Russian Journal of Cardiology

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ISSN / EISSN : 1560-4071 / 2618-7620
Published by: Silicea - Poligraf, LLC (10.15829)
Total articles ≅ 1,747
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M. V. Zhuravleva, , F. N. Paleev, , T. V. Marin, Yu. V. Gagarina
Russian Journal of Cardiology, Volume 26; https://doi.org/10.15829/1560-4071-2021-4819

Abstract:
Aim. To evaluate the effect of the use of the double antiplatelet therapy (DAT) with ticagrelor compared to DAT with clopidogrel and antithrombotic therapy with acetyl salicylic acid (ASA) in patients with acute coronary syndrome and patients with high coronary risk on the target indicator (CP) of the state program (GP) “Development of Healthcare” and the federal project “Fight against cardiovascular diseases” — reducing mortality from diseases of the circulatory system (BSC).Material and methods. All adult Russian patients with a diagnosis of ACS eligible for DAT were considered as the target population; in the second and third years, only patients with high coronary risk continued treatment. The calculation of the number of deaths that can be prevented using DAT ticagrelor 90 mg + ASA vs DAT of clopidogrel + ASA within 1st year from the date of diagnosis was based on the clinical efficacy data of the PLATO study. The number of deaths that can be prevented with the use of DAT ticagrelor 60 mg + ASA — instead of ASA monotherapy patients with a history of myocardial infarction was made based in the clinical efficacy results of the PEGASUS study. It was calculated what proportion of the target indicators could be achieved in 2022-24 years by using DAT with ticagrelor instead of clopidogrel or ASA monotherapy.Results. The use of DAT with ticagrelor vs DAT with clopidogrel or ASA for the treatment of patients with ACS will prevent additional 5389, 5704 and 6012 deaths in 2022-2024, that will ensure the implementation of the CP “reduction of mortality from BSC” GP “Development of healthcare” in the Russian Federation by 36,9%, 26,0% and 20,6% respectively.Conclusion. The use of DAT with ticagrelor for the treatment of patients with acute coronary syndrome ensure the implementation of the CP “reduction of mortality from BSC” GP “Development of healthcare” in the Russian Federation in 2024 by 20,6%.
M. A. Aripov, A. S. Kali, N. N. Tanaliev, A. A. Musaev, G. S. Rashbaeva, T. B. Dautov
Russian Journal of Cardiology, Volume 26; https://doi.org/10.15829/1560-4071-2021-4809

Abstract:
Aim. To compare effectiveness of ultrasound, radiological and invasive methods for assessing aortic valve (AV) stenosis.Material and methods. This study included 33 patients with AV stenosis. The mean age of the patients was 71,8±6,8 years. All patients underwent standard and three-dimensional echocardiography, computed tomography, and cardiac catheterization.Results. According to two-dimensional echocardiography, the AV area averaged 0,58±0,21 mm2, according to cardiac catheterization — 0,61±0,17 mm2, according to three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography — 1,13±0,42 mm2, and according to multislice computed tomography 0,88±0,48 mm2. The difference between the values was significant (p<0,05).Conclusion. For routine diagnosis of AV stenosis, two-dimensional echocardiography is the optimal research method. With indications for radical treatment methods, three-dimensional echocardiography or multislice computed tomography should be performed.
A. G. Arutyunov, T. I. Batluk, , M. A. Trubnikova
Russian Journal of Cardiology, Volume 26; https://doi.org/10.15829/1560-4071-2021-4808

Abstract:
In patients with atherosclerotic lesions of two or more systems or multifocal atherosclerosis (MFA), the risks of ischemic events are extremely high. MFA leads not only to cardiovascular outcomes, but also to a decrease in the patient’s quality of life, life expectancy, and in most cases to disability. The prevalence of this pathology and the importance of preventing adverse outcomes are often underestimated. This literature review examines the problem of MFA in the context of key studies on the prevalence, course of multivessel disease and the reduction of the risk of cardiovascular events in this group of patients, with an emphasis on antiplatelet and anticoagulant therapy.
Russian Journal of Cardiology, Volume 26; https://doi.org/10.15829/1560-4071-2021-4801

Abstract:
The review discusses the problem of anticoagulant therapy for the prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with atrial fibrillation and comorbidities (hypertension, heart defects, including after heart valve surgery, coronary artery disease, diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease, gastrointestinal diseases, anemia, cancer), as well as with a high risk of emergency operations and injuries.
M. V. Zhuravleva, S. N. Tereshchenko, , , T. V. Marin, Yu. V. Gagarina
Russian Journal of Cardiology, Volume 26; https://doi.org/10.15829/1560-4071-2021-4800

