Journal of Psychological Research

Journal Information
EISSN : 2630-5143
Published by: Bilingual Publishing Co. (10.30564)
Total articles ≅ 58
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Journal of Psychological Research, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jpr.v3i4.3748

Abstract:
Psychological criminogenic factors for identifying terrorist offenders at risk of recidivism in Indonesia remain unclear; hence the adequate assessment to those involved with terrorism and measurement of effective terrorism rehabilitation are questioned. ‘MIKRA’ Risk Assessment was developed to identify individual criminogenic risk factors and needs of terrorist offenders in Indonesia. It is formulated to set up future parameters of effective terrorism rehabilitation. MIKRA study involved thirty-two eminent Indonesian counterterrorism experts and practitioners in semistructured interviews and qualitative data analysis. The study identifies 18 individual risk factors and needs of ideology-based terrorist offenders that are grouped into one of three higher order domains: Motivation, Ideology, and Capability.
Emil O.W. Kirkegaard, Jonatan Pallesen, Emil Elgaard, Noah Carl
Journal of Psychological Research, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jpr.v3i3.3282

Abstract:
We gathered survey data on journalists’ political views in 17 Western countries. We then matched these data to outcomes from national elections, and constructed metrics of journalists’ relative preference for different political parties. Compared to the general population of voters, journalists prefer parties that have more left-wing positions overall (r’s -.47 to -.53, depending on the metric used), and that are associated with certain ideologies, namely environmentalism, feminism, social liberalism, socialism, and support for the European Union. We used Bayesian model averaging to assess the validity of the predictors in multivariate models. We found that, of the ideology tags in our dataset, ‘conservative’ (negative), ‘nationalist’ (negative) and ‘green’ (positive) were the most consistent predictors with nontrivial effect sizes. We also computed estimates of the skew of journalists' political views in different countries. Overall, our results indicate that the Western media has a left-liberal skew.
Shireen Dargan
Journal of Psychological Research, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jpr.v3i3.3181

Abstract:
Till the time one has not loved an animal, a part of one’s soul remains unborn. Animal Assisted Therapy can be used in amalgamation with other forms of therapy. The animal becomes an assimilation of the therapeutic plan with AAT. Many psychological disorders have been shown to react well to Animal-Assisted Therapy (AAT). The article is a concise literature review on Animal Assisted Therapy of database available from the studies that were integrated and provided a general understanding of the perceived benefits of Animal Assisted Therapy and includes topics that are categorised as an Introduction to Animal Assisted Therapy: how it can help people with disorders, it’s utilisation in therapeutic practice and its relation to our health and well-being. Papers were considered eligible if they satisfied the following pre-determined criteria: (1) Talked about Animal Assisted Therapy in context to well-being of an individual, (2) Talked about implications of Animal Assisted Therapy in context to disorders and (3) Showed benefits of Animal Assisted Therapy in counselling. This paper further provides an overall review of Animal Assisted Therapy. Relevant data was summarized and collated to make a narrative account of the findings that animal in the therapy would not make it more difficult, but rather make it easier, the therapist be aware of any animal-related allergies when employing animals as adjuncts and animals can help have a better emotional and physical healing experience by the patient
Journal of Psychological Research, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jpr.v3i3.3299

Abstract:
Psychological criminogenic factors for identifying terrorist offenders at risk of recidivism in Indonesia remain unclear; hence the adequate assessment to those involved with terrorism and measurement of effective terrorism rehabilitation are questioned. ‘MIKRA’ Risk Assessment was developed to identify individual criminogenic risk factors and needs of terrorist offenders in Indonesia. It is formulated to set up future parameters of effective terrorism rehabilitation. MIKRA study involved thirty-two eminent Indonesian counterterrorism experts and practitioners in semistructured interviews and qualitative data analysis. The study identifies 18 individual risk factors and needs of ideology-based terrorist offenders that are grouped into one of three higher order domains: Motivation, Ideology, and Capability.
Aastha Jain
Journal of Psychological Research, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jpr.v3i3.3176

Abstract:
The study was done with the aim of understanding the “Effect of Sleep Quality on Mental Health of Adults during COVID-19 Lockdown”. 136 adults aged between 18 to 32 years were selected through snowball sampling from social media platforms for being a part of the study sample. The Sleep Condition Indicator (Espie, 2014) and General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) (Goldberg and Williams, 1988) were used to measure their sleep quality and mental health. It was hypothesized that the sleep quality will have a significant effect on the mental health of adults. It was found out that sleep quality is a significant predictor of mental health. The researcher stated that clinicians and psychologists should investigate about the sleeping patterns and quality of sleep in patients reporting mental health issues, and screen sleeping disorders regularly in population to avoid development of mental health disorders.
Nida Bushra Syed
Journal of Psychological Research, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jpr.v3i2.3032

