Management Science and Engineering

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ISSN / EISSN : 2167-664X / 2167-6658
Published by: Hans Publishers (10.12677)
Total articles ≅ 299
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鲁 宇
Management Science and Engineering, Volume 10, pp 287-296; https://doi.org/10.12677/mse.2021.103036

Abstract:
电网企业承担着国家能源民生工程建设的重任,对其发展潜力进行客观评估有助于解决其面临的发展困境,具有重要的实践意义。本研究运用模糊层次分析法(FAHP),根据8位电力行业专家的评估结果建立了基于社会效益、经济效益、环境效益及技术保障四个维度的发展潜力评价体系,用以分析电网企业在能源民生领域发展中存在的优势与不足。另外,本研究以吉林省电网为例,应用所构建的评价体系详细评估并分析了吉林电网在各方面的表现及其总体的发展潜力,验证了本研究所构建的发展潜力评价体系的合理性和科学性。 In the field of energy related to people’s livelihood, power grid enterprises undertake the important task of the construction of national energy projects. Objective assessment of power grid enterprises’ development potential will help solve the development dilemma of power grid enterprises, which has important practical significance. To comprehensively analyze the advantages and disadvantages of power grid enterprises in their development, this study establishes a development potential evaluation system including four dimensions of social benefits, economic benefits, environmental benefits, and technical support by using the fuzzy analytic hierarchy process to analyze the data from 8 related experts. In addition, the constructed evaluation system was used to evaluate and analyze the performance and the development potential of Jilin Power Grid in various aspects. The result verifies the rationality and scientificity of the development potential evaluation system.
雪侯 芳
Management Science and Engineering, Volume 10, pp 304-314; https://doi.org/10.12677/mse.2021.103038

Abstract:
近年来,餐饮外卖发展持续强劲,这使得餐饮外卖行业不断扩张的同时,也出现了商家下单转换率始终低下的问题。基于文献研究和问卷调查,从外卖商家角度,在供应链视角下构建外卖商家在学生群体中共享的影响因素体系,以121份调查数据为样本,建立有序Logit回归模型,通过实证模型分析供应链各环节学生群体共享意愿影响因素。研究结果显示:外卖商家能够快速反馈、配送人员的专业素质高、我的个人隐私受到保护、原材料到达目的地后仍然新鲜、商家信息透明度、社会对商家的监督与共享意愿呈显著正相关,商家之间不正当竞争与共享意愿呈显著负相关。根据分析结果,提出优化供应链的建议,以期为现有外卖商家提升核心竞争力提供理论依据。 In recent years, the development of food delivery has continued to be strong, which has led to the continuous expansion of the food delivery industry, and at the same time the problem of low conversion rate of merchants’ orders has also emerged. Based on literature research and questionnaire surveys, from the perspective of takeout merchants, the system of influencing factors of takeout merchants sharing among students is built from the perspective of supply chain. Using 121 survey data as a sample, an ordered Logit regression model is established, and the factors affecting the willingness to share among the student groups in each link of the supply chain are analyzed through the empirical model. The research results show that: takeout merchants can provide quick feedback, the delivery staff are of high professional quality, my personal privacy is protected, the raw materials are still fresh after reaching the destination, the transparency of business information, the social supervision of merchants are significantly positively correlated with willingness to share. And unfair competition among merchants is significantly negatively correlated with willingness to share. According to the research results, suggestions on optimizing the supply chain are put forward in order to provide a theoretical basis for existing takeout merchants to enhance their core competitiveness.
阳吴 雨
Management Science and Engineering, Volume 10, pp 253-257; https://doi.org/10.12677/mse.2021.103032

