizers. Literature search revealed that Spirulina polysaccharides, phycocyanin size and content play a role in antioxidant activity and DNA repair. The double bonds and positions of –COOH and –OH in Spirulina phenol content and γ-linolenic fatty acids (γ-LFA) have antimicrobial activity. Some compounds in Spirulina improve immune, increase survival rate and enhance distribution of proteins like hepcidin and TNF-α in animal models. High protein, vitamins, fatty acids (FAs) and glycoproteins in Spirulina are easily digestible due to its lack of cellulose and can improve human and livestock growth. Spirulina produces biodegradable and non-toxic biodiesel and useful co-products. Absorption of heavy metals by chemisorption occurs in Spirulina. Phycocyanin and β-carotene of Spirulina increase skin health, Spirulina also cause high cell proliferation and aids wound healing. Bioplastics produced from Spirulina are biodegradable, non-toxic with high blends. Biofertilizers from Spirulina have little or no residual risks, adds soil Nitrogen through Spirulina Nitrogen fixation ability. In addition, the survey of published works on Spirulina for the past two decades indicates that more research is been carried out in recent years using Spirulina, especially studies involving its health potentials and those concerned with molecular analysis. In conclusion, Spirulina is an exceptional commodity with numerous applications, and probably, some of its compounds causing those effects are yet to be isolated and that is one area for further research.
Defri Yona, David Vernandes, Rarasrum Dyah Kasitowati, Syarifah Hikmah Julinda Sari
Jurnal Ilmiah Perikanan dan Kelautan, Volume 12, pp 140-148; doi:10.20473/jipk.v12i1.16673

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HighlightsConcentration of lead (Pb) in the surface water and sediment were analyzedThe ecological risks of metal in the ecosystem were assessedPb concentration in the surface water and sediment were observed in the similar range Pb in the study areas has low ecological risk indexConcern on Pb contamination in Prigi Harbor is neededAbstractThis study attempts to measure the spatial distribution of Pb in the seawater and surface sediments and to analyze its potential harmful effect in the surface sediments of the coastal areas of Prigi Bay, Trenggalek. Prigi Bay has been considered as one of the harbors with substantial activities from fisheries, tourism, and domestic events in Indonesia. These activities may discharge heavy metals, e.g., lead (Pb) into the environment and bring hazard to animal and human life. Data for Pb concentrations were collected from two stations near Prigi Harbor (Stations 1 and 2), one station in the Prigi Beach (Station 3) and two stations near the river mouths (Stations 4 and 5). Water quality parameters (temperature, salinity, pH, and DO) were also measured. Stations 1 and 4 displayed a higher concentration of Pb in the seawater than in the surface sediments. On the other hand, Stations 3 and 5 showed a higher concentration of Pb in the surface sediments than in the seawater. Pb concentration in the seawater was 0.22-0.60 mg/kg, and in the surface, sediments were in the range of 0.40-0.57 mg/kg. According to the analysis of contamination factor (CF), the study sites have a low degree of contamination from heavy metal Pb (CF < 1). The result was also supported by the potential toxicity of Pb to the benthic environment around Prigi Bay that was still considered low (E < 40). In spite of the low degree of contamination and low potential toxicity from Pb, concern regarding the heavy metal pollution in the study areas is still needed due to substantial activities that can contribute to the accumulation of heavy metal in a long time.
Yonvitner Yonvitner, Mennofatria Boer, Vera Ardelia
Jurnal Ilmiah Perikanan dan Kelautan, Volume 12, pp 48-58; doi:10.20473/jipk.v12i1.16360

Abstract:
HighlightsThe main problem to ensure the good management in fisheries was multi species fishPrecautionary approach needed to get a good view of the important criteria in fisheries managementNeeded a multi criteria and index to make a final conclusion of the any criteriaNatural history and population dynamic parameter important input to sustainability indexValidation model in sunda strait as preliminary approach will help to get a good data and resultAbstractTorpedo scad species known are both economic and ecologic important pelagic fish that fishing catch tends to increase last a few decades. For sustainability, in the long term, needed a management strategy that complies with measurable fish population indicators. This effort is a part of the precautionary approach in fiseries management in related exploitation. This research was conducted in Labuan fishing port performed for more than 8 months and then analyzed with population parameters. Composite analysis by multi-criteria approaches found that the average score of Torpedo scad is 1.48 and then grouped as moderate sustainability. Schooling fish, including torpedo scad has been moderate until high sustainability levels. Overall population status in this area refer to moderate potential risk and needs a precautionary approach on management.
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