Abstract:
A sudden outbreak of the current pandemic has switches the learning to online mode which leads to an increase in perceived academic stress and a serious threat to the mental well-being of the students across the globe. The aim of the current study was therefore, to examine the impact of online learning on perceived academic stress and mental well being of the students with mediating effects of levels of education, during the current pandemic. Measures of the constructs were obtained by the online Google forms which consists of the Perceptions of Academic Stress Scale (PASS) by Dalia Bedewy and Adel Gabriel (2015) and Warwick- Edinburg Mental Well-being Scale (2008), from a sample of 150 undergraduate students aged 19-25 years studying in different colleges of Bengaluru, India. Mental well -being constituted the criterion variable whilst academic stress and levels of education were treated as predictor variables. Two-way ANOVA were employed. Results shows that academic stress is a significant negative predictor of mental wellbeing (r = -.083; p < 0.05), there is significant difference in the perceived academic stress (df=2; F=2.72; p < 0.05)which increase in hierarchy (Third year & first year MD= -3.7; Third year & second year MD= -3.2) and mental well being (df=2, F= 5.314 p < 0.05) which decreases in hierarchy (Third year & first year MD= -5.8; Third year & second year MD= -5.860 ) of the students at different educational levels and a combination perceived academic stress and educational levels predicts variance in mental well being of the students(R2=0.052 ; p>0.05). It was concluded that combined academic stress and educational levels has an impact on mental wellbeing of students in online mode of learning during this current pandemic, but this impact is low (only 5.2%).Key words: Academic Stress, Mental Wellbeing, Online Learning, Levels of Education
Mridula C Jobson
Journal of Psychological Research, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jpr.v3i2.3022

Abstract:
Development in intensive care and medical treatment has significantly lowered mortality rates for children with complex congenital heart disease (CHD) but among pediatric survivors with complex CHD, there is a distinctive pattern of neuro-developmental and neuropsychology impairment characterized impaired social interaction, impulsive Behavior, and impaired executive functions. Children with congenital heart diseases have more Behavioral problems compared to children without chronic illnesses. Sample and sampling: The sample of 200 children with congenital heart defect was selected between age group 4-8 years using multistage stratified sampling. Method: The childhood psychopathology measurement schedule (CPMS) by Dr. Savitha Malhotra was used for assessing Behavioral problems present in children with CHD. The present investigation adopted an experimental design, described as “Pre- Post experimental design and the results were statistically analyzed using paired T test. Result: The result revealed that the effectiveness of intervention program to retrain Behavior showed high significance. Conclusion: With increased survival rates, the focus of clinical research has paralleled the population shift from short term surgical survival to the assessment of long-term morbidityKeyword: Congenital Heart Defect, Neuro-psychological retraining, Neurodevelopment, Behavioral and emotional retraining.
Nathasha S. Sharma
Journal of Psychological Research, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jpr.v3i2.3124

Abstract:
The present study examined the inverse relationship between empathy (cognitive and affective) and forms of aggression (physical, verbal, anger and hostility). Previous research has continuously argued that empathy mitigates forms of aggression in individuals due to cognitive perspective taking and emotional sharing with others, that buffer hostile behaviour towards one another. However, there is a gap in the literature regarding this association in Greek culture. This correlational analysis examined empathy using the widely known multifaceted Davis Interpersonal Reactivity Index and aggression was explored using the multi-dimensional Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire in a sample of 92 Greek undergraduate college students from two private institutions in Athens, Greece. Gender effects on aggression and empathy levels were investigated as well. The results revealed that cognitive and emotional empathy indeed demonstrates a negative relationship with direct physical aggression. However, other forms of aggression such as verbal aggression, hostility and anger were positively associated with personal distress and Empathic fantasy majorly linked to Greek emotional regulation difficulties. Females displayed higher Empathic fantasy scores compared to males. A cultural perspective was adopted in exploring the results considering norms, gender roles, collective regulation capacities and societal conditioning, offering links to previous literature and theories.
Vanshika Beri
Journal of Psychological Research, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jpr.v3i2.2966

Abstract:
Coronavirus, our new chemical enemy, have become successful in changing our lives to an extent that now we have to think twice before stepping out of house. It has impacted negatively on not only our physical health but also psychological health. The current study was done to see the impact of coronavirus related anxiety on depressive tendencies. Further, it was assessed whether there is any interaction between gender and coronavirus anxiety on depressive tendencies. The linear regression indicated that coronavirus anxiety is strongly related to depressive tendencies and that the coronavirus anxiety is a predictor of depressive tendency. However, two-way ANOVA indicated that there is an insignificant difference as to how males and females face depressive tendencies. Finally, there is insignificant interaction between gender and coronavirus anxiety on depressive tendencies. The implications, limitations and future suggestions are also given on the basis of the findings so obtained
K. Suprabha, G. Subramonian
Journal of Psychological Research, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jpr.v3i2.2965

Abstract:
At present, classroom instruction should be self-regulated process and the learner who is self-motivated to explore problems and situations. For learning, the students are learn through web as a source of knowledge, the learning environment should be shifted to a learner centered rather than teacher centered environment. Commerce education is to be directed towards mastery in its conventions and principles, towards thinking and solving problems in scientific ways, towards developing a positive outlook to the discipline at higher secondary level. Attitude towards learning is associated with the academic performance of commerce related task and improving the achievement, it should be one of the basic features in designing effective commerce classroom instruction. In the present study, students’ attitude can be enhanced by using blended learning instructional strategy targeting the variables of learner attitude towards learning of instructional transaction, learning task, classroom interaction and assessment. The study employs Pretest-posttest non-equivalence control group design under the quasi-experimental method. The sample consists 80 students of standard XII, 40 students each in experimental group and control group. Statistical techniques of descriptive statistics, t-test and Cohen’s d were used for comparing the pretest and posttest scores of attitude towards learning and measuring the effect size between experimental and control groups. The findings of the study showed that there is significant difference in the mean posttest scores of attitude towards learning between experimental group and control group and the blended learning instructional strategy is more beneficial in developing the attitude of higher secondary school students when compared to constructivist teaching strategy.
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