Abstract:
本文从抖音虚假新闻的定义入手,阐述了抖音虚假新闻的概念并且归纳了抖音虚假新闻的传播迅速,覆盖面广,受众群体广、高发性与强交互性、虚假新闻私人定制化程度高的特点;由此阐述现行抖音虚假新闻监督管理机制的总原理和运行模式,指出了目前抖音平台的监管主要通过用户发布前的初期形式审核和发布后的用户投诉、举报来进行监管,其用户参与度明显不够以及当前监管机制中存在的新闻界定不明、流量扶持不当、相关法律规范不完善、相关部门监管不力的问题,并为完善相关管理机制提出具体的合理化建议,得出了抖音虚假新闻的监督管理体制要推动以政府为主的监管机制向政府为主导,行业、社会多方合力参与,共治共享的局面转变。 Starting from the definition of false news in TikTok, this article expounds the concept of false news in TikTok and summarizes the characteristics of the rapid spread, wide coverage, wide audience, high and strong interaction, and high degree of private customization of false news in TikTok. According to this, the general principle and operation mode of the current supervision mechanism of the TikTok false news are described in this paper. It points out that the supervision of the TikTok platform is mainly regulated by the initial form audit before the user release and the complaints and reports after the release. Its user participation is obviously insufficient and there are some problems in the current regulatory mechanism, such as unclear definition of news, improper flow support, imperfect relevant laws and regulations, and ineffective supervision of relevant departments. This paper puts forward specific rationalization suggestions to improve the relevant management mechanism and this paper concludes that the supervision and management system of the false news in TikTok should be transformed from the government dominated supervision mechanism to the government led, industry and society participate in the joint governance and the sharing of governance results.
谢 珺
Management Science and Engineering, Volume 10, pp 146-159; https://doi.org/10.12677/mse.2021.102019

Abstract:
随着城市人口不断增加,城市交通压力不断加大,类似于轨道交通的公共交通工具已经成为市民出行的主要方式,而轨道交通的便捷性也深深影响着沿线住宅价格。近年来,相关学者针对轨道交通对沿线住宅价格的影响开展大量的研究工作,取得了一系列的研究成果。本文利用CiteSpace文献分析工具对中国知网(CNKI)中的文献进行分析,以可视化的方式探究轨道交通沿线房价的主题、内容体系、研究特点和发展趋势,结果表明:1) 轨道交通沿线房价的系统性研究内容从最初的内容零散、衔接薄弱、分析方法单一逐渐演变为研究主题鲜明、内容丰富、关系密切;2) 轨道交通对城市中心住房价格的影响较小,离城心越远,对住房价格的影响越大,站点位置对沿线房产的影响半径大约为500~800 m;3) 一般在开工前和运营后,轨道交通对房价的影响作用最大,轨道交通的大力开发带动沿线交通发展,促进经济繁荣。 With the continuous increase of urban population and the increasing pressure of urban traffic, public transport similar to rail transit has become the main way for citizens to travel, and the convenience of rail transit also deeply affects the housing prices along the line. In recent years, relevant scholars have carried out a lot of research work on the impact of rail transit on housing prices along the line, and achieved a series of research results. Based on the CiteSpace literature analysis tool, this paper analyzes the CNKI literature and explores the theme, content system, research characteristics and development trend of housing prices along the rail transit line in a visual way. The results show that: 1) The systematic research content of housing prices along rail transit has gradually evolved from the original scattered content, weak connection and single analysis method to the main research subject; 2) Rail transit has a small impact on housing price in the city center. The further away from the city center, the greater the impact on housing price. The influence radius of station location on the real estate along the line is about 500~800 m; 3) Generally, before and after the construction, the rail transit has the greatest impact on the housing price, and the vigorous development of rail transit drives the development of transportation along the line to promote economic prosperity.
王 孟
Management Science and Engineering, Volume 10, pp 160-163; https://doi.org/10.12677/mse.2021.102020

Abstract:
安全生产关乎国家财产,关乎人民群众的生命安全,关乎国家各项事业的健康发展。海安是蓬勃发展的现代产业之地,拥有十大产业集群,2020年实现地区生产总值1221亿元。安全生产是保障海安市进一步发展的基石,本文从安全生产监管角度分析江苏省南通海安市安全生产主体责任的落实,研究海安市后设监管实现过程中存在的问题,并对改善方式提出建议。 Production safety is a key point which is related to national property, people’s life safety, and the healthy development of various national undertakings. Haian is a place of booming modern industries, with ten industrial clusters. In 2020, the gross regional product of Haian was 122.1 billion Yuan. As production safety is the cornerstone to ensure the further development, promoting the implementation of the primary responsibility in multiple ways is the focus of work for the safety supervision department of Haian. This paper analyzes the implementation of the primary responsibility of safety production in Haian from the perspective of meta-regulation. The existing problems were analyzed. And some suggestions were made.
栋向 光
Management Science and Engineering, Volume 10, pp 164-168; https://doi.org/10.12677/mse.2021.102021

