JURNAL SERAMBI ILMU

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 1693-4849 / 2549-2306
Published by: Universitas Serambi Mekkah (10.32672)
Total articles ≅ 55
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Yeni Rimadeni, Nasrullah Nasrullah, Afdhal Afdhal, Berwi Fazri Pamudi, Munazar Munazar, Arnisam Arnisam, Erdi Surya
Published: 22 March 2021
JURNAL SERAMBI ILMU, Volume 22, pp 33-49; https://doi.org/10.32672/si.v22i1.2742

Abstract:
The availability of optimal logistics according to the minimum standards for the needs during the emergency response is crucial in the success of the disaster logistics management series. Logistics supplies with a minimum standard carried out by the Central Aceh District Government are currently not optimal and effective, so disaster logistics planning is needed. With the limitation of the research problem that humanitarian logistics supplies according to the minimum standards for the needs in the initial phase of the emergency response in the face of the landslide disaster in Central Aceh District have not been fulfilled optimally, this study aims to produce optimal and effective efforts to meet the availability of logistics with minimum requirements the right way to do logistics supplies, and how to monitor disaster logistics supplies. All of these things are focused on dealing with the landslide disaster in Central Aceh District. To obtain maximum results this research uses a system consisting of input elements, process elements, and output elements which are supported by primary data and secondary data obtained through in-depth interviews and observations. The results of this study indicate that (1) evaluating several components in the aspect of local government capacity related to logistics supply implementation, (2) Geographically, by analyzing rainfall data, the time is right for carrying out logistics supplies.
Muchsin Muchsin, Hamdi Hamdi
Published: 22 March 2021
JURNAL SERAMBI ILMU, Volume 22, pp 98-109; https://doi.org/10.32672/si.v22i1.2486

Abstract:
This study aims to analyze the effect of learning with guided inquiry strategies on creativity and science process skills at SMA Negeri 1 Bandar Baru. This research uses a quantitative descriptive approach with quasi experimental research techniques. The design used in this study was a non-equivalent control group design. Data collection was grouped into 2 groups, namely the experimental group and the control group. The number of samples in this study were 50 students for the experimental class and 52 students for the control class. The research instruments were creativity tests and science process skills tests. The value of the students' creativity test results at a significance level of 0.05 obtained that the sig value was 5.965> 1.98 (tcount> ttable) and Sig (2-tailed) 0.000 t-table at a significant level of 0.05, namely 6.055>1.98, indicates that there is an effect of guided inquiry strategies on students' science process skills. This shows that the science process skills of students who have a high level of creativity with students who have a low level of creativity, where students who have a high level of creativity obtain higher process skills than students who have a low level of creativity and between students' creativity and science process skills.
Vera Wardani Vera, Nuraiza Nuraiza
Published: 22 March 2021
JURNAL SERAMBI ILMU, Volume 22, pp 1-19; https://doi.org/10.32672/si.v22i1.2478

Abstract:
This study aims to describe taboo words (haba geutham) as a form of language adab and the impact of psychological influences on Pidie community activities. This type of research is field research using a qualitative approach. The method used is descriptive-analytical. The data of this research are taboo words (haba geutham) as a form of language adab and the impact of psychological influences on the activities of the Pidie community. The data source of this research is informants, namely the people who live in Pidie district. The data was collected using structured interview techniques which are supported by inducement techniques. The data analysis technique used is the stage analysis technique, selecting data, describing the entire data, grouping the data, and analyzing the data. The results of the research found were taboo words (haba geutham) as a form of language adab in Pidie community activities including, (1) taboo language of words relating to animals, (2) taboo language regarding spirits (3) taboo language -words relating to disease, (4) taboo language of words relating to farming activities, (5) taboo language of words relating to hunting activities, (6) taboo language of words relating to nighttime, (7) taboo language words relating to the tradition of marriage, (8) taboo language of words relating to body organs, (9) taboo language of words relating to femininity, (10) taboo language of words relating to the genitals and sexual organs, ( 11) taboo language of words relating to sexual activity, and (12) taboo language of words relating to certain words. Regarding the impact of the psychological influence of taboo words (haba geutham) on community activities Pidie has a negative impact because it is caused by speech, (1) taboo words (haba geutham) because of fear, (2) taboo words (haba geutham) ) because they feel uncomfortable or uncomfortable, (3) taboo words (haba geutham) because they feel impolite and impolite, and (4) taboo words (haba geutham) are contrary to religion.
Aisar Novita, Suwandi Saragih, Efrida Lubis, Abdul Rahman Gemda, Fitria Fitria, Rini Susanti, Silvia Nora, Arie Hapsani Hasan Basri, Merlyn Mariana
Published: 22 March 2021
JURNAL SERAMBI ILMU, Volume 22, pp 126-138; https://doi.org/10.32672/si.v22i1.2755

