Advances in Physical Education

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2164-0386 / 2164-0408
Published by: Scientific Research Publishing, Inc. (10.4236)
Total articles ≅ 329
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XiaoMing Ma, Wanqi Li, Awang Bianba
Advances in Physical Education, Volume 11, pp 82-88; doi:10.4236/ape.2021.111006

Abstract:
National and folk chess games are an important part of Chinese traditional culture. From the perspective of intangible culture, it is difficult to analyze the principles and cultural characteristics of “Jiu” chess, especially its basic principles and methods. The study of the history of the “Jiu” chess, the basic steps and the graphic formation of the move, and the value and function of the “Jiu” chess in the contemporary era can better explain the new value of the intangible cultural heritage culture.
Nikolina Gerdijan, Dušan Perić, Adriana Ljubojević, Željko Vukić
Advances in Physical Education, Volume 11, pp 89-102; doi:10.4236/ape.2021.111007

Abstract:
Traditional warm-up in sport contents the stretching. The stretching effects are a frequent subject of research in physical education, but the results are conflicting. The aim of current study is to check how acute stretching (static and dynamic) influences to the strength of hamstring and quadriceps, as well as their mutual ratio. These variables were monitored at different velocities of contraction (60 and 240º/s). On the sample of 10 students in good health, modern isokinetic diagnostics (4000 Hz the sampling rate) was applied. Higher strength values in both muscle groups were measured during slow contraction, while HRQ values were higher during fast contractions. The results show that the muscle strength of hamstring and quadriceps can be increased by applying acute stretching (p p > 0.05). The same conclusions were drawn for both low and high contraction velocities.
Advances in Physical Education, Volume 11, pp 172-182; doi:10.4236/ape.2021.112013

Abstract:
The learning environment influences the teaching-learning process as well as the welfare of the educational community members. The problems of discipline and coexistence in class are a general concern in mandatory secondary education. The purpose of this research is to identify some methodological strategies that could be applied by teachers when students in compulsory secondary education engage in disruptive behaviors in order to improve classroom management. The participants are 147 instructors of Physical Education (PE) who are teaching actively in institutions of compulsory secondary education. Participants completed two questionnaires which created “ad hoc” to evaluate the students’ problematic behaviors regarding coexistence in these classes. A description was made of the characteristics of the teaching staff and their center, for which the absolute and relative frequencies were described in the qualitative variables and the mean values and standard deviation were calculated for the quantitative variables. The results of this research provide guidance for the use of different classroom management techniques and schools organization considering such problem behaviors. In fact, most of the teaching staff consider important the use of teaching strategies to carry out PE class with less problems of Coexistence.
Qin Yang, Jinjin Yang, Elizabeth Keener, Juntack Oh, Agueda Gomes, Suzanna Dillon
Advances in Physical Education, Volume 11, pp 35-46; doi:10.4236/ape.2021.111003

Abstract:
Intellectual disability (ID) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are associated with impairments in motor development, attention, and behavior. Physical activity (PA) has been demonstrated to improve these conditions. However, many individuals with ID and ASD are not motivated to persist at performing PA tasks for an extended period of time. Therefore, there is a great need to find forms of PA that could motivate individuals to stay at performing PA. One such form of PA is Drums-Alive, which involves movement, drumming, and music to increase enjoyment motivation. While it is speculated the Drums-Alive could have an effect on motor skills, attention, and behavior, this concept has not been examined in persons with ID and ASD. Therefore, this study aimed to explore the effect of Drums-Alive on motor skills, attention, and behavior for individuals with ID and ASD. Nine adolescents diagnosed with ID or ASD participated in an eight-week Drums-Alive program intervention. Motor skills, attention, and behavior were measured before and after the intervention. Paired-samples t-tests were used, and the statistical significance was established at p ≤ 0.05. The results suggested no significant differences in motor skills, attention, and behavior before and after the Drums-Alive intervention (p > 0.05). Though no statistical significance was found, improvements were observed from the pretest and posttest means, and all participants expressed their enjoyment of participating in the Drum-Alive program. More extended intervention and more participants will be needed in future research.
Faton Tishukaj, Ismet Shalaj, Masar Gjaka, Barbara Wessner, Harald Tschan
Advances in Physical Education, Volume 11, pp 61-81; doi:10.4236/ape.2021.111005

Abstract:
Adiposity-related joint loading and unequal force distribution during jumping tasks place additional stress on soft tissue structures of the non-dominant leg, which may reduce performance and is likely to increase injury risk and the development of musculoskeletal degenerative diseases. Movement-related dysfunctions of children and adolescents are of particular interest because they represent modifiable risk factors that can be targeted by intervention programs, which may decrease degenerative changes later in life. Therefore, this study aims to determine the influence of body weight and obesity on force and power production as well as the prevalence of limb asymmetry in adolescents. A cross-sectional study including 354 adolescents (195 boys: 14.6 ± 0.4 years; 159 girls: 14.5 ± 0.4 years) was performed. Anthropometric parameters and countermovement jump (force and power parameters) were assessed using a dual force plate. Countermovement jump and 20-m sprint performances were significantly influenced by BMI categories (p < 0.001), with obese subjects performing worse than their normal weight colleagues do. Although peak fore and peak power were significantly higher, especially in obese adolescents (p < 0.001), relative to body weight peak power was worse in overweight and obese adolescents (p < 0.001). The proportion of adolescents with limb asymmetry (from power production values) was markedly higher in obese children when compared to other BMI categories. The present study revealed differences in force and power production and inter-limb symmetry measurements related to BMI categories. Therefore, with consideration of anthropometric characteristics, the assessment of ground reaction forces might provide an accurate approach for the assessment, screening and monitoring motor performance as well as bilateral differences in children and adolescents.
Ayazullah Safi, Tony Myers
Advances in Physical Education, Volume 11, pp 103-117; doi:10.4236/ape.2021.111008

