Psychological Research and Intervention

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 26140403 / 26147041
Current Publisher: Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta (10.21831)
Total articles ≅ 15
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Latest articles in this journal

Nourmarifa Sari, Siti Rohmah Nurhayati
Psychological Research and Intervention, Volume 2, pp 36-42; doi:10.21831/pri.v2i1.28058

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the relationship between parents and children in the perspective of adolescents with juvenile deliquency. This study uses qualitative methods with a phenomenological approach. The research subjects were two boys aged 16-20 years who had a delinquency scale score ≥17. In addition, the researcher uses the Theunnisen Delinquency Scale, as a deliquency scale, which has been translated and adjusted to the current conditions in Indonesia. As the result, it can be showed that relations according to adolescents with risky behavior were the existence of positive and negative relations. Positive relationships such as nurturing, transmitting values, closeness, attention, and togetherness. Negative relationships such as lack of support, lack of understanding, communication errors between parents and children, and conflicts that are not accompanied by good conflict management.
Afada Alhaque, Poeti Joefiani, Esti Wungu
Psychological Research and Intervention, Volume 2, pp 1-10; doi:10.21831/pri.v2i1.24339

Abstract:
This study was conducted to see whether the training module of the application of the principle of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy can be used as an intervention to reduce the stress degree of adolescents aged 14 – 16 who have Down Syndrome’s sibling. The design of this research is quasi-experiment with One Group Pretest - Posttest Design method. The sample of the study were three adolescents aged 14 – 16 who had Down Syndrome’s sibling, were obtained by purposive sampling technique. The measuring tool used in this study is the Stress Degrees questionnaire, based on stress theory by Lazarus and Folkman (1984), to measure the stress degree, and the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire II (AAQ-II) questionnaire to measure psychological flexibility, adapted into Indonesian from AAQ-II (Hayes, et al, 2004). The results showed that the application of the ACT principle significantly reduced the stress degree and increased the psychological flexibility of adolescents aged 14 – 16 who have Down Syndrome’s sibling, with a significance value of 0.016 (sig
Nur Hasanah
Psychological Research and Intervention, Volume 2, pp 21-27; doi:10.21831/pri.v2i1.28031

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to describe the dynamics of the career development on each stage, starting from growth, exploration and establishment in Batik makers of Giriloyo. This study employs case study qualitative research methods, and involves three women who worked as batik maker. Data analysis was performed by data reduction, data presentation, and conclusion drawing. From this research it is revealed that participants did not fulfill the developmental tasks at all three stages as a whole and they went through stages of career development sequences and period that is differed from the established theory of career development. It is also revealed that the participants experienced dissatisfaction with the wages. However, in the other hand they felt proud to be able to take part on their community and wishes to continue to make batik as long as they are physically able. The results of the study led researchers to recommend early career recognition by families, schools and communities.
Banyu Wicaksono, Maria Goretti Adiyanti
Psychological Research and Intervention, Volume 2, pp 28-35; doi:10.21831/pri.v2i1.28048

Abstract:
How friendship between adolescent peers was formed is yet to be understood clearly. Whereas number of studies has clearly linked quality of friendship to various adaptive ability, school performance, and academic achievements. This study attempted to understand the dynamics of friendship formation in sample Javanese adolescents using indigenous psychology as its’ paradigm. Data was obtained from 120 respondents, (82 Girls, and 38 Boys) using open-ended questionnaire, which asks about how friendship between the respondent and their best friend(s) was formed. Data was analyzed using thematic analysis to identify themes and subthemes that indicates how friendship was formed. The result showed that there are two major theme that emerges in the beginning of friendship formation followed by other qualities related to it. This study reveals one more important aspect to be considered in understanding friendship formation between adolescents and their close friends
Elaine Hui Fern Tan, Zhooriyati Sehu Mohamad
Psychological Research and Intervention, Volume 2, pp 11-20; doi:10.21831/pri.v2i1.24526

Abstract:
Early intervention programme (EIP) are a range of different programmes included different types of therapy and education that aimed to help and support children with developmental delays or other specific health conditions. The programmes are helpful to improve children development and adaptability, enhance family capability in handling the special needs children and increase family and children participation in society. This research aims to discover the effectiveness and importance of the early special education in Malaysia. To meet the objectives of this study, a qualitative research using phenomenological approach has conducted on five special needs teachers who work in a Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) early intervention centre in Johor, Malaysia by using purposive sampling. Thematic analysis was used to analyse the collected data. This research found that improvement in attention and behaviours, self-care skills, social interaction skills of special needs children are the effectiveness of early intervention services. Besides that, providing knowledge and happiness to the parents and preparing for integration into kindergarten and future schooling are also some of the effectiveness. The implications of this study consist of contributing significantly to the community by making people understand the effectiveness and importance of sending special needs children to the EIP. It is important for the parents to realise the importance of sending their special needs children to the EIP as earlier as possible as learning occur effective before six years old and behavior more likely to be trained. Keywords: early intervention services, early special education, special needs children
Sintia Gumara Dini
Psychological Research and Intervention, Volume 1; doi:10.21831/pri.v1i2.21860