Abstract:
Aim. To assess the effect of therapy with sodium glucose co-transporter type 2 inhibitor dapagliflozin in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (CHrEF) on the state cardiovascular mortality target indicators.Material and methods. All adult Russian patients with NYHA class II-IV HFrEF (left ventricular ejection fraction ≤40%) were considered as the target population. The characteristics of patients in the study corresponded to those in the Russian Hospital HF Registry (RUS-HFR). The study suggests that the use of dapagliflozin in addition to standard therapy will be expanded by 10% of the patient population annually in 2022-24. Cardiovascular mortality modeling was performed based on the extrapolation of DAPA-HF study result. The number of deaths that can be prevented was calculated when using dapagliflozin in addition to standard therapy. Further, the contribution of prevented deaths with dapagliflozin therapy to the achievement of federal and regional cardiovascular mortality target indicators (1, 2 and 3 years) was calculated.Results. The use of dapagliflozin in addition to standard therapy for patients with NYHA class II-IV CHrEF with the expansion of dapagliflozin therapy by 10% of the patient population annually will additionally prevent 1729 cardiovascular death in the first year. This will ensure the implementation of cardiovascular mortality target indicators in Russia in 2022 by 11,8%. In the second year, 3769 cardiovascular deaths will be prevented, which will ensure the implementation of target indicators in 2023 by 17,2%. In the third year, 5465 cardiovascular deaths prevented, which will ensure the implementation of implementation of target indicators in 2024 by 18,7%.Conclusion. The use of dapagliflozin in addition to standard therapy for patients with NYHA class II-IV CHrEF will ensure the implementation of implementation of target indicators in 2024 by 18,7%.
Article Editorial
Russian Journal of Cardiology, Volume 26; https://doi.org/10.15829/1560-4071-2021-4797

Abstract:
По инициативе компании и при научной и организационной поддержке ФГБУ «Национального медицинского исследовательского центра терапии и профилактической медицины» Минзрава России и Российского общества профилактики неинфекционных заболеваний состоялось заседание Совета экспертов по обмену научным опытом применения антиагрегантов, включая АСК, в качестве профилактики артериальных сосудистых осложнений COVID-19 в разные периоды заболевания.
Article Editorial
Russian Journal of Cardiology, Volume 26; https://doi.org/10.15829/1560-4071-2021-4798

Abstract:
23 октября 2021г в Санкт-Петербурге в рамках Российского национального конгресса кардиологов прошелМеждународный мультидисциплинарный форум, посвященный современным стратегиям управления сердечно-сосудистыми рисками. В насыщенной программе форума были доклады экспертов разных специальностей из России, Израиля, Нидерландов, Греции. Все сообщения объединяла одна актуальная проблема: оптимизация стратегии коррекции липидного профиля на основе оценки рисков.
Russian Journal of Cardiology, Volume 26; https://doi.org/10.15829/1560-4071-2021-4633

Abstract:
Aim. To compare the concentrations of proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines in patients with myocardial infarction with non-obstructive (MINOCA) and obstructive coronary arteries (MIOCA) in the early postinfarction period and after 1-year follow-up.Material and methods. The study included 40 patients with myocardial infarction (experimental group, 19 patients; control group, 21 patients). Three (15,7%) patients with diagnosed acute myocarditis were excluded from the final analysis. Blood samples were taken upon admission, on the 2nd, 4th and 7th days from hospitalization, and also after 1-year follow-up. Twenty-three parameters were analyzed using multiplex analysis and the Multiplex Instrument FLEXMAP 3D system (Luminex Corporation), as well as the MILLIPLEX map Human Cytokine/ Chemokine Panel II.Results. According to multiplex analysis of blood serum of the studied groups, a comparable increase in proinflammatory cytokines CCL-15, CCL-26, CCL-27 in the early postinfarction period and after 1-year follow-up, as well as antiinflammatory and regenerative cytokines CXCL-12, TPO in the early postinfarction period and after 1-year follow-up. In patients with MINOCA, higher concentrations of the following proinflammatory cytokines were determined: IL-16 upon admission (p=0,03), IL-20 on days 2 and 4 of the early postinfarction period (p=0,005 and p = 0.03), as well as CCL-15 on days 4 and 7 (p=0,05 and p=0,02). After 1-year follow-up, among the proinflammatory cytokines, a greater increase in CCL-21 (p=0,02) was noted in the patients of experimental group. Also, in patients with MINOCA, a greater increase in TPO was determined upon admission and on the 2nd day (p=0,02 and p=0,02), SCF — on the 7th day and after 1-year follow-up (p=0,04 and p=0,04), and LIF on the 4th day of early postinfarction period (p=0,007). In contrast, MIOCA patients showed a greater increase in CXCL-12 levels upon admission (p=0,04). At the same time, patients with MINOCA showed a higher level of C-reactive protein on the 1st day, as well as a higher relative monocyte count after 1-year follow-up.Conclusion. Despite a comparable increase in the cytokines CCL-8, CCL-13, CCL26, CCL-27 in patients of both groups, in patients with MINOCA there was a greater increase in proinflammatory cytokines IL-16, IL-20, CCL-15, CCL-21, and also CXCL-12, LIF, TPO, SCF, which have anti-inflammatory and regenerative activity. After 1 year follow-up, MINOCA patients showed a significant increase in CCL-21 and SCF, with a comparable increase in other proinflammatory cytokines in patients of both groups. A greater increase in proinflammatory cytokines in patients with MINOCA may indicate a more aggressive atherosclerosis course and lead to plaque destabilization followed by ischemic event.
I. P. Aslanidi, , , O. V. Mukhortova, I. V. Shurupova, I. V. Ekaeva, T. A. Katunina, T. A. Trifonova
Russian Journal of Cardiology, Volume 26; https://doi.org/10.15829/1560-4071-2021-4764

