Journal of Regional and Rural Development Planning

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2549-3922 / 2549-3930
Published by: Journal of Consumer Sciences (10.29244)
Total articles ≅ 87
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Elvina Nora Lubis, Andrea Emma Pravitasari, Dwi Putro Tejo Baskoro
Journal of Regional and Rural Development Planning, Volume 5, pp 174-186; https://doi.org/10.29244/jp2wd.2021.5.3.174-186

Abstract:
The concept of sustainable development is very important to increase our quality of life. Measurement of development based on specific indicators is one of the approaches to describe sustainable development. At the local level, measuring sustainable development using specific indicators is still rare. Since each location has their own unique characteristics, measuring sustainability at the regional level could not always be applied locally. The availability of data at the village level strongly encourages the local measurement of sustainable development index. The economic, social, and environmental dimensions of Mandailing Natal Regency's development are still constrained. Using 21 variables that can reflect economic, social, and environmental aspects, this study aims to measure the sustainable development index at the local level. The Local Sustainable Development Index will be generated by analyzing these variables using the Factor Analysis (FA) method and Local Indicator of Spatial Autocorrelation (LISA) analysis. This index measurement is useful in considering the direction of location-based (spatial) development for decision makers at the local level and describe development sustainability. In general, IPBL economic value was in the medium category in 2011, and several villages in the low category were able to enhance their economic development sustainability in 2018. In the northwest, IPBL environment cluster type High-high (HH). In 2018, the percentage spatial distribution pattern of villages with the Low-low (LL) cluster type of IPBL economic and IPBL environment decreased. However, as can be seen from the spatial distribution pattern of IPBL social with cluster type LL, the percentage increased in 2018.
Arga Geofana
Journal of Regional and Rural Development Planning, Volume 5, pp 160-173; https://doi.org/10.29244/jp2wd.2021.5.3.160-173

Abstract:
Adequate health facilities have become one of the interesting issues to be discussed since this pandemic situation. Availability and accessibility of health facilities are the vital aspects that should be accomplished by both local and central government. Nevertheless, some population especially those living in rural areas have some difficulties in reaching these facilities due to the inequality condition within regions. This study aims to analyze the coverage of health facilities in Temanggung Regency, Central Java province and cluster its subdistricts according to their condition in accessing these facilities. The analysis is limited to public health facility (PUSKESMAS) and hospital levels. Both statistical and spatial data were processed using the GIS network analysis approach in producing the coverage number of each health facility and they were compared to the applied standard range of service and threshold. Then, a hierarchy is created using the weighted centrality index approach to represent disparities among subdistricts in Temanggung Regency regarding the availability and its coverage to health facilities. The results show that there is an inequality condition on health facilities coverage between central and peripheral areas within this regency, both at the public health facility level and hospital level. Several population in several districts, mostly residing in outer areas, are not covered by both public health facility and hospital. On the other hand, people in the capital and its surrounding subdistricts have better access to these facilities. Several factors are identified in producing this inequality, such as spatial distribution of housing areas, spatial allocation of health facilities, road network, and topographic condition. The topographic condition in some uncovered areas, which is relatively hilly and has steep slope, causes limited access to the road network and less coverage of health facilities.
Bakti Kharisma, Werry Darta Taifur, Fajri Muharja
Journal of Regional and Rural Development Planning, Volume 5, pp 187-202; https://doi.org/10.29244/jp2wd.2021.5.3.187-202

Abstract:
Enactment of the Village Law brings enthusiasm to the rural development paradigm. One of the main outputs of the government planning document is the increase of priority development in rural areas and villages. This is implemented by increasing the source of village income budget through the village fund program. This study aims to analyze the impact of village budgets and geographic difficulties, and village households on village status in Riau Province. Multiple linear regression model was used to analyze the impact of Village Fund allocation, Village Fund, Geographical Difficulty Index, and number of households in 2018 on the achievements of the Developing Village Index in 2019. Research results show that Village Fund allocation budget and the number of households have positive impacts on the Developing Village Index (Indeks Desa Membangun). in Riau Province. Meanwhile, increase in Village Fund budget and Geographical Difficulty Index have negative impacts on the Developing Village Index in Riau Province.
I Gede Wyana Lokantara, Farisa Maulinam Amo
Journal of Regional and Rural Development Planning, Volume 5, pp 134-142; https://doi.org/10.29244/jp2wd.2021.5.3.134-142