Abstract:
联合投送是现代军事物流运输的重要模式之一,是提高运输效率的综合方法。本文总结分析了国内外学者研究联合投送问题的体系架构、路径优化问题模型及算法,详细地分类并阐述了各种模型和算法的应用情况及优缺点,并指出关键路径可能成为未来联合投送问题的重要研究对象。 Joint delivery is one of the important modes of modern military logistics transportation, and it is a comprehensive method to improve transportation efficiency. This article summarizes and analyzes the system architecture, path optimization problem models and algorithms of domestic and foreign scholars studying the joint delivery problem, classifies and expounds the application situation, advantages and disadvantages of various models and algorithms in detail, and points out that the critical path may become the future joint investment problem.
民陈 谦
Management Science and Engineering, Volume 10, pp 337-347; https://doi.org/10.12677/mse.2021.104041

Abstract:
当前时代是大数据时代,信息化技术高速发展。人力资源管理作为企业管理的核心部分,也由传统模式向信息化过渡。信息化给企业管理带来的是本质的变化,帮助企业管理突破了时空的界限,为企业的人才培养注入活力,有效地加强了企业的生产力和凝聚力。在综合考虑多方面因素后,系统将会基于Spring Boot和Spring MVC来构建信息化管理平台,平台的基础功能包括资源调配管理、员工个人信息管理、信息化平台管理、日常业务管理。系统的设计特色在于:充分考虑到目前毕业生正面临着的严重学历贬值问题,许多公司也找不到符合预期设想的人才。在这种情况下,通常企业都要让员工提前进入工作岗位培训学习,借此来帮助员工快速地适应工作环境,所以平台为员工的培训学习提供了技术性支持。 The current era is the era of big data, and information technology is developing at a high speed. As the core part of enterprise management, human resource management has also transitioned from traditional mode to informatization. Informatization brings essential changes to enterprise management, helps enterprise management break through the boundaries of time and space, injects vitality into the talent training of enterprises, and effectively strengthens the productivity and cohesion of enterprises. After comprehensively considering various factors, the system will build an information management platform based on Spring Boot and Spring MVC. The basic functions of the platform include resource allocation management, employee personal information management, information platform management and daily business management. The design features of the system are: taking full account of the serious academic depreciation faced by graduates, many companies cannot find talents who meet the expectations. In this case, enterprises usually let employees enter job training and learning in advance to help employees quickly adapt to the working environment. Therefore, the platform provides technical support for employee training and learning.
张 倩
Management Science and Engineering, Volume 10, pp 90-101; https://doi.org/10.12677/mse.2021.101013

Abstract:
财务共享服务中心作为互联网科技日益成熟的产物,改变了原有的财务管理模式,推动了企业发展,然而财务共享服务中心构建的预期效果并未被企业准确计量。通过系统动力学的方法,构建企业运营状况、盈利能力的模型子系统,并以X企业的实际业务为研究客体,分析财务共享服务中心建立前后的成本费用、运营状况和盈利能力方面产生的经济效果变化。研究发现财务共享服务中心的建立可以在行业状况不太好的情况下,将财务工作简单化、系统化,在一定程度上减少不必要的成本费用,从而保持企业稳定发展,提升企业在行业内的竞争力。但实施财务共享服务对X企业运营状况、盈利能力的后期影响作用较小,进一步推测企业在实施过程中可能存在的问题,并据此提出可行性建议。 As a product of the increasingly mature Internet technology, the financial shared service center has changed the original financial management mode and promoted the development of enterprises. However, the expected effect of the construction of the financial shared service center has not been accurately measured by the enterprise. Through the method of system dynamics, this paper constructs the model subsystem of the company’s operating status and profitability, and uses the actual business of X company as the research object to analyze the changes of economic effects in terms of the cost, operating status and profitability before and after the establishment of the financial sharing service center. The study found that the establishment of a financial shared service center can simplify and systemize financial work when the industry is not in a good condition, and reduce unnecessary costs to a certain extent, so as to maintain the stable development of the company and improve the company’s industry Competitiveness. However, its implementation has little effect on the operating status and profitability of X enterprise in the later period. It further speculates on the possible problems of the enterprise in the implementation of financial sharing services, and proposes feasible suggestions accordingly.
周 明
Management Science and Engineering, Volume 10, pp 102-108; https://doi.org/10.12677/mse.2021.101014