Abstract:
Happiness is a subjective concept because every individual has a different benchmark. Nolen-Hoeksema (1998) argues that adolescents have a higher level of depression than adults, who tend to show lower levels. For that reason, there needs to be a scale to measure happiness in adolescents. This research aims to construct a happiness scale for adolescents in Yogyakarta to measure the level of happiness of adolescents in Yogyakarta in a valid way because not all measurement tools used in western cultures can be implemented in the east. This research uses a constructed psychological measurement tool. This research involves 120 adolescents aged 16-18 years in Yogyakarta. In the factorial validity test or factor analysis, there are several items separated from the initial indicators that form new indicators. These, however, are still able to uncover the aim of constructing the scale. From the 60 items proposed, five items were rejected, and 55 others were considered appropriate. Reliability testing yields a result of 0.936, meaning that the scale has a sufficient level of reliability.
Fakhirah Inayaturrobbani, Ammik Kisriyani
Psychological Research and Intervention, Volume 1; doi:10.21831/pri.v1i2.22162

Abstract:
This study examined how Javanese students perceive academic failure in their life from an indigenous psychology perspective. The perspective intends to give a contextual understanding that is rarely found. This research uses qualitative method with an open-ended questionnaire to carry out a deep understanding of respondent's own experiences. The asked question was ‘What is the influence of academic failure in your life today?’ The participants of this study are 80 undergraduate Javanese students who are studying in Yogyakarta by the time of data collection. The age range of the participants is 18-22 years old. Then, the obtained multiple responds data are analyzed using thematic content analysis. The categorized data is analyzed using cross-tabulations. The finding of this study shows that students reported academic failure as lesson-learned (41.4%), self-development (35.3%), negative emotion (7.07%), burdensome (6.06%), regretful (5.05%), and others which consisted of shy, material benefit, parents’ disappointment, got some friends (5.05%).
Gloria Excelcise Muhammad, Banyu Wicaksono, Hadi Sutarmanto
Psychological Research and Intervention, Volume 1; doi:10.21831/pri.v1i2.21858

Abstract:
To cope with the pressure, freshmen needs to come up with various strategies, such as increasing their academic self-efficacy (Clark, 2005). This study was designed to understand how college freshmen increase their academic self-efficacy. We recruited 206 college freshmen, whom identified themselves as Javanese and we asked them to complete an open-ended questionnaire. We posed them with questions ‘do you believe that you can accomplish college assignment properly?’ and ‘how do you increase that belief?’ This study incorporates indigenous psychology in it’s design to understand the data contextually. Data obtained from the field was analyzed using thematic content analysis. Result showed that 46.60% respondent increase their academic self-efficacy by increasing mastery, 21.36% by increasing motivation, 12.14% by setting up mindset, 10.19% by increasing religiosity, and 5.34% by preparations.It can be concluded that most respondents increase academic self-efficacy by increasing mastery.
Rita Eka Izzaty
Psychological Research and Intervention, Volume 1; doi:10.21831/pri.v1i2.22024

Abstract:
This research was conducted based on three considerations. Firstly, childhood is a critical developmental stage that forms the foundation for the psychological well-being and future learning development of children. Secondly, the prevalence of child and adolescent behavioral problems is increasing, assumed to be caused by unhappiness. Thirdly, studies related to happiness in early childhood in Indonesia are still lacking. Therefore, this study aims to explore the meaning, situation, and parties associated with happiness in children. Our study is exploratory using a qualitative approach. The respondents include 51 children aged 4 to 6 years. The research took place in the Special Region of Yogyakarta. We interviewed the respondents and later analyzed the data using content analysis. The latter consist of three coding steps: open coding, axial coding, and selective coding. The results show that, 1) the meaning of happiness refers to positive affects (55%), activities (28.9%), getting something (8.89%), positive physical conditions (4.44%), and affiliation (2.22%), 2) The situations that make children happy are activities (36.61%), learning (11.61%), entertainment (9.82%), and sports (2.62%), 3) The parties who make children happy are families (77.92%), extended families (3.90%), non-family (19.48%), God (1.30%) and toys (1.30%).
Welly Putri Akmadelita, Erika Setyanti Kusumaputri
Psychological Research and Intervention, Volume 1; doi:10.21831/pri.v1i2.21324

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the relationship between job characteristics toward work engagement through the mediating psychological meaningfulness. Subjects in this study were a primary school teacher in Yogyakarta who totaled 132 (N=132) of teachers. Our data was collected using the work engagement scale (vigor, dedication, and absorption), job characteristics scale (skill variety, task identity, task significance, autonomy, and feedback), and psychological meaningfulness scale (meaningful work, others around the work environment, the work context, and spiritual life) — the methods of data analysis used path analysis techniques developed from regression analysis. Results of path analysis indicated that indirect effect was significant (p2 0.332 x 0.332 = 0.110) and the direct effect of 0511. Therefore, the total effect of the work engagement is direct and indirect effect that is 0.511 + 0.110 = 0.621 (62.1%). This means that hypotheses were accepted, there is a correlation between job characteristics toward work engagement through psychological meaningfulness as a mediator, where the suitability of job characteristics will improve work engagement through psychological meaningfulness as a mediator, where the suitability of job characteristics will improve work engagement through psychological meaningfulness that also higher on the teacher.
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