Journal of Pain Research

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 11787090 / 11787090
Current Publisher: Dove Medical Press Ltd. (10.2147)
Total articles ≅ 1,338
Google Scholar h5-index: 36
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Journal of Pain Research; doi:10.2147/jpr

Abstract:An international, peer reviewed, open access, online journal that welcomes laboratory and clinical findings in the fields of pain research and the prevention and management of pain. Original research, reviews, symposium reports, hypothesis formation and commentaries are all considered for publication.
Silvia Metzger, Bogomil Poliakov, Stefan Lautenbacher
Journal of Pain Research, Volume 12, pp 2113-2114; doi:10.2147/jpr.s221053

Abstract:Differential effects of experimentally induced anxiety and fear on pain: the role of anxiety sensitivity [Corrigendum]
Jacob Hutchins, Peter Argenta, Aaron Berg, Jason Habeck, Alexander Kaizer, Melissa A Geller
Journal of Pain Research, Volume 12, pp 2087-2094; doi:10.2147/JPR.S193872

Abstract:To determine if a transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block with liposomal bupivacaine reduces total postoperative opioid use in the first 72 hrs following laparoscopic or robotic hysterectomy compared to port-site infiltration with 0.25% bupivacaine. Patients received either a true TAP block procedure with 266 mg liposomal bupivacaine and 50 mg of 0.25% bupivacaine and sham port infiltration or sham TAP block procedure with true port-site infiltration with 100–125 mg of 0.25% bupivacaine. All patients had a standardized, scheduled, non-opioid pain management plan. The primary outcome was total IV morphine equivalents used in the first 72 hrs following surgery. Secondary outcomes included assessment of postoperative pain over the study period and quality of recovery measures. Patients undergoing TAP blockade required fewer total opioid equivalents during the observation period than patients allocated to infiltration (median 21 versus 25 mg IV Morphine equivalents, P=0.03). Opioid use was highest in the first 24 hrs after surgery, with less difference between the groups during days 2 and 3 postoperatively. There were 5 in the TAP group and 0 in the infiltration group were opioid free at 72 hrs. Those in the TAP group had improved quality of recovery (QoR15) with no change in overall benefit of analgesia score. TAP blockade reduced the requirement for opioid pain medication in the first 72 hrs after surgery, had more patients opioid free at 72 hrs, and improved patients’ quality of their recovery.
Praveen Anand, Enas Elsafa, Rosario Privitera, Kalnisha Naidoo, Yiangos Yiangou, Philippe Donatien, Hani Gabra, Harpreet Wasan, Laura Kenny, Amin Rahemtulla, et al.
Journal of Pain Research, Volume 12, pp 2039-2052; doi:10.2147/JPR.S213912

Abstract:Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) with associated chronic pain is a common and disabling condition. Current treatments for neuropathic pain in CIPN are largely ineffective, with unfavorable side-effects. The capsaicin 8% patch (capsaicin 179 mg patch) is approved for the treatment of neuropathic pain: a single topical cutaneous application can produce effective pain relief for up to 12 weeks. We assessed the therapeutic potential of capsaicin 8% patch in patients with painful CIPN, and its mechanism of action. 16 patients with chronic painful CIPN (mean duration 2.5 years), in remission for cancer and not receiving chemotherapy, were treated with 30 min application of capsaicin 8% patch to the feet. Symptoms were monitored using the 11-point numerical pain rating scale (NPRS), and questionnaires. Investigations were performed at baseline and three months after patch application, including skin biopsies with a range of markers, and quantitative sensory testing (QST). Patients reported significant reduction in spontaneous pain (mean NPRS: −1.27; 95% CI 0.2409 to 2.301; p=0.02), touch-evoked pain (−1.823; p=0.03) and cold-evoked pain (−1.456; p=0.03). Short-Form McGill questionnaire showed a reduction in neuropathic (p=0.0007), continuous (p=0.01) and overall pain (p=0.004); Patient Global Impression of Change showed improvement (p=0.001). Baseline skin biopsies showed loss of intra-epidermal nerve fibers (IENF), and also of sub-epidermal nerve fibers quantified by image analysis. Post-patch application skin biopsies showed a significant increase towards normalization of intra-epidermal and sub-epidermal nerve fibers (for IENF: structural marker PGP9.5, p=0.009; heat receptor TRPV1, p=0.027; regenerating nerve marker GAP43, p=0.04). Epidermal levels of Nerve Growth Factor (NGF), Neurotrophin-3 (NT-3), and Langerhans cells were also normalized. QST remained unchanged and there were no systemic side-effects, as in previous studies. Capsaicin 8% patch provides significant pain relief in CIPN, and may lead to regeneration and restoration of sensory nerve fibers ie, disease modification.
Helen Nothnagel, Martha Brown Menard, Gunnvald Kvarstein, Arne Johan Norheim, Thomas Weiss, Christian Puta, Sd Mist, Frauke Musial, Scott Mist
Journal of Pain Research, Volume 12, pp 2027-2037; doi:10.2147/JPR.S204259