Abstract:
The development of a city is marked by an increase in population and an increase in the need for space, which causes the city to be unable to accommodate its activities. Hence, physical development of the city to the peri-urban area and urban sprawl occurs. This also happened in Singaraja City, Bali province as proved by the increasing development of settlements in the area. The purpose of this research is to identify the development of Singaraja City spatially by looking at the pattern of city development due to the influence of the urban sprawl and to identify the factors that influence its development. This study used qualitative methods to analyze the spatial transformation through mapping techniques using time series data developed regions and non-woke Singaraja City, so discovered patterns development impact suburban of Singaraja City. It further analyzed the determinant factors causing urban sprawl in suburban Singaraja. The research shows that Singaraja City has experienced urban development towards the suburban of the city by forming a leap-frog development pattern. The suburban of Singaraja City that are most dominantly affected are the western and eastern regions, namely Baktiseraga Village and Banyuning district. The dominant factor that causes urban sprawl in suburban Singaraja City is people's desire to conduct commercial activities amounting to 94.67% with the opening of shops and services to facilitate the needs of students or migrant workers. The emergence of new economic activities initiated by the surrounding population, causing the orientation of economic transformation in the suburbs of Singaraja city to switch to the non-agricultural sector.
Nedalia Wilza, Ernan Rustiadi, Janthy Trilusianthy Hidajat
Journal of Regional and Rural Development Planning, Volume 5, pp 143-159; https://doi.org/10.29244/jp2wd.2021.5.3.143-159

Abstract:
The high number of commuters in Bogor Regency has triggered the development of settlements at transit areas. In addition, Bogor Regency is also connected to rail-based mass public transportation in the Jabodetabek area which supports the mobility of its population. This study aims to identify the suitability of a transit area to be developed with Transit Oriented Development (TOD) concept. The research location is among the transit areas of two intercity train stations and seven existing urban commuter line train stations in Bogor Regency. Observations focused on the area in a radius of 800 meters from the station which is assessed as the maximum distance a person can walk for 15 minutes. Potential locations are determined by the AHP (Analytical Hierarchy Process) and TOPSIS (Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution) method on several variables that form the ideal TOD. The variables observed include aspects of transportation and aspects of land use which are derived into several indicators. Based on the research, it was found that the most potential area to be developed with the TOD concept is the transit area of Cibinong station, followed by transit areas of Bojonggede station, Citayam station, and Cilebut station. Meanwhile, transit areas of Parung Panjang station and Tenjo station have medium potential, and transit areas Maseng Station and Cigombong Station are not potential.
Gede Windu Laskara
Journal of Regional and Rural Development Planning, Volume 5; https://doi.org/10.29244/jp2wd.2021.5.2.123-133

Abstract:
Stopovers and relaxing facilities are important in intercity travel on toll roads. Long distances travel times in toll roads increase the supply and demand of these facilities in Indonesia. Not only the needs for refueling and resting, but also new support facilities demanded in rest area are often found, such as shopping, restaurant, worship place, and others. This phenomenon has attracted many investors to establish rest area with those complex facilities in term of business profit. To prevent negative impact of development and to protect main function of toll roads, this paper will discuss the planning and development control principles of rest areas located on toll roads in Indonesia. Analysis of components and criteria for rest areas on toll roads are generated by analyzing problems occurred. Site location, site area, accessibility, and main facilities specification are absolute factors, while zoning, circulation, road signage, and site utilities are conditional factors. The planning principles is to guarantee safety, security, and convenience of all activities in and around rest area and toll road. This research describes several criteria and components that should be controlled in order to achieve rest area planning principles that determined by qualitative methods.
Loria Sara Paais
Journal of Regional and Rural Development Planning, Volume 5, pp 77-90; https://doi.org/10.29244/jp2wd.2021.5.2.77-90

