Spektra: Jurnal Fisika dan Aplikasinya
ISSN / EISSN : 2541-3384 / 2541-3392
Current Publisher: Universitas Negeri Jakarta (10.21009)
Total articles ≅ 141
Latest articles in this journal
Spektra: Jurnal Fisika dan Aplikasinya, Volume 5, pp 239-248; doi:10.21009/spektra.053.08
BATAN has three aging research reactors, so it is necessary to design a new, more modern MTR type reactor using high-density, low enrichment uranium molybdenum fuel. The thermal neutron flux at the irradiation position is an important concern in the design of research reactors. This analysis is performed using standard computer codes WIMSD-5B and Batan-FUEL. The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of the core configuration with safety control rods and neutronic parameters using the diffusion method calculation. The reactor core consists of 16 fuel elements and four control rods placed in the 5 x 5 position of the grid plate and is loaded the reflector elements outside the core. The cycle length is also a concern, not less than 20 days, and the reactor can be operated safely with a power of 50 MW. The calculation results show that for the highest fuel loading, which is 450 grams of U7Mo/Al fuel with D2O as a reflector, it will provide the lowest thermal neutron flux at the center of the core irradiation position, namely 1.0 x1015 n/cm2s. The core fuel cycle length will be up to 39 days, meeting the expected acceptance and safety criteria.
Spektra: Jurnal Fisika dan Aplikasinya, Volume 5, pp 201-212; doi:10.21009/spektra.053.04
Palu City is composed of sedimentary rocks so that it has a high level of vulnerability when an earthquake occurs. The earthquake that occurred on September 28, 2018, 25 km north of Donggala with a magnitude of 7.4 Mw, had caused a tsunami that struck Palu City, Sigi Regency, Donggala Regency, and Parigi Mouthong Regency, Central Sulawesi Province. This earthquake also caused liquefactions in the Petobo and Balaroa areas, Palu City, and Jono Oge in Sigi Regency. In this study, the authors used microtremor data at 8 points measured before and after the earthquake. Processing using the Horizontal to Vertical Spectra Ratio method shows that the predominant frequency and amplification factor changes due to changes in local rock conditions. The analysis also shows the value of soil vulnerability index (Kg) mostly increased after the earthquake. Besides, the elliptic curve inversion method shows that before the earthquake event, the value of the S wave velocity (Vs30) in layer one was between 157.1-211.4 m/sec with a layer thickness between 65.3-90.6 meters, while after the earthquake, the velocity becomes 156-214.6 m/sec with a layer thickness ranging between 66-99.2 meters. This indicates that the area consists of soft and medium soils, which subsequently increased sediment thickness in most areas after the earthquake.
Spektra: Jurnal Fisika dan Aplikasinya, Volume 5, pp 213-220; doi:10.21009/spektra.053.05
Analysis of a peak ground acceleration value and earthquake intensity in Banten Province has been carried out using historical earthquake data from 2008 to 2018. This research aims to describe a prone area of the earthquake. The specification of data was a magnitude > 5 SR and the depth 0-70 km. The Donovan method was used to analyze peak ground acceleration value and the earthquake’s intensity. According to the data obtained, 31 earthquake points with a maximum earthquake strength occurred on October 16, 2019, with a depth of 10 km and a magnitude of 6.48 SR. This earthquake was located in Ujung Kulon with coordinates -6.81 LS and 105.113 BT. Based on data analysis result was obtained a peak ground acceleration value and the intensity of earthquake maximum in The Pandeglang Regency with a peak ground acceleration value was 211.56 cm/s2, and intensity of scale VIII and a large risk level of three. While a peak ground acceleration minimum is located in the South Tangerang City was 62.82 cm/s2 with a scale of intensity VII and a moderate risk level.
Spektra: Jurnal Fisika dan Aplikasinya, Volume 5, pp 177-188; doi:10.21009/spektra.053.02
A time-lapse microgravity survey has been carried out in the Kota Lama (Semarang, Indonesia) tourism area. The survey in question is to measure gravity at the same point repeatedly with a specific time interval, in this case, conducted in January 2019 and July 2019. Measuring gravity is carried out at as many as 75 points that are spread evenly at the survey location. The instrument used is a Scintrex CG5 type gravimeter and GPS to determine the latitude and the longitude of each measuring point. The measurement results after being corrected, namely the Apungan and the Appeal correction, obtained the observational gravity (gob) in the January 2019 period showing that a minimum of 978118.44 mGal and a maximum gravity of 978118.88 mGal, while the minimum gravity measurement value in July 2019 showed a minimum of 978118.62 mGal and a maximum of 978118.88 mGal. Changes in the value (anomaly) gravity during the time interval, there are two possibilities, positive (0.02 to 0.29 mGal) and negative (-0.11 to -0.01 mGal). Both of these anomaly prices, if they are modeled, an anomaly source will be obtained, which is a positive anomaly caused by subsidence and a negative caused by changes in subsurface density related to dynamics (decrease or increase) of groundwater level.