Abstract:Recruitment and inclusion procedures in clinical trials are time critical. This holds particularly true for studies investigating patients with fluctuating symptom patterns, like those with chronic neck pain. In a feasibility study on neck pain, we found a clinically relevant decrease in pain ratings within the recruitment period. This paper analyses the phenomenon and gives recommendations for recruitment procedures in clinical trials on pain. Changes in pain intensity scores of 44 chronic neck pain patients (6 males and 36 females; mean age: 45.3±13.2 years) between the first telephone contact and baseline assessment were analyzed. Inclusion criterion was a mean pain intensity of ≥40 on a 0–100 numerical rating scale during the last three months. Statistical analyses were performed using ANOVA and parametric/non-parametric correlation coefficients. Average pain intensity score decreased significantly from 60.3±13.3 at telephone interview to 38.1±21.7 at baseline assessment. This represents a relative change of 36.8%. A weak but significant negative correlation was found between number of days between assessments and pain rating differences. There was a positive correlation between change of pain intensity and the pain level at the first contact, indicating that the decreased pain ratings over time were also dependent on the initial pain rating. The clinically significant changes in pain intensity were weakly related to waiting time and moderately dependent on initial pain intensity, suggesting regression to the mean. The natural course of the disease and the Hawthorne effect are also discussed as contributing factors.
Brian Mallari, Emily K Spaeth, Henry Goh, Benjamin S Boyd
Journal of Pain Research, Volume 12, pp 2053-2085; doi:10.2147/JPR.S200498

Abstract:Background: Previous studies have shown that virtual reality (VR) is effective in reducing acute and chronic pain both in adults and in children. Given the emergence of new VR technology, and the growing body of research surrounding VR and pain management, an updated systematic review is warranted.
Antonio Roberto Zamunér, Carolina Pieroni Andrade, Eduardo Aguilar Arca, Mariana Arias Avila
Journal of Pain Research, Volume 12, pp 1971-2007; doi:10.2147/JPR.S161494

Abstract:Exercise-related interventions have been recommended as one of the main components in the management of fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). Water therapy, which combines water's physical properties and exercise benefits, has proven effective in improving the clinical symptoms of FMS, especially pain, considered the hallmark of this syndrome. However, to our knowledge, the mechanisms underlying water therapy effects on pain are still scarcely explored in the literature. Therefore, this narrative review aimed to present the current perspectives on water therapy and the physiological basis for the mechanisms supporting its use for pain management in patients with FMS. Furthermore, the effects of water therapy on the musculoskeletal, neuromuscular, cardiovascular, respiratory, and neuroendocrine systems and inflammation are also addressed. Taking into account the aspects reviewed herein, water therapy is recommended as a nonpharmacologic therapeutic approach in the management of FMS patients, improving pain, fatigue, and quality of life. Future studies should focus on clarifying whether mechanisms and long-lasting effects are superior to other types of nonpharmacological interventions, as well as the economic and societal impacts that this intervention may present.
Ming Jiang, Jinhua Bo, Yishan Lei, Fan Hu, Zhengrong Xia, Yue Liu, Cui'e Lu, Yu'e Sun, Bailing Hou, Kun Ni, et al.
Journal of Pain Research, Volume 12, pp 2009-2026; doi:10.2147/JPR.S187715