Abstract:
智能制造工程的实现是“中国制造2025”的关键途径。智能制造网络化随着网络科技的发展而发展,而制造过程的智能化是智能制造工程的核心。制造过程的智能化主要是建造物理系统的数字化和支撑物理过程实现的环境系统的数字化,明晰环境支撑系统如何影响物理过程,以及它们之间的相互关系,才能建立智能制造工程的理论和技术。智能制造工程对人才的要求与以往的工科培养有所不同,需要有很强的数理基础。培养智能制造人才需经过工程科学的培养和相关专业设计、制造理论、技术、技能的培养,其中,工程科学的培养是必由之路。 Intelligent Manufacturing Engineering is the key to “China Manufacturing 2025”. Intelligent Manufacturing Engineering is composed of Webified Intelligent Manufacturing and Manufacturing Process Intelligence. Webified Intelligent Manufacturing will benefit from the network scientific and technical advancements, but the Manufacturing Process Intelligence, which is the core of Intelligent Manufacturing Engineering, is defined to be the digitization of constructed physical system and its correspondingly supporting environmental system in which the physical system is able to operate. The mechanism of Manufacturing Process Intelligence concerns of how the supporting environmental system influences the physical system, and vice versa. The study of mechanisms and their relations will create influencing theories and realization techniques. Therefore, the cultivations of Intelligent Manufacturing Engineering talents will be distinct from the previous existed cultivations of engineering talents in that strong mathematical backgrounds configure the new talents. In this case, Intelligent Manufacturing Engineering talents must receive the training of engineering science courses, and, additionally, receive the corresponding professional scientific and technological skills. No matter what professions involved in the realization course of Intelligent Manufacturing Engineering, the engineering science courses necessitate the trainings.
涛寇 桂
Management Science and Engineering, Volume 10, pp 1-9; https://doi.org/10.12677/mse.2021.101001

Abstract:
党的十八大以来,中国社会治理创新实践不断涌现。本文基于2012~2018年66个“全国创新社会治理典型案例”,通过多案例文本分析法对社会治理创新实践的分布、主体、动力、内容、方式和绩效进行梳理,得到以下结论:社区治理创新在分布上呈现出“东部强,中西部弱”的格局;在主体上,地市级和区县级的党政机构在创新社会治理过程中发挥了重要作用;在动力上,上级推动和问题驱动是催生社会治理创新的主要动力,其中上级推动是外在因素,问题驱动是内生因素;在内容上主要集中在网络治理、文化治理、依法治理、居民自治、公益治理和依法治理上;在方式上呈现出服务创新、技术创新和组织创新三种形态;在绩效上显示出政府部门、服务对象、参与主体和示范对象等多方主体的共赢。 Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, innovative practices of social governance have emerged. Based on 66 “typical cases of national innovative social governance” from 2012 to 2018, this paper combs the distribution, main body, motivation, content, mode and performance of social governance innovation practice through multi case text analysis, and draws the following conclusions: the distribution of community governance innovation shows a pattern of “strong in the east, weak in the middle and west”; in the main body, the party and government organs at Prefecture and county levels are involved; structure plays an important role in the process of innovation of social governance; in terms of motivation, superior promotion and problem driving are the main driving forces for social governance innovation, among which superior promotion is external factor and problem driving is endogenous factor; in content, it mainly focuses on network governance, cultural governance, legal governance, residents’ autonomy, public welfare governance and governance according to law; and the performance shows the win-win situation of government departments, service objects, participants and demonstration objects.
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