Spektra: Jurnal Fisika dan Aplikasinya, Volume 5, pp 189-200; doi:10.21009/spektra.053.03
In developing flow behavior of plasticized prepolymer as liquid content of composite solid propellant, zero shear viscosity (ZSV) is a critical parameter that Goh-Wan equation is developed to model it recently . Thus, this work aims to analyze the compatibility of the Goh-Wan equation toward the liquid content of propellant, characterize it, and determine the limit. In this work, a varied flow behavior index was obtained by using Hydroxy terminated polybutadiene (HTPB) and HTPB-DOA (Dioctyl adipate) system with the variable of its concentration, pre-heating, and pre-stirring methods as samples. Viscosity was measured at 2, 3, 4, and 5 rpm by using the disc spindle of Brookfield viscometer. For the minimum shear-rate investigation, as a limit of compatibility, other three sets of shear rates are applied, which are 0.6 – 5 rpm, 1 – 5 rpm, and 1,5 – 5 rpm. By functioning Goh-Wan equation (model 1) and Power-Law (model 2), a model was categorized as compatible if yields lower value of ZSV than the first experimental measured viscosity (η1st). Characterization was determined by a graph of plotting percentage difference of ZSV obtained from models 1 and 2 towards the index of flow behavior. The 3% of the difference between ZSV obtained from model 1 and η1st was set to be a minimum value for a set of applied shear-rate to be acceptable. It is reported that the Goh-Wan model is compatible with the liquid content of propellant and characterized by a perfect linear correlation. It is also found that a minimum applied shear rate of 1.5 rpm is acceptable for model compatibility.
Spektra: Jurnal Fisika dan Aplikasinya, Volume 5, pp 231-238; doi:10.21009/spektra.053.07
Vertical Cylinder Tank is used as a storage area or as a measuring tool. Liquids are used in the form of Fuel oil, Liquid Natural Gas, vegetable liquids, and other chemical liquids. The tank calibration results are in the form of a volume per height table that is used as a reference by Automatic Tank Gauging. There are two tank calibration methods, namely: the strapping method and the optical method. The process of measuring the inside or outside diameter of the tank becomes very important in the tank calibration process—the measurement of tank diameter by the strapping method using steel meters manually. At the same time, the optical method uses theodolite or total station. For tank diameters ≤ 5 m, the strapping method has smaller diameter measurement results with a difference of 0.7% compared to the optical method. In further research, a prototype can be developed that can accelerate the calibration process using the strapping method (for example, a vertical track measuring robot) or a low-cost prototype theodolite
Spektra: Jurnal Fisika dan Aplikasinya, Volume 5, pp 169-176; doi:10.21009/spektra.053.01
A series of experiments have been carried out and reported. This report describes the stages of the polymerization reaction during emulsion Polyvinyl Acetate (PVAc) synthesis. PVAc was synthesized from the Vinyl Acetate Monomer (VAM) with Ammonium Peroxydisulphate (APS) as an inorganic thermal initiator in the aqueous media under reaction temperature was keep at 65 until 75oCs by agitation speed was 300 rpm respectively during 4 hours of reaction time. The protective colloid agents and several types of surfactants were added to improve the obtained emulsion PVAc performance. The polymerization reaction was carried out without the addition of a protective colloid agent. The surfactants were produced the emulsion PVAc with the properties of solid content 0.89%, density 1.02 g/ml, viscosity 0.0033 Poise, pH 2.8, conductivity 12 ms, respectively. While the polymerization reaction involved protective colloid agents by using Polyvinyl Alcohol (PVOH) was obtained properties of emulsion PVAc with Solid Content 4.36%, density 1.17 g/ml, viscosity 0.0216 Poise, pH 2.8, and conductivity 10 ms respectively. The same thing was shown when the surfactant was present in the polymerization reaction. The emulsion PVAc was synthesized with nonionic surfactant has solid content 8.20%, density 1.17 g/ml, viscosity 0.0099 Poise, pH 2.8, and conductivity 7 ms, the result is better rather than synthesized with anionic surfactant has solid content 2.65%, density 1.13 g/ml, viscosity 0.0068 Poise, pH 2.8, and conductivity 11 ms. According to the preliminary observations obtained, emulsion PVAc’s appearance is better when the protective colloid agents and the surfactant is present rather than without additional those substances. The physical properties of emulsion were depended on the addition of protective colloid agents and surfactants. In addition, the complete reaction indicated by solid content value was obtained from emulsion when the additional substances were present. All the testing parameters were observed using Viscometer Ostwald, Pycnometer, pH Meter, FTIR Spectrophotometer, Conductometer, and another supporting testing to explain the polymerization reaction stage of synthesis emulsion PVAc.
Spektra: Jurnal Fisika dan Aplikasinya, Volume 5, pp 221-230; doi:10.21009/spektra.053.06
In July 2011, archaeological exploration tried to apply the physics method for the first time in Muarojambi, Indonesia. We combined physics with geosciences and called it geophysical forensic. Our method is known as Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR). GPR used high-frequency electromagnetic (EM) waves between 10-3000 MHz to imaging subsurface based on dielectric permittivity’s physical parameters. Changes in the electrical properties, rock magnetism, and water content of the material under the surface will provide a response recorded on the radargram as a function of distance to time (two-way travel time). Data processing performs to reduce the noise recorded when collecting data. We have successfully obtained four GPR lines; three lines gathered near Gumpung Temple and one line at Telago Rajo Pool. The GPR method succeeded in giving a subsurface image and possibility of the archaeological objects near the Gumpung Temple and Telago Rajo Pool.
Spektra: Jurnal Fisika dan Aplikasinya, Volume 5; doi:10.21009/spektra.053111
Spektra: Jurnal Fisika dan Aplikasinya, Volume 5; doi:10.21009/spektra.05300