Abstract:
Vetiver root is a commodity that is tolerant enough to be planted in salty soils with a certain level of salinity. One approach to increase oxidative stress tolerance that will increase the enzyme substrate at the cellular level is ascorbic acid. The purpose of this study was to increase students' knowledge about how the response of vetiver seed (Vetiveria zizanioides) growth in salt soils to ascorbic acid through practical field learning in plant physiology courses. This research was conducted using a factorial randomized block design (RBD), the first factor was the salinity (S), namely S0: 0 dsm-1 and S1: 4 dsm-1. The second factor was ascorbic acid (A), namely A0: without treatment, A1: 50 ppm, A2: 100 ppm and A3: 150 ppm. There were 8 treatment combinations that were repeated 3 times resulting in 24 experimental units. The parameters observed were plant height, number of leaves and number of stomata. In this study, ascorbic acid had a significant effect on plant height, number of leaves and number of stomata. Saline soil had a significant effect on the number of stomata parameters. No interactions for all parameters were observed.
Syiva Fitria,
Published: 22 March 2021
JURNAL SERAMBI ILMU, Volume 22, pp 88-97; https://doi.org/10.32672/si.v22i1.2732

Abstract:
Indonesia is one among many countries applies lockdown or large-scale social restriction in order to suppress transmission rates. The current study examines the impact of COVID-19 pandemic lockdown decision on sedentary behavior among adolescents in Indonesia. An online survey was administered to 255 adolescents on August until October. The online survey consists of questions on demographic information and Adolescence Sedentary Activity Questionnaire (ASAQ). Statistical analysis was performed to compare the difference between total hours spend on performing sedentary behavior before and after the pandemic. A paired sample t-test revealed there was a significant difference in total hours spend on performing sedentary behavior before and after the pandemic (t (254) = -12.8, p<.001). Adolescence is performing more sedentary behavior after the pandemic (M=10.43, SD=3.11) compared to the time before the pandemic (M=8.68, SD=3.47). In conclusion, the covid-19 pandemic cause change on sedentary behavior where there were increase of the total hour adolescence spend on performing sedentary behavior, including a significant change in learning behavior.
Taat Kurnita Yeniningsih, Nelvi Maulid, Hayati Hayati, Aida Fitri, Israwati Israwati, Dani Sukma Agus Setiawan, M. Syukri Azwar Lubis
Published: 22 March 2021
JURNAL SERAMBI ILMU, Volume 22, pp 50-61; https://doi.org/10.32672/si.v22i1.2672

Abstract:
Types of greetings are the kinds of movements that result from the greeting process in the form of greetings to someone / another person which will have an impact on the child's motoric skills from the various greeting movements. Variety of greetings is synonymous with the diversity produced by the greeting itself, thus creating gestures similar to greetings. The kinds of greetings referred to are in the form of Assalamu'alaikum, movements of shaking hands, gestures of hugs and clapping movements. The purpose of this study was to determine children's motoric development through the application of various greetings at IT Mon Kuta Kindergarten in Lambhuk Village, Banda Aceh. This research uses qualitative research with a descriptive approach. Data collection techniques, namely through interviews and observations. The data analysis technique in this study is a collection of data that has been obtained from the results of children's observations that researchers have done since the beginning of each aspect of research activities, the results that have been collected are entered into the observation sheet. The results showed that the children's motoric development had started well. The motoric development of the child is done through a variety of ways, namely that the child can mimic movements and control movements. So, through various greetings activities can develop children's motoric aspects.
Darwin Darwin
Published: 22 March 2021
JURNAL SERAMBI ILMU, Volume 22, pp 74-87; https://doi.org/10.32672/si.v22i1.2737