Abstract:
The diversity of religions, ethnicities and languages that exist in Indonesia could either be a barrier or a driver for rural development and has been receiving more attention in recent years. The purpose of this study is to analyze the long-term influence of the existence of residents with different religions, ethnicities, and daily languages in a village-on-village development. This research uses descriptive analysis and inferencing with multiple linear regression. Results of the multiple linear regression analysis show that the existence of residents of different religions and ethnicities has a positive impact on village development, but the various languages used daily have the opposite effect. In addition, the existence of credit facilities received by residents, the presence of health workers in the village, and the village topography have high enough influence on village development.
Landung Esariti, S Sunarti, Mardwi Rahdriawan, Dyah Putri Makhmudi
Journal of Regional and Rural Development Planning, Volume 5; https://doi.org/10.29244/jp2wd.2021.5.2.110-122

Abstract:
Slum area remains as the main problem faced in urban settlement areas, especially in developing countries. Slum area in Central Bangka Regency reaches a total area of 55.92 hectares, covering 9.1% of Central Bangka Regency area. The local government formulized a strategy named Construction and Development Plan of Housing and Settlement Areas (Rencana Pembangunan dan Pengembangan Perumahan dan Kawasan Permukiman/RP3KP). The objective of this strategy is to analyze whether the strategy for slum upgrading in Central Bangka Regency has been formulated effectively. This is significant since a study of the strategy needs to be conducted before the strategy is legalized and becomes the basic framework for implementation. Quantitative technique is depicted throughout this article by comparing strategies resulted from the RP3KP document with literature driven indicators and with Law Number 1 Year 2011 on Housing and Settlements. Result shows that the plan has been formulated effectively according to three assessment aspects, namely political aspects, administrative aspects, and their suitability to Law Number 1 Year 2011. Despite, for more effective implementation, is it suggested to operationalize the strategy by formulating mechanisms and instruments for effective governance. More detailed implementation strategies shall be regulated, to not only concentrate on physical aspects, but also on non-physical aspects, such as social, economic, and demographical aspects.
, Ummu Harmain
Journal of Regional and Rural Development Planning, Volume 5; https://doi.org/10.29244/jp2wd.2021.5.2.101-109

Abstract:
Arabica coffee is a leading commodity in Simalungun Regency, where entrepreneurship becomes one of the important aspects in arabica coffee farming management. This study aims to understand the influence of internal factors (farmer age, education, experience, number of family members, family motivation, and work culture) and external factors (government support, community support, access to production facilities, and climatic conditions) on entrepreneurial performance of arabica coffee farmers. The research was conducted in two villages (Bangun Pane village and Bintang Mariah village) in Dolog Masagal district, Simalungun Regency, North Sumatra Province during March to May 2018. The study sample covers 60 farmer households who have Arabica coffee farming with at least 300 arabica coffee plants and minimum plant age of three years, determined by snowball sample method. The study used ratio and scale data (Likert scale), which was analyzed using multiple regression equations. Data were processed using SPSS 24. Results show that internal factors have positive and significant effect on the entrepreneurial performance of arabica coffee farmers (value Sig.=0.005), while external factors have positive and insignificant effect (value Sig.=0.313). Local governments through relevant technical agencies are recommended to provide facilitation in improving farmers' access to production factors, increasing quantity and quality of extension, technical guidance, and relevant training.
Pramusintha Nugraha, Budi Mulyanto, Khursatul Munibah
Journal of Regional and Rural Development Planning, Volume 5, pp 28-43; https://doi.org/10.29244/jp2wd.2021.5.1.28-43

Abstract:
The area of irrigated rice fields during 2017-2018 has decreased by 19.84% in Indonesia and 30.10% in Bogor Regency. Wetland agricultural area of Bogor Regency Spatial Plan (RTRW) is intended for wetland food crops (lowland rice) which are cultivated intensively because their potential to provide an irrigation system thus urge to be protected. In certain conditions, land registration has impact on the conversion of agricultural land. This study aims to examine the relationship between land administration and the conversion of agricultural land. Interpretation of Google Earth imagery and field checks are methods for inventories of constructed land. The relationship between the variable y (built-up area) and the variable x (land administration) is modeled by Geographically Weighted Regression (GWR). Literature study of land administration regulations was carried out to understand the modeling results with the realities that occur in the field. The dynamics of land administration are greatest in the northern part of Central WP Bogor Regency, in the suburbs of South Tangerang City, and Depok City. The modeling produces a global value of R2 0.72 and local R2 0.44 to 0.86, meaning that land administration has the opportunity to become an instrument of control, by tightening the service requirements specified in the Regulation of the Head of the National Land Agency RI No. 1 Tahun 2010.
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