Abstract:
It is important to understand barriers to Physical Activity (PA), particularly for under researched populations. While a lack of PA has been acknowledged as an important issue for those living in Afghanistan, there have been no published studies exploring barriers to PA within this population. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to explore barriers to PA for Afghans and how these differ depending on where they reside: UK or Afghanistan. 930 participants, 578 (291 males; 287 females) were recruited from Afghanistan and 352 (267 males; 85 females) from the UK. A culturally nuanced questionnaire exploring barriers to PA was developed and used to collect data via an online survey software programme. Bayesian ordinal models explored differences between population groups, with results suggesting some barriers are shared across populations but others more pertinent for a particular group. Lack of time and being too tired were barriers for both populations, but were rated higher by those living in Afghanistan; as was a lack of confidence and being uncomfortable with exercise clothing. Afghan females perceived a lack of single-sex facilities, not being able to participate in PA with males, and having to be fully covered outside of the home as important barriers to their PA, but these were more of a barrier for those residing in the UK. The findings highlight important considerations for trying to engage these populations in PA.
Huaijin Liu, Yuqi Liu, Junhao Feng
Advances in Physical Education, Volume 11, pp 1-11; doi:10.4236/ape.2021.111001

Abstract:
With the rapid development of information technology, the Ministry of education has put forward new requirements for the quality of online teaching resources. In addition, the improvement of the quality of online teaching resources will directly affect the improvement of course teaching quality, which directly leads to the continuous improvement of the requirements of online teaching resources quality in Colleges and universities. This paper mainly analyses several modes of online teaching of physical education course in Colleges and universities, expounds the realistic dilemma of improving the quality of online teaching resources of physical education courses in Colleges and universities, and puts forward substantive suggestions for the high-quality development of online teaching resources of physical education courses in Colleges and universities, so as to find a breakthrough path and promote the quality of online teaching resources of physical education courses in Colleges and universities, so as to promote our country The development of online teaching resources of physical education.
Joerg Teichmann, Harald Burchardt, Rachel Tan, Patrick Daniel Healy
Advances in Physical Education, Volume 11, pp 221-231; doi:10.4236/ape.2021.112017

Abstract:
Introduction: The objective of this paper is to demonstrate techniques on how to improve hip flexibility and mobility, especially for track and field athletes. It also seeks to explain the underlying importance of hip flexibility and mobility. When athlete’s hips are stiff and inflexible, muscle imbalance may occur and increase the risk of injury. Muscle imbalance in the hip often causes knee and hip pain, due to the hip flexors and quadriceps overworking in order to compensate for weaker muscles. The hip mobility and flexibility exercises illustrated here are designed to significantly improve the range of motion (ROM) of the hips. Enhanced ROM can improve motor performance, skill execution, and even prevent injury. Excellent hip extension improves the ability to assist the hip in developing power. Methods: 9 Hip Mobility and 6 Hip Flexibility exercises are described in this paper. The exercises are to be performed 3× per week with at least 24 hours break in-between to achieve optimum results. Conclusion: This paper sought to outline the importance of hip mobility and flexibility, in particular for non-contact-sport athletes (such as those in track and field), and their effects on athletic performance and injury prevention. After proximately 6 weeks, the ROM of the hip will be expected to improve significantly.
Lisanne Elisabeth Maria Koomen, Patricia Velasquez, Fabio D’Agata, Jeroen Deenik, Wiepke Cahn
Advances in Physical Education, Volume 11, pp 239-245; doi:10.4236/ape.2021.112019

Abstract:
The COVID-19 pandemic has serious negative consequences for the health status of people with severe mental illness (SMI). In this non-randomized controlled prospective patient preference study (N = 40), we investigated the feasibility of exercise via live videoconferencing for people with SMI, and preliminary effects on symptom severity and quality of life. We found that group exercise via videoconferencing is feasible for people with SMI, improving physical and psychological quality of life compared to controls receiving usual care. Further research in larger samples is needed to study the potential effect of exercise via videoconferencing in mitigating the negative effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental and physical health for people with SMI.
Ying’An Wang, XiaoMing Ma, Tao Shang
Advances in Physical Education, Volume 11, pp 276-283; doi:10.4236/ape.2021.112023

Abstract:
Traditional ethnic chess games are inseparable part of Chinese culture. From the perspective of intangible culture, this paper analyzes the principles and cultural characteristics of Square chess and Jiu chess, and studies their historical origins, playing rules and structures. It also elaborates the value and role of traditional ethnic chess games in this day and age.
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