Abstract:
Parents are the first and foremost educators for the formation of children's behavior, but actually there are acts of violence and deviant behavior of parents in educating children in Banda Aceh City, this is not in accordance with the values of the educational trilogy initiated by Ki Hajar Dewantara and educational goals. namely, among others, so that children have noble morals and the duties of parents who act as first and foremost educators for the formation of children's behavior. This study is to get a scientific answer to how the actualization of educational trilogy values is applied by parents in educating children in the city of Banda Aceh. The author uses secondary data, data from field research. The sampling technique for the object under study consisted of the parents of the father / mother who had children with the "Simple Random Sampling" technique (simple random sampling). Data collection techniques using literature study, questionnaires and observations. The data analysis technique used to answer the problem formulation and to test the hypothesis is to use a quantitative form of description through the Means test (Average). The results of the hypothesis study show that: 1) actually the values of the education trilogy (with means and categories), namely, parental exemplary (73.3, high), teaching to worship (33.01, high), parental care for children (28.44, high), the responsibility of parents to children (25.97, high), direction to kindness (29.64, moderate) have been implemented by parents in educating children; Therefore, the authors conclude that this study is a new approach to see actually the values of the educational trilogy that Ki Hajar Dewantara has applied by parents in educating children in families in Banda Aceh City.
Rahmani Rahmani, Maulidar Maulidar, Ali Mustadi,
Published: 22 March 2021
JURNAL SERAMBI ILMU, Volume 22, pp 20-32; https://doi.org/10.32672/si.v22i1.2754

Abstract:
Teaching materials are one of the important components needed in the learning process. With the appropriate teaching materials, it is hoped that it can help the smooth running of learning activities. Science is a compulsory subject for elementary school students. Science contains all things related to nature. Teaching materials that have been used in learning activities are teaching materials made by the government. The purpose of this study was to determine the needs of students for context-based teaching materials and creativity to improve the scientific literacy of elementary school students. The research subjects were students from several elementary schools in Peukan Bada District, 25 students were used as the source of interview data. Data were collected using interviews and open questionnaires for students. The research data were analyzed descriptively qualitatively. Based on the research data, it can be concluded that it is necessary to develop context-based teaching materials and creativity. Context and creativity-based teaching materials were chosen because they can facilitate students to learn, both with educators and independently. Context-based teaching materials and creativity are teaching materials that are packaged in a comprehensive and schematic manner. This study is also part of a study on the development of teaching materials on the topic of human and animal organism.
Phan Thi Thu Nguyet, Muslem Daud
Published: 22 March 2021
JURNAL SERAMBI ILMU, Volume 22, pp 139-149; https://doi.org/10.32672/si.v22i1.2760

Abstract:
Stress becomes a significantly serious issue among university students and we need efficient tools to understand it more. The aim of present study is to develop a Computerized Adaptive Testing (CAT) to measure the mentioned stress, as pioneer project in Vietnam. In this vein, an item bank of 68 items has been constructed, which is based on Likert Polytomous Scales through five subdomains: behavior, academic performance, family, lecturer and finance. The sampling of the survey is large. It has assessed 2,085 students (704 males and 1,381 females). Multidimensional Random Coefficients Multinomial Logit (MRCML) Model is applied to develop Multidimensional Stress Scales and Computerized Adaptive Testing procedure. The result findings indicate that Multidimensional Random Coefficients Multinomial Logit (MRCML) can be used to develop new scale with psychometric properties. Indicated by various fit criteria MNSQ, standard errors, Z (t-test) implemented in software ConQuest. The subdomain has a good reliability (from .857 to .798). As respect to CATs, a simulated experiment based on the empirical data is applied to evaluate the performance of the proposed computerized adaptive testing. The standard error of the estimated stress proficiencies are reported in this study. The 68 items stress data appropriate fit the Multidimensional model applied.
Muhamad Saleh Ginting, Uli Lastriani, Rifaatul Mahmuzah, Heri Kurnia, Aklimawati Aklimawati
Published: 22 March 2021
JURNAL SERAMBI ILMU, Volume 22, pp 110-125; https://doi.org/10.32672/si.v22i1.2747

Abstract:
Students still consider mathematics learning in school difficult. One of the factors causing this difficulty is because mathematics material is dominated by abstract material. The purpose of this research is: to determine the completeness of student learning outcomes through the application of the Problem Based Instruction Model. The selection of a learning model plays a large enough role to achieve educational goals. For that, we need a learning model that is able to increase student interest, motivation and learning outcomes. One learning model that can be used is Problem Based Instruction which emphasizes student activity. Problems in the learning process are directed to those related to everyday life so that students can immediately understand them. The population in this study were all students of class VIII totaling 50 students. The sample in this study were students of class VIII-2 SMP Negeri 14 Banda Aceh, as many as 25 students. This study used a Quasi-experimental approach with a one-shot case study design with quantitative research. Data collection was carried out using test instruments. The data processing technique is to use the t-test. The results showed that student learning outcomes in the material tangent to the inner and outer partnership of two circles of class VIII SMP Negeri 14 Banda Aceh achieved student learning completeness according to the Minimum Completeness Criteria (KKM) set by SMP Negeri 14 Banda Aceh.
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