Abstract:Preoperative anxiety is associated with postoperative hyperalgesia; however, few studies have investigated the mechanism underlying this association in female surgical patients. Research has suggested that ON cells in the rostral ventromedial medulla (RVM) receive nerve impulses via cholecystokinin 2 (CCK2) receptors, facilitating hyperalgesia. Additionally, the downstream serotonergic projection system from the RVM to the spinal cord has a dual regulating effect on pain responses, and the 5-hydoxytryptophan 2B (5-HT2B) receptor in spinal dorsal horn neurons is critically involved in mechanical allodynia. Ovariectomized rats were treated with estrogen replacement, single prolonged stress (SPS), and plantar incision. Various receptor agonists and antagonists were then administered into the RVM and spinal cord to study the mechanism underlying postoperative hyperalgesia caused by preoperative anxiety in female rats. Behavioral testing revealed that preoperative SPS induced postoperative hyperalgesia, as well as the expression of the CCK2 receptor in the RVM and the expression of the 5-HT2B receptor, protein kinase Cγ (PKCγ), and phosphorylation of the N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor1 (p-NR1) in the spinal cord increased confirmed by Western blot. RVM microinjection of the CCK2 receptor agonist CCK-8 and intrathecal injection of the 5-HT2B receptor agonist BW723C86 both produced hyperalgesia in female rats after plantar incision, whereas the CCK2 receptor antagonist YM022, the 5-HT2B receptor antagonist RS127445, and the PKCγ inhibitor C37H65N9O13 decreased the rats’ sensitivity to the same stimulus. Additionally, electrophysiological analysis suggested that activation of the 5-HT2B receptor increased the whole-cell current (IBa) in superficial dorsal horn neurons through the PKCγ pathway. Our study demonstrated that preoperative anxiety-induced postoperative hyperalgesia in female rats is associated with descending pain pathways. The CCK2 receptor in the RVM and spinal 5-HT2B receptor may play a role in this hyperalgesic effect.
Ying Wang, Meng Xue, Yangyang Xia, Qian Jiang, Zhihua Huang, Cheng Huang
Journal of Pain Research, Volume 12, pp 1947-1955; doi:10.2147/JPR.S203867

Abstract:Neuropathic pain with complicated mechanism severely disrupts patient quality of life. The novel approaches and more effective management should be further investigated. It was reported that alpha-7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7nAChR) and janus kinase 2 (JAK2)/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) signaling in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) contributed to the pathogenesis of neuropathic pain. Our previous study has shown that electroacupuncture (EA) alleviated neuropathic pain via activating α7nAChR in the spinal cord. However, whether the effect of 2 Hz EA on spared nerve injury (SNI)-induced neuropathic pain is mediated through modulation of α7nAChR and JAK2/STAT3 pathway in the DRG remains unclear. The SNI-induced neuropathic pain rat model was used in this study. After application of 2 Hz EA treatment to SNI rats on day 3, 7, 14 and 21 post-surgery, the expression levels of α7nAChR, JAK2/STAT3 and some cytokines in DRG were determined by qRT-PCR and Western blot analysis. We found that SNI induced significant down-regulation of α7nAChR mRNA and protein expression. SNI also obviously elicited the decrease in anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 protein expression. The enhancement of p-JAK2, p-STAT3, pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1β and IL-6 protein levels induced by SNI were also observed. However, 2 Hz EA treatment to SNI rats distinctly improved α7nAChR and IL-10 levels and reduced p-JAK2, p-STAT3, IL-1β and IL-6 expression in the DRG. Our present study suggested that 2 Hz EA treatment indeed activated α7nAChR, suppressed JAK2/STAT3 signaling and re-balanced the relationship between pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines in DRG of SNI rat, which provided insight into our understanding of the mechanism for 2 Hz EA to attenuate neuropathic pain.
Jing Guo, Mingqi Fu, Zhiyong Qu, Xiaohua Wang, Xiulan Zhang
Journal of Pain Research, Volume 12, pp 1957-1969; doi:10.2147/JPR.S193773

Abstract:Objectives: We aimed to investigate the prevalence of and risk factors associated with pain and to compare the correlation between depression and sleep quality and pain among adults in Northwest China, where health care resources are limited.