Abstract:
Aim. To analyze the factors affecting the accuracy of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography combined with computed tomography (PET/CT) in case of suspected prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE).Material and methods. The results of PET/CT performed in 66 patients after heart valve replacement were analyzed: 55 patients with suspected PVE (≥3 months after surgery) and 11 comparison groups without PVE (2 months after surgery). In the group with suspected PVE (n=55) at the time of the study, 27% (15/55) had a normal body temperature, 85% (47/55) — no leukocytosis. In 16% (9/55), the examination was performed from 3 to 6 months after surgery and in 67% (37/55) — against the background of long-term antibiotic therapy (ABT). The final diagnosis of PVE was made on the basis of clinical (including 6±3 followup), laboratory, instrumental, and intraoperative (n=40) data: confirmed — in 37 patients; ruled out — in 29 patients. In order to determine the influence of factors on obtaining false PET/CT results, the odds ratio was calculated.Results. In the group with suspected PVE (n=55), the PET/CT results made it possible to establish and rule out PVE in 92% (34/37) and 67% (12/18) of patients, respectively. In 16% (9/55) of patients, false positive (n=6) and false negative (n=3) results. Thus, the sensitivity, specificity and diagnostic accuracy of PET/CT in the diagnosis of PVE were 92%, 67% and 84%, respectively; positive and negative predictive values — 85% and 80%. The analysis of the odds ratio did not reveal the relationship of low inflammatory activity, the interval between surgery and PET/CT from 3 to 6 months, and long-term ABT before PET/CT with false PET/CT results (p>0,05). In the comparison group without PVE (n=11), 91% (10/11) received false positive PET/CT results, and one patient received a true negative result.Conclusion. The data obtained indicate the high informative value of PET/CT in the diagnosis of PVE. Interval >2 months between surgery and PET/CT significantly reduces the accuracy of PET/CT results. Other factors analyzed in the presented group did not affect the accuracy of PET/CT results.
, , Б. Ш. Бердибеков
Russian Journal of Cardiology, Volume 26; https://doi.org/10.15829/1560-4071-2021-4776

Abstract:
Aim. The present study aims to provide a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the prognostic role of assessing the severity of myocardial fibrosis using delayed contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging in nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathies.Material and methods. We searched PubMed, Google Scholar for studies that examined the predictive value of quantifying late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) areas in patients with nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy. Unadjusted hazard ratios (HR) from studies with similar scoring criteria were pooled for meta-analysis.Results. Nine studies were retrieved from 782 publications for this systematic review and meta-analysis. In total, 2389 patients (mean age, 51,9 years; mean follow-up, 39,3 months) were included in the analysis. Meta-analysis showed the extent of LGE was associated with an increased risk of arrhythmic end point (HR: 1,09/1% LGE; 95% CI: 1,02-1,18; p=0,01), major adverse cardiovascular events (HR: 1,07/1% LGE; 95% CI: 1,01-1,13; p=0,03) and all-cause mortality (HR: 1,09/1% LGE; 95% CI: 1,04-1,13; p<0,0001).Conclusion. The severity of LGE by cardiac magnetic resonance predicts arrhythmic events (ventricular arrhythmia and sudden death), major adverse cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality. Assessment of LGE can be used as an effective tool for stratifying risk in patients with nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy.
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